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Full text of "Notable South Australians; Or, Colonists, Past and Present"

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PRESENTED TO THE UNIVERSITY 
BY THE RHODES TRUSTEES 



"S^l^-iV -f 1^ 



Notable 
South Australians; 



OR, 



€alanxBtB-lBnBt mH IBxtBttd. 




BY 



GEORGE E. LOYAU, 

(AUTHOR OP ** THE RBPRESENTATIVB MEN OP SOUTH AUSTRALIA;'* "TALES IN YERSE ; 

« AUSTRALASIAN SKETCHES AND REMINISCENCES ; " " PERSONAL ADVENTURES ; " 

"HISTORY OP OAWLER;" ESSAYS ON VARIOUS SUBJECTS, 

BTa ETC.) 



TO 

His Excellency SIR W. C. F. ROBINSON, K.C.M.G., F.R.G.S. 



Published under the Author*s own immediate Supervision, 



CAKET, PAGE & CO., PRINTERS, WAYMOUTH STREET, 

MOOCCLXXXV. 



P/<f C, M . <^.'h " < • 



^^^. 



"is. 



1 2 JUL 1935 



BT PERMISSION TO 

^is Excellency jSir )V. f . p. j^obinson, ji.p.^.p 

I 

GOVERNOR OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA, 

WITH EVERY TOKEN OF SINCERE RESPECT FOR 

HIS MANY VIRTUES, 

BY 

HIS HUMBLE, BUT SINCERE WELL WISHER, 

THE AUTHOR. 



i 



t 



Copyright, 1885, 

By GEORGE E. LOYAU, 

Author and Publisher, 

Adelaide, 

South Australia. 



^ 



4 



1 



v-^ CONTENTS. k^ 



Allen, Capt. Thomas 
Andrews, F.W. 
Andrews, Walter Boyd Tate 
Angus, Eev. John Hall 
Anthony, Capt. Thos. 
Appendix 

Babba^, B. Herschel 
Bacon, Lady Charlotte Mary 
Bagot, John Tuthill 
Bagot, Ulysses 
Bagshaw, John Stokes 
Bailey, Jolin 

Baker, Arthur John, J.P. 
Baker, Rev. E. 
Barclay, J. J. 
Barrow, John, C.E. ... 
Bartels, A. H. F., J.?. 
Bayer, Frederick Charles, m. 
Benson, Samuel 
Bertram, Carl Julius 
Bews, David, J.P., M.P. 
Bickford, William 
Black, William Edwin 
Bonney, Charles 
Bonwick, James, F.R.G.S. 
Bonython, John Langdon 
Boothby, Benjamin, C.E. 
Boulger, E. Yaughan, M.A., 

J). Lit., 
Bourband, Louis Edward 
Bowden, Jacob 
Brook, James 
Brown, John Ednie, J.P., 

F.L.S. 
Bundey, William, Mayor of 

Adelaide 
Bundey, William Henry 
Burford, William Henville 
Burt, Adam George ... 
Buttfield, James P. 
Carlton, Mrs. Caroline 



PAGE 

182 
51 

18 
123 
165 
287 

85 
216 
233 
116 
244 

62 
201 

78 
140 
215 
172 
228 
133 
139 
260 
116 

39 

87 

68 
166 

57 

262 
23 
50 

221 

69 

251 
14 
199 
275 
129 
272 



PAQE 

Carson, Captain .«• •«, 187 

Catlow, E. J. 68 

Chamock, W. H 88 

Cliinner, William Bowen *... 99 
Coghlan, Rev. Francis Robert, 

O.A.. ... ••• X4t) 

Compton, C. H. ... ... 56 

Cook, H. J. ... ... 53 

Cooke, William Ernest, B.A. 73 

Cooke, William Robert Smith 40 

Coombs, Ven. Canon W. H. 68 

Contents ... ... ... v 

Cotton, Hon. G. W., M.L.C. 102 

Cross, Charles ... ... 179 

Crozier, Hon. John, M.L.C. 154 

Cunningham, William John 280 

Daly, Dominick Gore ... 271 

Daniel, Rev. James 279 

Davis, John ... ... 87 

Davy, Edward, M.R.C.S. ... 113 

Dawson, Henry ... ... 119 

Day, Rev. E. G 142 

Dedication ... ... ... iii 

Denholm, William 205 

Dickens, John ... ... 261 

Dobbie, Alexander Williamson 1 17 

Dodgson, Robert 273 

Donaldson, Alexander ... 106 
Driffield, Frederick Simeon 

Carus 36 

DufF, Capt. John Finlay ... 167 

Duffield, Walter, M.L.C., J.P 31 

Dumas, Victor ... ... 240 

Duncan, Handasyde, M.D. ... 169 

Dungey, Thomas ... ... 245 

Dunn, Hon. John, M.L.C. ... 47 

Edmunds, A. J., S.M, ... 263 

Ehmcke, Heinrich Wilhelm 274 

Elliott, James, J.P. ... 49 

Elliott, Joseph, J.P 49 

EUifl, John 270 



vi 



COtJTBNTS. 



EngUsli, Hou. Thos. M.L.C. 101 

Epilogue 288 

Evans, Henry, J.P 247 

Ferguson, Capt. James Croker, 

(J .X . ..t ••• Xi74 

Finke, William 264 

Finlajson, Mrs. William ... 37 

Fisher, Daniel, J.P. ... ... 63 

Fiveaflh, William 37 

Flood, John Wellesley, B.A., 

M.B., L.B.,C.S.I. ... 19 

Forster, Hon.Antliony,M.L.C. 141 

Forwood, Dr. Frederick ... 100 

Fotheringham, Bobert ... 223 

Frankis, Dr. Benj. F. ... 46 

Frame, John ... ... 115 

Freeling, Mai or- General Sir 

Arthur Henry, Bart., B.E. 80 

Fullarton, William James ... 138 

Gale, Thos. Friend 64 

Gall, David 165 

Gait, Peter 25 

Gardiner, John ... ... 252 

Gell, Harry Dickson, J.P .... 122 

Gerrard, William 67 

Gething, Dr. Robert ... 113 

Gibson, John ... ... 264 

Gilbert, Thomas 267 

Gilbert, William, J.P., M.P. 79 

Giles, Christopher, sen. ... 108 

Gill, Reuben ... ... 61 

Gilles, Lewis W 27 

Gliddon, Arthur Edward ... 251 

Glynn, P. McM., B.A., LL.B. 245 

Goodchild,W 180 

Goode, Thos., sen., J.P. ... 35 

Gordon, Adam Lindsay ... 209 

Gosse, Dr. Charles ... Ill 

Gosse, Dr. W 112 

Grundy, E. L. 145 

Gunson, Dr. John Michael, 

K.G.G. 16 

Guy, Lieut. Michael Stewart, 

R.N. 248 

Haddy, Stephen 196 

Hailes, Nathaniel 204 

Hall, Hon. George, M.L.C. ... 236 

Hall, George Hubert .. 185 

HaU, John Thomson ... 184 

Hansen, J. C. 109 

Hanson, William, M.I.C J). ... 280 



PAGE 

Hawker, Edward William ... 20 

Heberlet, James William ... 149 
Henning, Rudolph Wilhelm 

Emil 33 

Heydecke, Theodore 229 

Higginson, Rev. Henry ... 268 

Hill, WiUiam, J.P 188 

HUl, Charles 124 

Holden, James Alexander ... 191 

Hope, Rev. Thomas 50 

Hotham, Rev. J. ... ... 78 

Howard, John ... ... 255 

Howard, F., Commander,R.N. 265 

Howell, John, J.P. ... ... 90 

Hubbe, Dr. TJlrich 156 

Hutchinson, Capt. John, R.N. 249 

Hutchinson, Young Bingham 223 

Hutton, W.S.M 273 

Hyndman, John Lloyd ... 142 

Introductory 1 

Ives, Joshua., Mus. Bac, 

Cambridge 230 

Jagoe, Richard ... ... 106 

Jamieson, Captain Alexander 255 

Jemson, W. 198 

Jenkinson, J. W., A.M.I.C.E. 114 
Johnston, Captain George Bain 59 

Jones, Rees ... ... 72 

Jones, Thomas, J.P. ... 237 

Jones, Thomas Henry ... 246 

Joyce, Dr. John F. ... 177 

Keen, Rev. Samuel ... ... 266 

Kennion, the Right Rev. G. 

W., D.D 217 

Kestel, Ralph Wheatley 

Odgers 125 

Keynes, Joseph, J.P. ... 74 

Kidner, S. 71 

Kither, WiUiam 110 

Kleinschmidt, F. W., J.P. 53 

Knox, W. R. 77 

Lampard, Thomas ... ... 254 

Lee, Richard Egan ... ... 66 

Lencioni, Rev. M., R.C. ... 85 

Lewis, J. W., J.P 206 

Lindsay, David 93 

Linger, Herr 193 

Linklater, Frederick Harvie 150 
Linklater, James Munro, J.P. 231 
Loyau, George E., A Bio- 
graphical Note on ... 281 



CONTKNTS. 



VU 



Ljall, Bev. James 

MacDermott, Marshall, J.P. 

Maclaren, Rev. Peter 

'Maclntyre, Dr. Andrew 

Martin, John 

Maturin, William Henry, O.B 

D.A.C.Gr. ... ... 

Maughan, Rev. James 

Maurice, Price 

McDonald, John 

McEwin, George, J.P. 

McFarlane, Allan, M.P. 

McKay, Captain George 

McMinn, William 

Mead, Rev. Sjilas 

Meeks, Alfred William 

Melville, Henry Dudley 

Mellor, Joseph 

Mempes, James 

Mildred, Hiram, J.P. 

Alildred, Hon. Henry, M.L.C. 

Mitchell, John, J.P. 

Moore, Dr. R. W., M.R.C.S. 

Morehead, R. A. A. 

Morier, Dr. J. W., J.P. 

Morris, Charles Stocker 

Mortlock, William Ranson ... 

Muirhead, Henry McKinnon 

Muirhead, Charles Mortimer, 
T P 

Murray, Hon. A. B., M.L.C 
Nelson, Thomas 
Norman, Linly 
Novice, William 
Nowland, John 
O'Donnell, Henry ... 
O'Halloran, Capt. W. L. 
Old Colonists* Festival 
Old Colonists* Banquet 
Oldham, W. 
Ormerod, Q-eorge, J.P. 
Oughton, Gteorge 
Page, James 

Patchell, Rev. G. W., M.A 
Peterswald, W. J. ... 
Phillipps, William Herbert 
Pile, James, J.P. 
Platts, Charles 
Poole, Rev. F. Slaney, M.A 
Piittmann, Herr Carl 
Randall, William 



PAOK 

46 
172 
144 

188 
87 

•» 
75 

256 

28 

222 

134 

272 

203 

13 

164 

197 

31 

143 

34 

126 

70 

41 

78 

72 

248 

189 

92 

76 

76 

94 
123 
186 
161 
107 
178 
104 
8 
158 
120 
259 
168 
108 

65 
155 
121 
145 
259 

19 
153 
207 



Randall, David , 

Rankin, Oliver 

Raphael, Samuel 

Rees, Rowland, M.P. 
Reid, Thomas Sadler 
Reimers, Herr Christian 
Reimann, Immanuel Gotthold 130 
Rennie, Edward H., D. Sc. 167 



PAOB 

274 

186 
269 
181 
120 
162 



Robinson, Sir W. C. F. 
Roberts, Joel 
Rounsevell, W. 
Sabine, Clement 
Sawtell, Edwin 
Schramm, J. F., J.P. 
Scott, E. B., J.P. ... 
Scott, Henry James 
Searle, Rev. Frederick 
Sewell. Henry 
Seymour, Henry, J.P. 



3 

52 

278 

26 

223 

279 

257 

220 

42 

213 

253 



Shepherdson, JohnBanks, S.M. 225 

Sheridan, John, M.D. ... 277 

Sheridan, Frances Keith ... 277 

Simpson, Captain Henry ... 242 

Skipper, Francis Amelia ... 9 

Skipper, Mary 10 

Skipper, Spencer John ... 162 

Smith, H. J. 27 

Smith, Captain J. W. ... 176 

Smith, James Walter, LL.D. 130 

Smith, Matthew, J.P. ... 229 

Smyth, Very Rev. John ... 234 

Solomon, Mrs. 276 

Spence, Catherine Helen ... 30 

Spietschka, William ... ... 279 

Squarise, Signor Raphael ... 135 

Squibb, W.R 90 

Stevens, John 256 

Stilling, Joseph 89 

Stocks, E.D. 74 

Styles, George 110 

Sweet, Samuel White ... 103 

Syme, J. T. 190 

Symonds, Francis, J.P. ... 189 

Symonds, R. G 258 

Tanner, Charles 252 

Thomas, Robert George ... 21 

Thomas, Mary 65 

Trapmann, C. W. F. ... 171 

Tumbull, James T., J.P. ... 24 

Turner, Richard James, S.M. 17 

Twopeny, Archdeacon J. N. 187 



Vlll 



CONTENTS. 



Underwood, Oapt. Emanuel 
Valentine, Charles J., J.P. . 
Varley, John, S.M. ... 
Walker, Dr. John, J.P. 
Ward, Ebenezer, M.P. 
Ware, Charles 
Ware, William Lawes 
Waterhouse, Or. M. 
Waterhouse, Thomas Greaves, 

tl.x . ... 

Watsford, Rev. John 
Watson, Archibald, M.D., 

F.R.C.S, Eng., 
Watts, Alfred 
Watts, Capt. John ... 
Webb, Rev. Allan W. 



PAOB 

271 

12 

265 

270 

83 

179 

236 

50 

129 
127 

238 
11 

269 
81 



PAGE 

Whinham, John 43 

Whinham, Robert 46 

White, Samuel 232 

Whitridge, William Oswald 39 

Whitridge, W. W. R. ... 192 

Wickes, Edward Walter ... 254 

Wigley, James F 41 

Wilson, Rev. Percy ... 21 

Wilson, Charles Algernon ... 54 

Witherick, WilUam ... 140 

Woodcock, Ven. Archdeacon 175 

Woods, Rev. J. C, B.A. ... 235 

Woolley, J. M 208 

Wragge, Clement L., F.R.G.S. 95 

Wyatt, George Duck ... 65 

Ziliani, Faustino 240 




|ntr0bttJtl0rjT, 



JT is generally admitted that prefaces to hooks are now out of 
place, and recognising this, the author does not intend to 
inflict on his patrons lengthy or superfluous remarks. The 
title of the work indicates its objects, and preliminaries are 
therefore dispensed with. 

One by one the pioneers of South Australia pass away, 
and a few years hence there will be none remaining. Surely, 
then, some record of those who in their lives were instrumental 
in forwarding the interests of this Colony is commendable I 

As the biographies herein reached the author at irregular 
intervals, it was found impossible to attempt any alphabetical 
classification, and an index has been inserted to supply this 
defect. 

The author is indebted for much information to Messrs. 
Hiram and Henry Mildred, B. T. Finniss, J, Holdbk, 
S. Skipper, A. G. Burt, F, S. Driffield, J. Allen, and 
other authorities on matters relative to the early days. He also 
tenders his thanks to the proprietors of the ^^ S. A, Register " 
and " Advertiser " who courteously gave him access to their 
files, thus enabling him to obtain correct data. 

GEO. E. LOYAU, 

Adelaide, September, 1885. 



Notable South Austi^lians. 



Sir Wm. Cleaver Francis Robinson, K.C.M.G., 






[HO was appointed the Queen's representative in South 
Australia, arrived in Adelaide on February 19th, 
1883. He is the fourth son of the late Admiral Hercules 
Bobinson, of Kosmead, County Westmeath, Ireland, and a 
brother of that most popular of Australian Governors, Right 
Hon. Sir Hercules Robinson, G.C.M.G. He first entered 
official life in 1855 as Private Secretary to Sir Hercules 
Robinson, then Governor of St. Kitts, and accepted the like 
office at Hongkong on his brother's removal to the Chinese 
empire. Five years after, in 1862, he received the appoint- 
ment of President of Montserrat, in the Antilles, and entered 
upon his duties in that flourishing locality. At the close of 
1865 he was made Administrator of the Government of 
Dominica, and continued in that office for nine or ten months. 
In 1866 he was appointed Governor of the Falkland Isles, 
and in 1870 of Prince Edward's Island, where he remained 
three years, and at the end of his term of office was nomi- 
nated C.M.G. In 1874 he was nominated to the govern- 
ment of the Leeward Islands, but subsequently accepted 
instead the Government of Western Australia, After suc- 
cessful administration of affairs in that settlement, he went 
to the Straits Settlements to succed Sir W. F. D. Jervois, 
who had received directions to proceed to Australia and 
report upon colonial fortifications. Before entering upon this 
new sphere of duty he was created a K.C.M.G., and whilst 
still Governor of the Straits Settlement, was entrusted with 

B 2 



NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 



a special mission to Bangkok, to invest the King of Siam with 
the insignia of the order of G.C.M.G. For this service His 
Siamese Majesty created him a Knight of the Grand Cross of 
the Order of the Crown of his kingdom. Sir William returned 
to Western Australia in 1880 as its Governor, and by his 
progressive poKcy, good judgment, and high administrative 
ability, speedily became a favourite with all classes. The 
financial condition of the colony was then in a very depressed 
state, complaints existed as to the public accounts, the audit 
was in arrear, and there was a debt on current account of 
£79,000. At the close of the session of 1881 it was gratify- 
ing to find that the financial equilibrium had been restored, 
without any stoppage of public works. At the close of the 
session of 1882 the financial condition of Western Australia 
had so much improved through the exertions of Sir Wm. 
Robinson, that he was congratulated on all sides by the 
colonists, and received a well-merited eulogy on his endeavours 
from the Secretary of State, Lord Kimberley. 

Sir William Jervois was, imdoubtedly, an able Governor, 
but his successor will, if I mistake not, ere his term of office 
expires, win equally golden opinions. In these progressive 
times Governors act a different part to that some were wont 
to do in the early colonial days. The Governor now, like the 
king, may justly claim the title of " Father of his people ;" 
he no longer " sits at home at ease," revelling in a life of 
indolence, and drawing his salary without showing something 
in return. He goes hither and thither, interesting himself in 
all pertaining to the welfare of the colony over which he 
presides, evidencing by his presence, his counsel, and judicious 
conduct a worthy example for many to follow. Since his 
arrival. Sir William has not been idle ; he has visited every- 
thing of note in the metropolis and environs, whilst country 
townships have been honoured with his presence, to the no 
small satisfaction of the residents, who have in every instance 
shown their appreciation of his coming in a marked degree. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 5 

It is gratifying to find that in a land like this, where little 
encouragement hets been offered to ait, and its companion 
poetry, a patron and friend to these should arise in its 
Grovemor. Being himself a composer of no mean order, he is 
naturally attracted towards all that is beautiful and excellent 
in the realm of art or song ; and with this fact before us, 
may we not hail it as an omen that a healthy feeling in 
favour of what has an elevating and ennobling tendency will 
now set in, and encouragement given to genius be more pro- 
mising than heretofore ! Sir William Robinson's best known 
composition here is entitled " Unfurl the Flag." From the 
time this song was first sung, and its accompaniment played 
in the Town Hall (on the day His Excellency was sworn in), 
it has been a favourite in many households, and invariably 
given by vocalists in every town where demonstrations in his 
honour are made. 

UNFURL THE FLAG. 



(Words by Mr. Francis S'art.J 

Australia's sons, your flag unfold, 
And proudly wave the banner high, 

That ev'ry nation may behold 
Our glorious standard in the sky. 

OHOBTTS. 

Unfurl the flag that all may see 
Our proudest boast is liberty. 

Bejoice in fruitful, teeming soil. 

In fleecy flocks and noble kine ; 
Bejoice in fruits of manly toil, 

For honest labour is diyine. 

Unfurl the flag, etc. 

Bejoice in treasures 'neath the earth, 
In precious gold, in store profuse ; 

G-rant us to know its noblest worth. 
Its object and its fitting use. 
Unfurl the flag, etc. 



6 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

« 

In Tisions hopefal, fair, and bright, 

Our country's future shines afar, 
When as a nation we unite 

'Neath Freedom's blest and beaming star. 

Unfurl the flag, etc. 

Bejoice, Australia's eons, but ne'er 

Forget your fathers' native land — 
Dear England, glorious and fair, 

She claims your heart and willing hand. 

Unfurl the flag, etc. 

To England, Queen, and Austral clime 

Unite in true and loyal toast ; 
And let it be your song sublime 

That freedom is our country's boast. 
Unfurl the flag, etc. 

Lady Robinson is a daughter of the late Right Rev. Bishop 
Townshend, of Meath, and united her lot with that of Sir 
William in 1862, before his departure for Montserrat. Her 
ladyship is known as a friend of the deserving, and greatly 
interested in all charitable and philanthropic movements. 
Sir William is the patron of several clubs and societies, and 
his patronage is seldom withheld from any worthy object. 
His second son, Mr. Douglas Robinson, is a midshipman on 
board H.M.S. " Nelson." 

A few of the most important of Sir W. C. F. Robinson's 
colonial services may be thus summarised. Whilst President 
at Montserrat, in September, 1872, he prepared a Bill which 
was an undoubted improvement on the existing constitution, 
as this enactment prevented the creation of fictitioiis votes, 
by which two or three persons were able to control the 
elections of almost every parish, and render the Executive 
Government powerless. K. B. Hamilton, Esq., Grovemor of 
the Leeward Islands, in writing on this matter, informed 
President Robinson that " he had rendered a great service to 
the island by causing this measure to be passed." 



OB, COLONIBTS-^PAST AND PRBSSNT. 



Whilst Administrator of the Govemment of Dominica in 
1865, Sir William was instrumental in arbitrating judiciously 
between contending parties in the Assembly, when a Bill for 
the change of constitution of Dominica was being passed, and 
he was highly complimented by the Secretary of State for his 
coolness and prudence ; Lord Cardwell signifying to him at 
the same time "Her Majesty's entire approbation of his 
conduct." 

Governor Bobinson's support of the claims of Captain D. 
Miller, B.!N., an officer of Lloyd's Salvage Association, whilst 
engaged in protecting their interests from illegal sales of 
maritime property at the Falkland Isles, in July, 1868, is a 
matter of history; but the facts of the case will bear revival. 
A vessel named the " Coquimbana," with a cargo of copper of 
considerable value, was wrecked there, and illegally sold for 
a merely nominal sum. Captain Miller was engaged by 
Lloyd's Association to recover the same for the Committee, 
but encountered so much opposition from the residents of the 
islands, that he would have been unable to resist it success- 
fully but for the prompt assistance of the Governor. It is 
gratifying to note that this valuable cargo of copper was 
secured to Lloyd's Association, and the Duke of Buckingham 
expressed his approval of the "energetic and successful" 
measures taken by the Governor to have the case thoroughly 
investigated. 

When Lieutenant-Governor of Prince Edward Island, in 
May, 1873, Sir William was instrumental in bringing about 
a political union of that island with the Dominion of Canada, 
and received the congratulations of Lords Kimberley and 
Dufferin for the ability and judgment displayed in effecting 
that object. 

In 1881, Sir William, whilst Governor of Western 
Australia, made certain regulations under " The Pearl Shell 
Fishery Eegulation Act," by which the lives and freedom of 
the aboriginal natives were better protected, and justice more 



NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 



effectually administered in the outlying districts of that 
colony. 

Sir William C. F. Robinson is one of the most popular 
Grovemors South Australia has ever had, and the earnest 
desire of our colonists is, that he may long be spared to 
exhibit that marked ability which has hitherto been instru- 
mental in conserving their rights, and making this portion of 
Her Majesty's dominions a field for enterprise and coloni- 
zation. 



Old Colonists' Festival, 

Held March 27, 1851, at rear of City Bridge Hotel, 
Morphett Street, Adelaide, to commemorate the first 
sale of Town Lands, March 27, 1837. 



J. H. Fisher 
Chas. Maun 
O. Gilles 
J. Brown 
Thos. Gilbert 

Judge Cooper, 

T. C. Braj 

Gapt. French 

G. Griffin 

P. Golding 

E. Beck 

N. Hailes 

G. Behane 

E. J. F. Crawford 

S. N. Crawford 

S. G. T. Crawford 

Capt. Crawford 

Capt. Simpson 

C. Calton 

E. B. Gleeson 

W. H. Clarke 

— Stewart 

— Bench 
Dr. Kent 
G. Soward 



Pioneer Government, 1836. 

Governor H. E. F. Young. 

G. S. Xiogston 
Br. Wright 



Jno. Woodforde 
G. Stevenson 
T. Y. Cotter 

Judge Crawford, 

I. Lazar 

— Tod 

R. Mc George 
E. Lance 
O. Lines 
W. V. Brown 
Robt. Hall 
C. Tanner 

— Briggs 
J. H. Fisher 
Capt. J. Finniss 
G. F. Angas 

R. Torrens 
W. Wjatt 
C. Bonney 
H. R. Wigley 
A. Tolmer 
H. Alford 
T. White 



R. Thomas 
Capt. Lipson 
S. Smart 
B. T. Finniss 

Capt. Sturt. 

G. Boran 
G. Shepherd 
L. Boe 
H. Mildred 
E. N. Emmett 
P. Gumming 
J. Hornahrook 
J. Emery 
J. T. Bjke 
J. Adams 
J. Allen 
J. Ahhott 
W. Williams 
W. Paxton 
Capt. Buff 
A. H. Bavis 
A. Wren 



OE, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 




Frances Amelia Skipper 

[AS the eldest daughter of the late Mr. Robert Thomas 
and singularly gifted, being a clever linguist, a good 
artist, and more than ordinarily skilful in the literary line, as 
her translations from French and Italian, and her writings in 
prose and poetry, testify. She arrived here with her parents 
in 1836, and attended the proclamation ceremony. She grew 
up with the colony, and took an active part in every move- 
ment that needed woman's helping hand, especially in schemes 
of charity and in matters of domestic duty. She married a 
congenial artistic spirit in Mr. John Michael Skipper, 
solicitor, whose reputation as a colonial artistic genius was so 
well established by his marvellously faithful representations 
of Australian scenery. She accompanied him on many 
excursions into the wild bush in search of the picturesque, 
helped him in his sketches, and was so proficient with the 
pencil and brush, that she often finished a picture he began, 
or produced sketches which he worked out. Portrait painting 
in water-colors was her forte, and specimens of her skill now 
in possession of her family bear indisputable testimony to her 
talent. In conjunction with her husband she executed a 
series of original representations of the principal characters in 
the satirical novel, " Ten Thousand a Year," such as Quirk, 
Grammon, and Snap, Tittlebat Titmouse, the Earl of Dredling- 
ton, etc. These productions are remarkable for witty con- 
ception and delicacy of drawing. Mrs. Skipper's name was 
associated with numerous deeds of unostentatious benevolence 
and practical usefulness. She died of decline in 1865, a good 
daughter, a faithful wife, a wise mother, and a true woman 
pioneer, of whom in after years her son, Mr. S. J. Skipper, 

wrote — 

" They cheered us on our weary way, 
They shared our hopes and fears ; 
They stood unflinching by our sides — 
Those women pioneers. 



10 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

They wearied not npon the waj, 

But smiled amid their toil, 
And with us won this noble land, 

Australia's xirgin soiL 
Thej helped us with unselfish lore, 

Thej shrank not from our cares ; 
They aided us with hopeful words, 

And armed us with their prayers. 
They ne*er repined at trouble's cast, 

Nor saddened us with tears ; 
They were a worthy sisterhood — 

Those women pioneers." 



Mary Skipper, 

niHE second daughter of the late Mr. Bobert Thomas 
J^ (founder of the Press in South Australia), was 
born August 30, 1823, in London. She arrived in this 
colony in 1836, with her father, in the " Africaine," and was 
present at the proclamation of the colony. Her literary 
tastes were of no mean order ; she wrote some clever poetical 
and prose productions and was also skilful with her pencil. 
A journal of colonial experiences, dating from the earliest 
history of the province, and carried on up to a few years ago, 
hy her, is still in existence, and valuable from a historical 
point of view, as she was a keen observer and shrewd reasoner. 
In her youth this lady was a fearless horsewoman, and 
delighted to make long excursions into the hilly country, a 
rather hazardous undertaking, as it required some nerve to 
penetrate into the roadless regions surrounding the Adelaide 
of thirty or forty years ago. In 1856 she married the late 
J. M. Skipper, and died on the anniversaiy of their silver 
wedding. As one of that small band of " women pioneers," 
who went through all the vicissitudes of those early hard 
times, and saw the progress of this young colony from its 
commencement, she took a deep, intelligent interest in the 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 11 

marcli of events, and had she been spared, could have con- 
tributed much reliable and valuable information concerning 
the first settlement. Of the old pioneers she wrote the 
following : — 

" I can bat sing in moumf al strain, 

When I recall those earlier years, 
And those we ne*er shall meet again — 

The lost and loved bold pioneers. 
Who marked the track P who broke the soil P 

Who shared oar mingled hopes and fears, 
'Mid* nights of peril, days of toil, 

Bat those old dauntless pioneers P 
There's scarce a scene I can retrace 

Without some sad regretful tears 
For each familiar form and face 

Of those fine brave old pioneers." 



Alfred Watts, 

^ELL known in commercial and social circles, died on 
November 29, 1884. Arrived in the colony in 1838> 
as accountant to the South Australian Company. Married 
the second daughter of Mr. William Giles, Manager of 
the Company. In 1857 Mr. Watts joined the well-known 
firm of P. Levi & Co., and after remaining there for a num- 
ber of years joined the firm of Watts & Wells. The latter 
gentleman (Mr. Percy Wells) will be remembered as the 
agent for some prominent English engineers connected with 
the construction of several South Australian lighthouses and 
jetties. In 1855 Mr. Watts was elected a member of the 
mixed Legislative Council, as the representative of Flinders, 
one-third of the members being nominees, and the remainder 
elected. He took part in the framing of our present Con- 
stitution, and was a member for Flinders in the third and 
fourth Parliaments under the new regime. On account of his 
financial knowledge he was appointed a member of the Koyal 




12 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

Commission formed to enquire into the state of the public 
accounts, and gave material assistance in drawing up a valu- 
able report on the subject. For many years he was a local 
Director of the Bank of Australasia. He was a man of quiet 
demeanour and gentlemanly deportment. In Parliament he 
spoke seldom, and never took up time in referring to subjects 
which he did not thoroughly understand. Owing, it is 
believed to business troubles, Mr. Watts's intellect became 
weakened, and for some time prior to his death he disap- 
peared from the commercial world, to the sorrow of a large 
circle of friends and well wishers. 



Charles J. Valentine, J. P., 

BORN December, 1834, at Woodbrooks, Chailey, Sussex, 
England. Is the youngest son of the Rev. C P. 
Valentine, Unitarian Minister, of Lewes. During the gold 
mining fever in Victoria, he left England with his elder 
brother and landed in Melbourne, November, 1852. After 
a few months stay in the neighborhood, not being tempted 
by the attractions of the gold diggings, they left Victoria, and 
settled in the south-eastern district of South Australia, then 
more popularly known as Mosquito Plains. He was engaged 
in pastoral pursuits (with the exception of a few months) up 
to the year 1865, when, on the retirement of Mr. H. T. 
Morris, J.P., the Chief Inspector of Sheep, he received that 
appointment. During his term of office the flocks have been 
completely cleaned of scab, and have remained free for over 
fourteen years. The duties of the department have expanded, 
as at present cattle, horses, swine, dogs, and camels are all 
brought under the supervision of the Chief Inspector. Acts 
have been passed for the regulating and registration of brands 
and marks on stock, also for the prevention of mutilating the 
ears of cattle and sheep. Quarantine depots for both foreign 



OE, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 13 

and colonial stock have been established and constructed in 
a practical manner under his supervision. Mr. Valentine 
will have completed his twentieth year of office during 1885, 
He is at present in Europe, in which quarter it is supposed 
his abilities and judgment will be materially exercised for the 
benefit of the colony. Prior to Mr. Valentine's departure 
from the colony he was presented with a handsome gold 
watch and chain by a number of leading stock holders, as a 
token of their appreciation of his good qualities. 



William McMinn, 

BORN" May, 1844, at Newry, County Down, Ireland ; died 
at North Adelaide, February 14, 1884. Arrived with 
his parents in South Australia in 1850 : was for a time 
engaged in studying architecture in the office of Mr. J. 
Macgeorge, and afterwards entered the Government service. 
In June, 1864, the first expedition to the Northern Territory 
was organised, the Hon. B. T. Finniss being the leader of the 
party, which Mr. McMinn accompanied as surveyor. During 
the time of Mr. Finniss's government, the well known " For- 
lorn Hope " voyage took place, when Mr. McMinn and others 
accomplished that perilous trip of 2,000 miles in an open 
boat, from the Northern Territory to Champion Bay. In 
1870 he was appointed Government Inspector of the Port 
Darwin end of the contract for constructing the Overland 
Telegraph line, but acting under instructions annulled the 
contract, which ,led to Mr. Patterson, Assistant Engineer, 
being sent to Port Darwin, and afterwards to the establish- 
ment of the Roper River party, under Mr. C. Todd, C.M.G., 
Superintendent of Telegraphs. On his return from the 
Territory Mr. McMinn practised his profession as architect in 
Adelaide, and was severally associated in that capacity with 



14 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

Messrs. D. Garlick, E. J. Woods (Architect-in-Chief), and 
I. G. Beaver. He superintended many extensive works — ^the 
Adelaide University was built from his designs — and he also 
gained second prize for designs for a bridge over the Torrens. 
His death in the prime of life was a source of great regret to 
his widow and family, and he will be long held in affectionate 
remembrance by many friends to whom his estimable qualities 
and amiability had endeared him. His brother, Mr. Gilbert 
McMinn was, till lately, Acting Government Resident at 
Palmerston, an office at present held by Mr. J. L. Parsons, 
M.P. 



William Henry Bundey, 

Iff AWYER, Politician, and Judge of Supreme Court of 
|yf South Australia ; second surviving son of the late James 
Bundey, Esq., of Bashley Manor, near Lymington, Hamp- 
shire. His mother was the daughter of James Grower 
Lockyer, Esq., a gentleman of independent means, residing at 
Exbury, Hampshire. Bashley was an old and extensive 
estate, which had been much neglected. In its restoration 
and improvement his father spent all his means, and his wife's 
jointure, and by a series of misfortunes lost the whole. His 
parents removed to Inchmerry Villa, Leap, nearly opposite 
Cowes, at which lovely place he acquired that taste for yacht- 
ing which he so strongly displayed in after life. It was 
found impossible to retrieve the family fortunes, and 
emigration to South Australia was determined upon, the 
eldest son only remaining in England, where he was for many 
years Inspector of Police in Scotland Yard, London. His 
father never recovered from the shock occasioned by his 
losses, and died within a fortnight of arrival in Australia in 
1849. His mother, an intellectual woman, left with a family 
of five children, without means or friends, displayed remark- 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AKD PRESENT. 15 

able courage and self-reliance, and throughout an honoured 
life infused the same qualities into the minds of her children. 
At ten years of age the subject of this notice entered a 
solicitor's office ; at the age of eighteen years he filled the 
position of Clerk of a country Local Court, and became 
Captain of Volunteers. In 1865 he was called to the bar, 
and in the same year married Ellen Wardlaw, second 
daughter of the Honorable (now Sir) William Milne. He 
entered Parliament in 1872, representing the district of 
Onkaparinga, and in 1874 joined the Blyth Government as 
Minister of Justice and Education. He resigned in January, 
1875, when he declined re-election until 1878, in which year 
he was again returned (for the same district) to Parliament. 
Was appointed Queen's Counsel, and joined the Morgan 
Administration as Attorney-General. In 1881 he was 
compelled to resign this responsible portfolio in consequence 
of failing health, and was ordered to take a prolonged voyage 
to recruit ; he did so, but did not again enter Parliament. 
The title of Honorable was conferred upon him in 1882, and 
he was appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court in July, 
1884. He has always been an ardent supporter of Land 
Reform, Law Reform, Education, Railway Construction, and 
other public questions ; and by his earnest and enthusiastic 
temperament succeeded in carrying several useful measures, 
and obtained the confidence of his contemporaries and the 
public. At all times a lover and supporter of manly sports, 
he was in his early career a successful cricketer, and sub- 
sequently a leading yachtsman. In 1869 he was one of the 
founders of the now flourishing S. A. Yacht Club. He was 
first elected Vice-Commodore, and eventually Commodore, 
which latter position he held for ten consecutive years, 
resigning it in 1883. 



16 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

Dr. John Michael Gunson, K.G.G.y 

®IED at his residence, Kensington Park, near Adelaide, 
,^^ May 3, 1884. Bom in Limerick, Ireland, in 1825, 
and received the elementary portion of his education at a 
private school in that city. Subsequently entered the 
medical schools of Paris and London, and afterwards 
qualified himself in the latter city for member of the Royal* 
College of Surgeons. Later on he obtained the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. In 1852 Dr. Gunson came to South 
Australia, and entered into practice, and by attention to his 
professional duties was very successful. In 1866 he paid a 
visit to England, where he was married. The late Dr. But- 
ler carried on his practice in his absence, and after spending 
a short holiday in the land of his birth Dr. Gunson returned 
to this colony, and re-entered upon his professional labours. 
In 1879, he disposed of his connection and took up his 
residence at the Acacias, Kensington, which he had erected 
prior to his retiring from practice. After a short time he 
determined to once more visit Europe, and accordingly dis- 
posed of the Acacias, and went with his wife and family to 
England. He was absent from the colony for two years, 
most of the time being spent on the Continent. During that 
period His Holiness Pope Leo XIII. conferred upon Dr. 
Gunson the order of Knight of St. Gregory the Great, but 
his installation did not take place till his return to the 
colony, when the ceremony was performed in the Catholic 
Cathedral by his Lordship Bishop Reynolds. Dr. Gunson 
was an accomplished linguist, a member of the senate of the 
University of Adelaide, and on numerous occasions conducted 
the French examinations at the University. He may be 
considered our leading Catholic colonist, as he always 
identified himself with any movement connected with that 
body. He was president of the Catholic Young Men's 
Society, and when the Hibernian Catholic Benefit Society 
was organised, generously attended, free of charge, as lodge 



#*ai 



John Stokes BsGSHflv. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 17 



surgeon, its members for the first two years of the society's 
existence. He was also a director of the Catholic Building 
Society. By his unassuming ways and charitable acts. Dr. 
Gunson endeared himself to a large number of the poor, and 
numbers of good deeds which he has done to alleviate distress 
are only known to recipients of his bounty. When any 
public charity required assistance, he was always to the fore, 
and his acts of benevolence and kindness will be long 
remembered. For a considerable time Dr. Gunson had been 
in failing health, suffering principally from heart disease. 
He was constantly visited by all the leading medical men of 
Adelaide, who in his case were unable to effect a cure. He 
left a widow and three sons. 



Richard James Turner, S.M., 

tKKIVED in South Australia in the " Sophia Moffatt," 
Capt Woodward, in 1850, and at once took charge 
of the Victoria Mill in Grenfell-street for Mr. W. R. S. 
Cooke, with an arrangement for a partnership, which was not 
carried out owing to Mr. Cooke's death in 1852. He then 
went to the goldfields at Forest Creek, Victoria ; joined the 
late Walter Dufl&eld in 1854; appointed first Mayor of 
Gawler in 1857, and was elected, and served in that capacity 
during the three following years. After the dissolution of 
the partnership by eflluxion of time, was associated with the 
late E. R. Mitford (Pasquin), Sir Wm. Morgan, Daniel 
Harrold and others, in the discovery of the celebrated copper 
mines at Moonta, and in the litigation which resulted in the 
vesting of that splendid property in other hands. In 
February, 1858, he was appointed a J.P., and on January 1, 
1862, a special Magistrate, and acted as locum temens for the 
late Henry Dundas Murray, S.M., during that gentleman's 
absence from Gawler on a visit to Eiu-ope. On March 1, 
1864, took permanent charge of the district, which he presided 

G 



18 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

over until February 21, 1870. After the removal of Mr. 
J. S. Browne, S.M., from Kapunda, Mr. Turner took charge 
of that district, in addition to that of Gawler for some time, 
until Mr. J. Varley, S.M*, was appointed. On February 1, 
1870, was removed to Mount Gambier, where he remained 
until the end of the year 1878, when he took the Mount 
Barker district, in succession to the late Mr. Castle, S.M. 
Over this district he presided until February 1, 1880, when 
he was sent to Port Adelaide, to succeed the late Captain 
Dashwood, S.M., and where he still remains. Like many 
old colonists he turned his hand to the first employment that 
offered, although at that time he had not the remotest idea of 
what a flour mill was like, and had never even seei^ the 
interior of one. In his official character Mr. Turner is con- 
sidered one of the ablest and most judicious of South 
Australian Magistrates, whilst in private life he enjoys the 
confidence and respect of a wide circle of friends. 

Walter Boyd Tate Andrews, 

ORN in London, 1823, and arrived with his parents in 
Western Australia in 1830. Entered Government 
service there in 1840, as clerk in the Colonial Secretary's 
office. In 1847 removed to South Australia, and in April 
1848 was appointed 5th clerk in the Chief Secretary's office. 
In 1851 promoted Deputy Registrar of Births, Marriages, 
and Deaths, in Registrar-General's Department. Sub- 
sequently promoted to the office of Deputy Registrar-Greneral 
of Deeds, and in 1858 on the coming into force of the Real 
Property Act (commonly known as Torrens's Act) received 
the additional office of Deputy Registrar-General, Lands 
Titles Office. In 1865 succeeded the late Sir R. R. Torrens 
as Registrar-General, which office he still holds. He is also 
Registrar of Building Societies. In private life Mr. Andrews 
is highly respected for his many amiable qualities. 




OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PBBSENT. 19 



John Wellesley Flood, B.A., M.B., L.R.C.S.I., 

^AS a native of Dublin, and educated at Potosa and 
"^^ Stockpool Schools. It was his desire to join the 
Royal Horse Artillery, but owing to a slight defect in his 
hearing, he was disqualified, and subsequently entered the 
Dublin University, where he became a distinguished scholar. 
In the School of Physic, Trinity College, he successfully 
competed for the medical scholarship and other prizes during 
his under graduate career, and obtained with much credit his 
surgical degree at the University. Qualifications of so high 
a character entitled him to hold no ordinary position in the 
ranks of his profession, but on account of his health not being 
robust, he was induced to leave, and as Surgeon of the 
" Eaton Hall " emigrant ship, he arrived at Port Adelaide in 
1878. Feeling that in the country his professional duties 
would be less laborious than in Adelaide, he purchased the 
practice of (the late) Dr. Bailey, of Yorketown, where he 
resided till within a few weeks of his death, which occurred 
on February 15, 1884, at the early age of thirty-two years. 
He was greatly esteemed by all who had the pleasure of his 
acquaintance. He was a descendant of Henry Flood, the 
orator, (contemporary of Henry Grattan) and Member of the 
Irish House of Commons. His uncle, George Moyers, J.P., 
LL.D., was the last conservative Lord Mayor of Dublin. 




Rev. F. Slaney Poole, M.A. 

[OKN at Maidstone, Kent, in 1845. At an early age 
went with his parents to Manchester, where he 
attended the ancient Grammar School of that city, presided 
over by Mr. F. W. Walker, the present Head Master of St. 
Paul's School, London. After passing from the lowest form 
to the highest, Mr. Poole obtained a sizarship and Somerset 

c 2 



20 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

Exhibition at St. John's College Cambridge, where he 
graduated asB.A. in 1866, and M.A. in 1875. After hold- 
ing an assistant mastership at Stockport Grammar School, he 
turned his attention to South Australia. Arrived here in 
1867, and was ordained in 1868. The rev. gentleman has 
held the following appointments : — The incumbencies of St. 
Peter's, Kobe ; Christ Church, Strathalbyn ; and St. John's, 
Adelaide. He conducted for a short time the Grammar 
School at Mount Gambier, and was interim lecturer in classics 
at the Adelaide University in the year 1878. He has now 
been the incumbent of St. John's Church for a period of 
ten years, and also held a prominent position amongst the 
Freemasons, as the Grand Chaplain of that order in South 
Australia. 



Edward William Hawker. 

BLDEST son of the Hon. George Charles Hawker. Bom at 
Bungaree, near Clare, S. A. Educated at St. Peter's 
College, and at Harrow, and Trinity College, Cambridge. 
Took LL.B. degree in Law Honors in 1873, and B.A. degree 
in Natural Science Honors in 1874. Called to the English 
Bar in 1874, having kept his terms at the Inner Temple. 
Returned to the colony in 1875. Admitted to the South 
Australian Bar in 1880. "Was in partnership with Messrs. 
Bundey & Dashwood for three years, after which he joined 
Mr. John Nicholson, with whom he is still in partnership. 
Stood for the district of Stanley (in which lies his birthplace) 
at the general elections in 1884, and was returned at the head 
of the poll. He and his father are the first instance of a father 
and son being in the Legislative Assembly of this colony at 
the same time. 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 21 



Rev. Percy Wilson. 

fHE first Head Master of St. Peter's College, to take 
which position he came out with Bishop Short. He 
returned to England, where he held a living near Shrewsbury, 
and afterwards at Pavenham, Bedfordshire, where he died. 
He is well-known to temperance advocates as the author of 
" Frank Oldfield," a prize tale of great merit, and the scene 
of the story was laid in this colony. Through the kte C. A. 
Wilson, his brother, the sons of the Kev. P. Wilson, who are 
recognised in literary circles as possessing much ability, have 
from time to time contributed most interesting accounts of 
their travels and experiences to the Adelaide press. 



Robert George Thomas. 

[OEN in 1820 ; died at Unley, April 14, 1884. Eldest 
son of the late Mr. Robert Thomas, of the Register^ 
and also elder brother of the late Mr. William Kyffin Thomas. 
On May 1, 1836, he left England in the "Rapid," which had 
on board Colonel Light and Mr. George Kingston. The 
Colonel had just been appointed Surveyor-General for the 
new colony of South Australia, and Mr. Kingston was the 
second in command. They took out a staff of surveyors and 
draftsmen, and Mr. Thomas was one of those engaged for 
some years in surveys of Adelaide and the Port, and he was 
the draftsman of the original plan of the City. After remain- 
ing in Adelaide for some time, he returned to England and 
completed his education as civil engineer and architect. He 
became a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects, 
and was an active member of that institution. He practised 
his profession in Newport, Monmouthshire, and was architect 
of churches and buildings of considerable note. He was a 
great admirer of the Gothic style of architecture, and New- 




22 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

port still contains some of the best examples of his work. 
There are others in Adelaide — Stow Church, the Flinders- 
street Baptist Church, the Kegister Chambers, and many- 
others. While in Wales, Mr. Thomas designed." and 
superintended the erection of the Gothic entrance to, and the 
Mortuary Chapels in, the Cardiff Cemetery. He returned to 
the colony in 1860, and practised his profession on his own 
account. In November, 1864, he received the first prize 
oflfered by the City Council for the best essays and designs 
having reference to a drainage and sewerage system for 
Adelaide. In July, 1866, Mr Thomas was appointed 
Assistant Architect under the Government, second to Mr. 
W. Hanson, then head of the department as Engineer and 
Architect. Soon after this, there was a re-arrangement of the 
office, and Mr. Thomas took the chief position of Architect. 
Retrenchment having been forced upon the Government, in 
December, 1870, the office was abolished, and Mr. Thomas 
left the Service. Whilst engaged as Government Architect 
he designed the Supreme Court Buildings, the Magill Orphan- 
age, the Sailors' Home at Port Adelaide, and the Parkside 
Lunatic Asylum, superintending their erection, as well as 
that of the General Post Office. Mr. Thomas had to modify 
the plans prepared by Messrs. Wright, Woods & Hamilton, 
as the Government, after the building had been commenced, 
discovered that they could not afford to run it up to the 
altitude which the designer intended. After leaving the 
GU)vernment service he. resumed private practice, and carried 
out various buildings, amongst which was the Institute at 
Port Adelaide. Apart from his artistic profession, he was an 
amateur artist of ability, his taste .being directed to water- 
colour painting. His sketches from nature were characterized 
by clearness of detail and boldness of execution, but he 
simply painted for amusement or his productions might have 
been better known. In 1873 the Hpalth Act was passed, and 
on January 7, 1874, he began his duties of Secretary to the 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 23 

Central Board of Health. That position he held till the time 
of his death, which came not unexpectedly, as he had been 
seriously ill for weeks. He took his place in the first rank 
of his profession ; in private life he was much esteemed ; and 
his active efforts as an officer of the Unley Anglican Church 
received a deserved recognition. 



Louis Edouard Bourbaud, 

^^OEN at Cognac, in the Department of Charente, France, 
"3^ in 1838, where he passed his youth amongst vine- 
growing pursuits. Entered the navy at an early age, and 
whilst holding the office of Lieutenant of the ship " Ulme,*' 
took part in the bombardment of Sebastopol by the allied 
fleet. For his services in the Crimean war he received two 
medals from Queen Victoria, with other honors. During the 
Franco-Prussian War he held a captaincy in the National 
Guard at Paris, and when the Communists obtained possession 
of the capital, commanded the 75th Eegiment at the siege 
instituted by the National Assembly. In 1875 M. Bourbaud 
was sent to the colony by Mr. Dutton, the then Agent- 
General for S.A., under engagement to the Government to 
promote the wine-growing industry here. This he succeeded 
in doing, and about a year after his arrival established the 
S. A. United Vineyards Association, the management of which 
he retained for a year and then resigned. His next venture 
was the Franco- Australian Alimentary Company, which was 
disposed of to Mr. Conrad. Subsequently he started the 
S. A. Winegrowers' Association, the management of which he 
retained till the time of his decease. In addition to this, he 
had charge of the vineyards of wines of Sir Thomas Elder, at 
Birksgate, Mr. S. Davenport, at Beaumont, and Mr. C. B. 
Young, at Kanmantoo. He was probably the cleverest 
expert in blending and treating wines the colony has ever had. 



24 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

and during his residence here contributed in a practical degree 
to our viticultuial literature. In addition to this he wrote 
and published several interesting pamphlets on the wine- 
producing interests, olive cultivation, and kindred subjects. 
M. Bourbaud was indefatigable in his endeavours to promote 
commercial relationship between South Australia and his 
native land, and to a certain extent he was successful. His 
death took place at Adelaide, February, 1883, in his forty- 
fifth year, and he left a wife and four sons. 



James T. Turnbull, J. P., 

j^OEN in Leith, Scotland, August 28, 1830. Arrived in 
the colony in 1856. After being a short period in the 



Port Adelaide establishment of Messrs. Elder & Co. he visited 
New South Wales and Victoria, returning from Albury to 
Goolwa, some 1,700 miles, by way of the river Murray, in com- 
pany with the late Capt. Cadell. Entered the employment of 
Messrs. W. Younghusband, jun., & Co. in 1857, and in 1865 
went for that firm to America and Europe. Returning to the 
colony in the year 1867, he began business on his own 
account, and continued same until the end of 1882, when he 
was joined by Messrs. J. Gilbert Boothby and William Little. 
In 1870 he was appointed Consul for the Netherlands, and 
shortly afterwards Consular Agent for Italy; the former 
appointment he still holds, the latter he resigned in 1878. 
On his arrival in Rome in that year. His Majesty the King 
of Italy, in recognition of Mr. Tumbull's services at Adelaide, 
conferred on him the Cross of Chevalier of the Royal Order 
of the Crown of Italy. Mr. Turnbull has visited the old 
country four times; once in 1865, via San Francisco and 
Panama ; once in 1878 through America and Canada, and 
twice by the ordinary overland route in 1874 and 1883. It 
may not be out of place to remark that Mr. Turnbull is an 
ardent lover of the fine arts. 




OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 25 



Peter Gait, 

NATIVE of Alloa, a pleasant river port of Scotland, in 
the County of Clackmannan. He went to Portugal at 
an early age, and was for some years engaged in superintend- 
ing important railway works on behalf of the eminent con- 
tracting firm of Waring Brotheis. Whilst in Portugal he 
had a sunstroke which affected him somewhat seriously, 
though upon relinquishing his work there and on arrival in 
South Australia he seemed to have quite recovered from its 
effects. He was engaged as resident engineer on the Rose- 
worthy and Burra Railway, parts of which were opened in 
1869 and 1870. He remained in this position from the 
beginning of the work till its completion, and the conspicuous 
ability and energy which he displayed led the Government to 
appoint him Resident Engineer for the Hope Valley Water- 
works and the Aqueduct Channel. When these works were 
finished, he retired from the Service and purchased a flour 
mill at Allandale, near Kapunda, where he remained till 
about four years ago, when he left the business, at which, 
unfortunately, he had not been successful. About this time 
the contract for the first section of the Adelaide and Nairne 
Railway was let to Messrs. Walker & Swann, and upon Mr. 
Gait applying for the position of Resident Engineer under the 
Government, he was at once appointed. Mr. Gait's tempera- 
ment was such, and his energy so great, that he often over- 
exerted himself, and perhaps needlessly exposed himself to 
the weather. Hence, beside the sunstroke in Portugal, he 
suffered another on the Burra railway works, and a third at 
Hope Valley. From this last he took months to recover, and 
there can be no doubt that these repeated attacks, preceding 
work entailing so much physical exertion as the difficult 
engineering of the Hills railway, completely broke down his 
health. On the occasion of the formal opening of the line to 
Aldgate, he was strangely excitable, though as warm-hearted 



26 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

m 

and kindly as ever. On March 28, 1883, he passed away at 
the early age of 48. Mr. Gait was married to a daughter of 
the Hon. A. B. Murray, M.L.C., and left a widow and four 
children. 




Clement Sabine 

[AS BOKN January 17, 1833, at Bury St. Edmunds, 
being the second son of John Sabine, of that town ; 
educated at Bracondale, Norwich ; apprenticed to Cowell ds 
Co., corn and coal merchants, and maltsters, of St. Clements^ 
Ipswich, Suffolk. After learning this business he removed 
to Bristol, where for a short time he was employed as clerk 
in the Bristol Steam Navigation Company's office. Left 
England with his parents 9th November, 1852, in the barque 
" Der went," arriving in South Australia 14th March, 1853. 
In the same week of his arrival he obtained employment as^ 
clerk in the mercantile house of E. J. Beck & Co. In 
November, 1853, removed to Port Adelaide, where he carried 
on business as a Custom House and Shipping agent until the 
end of January 1857. On February 1, 1857, was engaged 
by Mr. Price Maurice, with whom he has continued subse- 
quently, being superintendent of the various sheep runs and 
property of that gentleman in this colony. Mr. Sabine waa 
Hon. Secretary of the first Pastoral Association of South 
Australia (established November 24, 1859) till it ceased ta 
exist, November 24, 1865. Secretary of the Northern 
Territory Company Limited, from the time of its formation, 
November 19, 1864, till it was wound up in 1869. Was 
one of the Promoters of the Glenelg Eailway in 1871, and 
for a time held office as Director of that company ; Councillor 
for New Glenelg Ward in 1872, and again in 1884, and 1885 ;. 
is member of the Committee of the " Eoyal Agricultural 
Society of South Australia," and one of the Committee of the 
" Stock-breeders' Association." 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 27 

H. J. Smith 

1RRIYED in the colony as a boy with his father, the late 
Mr. Matthew Smith, Commissioner of Insolvency. 
Engaged in pastoral pursuits near Port Lincoln, but not being 
successful, abandoned this on receiving appointment of Return- 
ing Officer for the Electoral District of Flinders in July, 1861. 
On December 22, 1864, was appointed Stipendiary Magis- 
trate of the province, serving successfully in that capacity 
at Port Lincoln, Port Augusta, Mount Remarkable, and 
Narracoorte. Remained at the last-mentioned town for a 
long period, where he was much esteemed as an upright and 
painstaking magistrate, while his genial temperament and 
pleasant manners made him universally popular. For some 
time prior to his death, in December, 1884, Mr. Smith had 
been wholly incapacitated for the discharge of his magisterial 
duties. He made many friends and few enemies, and was 
much regretted in the district in which he had so long resided. 
He was in the sixty-third year of his age when he died. 



Lewis W. Gilles, 

tWELL-KNOW^Sr pioneer colonist; died at Woodley 
House, Glen Osmond, Jan. 2, 1884, aged 84. He came 
to Tasmania in 1822, with Messrs. Home, Leake, and others, 
and married the only daughter of the late Mr. Benjamin 
Home. To Messrs. Home and Gilles is due the credit of 
being the. first to introduce the Merino sheep into the Island. 
Mr. Gilles carried on farming, but success did not attend him 
in that calling, and he accepted the managership of the Tamar 
Bank in Launceston, holding the position until the arrival of 
the projectors of the Union Bank, when an amalgamation 
took place, and the Tamar was merged into the Union Bank 
of Australia, the deceased gentleman being still manager. 
Afterwards he, in conjunction with other affluent men, 



28 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

started a private Bank, under the title of Archer, Gilles, & 
Co., but through over-speculation the concern got involved, 
finally paying, however, 20s. in the pound. Mr. Gilles in 
1844 came to Adelaide with his family, in the "Will Watch," 
from Launceston, and shortly after arrival arrangements were 
entered into to float the Glen Osmond Silver Mines, when he, 
to further the scheme, went to England. He succeeded in 
his object, and the mine was worked for five years with good 
results ; but at the expiration of the lease Mr. 0. Gilles, his 
brother, refused a renewal for twenty-five years, on the 
ground that he was getting too old. Mr. L. W. Gilles held 
several important positions ; among others, Secretary to an 
Insui'ance Company, and Trustee of the Savings Bank, and 
when the goldfields of Victoria attracted attention he was 
appointed by the Government as Colonial Storekeeper imder 
Mr. C. J. Latrobe, the then Superintendent. He also 
accepted the office of Under-Secretary, imder Mr. Forster. 
After this he was sent to Warrnambool as Resident Magistrate, 
which position he occupied for about fourteen years, and drew 
his pension from 1866 under the Pension Bill imtilhis death. 
Mr. Gilles made a voyage to England by the first steamer on 
the Panama line (the " Kaikoura") from Sydney, about 1866. 
He married a second time four years ago. His eldest son 
resides in Adelaide. 



Price Maurice, 

I^ORN at Wrexham, England, November 16, 1818 ; and 
educated there at the Grove. Declined a commission in 
the East India Company's service, and came out to South Aus- 
tralia, August 9th, 1840, per " Caleb Angas," with the object 
of devoting himself entirely to pastoral pursuits, in preference 
to any other avocation. Began in a small way in 1843 or 
1844, and eventually acquired leases from the Government 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 29 

of the runs known as Pekina and Oladdie, comprising 671 
square miles in the north, where the greatest number of 
sheep and lambs shorn in one year was 118,000, yielding 
2,003 bales of wool. These runs are now entirely occupied 
as agricultural settlements. Mr. Maurice became lessee of 
the Warraw, Lake Hamilton, and Bramfield runs, 943 square 
miles, on the Port Lincoln Peninsula, where the sheep and 
lambs shorn in one year amounted to 97,000, yielding 1,553 
bales of wool. These runs are now cut up and devoted to 
agricultural and grazing purposes, and settled upon by selectors. 
On the gradual resumption of the runs, Mr. Maurice deter- 
mined to adhere to the fixed purpose of his life and remain 
a sheep farmer, or squatter. In 1874 he took up a block of 
country, distant 270 miles north-west of Port Augusta, known 
as Mount Eba run, comprising 5,358 square miles of land. 
Here, the rainfall up to the present time has been uncertain, 
and in common with all new pastoral country in the interior, 
great difficulties have had to be surmounted ; 83 wells have 
been sunk — 36 of which yield a water supply. This run is in 
course of development at enormous expense. In 1870 Mr. 
Maurice introduced the Angora goat, and purchased, in the 
hills near Adelaide, the Castambul estate, for the purpose of 
establishing the breeding of these animals in Australia, 
on a scale sufficient to prove their adaptability, by forming a 
large stud flock. This estate contains 5,288 acres grazing 
land, abundantly watered, and possessing magnificent features 
of mountain scenery. Mr. Maurice, consequent upon inces- 
sant struggles in the early days of the colony, and battling 
with vicissitudes of seasons in outlying districts, was com- 
pelled when somewhat broken down by over-anxiety, to seek 
in England the change he so much needed. For some years 
he has been absent from the province, unable to return, owing 
to continued ill-health, but is in regular communication 
with this country, directing the various operations with 
which he keeps up constant interest. Every movement 



30 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

connected with pastoral matters and the development of the 
interior engages his marked attention — no other business but 
that of a sheep farmer, pure and simple, having been for 
forty-two years the aim and object of his life. 




Catherine Helen Spence, 

•ORN at Melrose, Scotland, 1825. Emigrated with 
her family to South Australia in 1839, and has 
ever since been identified with most movements calculated to 
benefit the land of her adoption. As an authoress, Miss 
Spence takes no mean stand, and her contributions to English 
periodicals and colonial literature are marked by force and 
clearness exhibiting a thorough acquaintance with human 
nature. She has published the following works : — " Clare 
Morison," in 1854; "Tender and True," in 1856; ''Mr. 
Hogarth's Will," in 1865 ; " The Author's Daughter," in 
1868. The two last works were previously contributed to 
the Adelaide weeklies, and the first appeared in the Mail 
under the title of " Uphill Work," and the other in the 
Observer as "Hugh Lindsay's Guest." More recently 
"Gathered In" appeared simultaneously in the Adelaide 
Observer and the Queenslander, Miss Spence has always 
taken a strong interest in political and social matters, and her 
" Plea for Pure Democracy," published in pamphlet form in 
1861, an argument from the Eadical side in favour of equal 
representation, will be familiar, doubtless, to many of our 
readers. She is the corresponding member of the " Repre- 
sentative Reform Association," and has taken an active share 
in the movement for placing out of the children of the State in 
ordinary homes, and their supervision in such homes. Miss 
Spence is the sister of the Hon. J. B. Spence, M.L.C., of the 
South Australian Legislature. 




OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 31 



Henry Dudley Melville, 

|NE of the pioneers of the colony, having arrived a pas- 
senger by the "Lalla Eookh," in August 1840. He is 
now probably the oldest public servant in harness, and has 
served in very many capacities ; notably. Sub-collector of 
Customs, Eeceiver of Wrecks, and Harbour-Master of South- 
East Ports. He did good service at the wreck of the 
" AdmeUa" in 1859 ; and in 1861, with the aid of the life- 
boat crew at Eobe, he saved the crew of the " Alma " (twenty- 
four lives) when stranded on the rocks in Guichen Bay, by 
means of the rocket apparatus. In other wrecks on this part 
of the coast he was also instrumental in saving life and pro- 
perty. In 1872 he was appointed Chief "Warden of the 
Northern Territory Gold Fields, and here contracted a disease 
in the eyes (cataract), which obliged him to resign his 
position in the Territory and return to the South. In 1877 
he was appointed Secretary to the Forest Board, and still 
retains that position in the Forest Department. 



Walter Duffield, M.L.C., J.P., 

;H0SE death occurred Nov. 6, 1882, in the 66th year 
^^ of his age, though not one of the first arrivals in the 
colony, had, nevertheless, an experience of it extending over 
forty-three years. He landed in 1839, and first settled near 
Echunga. Remained there until 1847, when he removed to 
Gawler, with which town he was associated up till his death, 
and played an important part in all movements calculated to 
benefit its interests, and those of the colony at large. His 
name has long been a household word in milling operations. 
He established the Union and Victoria Mills, the latter of 
which was burnt down and rebuilt no less than three times ; 
two of the fires being attributed to incendiarism, and one to 



32 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

the accidental breakage of a portion of the machinery. The 
present Victoria Mill is one of the most complete in Australia. 
As agricultural settlement extended, he established mills at 
"Wallaroo, Snowtown, and Port Pirie. The whole of the 
milling property was recently disposed of to the Adelaide 
Milling and Mercantile Company, Limited. Mr. Dufl&eld was 
elected as one of the representatives of the district of Barossa 
in the first Parliament, April 22, 1857, and was re-elected 
to the second, third, and fourth Parliaments, being thus 
continuously one of the members for Barossa from April, 
1857, to March, 1868. He was re-elected for the same 
district in 1870, and sat until the dissolution on November 
23, 1871. He held office as Treasurer in two successive 
Cabinets, viz., the Hart Ministry (the fifteenth since the 
inauguration of responsible government here), from October 
23, 1865 till March 27, 1866 ; and in the first Boucaut 
Ministry, from March 28, 1866, to May 2, 1867. He 
introduced the Dog Act, and succeeded in carrying that 
measure, and many of the colonists are under an obligation 
of which they are unaware to the deceased gentleman for 
what he did in this matter. After serving as local represen- 
tative for many years, Mr. Duffield on July 25, 1873, first 
took his seat as member of the Legislative Council. He 
applied himself with assiduity to his Parliamentary duties, 
until failing health compelled him, during the latter part of 
1878, to seek leave of absence. He participated to some 
extent in the work of the following session, but at length 
found himself unable to continue his service to the country. 
His resignation was accepted May 27, 1880. Mr. Duffield 
was local Director of the Bank of South Australia, and held 
that office until 1873, when he accepted a position on the 
Adelaide Board. He was also a Director for many years of 
the Adelaide Marine and Fire Lisurance Company, and 
occupied several other posts of importance, all of which he 
had to resign in consequence of ill-health. He was owner. 



iiLDERMSN WlLLlHM KlTHER, J. P. 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 33 

with Mr. T. S. Porter, and latterly with his son-in-law, Mr. 
F. Makin, of Koonoona (an extensive freehold station near 
Burra Burra), and was for years largely interested in squatting 
pursuits in the northern portion of this colony and in the 
Darling district. The Para Para Estate at Gawler, his late 
residence, is one of the most attractive spots in the southern 
hemisphere. Mr. Dufl&eld was regarded as a shrewd, straight- 
forward, honest man; bore the highest character amongst 
those with whom he was brought in contact, was thoroughly 
respected in the district where he had spent so many years, 
and his retirement into private life was universally regretted. 
In his political career he was considered a strictly conscientious 
representative, and was what may be termed a Liberal Con- 
servative in politics. He left a widow, one son, Mr. D. 
Walter Duffield, J. P., and five daughters, of whom three are 
married. One is the wife of Lieut-Colonel Makin, another 
of Dr. J. Davies Thomas, and a third of Mr. H. T. Bowen. 




Rudolph Wilhelm Emil Henning, 

[EMBER of the House of Assembly for the District of 
Albert since the beginning of the new Parliament in 
1878. Arrived in the colony in the " Paulina " from Ger- 
many, in December, 1849, with his parents. For fifteen years 
was engaged with his father (the proprietor of a furniture and 
mattress-making warehouse in Morphett-street,) and continued 
the business on his own account for four years in Rundle- 
street. Subsequently he became landlord of the Globe Hotel, 
remaining there for five years. Afterwards he purchased, 
with the Hon. R. D. Ross and the late Hon. J. Baker, the 
Angipena, Motpena, and Artemar Stations, in the North. 
The three partners sold the runs on September 21, 1883, to 
Mr. J. Whyte, of Whyte, CounseU, & Co. In February, 1884, 
became a partner in the firm of Aldridge & Bruce, and was 

D 



34 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

connected with it at the time of his death, the business 
being conducted under the style of Henning, Bruce, & Al- 
dridge. As to Mr. Henning's public life, the only position 
of consequence he filled was that in the Assembly as a thrice- 
elected member for Albert. He was a somewhat prominent 
man in the House, and took great pains in the preparation of 
his speeches, which were well-considered and instructive. 
All his sentences bore evidence of the possession of a 
thoroughly logical mind. He was generally criticised as one 
holding pessimistic views concerning the future of the 
colony, but there was not the slightest doubt entertained by 
his bitterest opponents regarding the perfect honesty of them. 
He was gradually advancing in influence, and in due time 
would probably have held a seat on the Treasury benches. 
He died at Park Lodge, East-terrace, Adelaide, November 24, 
1884, leaving a widow and family of eight. 



James Mempes, 

II^ORN at Dover, Kent, England, August 1, 1818; 
^^ arrived at Port Adelaide by the " Mary Ann MofFatt," 
in 1839 ; entered into business there, and wbls very successful, 
till 1867, when the great fire occurred, and he was burnt out. 
Built the large and commodious shops in St. Yincent-street, 
near the railway-station, and also Cypress-terrace inWakefield- 
etreet. Retired from business in 1866, and in 1876 left 
South Australia with his wife, son, and two daughters. He 
at present resides in the neighbourhood of London, and has, 
since his sojourn there, developed a talent for painting. 
Ajnongst specimens of his genius, three have recently arrived 
in the colony, and embrace the following subjects : — " The 
Grand Canal, Venice," " A Port in Normandy," and "An 
Ideal Landscape." They were exhibited for several weeks in 
the Port Adelaide Art Gallery, and attracted the attention as 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 35 

well as called forth the admiration of old Portonians, amongst 
whom Mr. Mempes had so long lived, and by whom he was 
so much respected. One of the daughters of Mr. Mempes is 
married to the Rev. J. Hall Angas, the Presbyterian minister 
of Port Adelaide, and his second son (Mortimer L.) is (like 
his father) an artist of no mean capacity, he having gained 
several prizes for his etchings, &c., in various competitions in 
London, and, amongst others, one in connection with the 
Crystal Palace. 



Thos- Goode, Sen., J. P. 

^ORN in the West of England in 1816, arrived in South 
& Australia, 1851. In the early days of the Murray 
River Steam Navigation Company's existence he pitched his 
tent at Goolwa, and opening a general store, watched patiently 
for results. Owing to his untiring industry, he prospered, 
and as Goolwa grew his business grew with it. There being no 
medical practitioner, Mr. Goode, who was a thoroughly prac- 
tical chemist, having had great medical and surgical experience 
in the old country, became the friend and adviser of everyone 
who had ailments of any kind. He turned his medical know- 
ledge to account without fee or reward, as many owners of 
broken legs and arms could testify. Mr. Goode erected 
large and convenient premises for business, and threw him- 
self heart and soul into every project for the advancement of 
the South and benefit of the river trade. He was frequently 
urged by numerous friends to allow himself lo be nominated 
as representative in the House of Assembly, but as he never 
courted popularity, and feeling that he could serve the dis- 
trict better in a private capacity, declined to come forward. 
Was placed on the Commission of the Peace, and exercised 
his functions with moderation and uprightness. Believed in 
the practicability of the Goolwa canal scheme, and advocated 

D 2 



36 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

its formation with energy, gathering a great deal of informa- 
tion, and making valuable diagrams and models, illustrating 
the manner in which the work could be carried out success- 
fully. In philanthropic movements he was ready with sym- 
pathizing heart and hand to afford relief and assistance. 
Several years since, owing to an internal complaint, Mr. 
Goode retired from business, leaving it to be conducted by 
his sons, Messrs. Thomas and Edward Goode. Even then 
his active mind could not rest, for he was invariably 
engaged either in directing farming operations or making 
improvements in his residence and grounds near Goolwa. He 
was one of the trustees of the Wesleyan Church, and a 
liberal supporter of its funds. He died at Goolwa, October 
26, 1882, aged 66. Mr. Goode was the brother of Messrs. 
M. & C. H. Goode, merchants, of Adelaide. 



Frederick Simeon Carus Driffield, 

JXTH son of the late Rev. C. G. T. Driffield, Vicar of 
Prescot, Lancashire; born 1825, came out to South 
Australia in the " Posthumous" in 1849, in partnership 
with his brother and James H. Parr, with whom, soon 
after their arrival, he built a flour mill near Woodside ; 
went to the Victorian diggings in 1851, returning in 1853; 
became Secretary of the Agricultural and Horticultural 
Society in 1856, which he held for nearly ten years, during 
which time he started, and brought to a very successful issue, 
the West Adelaide Building Society ; was the manager of the 
Adelaide Lloyd's, afterwards the Adelaide Insurance Com- 
pany for eight or ten years, giving it up in 1872, when 
he became the Secretary of the Chamber of Commerce. 
Married a daughter of the late Joseph McMinn, by whom he 
has one daughter and six sons. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 37 



William Fiveash, 

^OEN at JSTorth-fleet, Kent, England, Dec. 24, 1825, 
W arrived in South Australia, July 1 2, 1852. Was formany 
years traveller for the firm of Jos. Skelton & Co., and while 
so engaged, became connected with the late Mr. J. E. Seppelt 
(father of the present Mr. B. Seppelt), of Seppeltsfield, and 
through that connection was mainly instrumental in building 
up one of the largest wine businesses in the Australias. 
Has always avoided politics, although often solicited to come 
forward as a candidate for Parliamentary, as well as Municipal 
honours. Was one of the founders of the Masonic body 
under the Irish constitution in this colony, and held the 
position of first Deputy P.G.M. for fourteen years, under the 
late Hon. J. T. Bagot, and the present P.G.M. W. J. Crawford, 
Esq. It is mainly due to his energy that that body owes the 
erection of their handsome building in Waymouth-street, 
known as the Alfred Masonic Hall, he having originated the 
idea, and collected over £1,500 towards the fund to build 
— a fact that body recognized when paying him the compliment 
of appointing him Chairman of their Trustees, and by the 
gathering which took place on the occasion of his laying the 
commemoration-stone, November 26, 1883. He was appointed 
a Justice of the Peace Oct. 10, 1883. 



Mrs- William Finlayson, 

t REIVED in South Australia, with her husband, in the 
"John Ren wick," in February, 1837. These were 
primitive times, and the hardships which the young couple 
had to endure, in common with the few score other persons 
who had then reached these shores, were not small. All 
their privations and troubles were, however, borne with a 
fortitude and hopefulness which some immigrants of more 



38 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

recent days might emulate. Mr. Finlayson wished to act as 
missionary to the natives, but he was unable to carry out 
his design except to a modified extent. He for a year or two 
resided in Adelaide, and assisted the Rev. T. Q, Stow, the 
first Congregational minister here, in the erection of the little 
reed-thatched place of worship in which he began his minis- 
trations. Entering the employ of the South Australian 
Company, he and his wife took up their quarters a few miles 
from Adelaide, and often, in the absence of her husband, 
whose name is to be found in the list of the early explorers, 
Mrs. Finlayson found herself alone with hundreds of savages, 
who, however, never attempted to molest her, but treated her 
with profound respect and submitted themselves implicitly 
to her directions. Not long after coming to the colony, Mr. 
and Mrs. Finlayson settled on a farm near Mitcham, to which 
the name of Helenholme was given, where they continued 
for something like a quarter of a century. As their children 
grew up the parents removed to Adelaide, but three or four 
years ago returned to their former residence. The deceased 
lady studiously avoided taking part in public movements, but 
much of her time was devoted to deeds of kindness and 
charity. Her motto throughout life was "Better are the 
blessings of the poor than the praises of the rich," and scores 
of those who have been the recipients of her kindly counsel 
and generous help affectionately cherish her memory and 
genuinely mourn the death of one ever ready with consola- 
tion and succour. Mrs. Finlayson had reached her 73rd 
year when she fell a victim to an illness beginning with in- 
flammation of the lungs, which kept her a prisoner for five 
months. She left a husband, four sons (Messrs. E. K. Fin- 
layson, W. Finlayson, J. Harvey Finlayson, and E. Finlayson), 
five daughters, and twenty-four grand-children. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 39 



William Oswald Whitridge, 

ELDEST son of W. W. E. Whitridge (at one time news- 
paper proprietor, author, and one of the editors of the 
SoutJi Australian Register), Bom at Kensington, S.A., 
August 14, 1863. Educated at the Adelaide Educational 
Institution, by Mr. J. L. Young. Left schoc^ when fourteen 
years old, and was apprenticed at the Register ofl&ce, where 
he has been employed ever since, and has passed, through the 
various stages of newspaper work. Has always taken the 
liveliest interest in colonial cricket affairs, and was once one 
of the leading players here. Has represented the colony on 
several occasions in Intercolonial and International matches i 
in one contest, Eeb. 1876, particularly, bowling with remark- 
able success against a Victorian team, securing eight wickets 
for twelve runs. Has been identified with the Norwood 
Cricket Club for twenty years, and for some seasons past has 
filled the position of Secretary. Is the compiler and proprietor 
of " The South Australian Cricketer's Guide," first published 
in 1877, and is the Australian correspondent for some foreign 
publications. In 1884 was chosen the first selector of teams 
to the South Australian Cricketing Association. 



William Edwin Black 

tRRIYED in South Australia by the ship Coromandel, 
January, 1837. Took part in the survey of Adelaide 
under Colonel Light, and assisted in defining the chief roads 
of a settlement which he lived to see become a large and 
important city. He always maintained a deep interest in the 
politics of his adopted country, and was intimately associated 
with many benefit societies in their infancy. For years he 
was the Tyler of a number of Freemason's Lodges, and was 
Grand Tyler for the District to which they belonged. He was 



40 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

Treasurer of the Hope Lodge, M.U. of Oddfellows, for twenty- 
seven years ; for two years Treasurer of the Perseverance 
Lodge, I.O.O.F., and was the founder of the Allied Lodge 
U.O.A.D. To him belongs the distinction of being the 
father of the first white boy born in South Australia. This 
first of native-bom South Australians came into the world on 
Feb. 22, 1837, and was named " William Josiah." This fact 
is borne out by an entry in the diary of Sir. J. H. Fisher, as 
follows . — " The first white boy born in this colony was bom 
of black parents." William Josiah Black was killed at 
Currency Creek in Nov. 1846. Mr. Black died on Feb. 17, 
1884. Apropos of this subject it may be mentioned that Mrs. 
Morgan, the eldest daughter of the Hon. B. T. Finniss, was 
the first female child of European descent bom in South 
Australia. She died at Norwood, May 30, 1865, aged twenty- 
eight years.* 



William Robert Smith Cooke, 

^NE of the earliest of South Australian settlers, and well- 
known amongst surviving old colonists as the head of 
the firm of August Cooke & Co., Merchants, of Adelaide. 
He was a man of great perseverance and energy, and these 
qualities were most prominently shown during the great 
depression of 1843, when he, in common with others in com- 
mercial pursuits, suffered losses. He was afterwards connected 
with the brewing interests, and next came to the front as a 
wheat speculator and miller. He built the Victoria Mill in 
Grenf ell-street, now a part of Messrs. Milne & Co.'s wine and 
spirit store; and died in the year 1852. 

* Mr. Hiram Mildred informs me that the first white boy bom in 
South Australia was the son of a Mr. Hoare, and that he is still living. 
What construction then can be placed on Sir J. H. Fisher's statement 
on the same matter ? — Aitthob. 




OE, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 41 



James F. Wigley, 

fIFTH son of the late Mr. H. R. Wigley ; arrived in the 
colony from England in 1848, where he had gained 
iirst honors at the Mathematical School, Christ's Hospital. 
Was for some years with Messrs. Montefiore and Sons, mer- 
chants, but at the time when the diggings in Victoria were 
prospering, he went thither, and started business as a mer- 
chant. Returned to Adelaide in 1865, and entered with 
great vigor into Exchange business. He was a shrewd man, 
a fortunate speculator, and one of the first to turn his atten- 
tion to the prospects of the Northern Territory. He never 
took any specially active part in public matters, though he 
was twice an unsuccessful candidate — once for the Legisla- 
tive Council, two or three years ago, and later on for the New 
castle district His death, which was very sudden, occurred 
in his 54th year, at North Adelaide, in June, 1884. He left 
a widow, three sons, and two daughters. Mr. W. R. Wigley, 
solicitor, of Adelaide, and Mr. T. Wigley, of New Zealand, 
are his brothers. Mr. J. F. Wigley was a large shareholder 
in several of our dividend companies, but would never hold 
non-paying dividend shares. In commercial transactions his 
word was his bond, and he was one of the most popular 
members of the Adelaide Club. 



John Mitchell, J.P. 

^ORNin Glasgow, June 17, 1832; arrived in Melbourne, 
W Victoria, in 1852, where he for a time engaged in 
mining pursuits ; came to Adelaide, South Australia, in 
January, 1853 ; associated with the town of Gawler from 
the year 1858, a resident of it for 26 years, and identified 
with all movements for its benefit. Entered the employ of 
Messrs. W. DujQfield & Co., afterwards became partner in the 



42 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

firm, and subsequently a partner with Messrs. Mitchell, Fox, 
and Co. He was a first-class accountant, a man of strict 
integrity, and although somewhat irascible in temperament, of 
such thoroughness of heart and purpose that he possessed a 
large circle of friends. He was a keen supporter of the 
Institute, and one of the most active honorary secretaries it has 
ever had. He exhibited great activity in getting up enter- 
tainments on its behalf, helped to place it on a firm basis, 
and was made a life member. He identified himself with 
the Corporation, for some years was a councillor, and also 
occupied the position of Mayor. During his term of office the 
new post-office was erected, and the foundation-stone laid by him. 
As a recognition of his services he was made a J.P., and his 
actions in that capacity gave general satisfaction. Several 
years ago his health failed, and, in spite of sea voyages, he 
gradually grew worse, and expired at his residence, Gowan 
Brae, June 18, 1884, aged 52. Mr. Mitchell was a P.G. of 
the Oddfellows, a member of the Foresters, and a firm sup- 
porter of the Presbyterian Church. He left a widow, two 
daughters, and a son, who still carries on the business of the 
firm of Mitchell & Co., at Gawler. 




Rev. Frederick Searle, 

; ONGEEGATIONALIST. Born July 24, 1 848, at Tavis- 
tock, Devonshire, England ; died at College Park, July 
24, 1883, aged 35. Educated in Somersetshire. Even as a 
boy he evinced strong religious tendencies, which, matured by 
time, brought him to the front as an earnest and zealous 
minister. He arrived in Adelaide in 1864, under engagement to 
Messrs. G. & R. Wills & Co., wholesale drapers, and by his 
diligence and business-like qualifications was ultimately ap- 
pointed manager of one of the most important departments 
by the firm. Entered the ministry in 1876, being actuated 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 43 

to take such a step by the belief that he could there do much 
good. For some time previously he was engaged in lay- 
preaching, but the better to qualify himself for a clerical 
position he went to England in April, 1876, and there became 
a student at New College, under Dr. Newth. Returned 
to South Australia in October, 1879,. to take charge of the 
pastorate of the College Park Congregational Church, and 
retained this position until April, 1883, when failing health 
caused him to resign. Mr. Searle was an advocate for funeral 
reform, and his funeral, in accordance with his request, was 
not marked by the usual symbols of mourning. He left a 
wife and three children, a brother (Mr. R. Searle), and a mother 
(Mrs. Searle) well known in connection with philanthropic 
work in Adelaide. 



John Whinham, 

[OUNDER of that scholastic institution, Whinham Col- 
lege. He has been all his life an educationist, and is 
probably the oldest schoolmaster in the colony, if not in the 
Australian colonies. Bom in 1803, at Sharperton, Nor- 
thumberland, he at an early age evinced a decided bent for 
the acquisition of knowledge. He would walk miles to hear 
a scientific lecture, and thought no exettion too great and no 
toil too hard, so long as he could thereby add to his stores of 
learning. He displayed an almost equal taste for mathematics 
and the classics, and under a scholarly Roman Catholic priest 
qualified himself, by the time he was nineteen years of age, 
for taking a degree in the University of Dublin ; but the 
sudden illness of a sister and friend, both of whom subse- 
quently died, led him to abandon his intention as he was on 
the eve of starting for Ireland. He then devoted his attention 
to teaching, and had a good school in the quiet rustic village 
of Ovingham, by Newcastle-on-Tyne. His abilities as a 
teacher were in due course recognised, and he had some 



44 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

tempting offers to open a school in Newcastle, but always 
resisted them, preferring the simplicity of a rural town to the 
noisy turmoil of a large city. After pursuing the even tenor 
of his way for nearly a quarter of a century, during which he 
married and became the father of five daughters and two sons, 
he was a victim of the financial disasters which in 1848-9 
ruined so many persons in England. His savings, invested in 
collieries, steamboats, and banks, were swept away, and after 
waiting a long time for liquidation of the various companies, 
he gathered sufficient out of the general wreck to pay for the 
passage of himself and family to Australia, and reached 
Adelaide in the year 1852, beginning the world again at a 
period when most men have passed the meridian of their 
strength and life. He brought with him agricultural 
implements, thinking that possibly farming would be the 
only pursuit to which he could successfully devote his attention 
in the colony, but fortunately for the cause of education, he 
was led to resume his old work. He was teacher of Mathe- 
matics at St. Peter's College, and after a while left the college 
to start a school himself at North Adelaide. He brought 
letters of introduction to Colonel Freeling, Mr. Anthony 
Forster, and other leading colonists, but was so independent 
and determined to succeed only upon his own merits, that he 
would not make use of a single adventitious aid to advance the 
prospects of his school. Thus he began with one scholar and 
added others as his fame as a teacher spread. Solidly was 
his establishment founded and built up, for without the help 
of patronage, without the tempting bait of endowment, he 
competed successfully with institutions which had these 
inducements. Thousands of youths, now living in all parts 
of the colony — some successful squatters and farmers, some 
holding high position in the mercantile community, and 
others winning fame as lawyers and journalists, have passed 
through his hands, and upon all of them he ever sought to 
impress the force and beauty of those principles of conduct 



OR, COLONISTS— PAST AND PRESENT. 45 

which were illustrated by his own simple and blameless life. 
He retired a few years ago from the active duties of his pro- 
fession, after a scholastic career of over half a century ; and in 
his cheery old age had the satisfaction of seeing the same 
principles which he inculcated, the same system, and the 
same discipline which he observed, carried out in their 
integrity by his son Eobeit, who, until the sad and fatal 
accident which deprived him of life occurred, was the Principal 
of the establishment. 



Robert Whinham, 

fi'N of the above, whose sad death took place at North 
Adelaide, on the 10th October, 1884, by a fall from his 
horse, was a young man eminently respected by all classes for 
his sterling qualities and kindly disposition. His long asso- 
ciation with the educational institution of which for some 
years he had been Principal, gave him a position of com- 
manding influence, and he was fully alive to the importance 
of his work, and with characteristic energy and conscious- 
ness fulfilled its responsible duties. Numbers of scholars 
who have been under his training and that of his respected 
father, occupy, with credit to themselves, responsible posi- 
tions in this colony. While teaching was the work of his 
life, Mr. Whinham ungrudgingly gave valuable help at enter- 
tainments for religious and charitable purposes, where his 
exceptional gift as an elocutionist (the knowledge of which 
he acquired from his mother) were a source of pleasure to all 
who heard him. His death in the prime of life, and at the 
early age of 37, was much deplored, and its sad tidings came 
on the community like a shock. The Hon. W. B. Rounse- 
vell, M.P., and other old scholars of Whinham College, have 
interested themselves in establishing a scholarship, entitled 
the "Robert Whinham Scholarship," and a monument or 
tablet is to be erected over the grave of the deceased. 




46 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



Rev. James Lyall, 

ORN in 1827, -at Edinburgh, Scotland. Studied at the 
Universities of Edinburgh and Glasgow, and at the 
Divinity Hall, United Presbyterian Church, in the latter 
city. Engaged for about ten years in mission work in 
Edinburgh. Arrived in South Australia in 1857, where he 
took charge of the Presbyterian Church in Gouger-street, and 
afterwards in Flinders-street, in 1875. He is still the minis- 
ter of that church, and, notwithstanding his advanced age, 
active in mind and body. In June, 1884, Mr. Lyall, who 
had acted as Hon. Clerical Secretary to the Adelaide City 
Mission for a number of years, resigned that office, in conse- 
quence of **"heavy domestic affliction, and the paramount 
duties of his pastorate and Presbytery," requiring his con- 
stant attention. 




Dr. Benj. F. Frankis, 

NATIVE of Bristol, where his father held a leading 
position as a solicitor. Studied medicine in London, 
filling his course at St. Bartholomew's Hospital ; took his 
degrees, and was for some time connected with the Infirmary 
of his native town. Removed to the neighborhood of Surrey, 
but finding his health failing, he obtained an appointment as 
surgeon of the ship " Spartan," carrying emigrants to New 
Zealand. The climate of the Australias appearing to agree 
with his health, he returned to England to secure a second 
appointment as ship's surgeon, and this was effected on the 
"William Hyde," bound for Adelaide and Sydney. On 
arrival in 1852, after a short trial of the goldfields, he finally 
settled in Adelaide, at the south end of King William-street, 
where he soon established a large and lucrative practice, and 
remained many years, gaining the warm affection of his 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 47 



numerous patients, and the respect of his professional brethren. 
He was held in high esteem by all classes, his quiet, unas- 
suming manner and kindly disposition making him a favourite 
with the poorer community. He has long since retired from 
practice, and is now enjoying in his native land the well- 
earned reward of a long and useful professional career. 




Hon. Jno. Dunn, M.L.C, 

^AS a lad of ten summers when he arrived in 
Adelaide, in 1840, with his father, who then had 
to avail himself of his aid in building the first windmill. In 
1843 a second mill was built and started, and as Mr. Dunn 
appeared to possess much of his parent's genius for designing, 
plans for future mills were entrusted to him. He was admit- 
ted a partner in the business in 1852, and in ten years 
acquired a competency, which enabled him to carry out a long- 
cherished desire, viz., to devote his life and energies to Chris- 
tian missions. Accompanied by his noble young wife, he 
embarked for the South Sea Islands, under the auspices of the 
Wesleyan Missionary Society, but after a year's trial he was 
compelled to abandon his enterprise on account of ill-health, 
and return to Adelaide. Being too energetic to remain idle, 
Mr. Dunn erected the well-known large and powerful mill 
at Port Adelaide, and on its completion arrangements 
were made for a re-union in business between father and son. 
Since then the sphere of operations has widened considerably 
and to-day the subject of this sketch is a partner of the largest 
milling firm in the Australias. Mr. Dunn first entered Par- 
liament in 1875, when he contested a seat with Dr. Hiibbe 
for the Assembly. He was returned at the head of the poll 
in 1880 for the Upper House, with more votes (6,375) than 
any member sent to the Council prior to this election. A 
leader in one of the dailies had the following remarks : — 



48 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

" Mr. Dunn is a practical gentleman, and a good man of 
business ; a man of plain common sense, without any crot- 
chets, and he may be expected to vote right as a rule," 
&c. Mr. Dunn's extensive business engagements prevent 
him from taking any prominent part in Parliament. 
A parliamentary critic, in commenting on the individual 
members of the House, says : — " The Hon. J. Dunn is a 
capital story-teller. You would hardly think it to look at 
him, but he has a keen appreciation of humour. He speaks 
so quietly and so quaintly that you do not expect jokes from 
him till you know his style. You would as soon expect a 
facetious remark from the statue of Carlyle ; but with those 
who are familiar with Mr. Dunn there are current traditions of 
many a jolly trip with the unassuming Miller Prince." 
Though his time is devoted to business, he also renders good 
service to the public interests in many ways, and with hand 
and purse is ever ready to give assistance when and where it 
is really needed. 



James Elliott, J. P., 

[DITOR and part proprietor of the Kapunda Herald. 
Arrived with his brother in Adelaide, in 1852. Was 
chairman of the Hospital Board, Vice-President of the In- 
stitute, member of the School Board of Advice, the Horti- 
cultural Society, and Dutton Park Committees, and Director 
of the Marble and Building Company, all of Kapunda. He 
was closely connected with the Friendly Societies, and Past- 
master of the Masonic Lodge. Mr. Elliott devoted himself 
with great zeal and intelligence to the work of conducting 
the paper of which he was editor, and his articles were always 
well written and distinguished by their smartness and 
piquancy. He was the real founder of Dutton Park and the 
Kapunda Hospital ; both institutions owing their origin, to 



¥m. Hill, J.P. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 49 

his correspondence with Mr. Button, which led that gentle- 
man to give liberally towards them. There can be little 
doubt that his life was shortened by his ceaseless activity of 
mind and body. He suffered from prolonged attacks of ill- 
ness, but as soon as he was able to resume work was ever at 
the post of duty, Mr. Elliott's life was in harmony with his 
public career. True and steadfast as a private friend, he 
was one who could be relied on for sympathy and help when 
really needed. Those who knew him best, esteemed him 
most. He was in his 47th year of age when he died, on 
April 22, 1883. 



Joseph Elliott, J. P., 

^ORN in 1834, died at Strathalbyn, May 21, 1883, aged 
™ 49. Arrived in the colony by the "Temora," in 1852. 
First employed on the staff of the S, A. Register, and sub- 
sequently in the jobbing department of that office, where he 
remained for some time. He ultimately opened two printing 
offices on his own account in Adelaide, and published the 
Musical Herald and Adelaide MisceUany, He was not suc- 
cessful with these, and shortly after removed to Strathalbyn, 
where he had purchased the Southern Argus, of which he 
continued proprietor and editor till his death. He was a 
great lover of music, and a pleasing composer. The songs — 
" Bygone Days," " Unfoigotten," " The Song of the Bell," 
" Visions of Youth," with several dance and sacred pieces 
are still popular, and exhibit his skill in this direction. Mr. 
Elliott was twice married, and left a grown-up family. He 
was a member of the Strathalbyn Town Council, Secretary 
of the local Railway Committee, and member of the Free- 
masons, Foresters, and Oddfellows' Orders. His decease was 
doubtless hastened by the intelligence of the death of his 
brother James, of Kapunda. 

B 



1)0 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



Jacob Bowden, 

A NATIVE of Cornwall, where he was bom, April 1, 
1809. Arrived in the colony by the " Royal Admiral," 
January, 1838. Established business as an herbalist in 
Gilles-street in that year, and continued the same till 1882, 
when he retired in favour of his son. Many most successful 
cures have been effected by his treatment, and during a long 
and successful practice he has enjoyed the confidence of the 
public. Mr. Bowden is now in his 77th year, and is a 
veritable type of the South Australian pioneer colonist. 



Rev. Thomas Hope, 

BORN in Manchester, 1846. Studied at Owen's College, 
and at Lancashire Independent OoUege, with a view 
of preparing for the ministry. In 1872 was ordained, and 
accepted the charge of the Congregational Church, Bungay, 
Suffolk. His health failing, was recommended to try the 
colonies. Arrived in South Australia in 1874, and in May 
of that year accepted the pastorate of Clayton Church, Ken- 
sington, at which place he still continues his ministry. 



G. M. Waterhouse, 

^ORN at Penzance, Cornwall, April 6, 1824. Son of the 
sf Rev. John Waterhouse, of that town. Educated at the 
Wesley an College, Kingswood, near Bristol. His father and 
family left England for Hobart and arrived there February 2, 
1839, where the subject of this notice was employed in a 
merchant's ojQfice. This gentleman having business relation- 
ships with Adelaide, Mr. Waterhouse was led to turn his 
attention to South Australia, and early in 1843 came here 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 51 

and commenced business on his own account. He was a 
successful merchant, ultimately retired, and turned his 
attention to politics. He represented East Torrens in the 
first Parliament (July, 1851), and held office in several 
successive Ministries. He voted against the first reading of 
the Bill to legalize State Aid to Religion, in August, 1851, 
and was instrumental in bringing about many excellent 
measures. He was a member of the Central Road Board in 
1852, but resigned towards the close of the same year. He 
left for New Zealand in 1864, where he is now located. He 
is connected with the Legislative Council of that colony, and 
was recently Acting-Governor of the province. 



F. W. Andrews, 

fAXIDERMIST, was about sixty years of age at the 
time of his death, which occurred on the 19th October, 
1884, near Mount Jagged, Willunga. He is supposed to 
have lost his life by falling into a waterhole whilst suffering 
from the effects of sunstroke. He was engaged as a collector 
for over thirty years in this colony, having been " inducted " 
to that office by Mr. Waterhouse, late Curator of the Adelaide 
Museum. For a considerable time he was stationed at Port 
Lincoln, and afterwards accompanied the late Mr. Lewis on 
his expedition to Lake Eyre, where he made discoveries of 
two species of birds new to science, besides gathering a large 
and valuable collection of the fauna of that locality. 'V\Tien 
Mr. S. White projected his unfortunate expedition to Cape 
York and New Guinea, he secured Mr. Andrews' services, 
and he obtained an immense collection of rare and valuable 
specimens of natural history, which, upon Mr. White's decease, 
were placed in charge of the Curator of the South Australian 
Museum. Although at first Mr. Andrews had but slight 
knowledge of natural history, he, during the thirty years of 

E 2 



52 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

active collection, acquired an almost profound acquaintance 
with the fauna of Australia, and especially of that of the back 
country to the westward and north and north-eastward of 
Adelaide. He was an acute observer, and knew the habits 
of nearly all of our native birds and other animals. He was 
also very quick as a taxidermist, and collections of specimens 
of natural history of South Australia made by him may be 
found in museums all over the world. Prior to arrival in the 
colony, he was one of the band of the Coldstream Guards 
when that regiment was at Dublin, Ireland, and was an 
excellent performer on the ophecleide. It is satisfactory to 
know that the majority of the specimens collected by Mr. 
Andrews were secured for the S.A. Museum, where they can 
be inspected by those curious in such matters. 



Joel Roberts, 

IS of Yorkshire descent, and in early life associated with 
the woollen industries of Huddersfield. Arrived here by 
the brig "Arab'* in August, 1843, and immediately entered 
upon sheep farming, which he pursued for some years. On 
leaving the country he settled in business in the city, and 
took considerable interest in establishing the Mechanics' 
Institute, which developed into the South Australian Insti- 
tute, recently divided into the Public Library and Circulating 
Library. For several years he was actively engaged in 
mining ventures, especially in searching for coal. The dis- 
covery of gold in Victoria having stopped mining enterprise 
in South Australia, he went to West Australia, and started 
business at Perth for a short period. Returning to this 
colony he entered into manufacturing pursuits at Thebarton 
and Hindmarsh, until failing health compelled him to rest for 
a time. He next commenced business in Adelaide as a land 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 53 

and commission agent, being one of the earliest licensed 
brokers under the Eeal Property Act, and one of the oldest 
members of the Exchange. In former years, when the con- 
test was waged in regard to State Aid to Eeligion, he warmly 
espoused its abolition. He has one son, James P. Eoberts, 
in business in Adelaide. 



H. J. Cook, 

mz EESIDENT of Payneham, South Australia, for up- 
^^ wards of thirty-five years, up to the time of his 
decease, which took place October 25, 1884. Mr. Cook was 
the local postmaster, and highly respected by a large circle of 
friends. He took an active interest in local matters, was Presi- 
dent of the Volunteer Fire Brigade, member of Court 
Foresters' Call, A.O.F., P.C.E.'s Percy and Morphett, Court 
Perseverance, and other courts, and one of the committee of 
the Payneham Institute. 



F. W. Kleinschmidt, J.P. 

^EW of the early pioneers of South Australia have had a 
more varied experience than the subject of this notice. 
He was born near Bremen, in 1810, and left his native land 
in 1836, under engagement to the South Australian Company 
at Kangaroo Island. The hardships and privations endured 
by the early settlers are said to bear no comparison to those 
which had to be endured by first arrivals at Kangaroo Island. 
Water was scarce and food scant, the chief means of subsist- 
ence being kangaroo and the few edible roots to be obtained. 
Shortly after the South Australian Company left the island 
and transferred their operations to the mainland, Mr. Klein- 
schmidt quitted its service, and entered into business on his 



54 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

own account. He was by trade a sugar-boiler, but having 
learned the art of building, he contracted for and built the 
first Government offices erected in the colony. He did 
fairly well at his business, and acquired land in Rundle-street. 
This he sold, and started farming at Hahndorf, remaining there 
till 1843, when he removed to Lobethal. Imbued with 
strong religious feelings, he conceived the idea of erecting a 
church in connection with the Lutheran Mission, and with 
his own hands built one at Lobethal, known as the " Wein- 
berg Christi." In 1851 he, with others, started a brewery, 
which was conducted till 1872, when he sold the connection 
to Messrs. J. A. & G. Johnston, of Oakbank. In 1873 he 
started the Lobethal Tweed Factory, and lost no inconsider- 
able amount. In 1869 he commenced hop-growing, and 
when the tweed factory failed, threw his whole energy into 
the hop plantation, and was very fortunate ; he not only paid 
off all liabilities in connection with the tweed factory, but 
also placed himself once more in a substantial and flourishing 
position. He was chairman of, and for several years a coun- 
cillor in, the Onkaparinga District Council. He died at 
Lobethal, December 10, 1884. 




Charles Algernon Wilson, 

lORN and educated at Turnham Green, near London, and 
on leaving school entered as clerk in the Bank of Ire- 
land. Arrived in South Australia with his parents by the 
ship " Duke of Roxburgh," July 1838. His father, Mr. Thos. 
Wilson, became a prominent colonist, and was for many years 
a member of the legal firm of Smart, Wilson & Bayne. 
He served one year, between 1842 and 1843, as mayor of the 
city, being the second occupant of that office. He was a 
Fellow of the S.A. Society of Arts, which flourished here 
some forty years ago, and an active friend of educational and 



OR, COLONISTS— PAST AND PRESENT. 55 

scientific movements. Mr. C. A. Wilson's first appointment 
dates back to September 9, 1846. He was appointed Regis- 
trar of Probates and Commissioner of Inland Revenue in 1858, 
and as Chief Clerk at the Supreme Court in 1876. He was, 
in fact, the first Clerk to the Supreme Court, and during Mr. 
Justice Cooper's absence from the colony acted as Master. 
Altogether, he spent thirty-eight years in the Government 
service, and during the whole of his connection with the 
legal profession had to the fullest extent their confidence on 
the one hand, and on the other that of the public who were 
brought into contact with him. He was a kindly, unassuming 
man, having a good word for almost every one, and enjoying 
the personal friendship of a wide circle of people. Apart 
from official work, Mr. Wilson took great interest in scientific 
and educational matters. He was one of the earliest mem- 
bers of the Adelaide Philosophical Society, which was the 
forerunner of the present Royal Society, and contributed to it 
numerous valuable papers. He was a frequent and valued 
contributor to the Press, and his principal theme was the 
favorite science of entomology, to which he was devotedly 
attached, and of which he wrote under the nom de plume of 
" Naturae Amator." Many will remember his practical 
series of articles published in the Farm and Garden twenty- 
two years ago, upon " Insects injurious to our Native Eu- 
calypti." His style was pithy, and he loved the homely 
Saxon to set off the necessary technical terminology. He 
was a keen observer, and his writings were those of an ex- 
pert, whose knowledge was well grounded, and whose opinions 
were entitled to respect. In this he was no unworthy kins- 
man of his relative Wallace, the great naturalist, author of 
" The Malay Archipelago " and many other equally delightful 
and instructive books. In 1883, Mr. Wilson received twelve 
months' leave of absence on account of ill-health, but was not 
again able to attend to his official duties. He died at Ken- 
sington, June 20, 1884, aged 66 years. 



56 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 



C. H. Compton, 

TjSORN in Devonshire, England, in 1831, and at an early 
^=^ age was a pupil in the Royal Academy of Music. He 
was for many years organist to Her Majesty, and officiated at 
the Chapel Royal, Savoy, London. In 1861 he came to 
South Australia, following the occupation of a teacher of music 
for ahout three years. He then left for Melbourne, where he 
w^s for some time engaged on the Press of that city, and 
acted as organist of St. Patrick's Cathedral. In 1868 Mr. 
G. B. W. Lewis, of Melbourne, proceeded to India with a 
dramatic company, Mr. Compton accompanying him as leader 
of the orchestra. He accepted the position of organist of St. 
Paul's Church, Calcutta, which he kept for some time, 
surrendering it to carry out a contract for supplying the 
Indian Government with Western Australian timber for 
railway sleepers, and in pursuance of this business travelled 
for some time between Calcutta and Perth. Mr. Compton 
was not fortunate in the speculation, for in the following year 
he settled in Perth, engaged in teaching music and officiated 
as organist of St. George's Cathedral. In 1875 he returned 
to Calcutta, where he accepted the post of leader of the 
orchestra at the Corinthian Theatre. The members of the 
orchestra were all Italians, left there by Signor Cagli, and 
they objected to be conducted by an Englishman. His 
engagement was cancelled by the management, and Mr. 
Compton commenced a suit for salary for the balance of the 
season, which terminated in his favour. He then left Calcutta, 
and returned to Western Australia, where he remained until 
some four years ago, when he again visited Adelaide, 
embarking in commercial pursuits, and also resumed the 
position of organist of Christ Church, North Adelaide, which 
he had filled before. He occasionally appeared before the 
public as a pianist, his last engagement in that capacity being 
with Dr. Sylvester at Garner's Assembly Rooms. At length 



OB, qOLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 57 

cancer in the stomach, to which he finally succumbed, 
manifested itself, and he sank quickly. Mr. Compton's last 
days were soothed by the kind offices of Mr. and Mrs. "Wood- 
man and Mr. Joseph Bennett, who were untiring in their 
attention to the sufferer. He died September 21, 1883, at 
ITorth Adelaide, leaving a brother in Western Australia and 
one in Melbourne. 



Benjamin Boothby, C.E,, 

^ECOND son of the late Mr. Justice Boothby, and born in 
Nottingham in 1829. He served his articles as an 
architect and surveyor with "William Kogers, Esq., of Lambeth, 
during which time he had charge of numerous important 
works. He came to the colony in the year 1853, and during 
the next year was appointed Superintending Surveyor of the 
Southern District of the Central Road Board. He occupied 
this position for about six years, and accepted the office of 
Manager of Waterworks on March 11, 1861. On February 
19, 1868, he returned to the Central Road Board service as 
Superintending Surveyor of the [NTorth-Eastem District, and 
remained there until December 31, 1870, when the office was 
abolished. He practised his profession for a short time, and 
in 1872 he, with the assistance of some friends, formed the 
Glenelg Railway Company, and superintended the construction 
of the Railway, which was successfully opened in 1873. He 
occupied the position of General Manager and Engineer of 
that line until 1879. Mr. Boothby was of a quiet and 
retiring nature, and did not come prominently before the general 
public, but he enjoyed the highest esteem of a large circle of 
friends. He died at Glenelg, August 13, 1884, and left a 
widow and six sons. His several brothers are well known in 
official and commercial circPes. 



58 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS , 



Ven. Canon W. H. Coombs, 

INCUMBENT of St. George's Church, Gawler, Canon of 
Adelaide, and Rural Dean, born at Marlborough, Wilt- 
shire, England ; educated at St. Bees' College, and ordained 
by Bishop Bloomfield at St. Paul's Cathedral, London. 
Arrived in South Australia in 1846, as missionary of the 
Society for Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts to 
Gawler, Lyndoch, and the northern districts. The Rev. 
Canon Coombs may be regarded as one of the pioneers of 
Gawler, and his ministrations in connection with that town 
extend over thirty-eight years. His kindly disposition, com- 
bined with liberal opinions, have secured him a large number 
of friends, and his intellectual and bodily vigor is such that 
many young men may well envy his capacities for work. 
In movements of a political or philanthropic character, either 
for the benefit of the many or the individual, he is ever ready 
to counsel or succour those in distress. He still officiates at 
St. George's, and it is the desire of the residents of the 
Modern Athens that he may long be spared to conduct the 
duties of the church with which he has been so long and 
honorably coimected. Three of Stuart's exploration parties, 
on their departure and return, attended divine service in this 
church, when special sermons on their behalf were preached 
by the incumbent. It may not be out of place to mention 
that St. George's accommodates 400 worshippers, and that 
upwards of 4,000 children have been baptized, and some 800 
couples married in it. It has several memorial windows of 
very elegant designs, the principal one containing Colonel 
Gawler's crest and motto, with a suitable inscription under- 
neath. The splendid silver communion service, presented by 
that Governor to Canon Coombs for the use of the congregation, 
is still regarded as an interesting souvenir of by-gone days. 
Several important additions and alterations have recently 
been made to this church, at a cost of upwards of £2,000. 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 59 




Captain George Bain Johnston 

^AS bom at Cockenzie, in the county of Haddington, 
Scotland, on the 26th November, 1829. He was 
educated at Steel's Hospital, parish of Tranent. At the age 
of 15 he became an apprentice on board the schooner " Mary 
Donaldson," and served four years in the foreign trade. At 
the expiration of this time he went to England, and in 1852 
came to Australia. His first voyage was with Captain Cadell, 
in the Kiver Murray Navigation Company's steamer " Lady 
Augusta." In 1855 he became captain of the "Albury'' 
steamer, newly launched from Glasgow. On arriving at 
Moama he met with a serious accident, caused by the punt 
rope not being slackened down at the report of the whistle, 
consequently he was thrown into the stokehole, breaking his 
leg and two ribs — this being the third time the same limb 
was broken. The residents of Albury were overjoyed at 
seeing Captain Johnston and steamer arrive, gave him a ban- 
quet in honor of his great achievement, and also presented 
him with one hundred sovereigns, which were expended in a 
magnificent silver cup suitably inscribed. After continuing 
in this trade for some years, he joined partnership with Mr. 
Charles Murphy, and purchased the steamers " Moolgewanke " 
and the " Albury." By their strenuous efforts they prospered 
and became large steamboat proprietors and merchants on the 
Murray and its tributaries, and the firm of Johnston and 
Murphy was favourably known far and wide in connection 
with the river trade. In 1864 they built the **Maranoa," 
and in 1866 Captain Johnston went to Scotland to superin- 
tend the building of a paddle-wheel steamer named the 
" Murray." After being loaded there, she sailed under canvas 
to Port Victor, and thence to Port Adelaide. In 1873, the 
firm of Johnston & Murphy dissolved partnership, the 
business being carried on by Captain Johnston alone. Desi- 



60 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

Tous as ever of seeing the river traffic carried through the 
river mouth, he again sailed for Scotland in 1877 for the 
purpose of superintending in person the construction of a 
suitable vessel. " The Queen of the South " (on arrival of 
which Captain Johnston was presented by his fellow-towns- 
men with a handsome silver epergne) did good service in the 
trade during the seasons of 1878 and 1879, and many will 
long remember the pleasant voyages made in her with her 
brave, skilful, and kind-hearted commander. He built the 
" Cadell," one of the finest of the river fleet, fitting her up 
with engines brought out in the " Queen of the South " ; and 
later on constructed at Goolwa the " Monarch," said to have 
the largest carrying capacity of any barge on the rivers. The 
business during the last few years has been carried on in 
partnership with Mr. Kirkpatrick, of Wilcannia, under the 
style of Geo. Johnston & Co. By his death the river trade 
lost one of its most successful navigators, and South Aus- 
tralia a loyal, intelligent, and enterprising colonist. Captain 
Johnston's courage and skill are well known. He saved no 
less than fourteen persons from drowning, and was a recipient 
of the Royal Humane Society's medal. He married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Mr. James Barclay, of Cockenzie, who, 
with four sons and three daughters, is left to mourn an irre- 
parable loss. A brave, kind spirit has gone from among men, 
but those who enjoyed his intimate friendship will cherish 
his memory till life's latest hour. When the fell disease 
that terminated his earthly career began to show its effects, 
though persuaded to rest from toil, he struggled manfully 
against the rising tide, till labour became a weariness, and 
he sought a change in Victoria, Tasmania, and New Zealand. 
At the latter place, in Queenstown, Otago, he died, on May 
29, 1882, aged 52 years. His remains were brought to 
Goolwa for interment, where he, who was an attached and 
liberal supporter of the Wesleyan Church, found his last 
resting place on the spot he loved so well. 



\ 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 6\3 

Reuben Gill, 

TONG and favourably known as an earnest advocate of 
^^ temperance principles, and an energetic worker among 
the Rechabites, died at New Thebarton, January 11, 1884, 
aged 56. He was a Cornishman and a miner, and, like those 
born of poor parents in Cornwall sixty years ago, received but 
a scanty education. On reaching manhood, however, he saw 
the advantage of being able to read and write, and, by dint 
of hard study and a little friendly help, managed to master 
"the three R*s," and secure a fair smattering of scientific 
knowledge. On arrival in South Australia he settled at the 
Burra, where he worked for some years. Subsequently he 
went to Victoria, but came back to this colony, and was 
employed at the Moonta Mines. About ten years ago, when 
what is known on the Peninsula as "the great strike" 
occurred, the miners looked to Mr. Gill to come to the front 
and advocate their cause. This he did with great warmth 
and effectiveness, and when delegates were appointed to 
bring the grievances of the miners before the directors of the 
Moonta and Wallaroo Mines, he was selected as one. In his 
advocacy of the working man's claims, though very zealous, 
he was much more moderate than others who took part in the 
proceedings, and when the miners were wrought upon to take 
extreme measures, "Reuben," by his good-humoured 
addresses and jocular remarks, caused them to be less 
unreasonable in their demands. He was a good-tempered and 
earnest speaker. His rough eloquence would fall from his 
lips in a rapid stream, and apt metaphor and racy extempo- 
raneous rhyme follow each other with almost lightning-like 
rapidity, while the attention of his audience would remain 
enchained throughout his speech. Mr. Gill was regarded as 
one who might always be reckoned upon to take part in 
public meetings when matters affecting the interest of the 
community were discussed ; consequently at the Hall's shaft 



\ 



/ 



/ 



NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



3, held at Moonta Mines, at which the miners' griev- 
ere ventilated, "Reuben" was one of the stock 
Among the last meetings of this kind which he 
«».^««Jl were those at which the " dynamite question" was 
discussed. He was an ardent opponent of the use of dynar 
mite in blasting underground, and regarded the ill-health 
which he suffered from as due to inhalation of the 
fumes of that compound. He came to Adelaide, where, 
after working for some time as a mechanic, he took the position 
of a life assurance agent, in which occupation he was engaged 
at the time of his decease. Mr. Gill was a consistent advocate 
of teetotalism, and by his speeches and lectures did good 
service for numerous Rechabite tents in the colony. He was 
a power for good in the sphere in which he moved, and his 
death is regretted by thousands of people in the colony. 




John Bailey, 

HE first Colonial Botanist of South Australia, under 
rj^ Colonel Gawler, at a salary of £80 per annum, which 
sum was afterwards retrenched by the Grey Gk)vemment in 
1841. "Was the founder of the Nursery, now better known 
as "Bailey's Gardens," at Hackney, an eastern suburb of 
Adelaide. Mr. Bailey was born at Hackney, near London, 
November, 1800, and after leaving school entered the service 
of Messrs. Conrad Loddiges & Sons, proprietors of the most 
extensive Botanical Nursery in England. He remained there 
imtil 1838, when he left his native land with his family by 
the ship " Buckinghamshire," and arrived in Holdfast Bay, 
March 22, 1839. Prior to leaving he was presented by his 
employers with a purse of 150 sovereigns, and they also gave 
him several cases of plants, containing the vine, date, damson, 
olive, and other trees. Most of these arrived in good con- 
dition, and formed the nucleus of the large number at present 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 63 

found in this colony. Mr. Bailey was an indefatigable horti- 
culturist, and introduced here more varieties of useful plants 
and trees than any other man of his time. He died in 1864. 
His second son is now the Colonial Botanist of Queensland, 
and the author of several highly scientific works on the flora 
and fauna of that colony. His eldest son resided at Gawler 
for many years, always occupying honorary positions in the 
Institute of that town, such as Committee-man, Secretary, 
Treasurer, and President. Mr. Bailey was contemporary with 
J. C. Loudon, Mr. (afterwards Sir) Joseph Paxton, and others 
in the botanic world. 



Daniel Fisher, J. P., 

^ORN in Wiltshire, England, in 1812, arrived in South 
^ Australia in 1847, and commenced business in Rundle- 
street as a cornfactor and exporter of grain. . His brother, 
Mr. Charles Fisher, J.P., joined him in 1848, and other 
branches were added to the business, until Messrs. Fisher 
Brothers caTried on a most extensive export and import trade 
between this colony, Victoria, and Tasmania. He wa;S a 
member of the City Council in 1852-3 and 4, and retired 
from business in 1856 ; went to England in 1861, and re- 
turned after an absence of twelve months. In 1865 he con- 
tested the election for the representation in Parliament of the 
district of East Torrens, but was defeated by Messrs. C. H. 
Goode and Neville Blyth. On Mr. Goode's retirement, how- 
ever, two years afterwards, he was returned, and sat in the 
House of Assembly for five years. He also filled the posi- 
tion of Mayor of Kensington and Norwood for two years. 
He contested elections for the Mayoralty of Kensington and 
Norwood, and for the representation of East Torrens, but was 
unsuccessful. He fairly revelled in the excitement connected 
with an election and was rarely absent from any gathering 



64 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

of ratepayers or electors of Norwood and Kensington, where 
he lived almost from the time of his arrival, and was re- 
cognised as one of the old identities of the place. He was 
kind-hearted and generous to a fault, and most popular with 
those who knew him best. About six vears ago Mr. Fisher 
sustained a paralytic stroke, which deprived him of the full 
use of his limbs, and he was compelled to retire from active 
public life. He died in June, 1884, at Glenelg, at the age 
of 71, leaving a family of five sons and two daughters, a 
brother, Mr. Charles Fisher, J. P., and two sisters, Mrs. G. P. 
Harris and Mrs. A. Pickford. 



Thomas Friend Gale, . 

NATIVE of the United States of America, where he 
^^ was bom in 1841. He early exhibited a taste for 
mechanical and scientific pursuits, and his talents were fos- 
tered by his father, the late Lieutenant Gale, of aerostation 
celebrity. He evidently inherited much of the enthusiasm 
and daring of his parent, as shown in some of the remarkable 
balloon ascensions he made in each of the A.ustralian colonies. 
On more than one occasion, rather than disappoint the 
public, he quitted terra firma in a balloon minus the car, and 
with merely a couple of bags of ballast under each arm. His 
preservation from death was simply miraculous, and although 
he had many narrow escapes, never met any serious accident. 
He arrived in South Australia about thirteen years ago, and 
accomplished the first balloon ascent that ever took place in 
this colony. The last balloon he exhibited was destroyed 
through coming into contact with a gum tree while he was 
making an ascent with it on the Exhibition Grounds. Up to 
the date of his last illness he was always considering and 
working out schemes for fresh balloon ascents. Mr. Gale 
was of ardent temperament, simple-minded, and industrious. 
He died at Parkside, November 10, 1884, aged 43 years. 



F. ZiLIfiNI, PROF. OF SINGING. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 65 




Rev, Geo. W, Patchell, M.A., 

ORN in Ireland, April, 1832. Entered as probationer 
W into the ministry of the Wesleyan Church, in Ireland, 
in 1857. Arrived in Adelaide in 1866, and was from that 
period up to the time of his death fully employed in preach- 
ing in the several "Wesleyan circuits of this colony. He took 
part in the proceedings of the Conference of January 9, 1883 ; 
and whilst speaking in favour of Bible-reading in State 
Schools, was suddenly seized with apoplexy, and shortly after 
expired. After his decease a Patchell Relief Fund was 
initiated, with good results, to aid the widow and family of 
the deceased. 



Geo. Duck Wyatt, 

COLONIST of thirty-two years, having landed at Port- 
land in 1853. He was for twenty-seven years a resi- 
dent of Mount Gambler, occupied a seat in the Gambler 
West District Coimcil, was member of the first and second 
Town Councils, and served as Mayor in 1878 and 1879, 
since which period he has taken but little part in public 
matters. He died March 14, 1885, aged 67 years. 





Mary Thomas, 

ELICT of the late Robert Thomas, was a true type of 
the dauntless, faithful, and patient sisterhood who 
followed their enterprising husbands from comfortable homes 
in the old counti*y, to form a habitation in the wilderness. 
She came out in the " Africaine," with her husband and 
family in 1836, and proved herself, throughout a long and 
eminently useful life, a woman of noble nature and purest 
aspirations. Patient, pious, and high-minded, she was 
regarded with filial affection by the young, and reverenced 

F 



66 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

by the adults of the little community of colonists amongst 
whom she moved as a kind, sympathising counsellor, and 
firm friend. Her acts of benevolence were dictated by a 
generous heart and ruled by a judicious spirit. She 
belonged to the best type of womanhood, and her virtues 
kept her memory fresh in the regard of her descendants, 
who had known her worth and benefited by her tender 
acts. She had a sterling old-fashioned, English education, 
and was a rare example of a truly good, wise, and energetic 
woman — ^a fit helpmate for a brave pioneer colonist. Even 
in her essentially busy life she found time to cultivate the 
muse, and published a volume of poems, besides contributing 
clever articles to colonial literature. She died February 10, 
1875. 



Richard Egan Lee, 

iNE of the most versatile of Australian litterateurs. A 
native of New South Wales, he early made his mark 
as a compositor in that colony, whilst his contributions to 
the press in prose and verse had many readers. His happiest 
efforts were in the comic vein, and he possessed wit and 
humour in the highest degree. He was of respectable 
parentage, and at different times occupied responsible and 
important positions in connection with journalism. He was 
also returned as one of the representatives in Parliament for 
the Lachlan district. Somewhat Bohemian in tastes, Mr. 
Lee was nevertheless respected, not only by members of the 
"craft" to which he belonged, but by all who had the 
honour of his acquaintance. After a somewhat chequered 
career in Victoria, in which colony he was the proprietor and 
editor of a weekly newspaper, he came to Adelaide, 
landing here in 1877. From this period he was associated 
with the press of the city, and his contributions to country 
and inter-colonial journals were very voluminous. Some of 




OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 67 

■'-~ - ■ ■■ I I ■ I - ' 

his comic pieces in the Lantern and Punch would have done 
credit to the genius of a Hood or Smollett, and it can hut he 
regretted that their author was, hy an anonymous nom de 
plume, comparatively unknown to the puhlic. Mr. Lee was 
modest and retiring, and this possibly caused him to defer 
any appeal to friends to assist him in the distressing circum- 
stances in which for some months prior to his death he 
existed. He was a sufferer from consumption and an internal 
complaint, and these ultimately carried him off at the early 
age of 38 years. His death took place in Adelaide, April 1, 
1883. _ 

William Gerrard, 

SHE pioneer breeder of blood stock in South Australia. 
He owned 6,000 acres of freehold land at Rapid Bay, 
and in 1861 turned his attention to the breeding of thorough- 
bred horses, an industry which till then had not been under- 
taken here, except on a small scale. Having a thorough 
knowledge of blood stock, and with means to purchase the 
animals he considered best suited for the purpose of a first- 
class stud farm, it is not to be wondered at that Mr. Gerrard's 
venture proved successful. The names of some of his horses 
are doubtless familiar to the reader, especially as they have 
come so prominently before the public at race time, — South 
Australian, Union Jack, Ace of Clubs, Xing of the Ring, 
Ace of Trumps, The Ace, Argns Scandal, Irish King, 
Southern Cross, Talk-o'-the-Hill, Tregeagle, and Pride of the 
Hills, which last magnificent steed won for South Australia 
her first champion race. Mr. Gerrard disposed of the Rapid 
Bay stud in 1880 ; fifty-eight lots were offered, and the sum 
realised was £11,360. From that time until his death he 
confined his attention to sheep, but always had a hankering 
after the more noble animal, and would probably, had he 
lived, have again returned to his old pursuits. He died at 
Glenelg, July 30th, 1884, aged 45 years. 

p 2 



68 NOTABLB SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



James Bonwick, F.R.G.S., 

j^j^lLL be well remembered by many Adelaideans 
whose residence here dates back to a period ante- 
rior to the year 1852, when the rush to the Victorian dig- 
gings became universal. In that year Mr. Bonwick, who was 
then engaged in teaching, joined in the exodus, and never 
returned to South Australia. He is a prolific writer, as the 
following list of his works shows : — " Discovery and Settle- 
ment of Port Phillip ;" " William Buckley, the Wild White 
Man;" "John Batman, the Founder of Victoria;" "The 
First Twenty Years of Australia ;" "Port Phillip Settlement ;" 
and a " Geography for Australian Youth." The latter, pub- 
lished here in 1845, has met with approval from those inte- 
rested in educational matters. Mr. Bonwick is now resident 
in Surrey, England, and engaged, as heretofore, in adding to 
the popular literature of the day. 



E. J. Catlow 

SRRIVED in Adelaide in 1855 ; died at Mount Gambier, 
in March, 1885. He was an accomplished Latin, 
French, and Grerman scholar ; and his translations from the 
German poets were much admired when they appeared in 
the daily press. Mr. Catlow was of a singularly active turn 
of mind, and shortly after his arrival in the colony he turned 
his attention to the construction of magic squares, and after 
much research discovered a method of forming them of any 
required dimensions. These rules were so ingenious that a 
paper on the subject, written by him, was read by Mr. C. 
Todd before the Adelaide Philosophical Society. Mr. Cat- 
low was a teacher under the Education Department for many 
years, and master of the Finniss Vale, Yankalilla, and Comp- 
ton Downs Schools. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 69 

John Ednie Brown, J. P., F.L.S. 

IS the son of Dr. Jas. Brown, LL.D., author of The Fores- 
ter (one of the best and most comprehensive works on 
forestry of the present day), late Deputy-Surveyor of H.M. 
woods and forests in Great Britain, and of late years the 
most eminent authority on arboricultural matters in Europe. 
The subject of this memoir was educated in Edinburgh, and 
on leaving school in 1863, was dedicated to his father's pro- 
fession, and spent three years with him in the practical 
management of nursery and forest work, and in reporting 
on the management of the woods and forests in England and 
Scotland. After learning his profession as assistant agent 
and forester upon the Invercauld Estate in Aberdeenshire 
(on which there were 20,000 acres of woodlands, and planta- 
tions of over 1,000 acres in extent formed in one season), 
Mr. Brown went to the Wass Estate, in Yorkshire, where he 
laid out plantations and surveyed a property of about 8,000 
acres. He was then next employed in managing the woods 
of Lady Manxe, in Sussex. In 1871 and 1872, he visited 
the U.S. of America and Canada, gathering much valuable 
information on the forests of those countries. Appointed 
Conservator of Forests for South Australia in 1878, a position 
which he still holds with satisfaction to the Government and 
the public. Mr. Brown has received many testimonials from 
those who appreciate his abilities, and among the honors he 
has gained, the following may be enumerated : — He is Gold 
Medalist of the Highland and Agricultural Society of Scot- 
land, for " Report upon Trees found in California," Silver 
Medalist of the Scottish Arboricultural Society, for " Report 
on Trees found in the Canadian Forests," holds silver medal 
and diploma from the International Forestry Exhibition of 
Edinburgh, held in 1884, for exhibits in botanical specimens 
and forest literature. Is author of works on "Tree Culture 
in South Australia," " The Forest Flora of South Australia," 
and " Canada as a field for the farmer and laborer." 




70 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



Hon. Henry Mildred, M.L.C, 

ORN at Portsea, England, March 9, 1795; one of the 
earliest settlers in South Australia, and a strong advo- 
cate for its colonisation. He bought 500 acres of land in 
Kew Zealand, intending to settle there with Baron de 
Thierry's party of colonists, but the colony of South Australia 
offering greater attractions, he dispatched his son Hiram in 
the surveying brig "Rapid," and had arranged to follow, 
when the South Australian Company engaged him to pro- 
ceed to the North of England to purchase the appliances of a 
ship-building yard, to which was attached a patent slip, steam 
saw, and com mills. This he accomplished, and proceeded to 
the colony, with the manager, Mr. David McLaren, in the 
barque " South Australian," arriving at Kangaroo Island 
April 22, 1837. After some delay in the landing of this 
machinery and plant, the South Australian Company resolved 
to remove the whole to the main land, as Adelaide was then 
called. The engine and corn-mill were transferred to Park- 
side, and erected at the " Company's Mill," on the River 
Torrens. It was afterwards pulled down and removed, in 
consequence of the falling-in of the banks of that stream. 
Finding that their plans could not be successfully carried out, 
the South Australian Company made other offers to Mr. 
Mildred, which he declined, and retired into private life. He 
held a seat in the Municipal Council in 1841, which he 
occupied -for this and the two following years, taking also 
a leading part in most of the public questions that agitated the 
community. Among these may be mentioned the project to 
introduce the "Parkhurst" prison boys into the colony, 
which Mr. Mildred, with other leading colonists, resisted 
so strenuously that the scheme was abandoned. About this 
time he was defeated in a hard contest for the Burra repre- 
sentation in Parliament. In 1850 he was chosen one of the 
Commissioners of Main Roads, and in November of the same 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 71 

year was appointed a Justice of the Peace, to which, in 1858, 
was added that of Special Magistrate. On the establishment 
of Representative Government, in 1851, Mr. Mildred was a 
candidate for the Legislative Council, but was not returned. 
In 1857, he was a candidate for the district of Noarlunga in 
the Assembly, and was returned ; and in April, 1860, he was 
returned for East Torrens at the head of the poll. Two years 
later he was again elected as member for East Torrens, the 
number of candidates being three, as on former occasions. 
In 1866 three vacancies occurred in the Legislative Council, 
when Mr. Mildred, with ten other candidates, went to the 
poll. The contest was severe, but he was placed second on 
the list, having polled 2,024 votes. He retained his seat 
until the year 1871, when it became vacant by efflux of 
time, after which he lived in retirement. At his death he 
had attained the ripe age of 82 years. His public career was 
that of a thoroughly independent and honest man ; his 
character was irreproachable, and to this may be added, he 
left no enemies. Mr. Mildred left two sons and a daughter ; 
the eldest, Hiram Mildred, lately a member of the City 
Council ; the second, Henry, who some years ago represented 
East Torrens in Parliament, is a solicitor in Adelaide ; and 
the daughter is the wife of Mr. J. Varley, S.M., of Kapunda. 



S. Kidner, 

^ORN in London in 1809, died at Hindmarsh, Adelaide, 
August 11, 1883. Well-known for many years as a 
prominent homcBo^athist in London, where he practised 
until 1857, when he sailed for Victoria and established him- 
self in Melbourne. Arrived in Adelaide in 1860, and finding 
his services in great request, decided to remain here, and was 
eminently successful. Mr. Kidner will be long remembered 
for the warm interest he took in the young, and for his 
benevolent disposition. 



72 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 



Rees Jones 

T|[ED April 4, 1884, at Hindmarsh, aged 91 years. Saw 
j||r a great deal of service with the 43rd Regiment of Foot, 
and had several clasps for his courage in action at Cuidad 
Rodrigo, Badajoz, Salamanca, Vittoria, Nivelle, and Toulouse. 
He was in the reserve forces at Waterloo, though the 
regiment did not reach the battlefield in time to take part in 
the action. He was also in the expeditionary force that was 
sent to America, and on returning thence the regiment was 
ordered to Paris, and remained there some time after the 
capitulation of the city. Mr. Jones arrived in South Aus- 
tralia about forty years ago, but did not take any active part 
in public affairs. At the time of his death he was in receipt 
of a well-earned pension from the War Office Department. 




R. A. A. Morehead, 

[HO died in Sydney, KS.W., January 11, 1885, aged 
72 years, was one of the most energetic, popular, and 
highly-esteemed citizens of that place, and equally well 
known here. He came to South Australia about the year 
1845, as Manager of the Australasian Investment Company, 
which had then just been formed in Aberdeen. Amongst 
other enterprises, the Company acquired the Bon Accord 
Mine, near the Burra. As Rrcsident Manager of this pro- 
perty Mr. Morehead, by his urbanity and prompt business- 
like proceedings, made many friends ; and satisfactory returns 
were received by the Company for outlay of capital. The 
town of the Burra is still supplied with water pumped from 
the main shaft of the Bon Accord Mine. On Mr. Morehead's 
health failing, he retired from the service of the Company, 
and in recognition of his long, valuable, and faithful services, 
they gave him an allowance of £1,000 per annum for life. 




OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 73 



William Ernest Cooke, B.A., 

lORN at Payneham, S.A,, Jiily 21, 1863. Educated at 
the Port 4-delaide Grammar School, Mr. T. Caterer's 
Grammar School, Norwood, and at St. Peter's College, oc- 
cupying in every instance a leading position as a scholar. At 
the latter emporium of learning, he began on the fifth form, 
obtained scholarships for classics and mathematics, and ulti- 
mately the Farrell Scholarship, of the annual value of £50. 
In November 1878, the Government Astronomer desired the 
services of a cadet at the Observatory, and Mr. Cooke ob- 
tained the position. In 1879 he entered for the Civil Service 
Examination, and passed with credit at the head of the list, 
and also at the Matriculation Examination. He next entered 
his name on the roll book of the University, obtained 
exemption from lectures, and devoted his spare time to read- 
ing up the necessary subjects. In 1882, he passed the final 
examination for the B. A. degree, obtaining the senior position, 
and at the same time competed for the South Australian 
Scholarship, open to all the young men in the colony. He 
succeeded in obtaining this coveted prize, but just at that 
period the then Assistant Astronomer left the colony for 
New Zealand, and as the Government offered the place to 
Mr. Cooke he accepted it, thereby, of course, forfeiting his 
claim to the scholarship. Since his appointment he has co- 
operated more practically with the Government Astronomer 
in the scientific duties assigned him ; and the annual meteoro- 
logical reports, which have earned a world-wide reputation 
as some of the best in the southern hemisphere, have been 
rendered more useful than ever. Great care has been be- 
stowed upon reports from outstations ; the pluvial statistics 
have been vastly improved, and astronomical observations 
have been more systematically conducted. During Mr. Todd's 
absence in England, Mr. Cooke acted as Government 
Astronomer. 




74 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



Joseph Keynes, J. P., 

lOKN 1811. Died at Locksleys, May 14, 1884, in the 
73rd year of his age. Arrived in the colony Sep- 
tember 23, 1839, under engagement to the late Mr. G. F. 
Angas. Subsequently took up a squatting run under lease 
from the Government, and eventually obtained the freehold 
of the greater part of it, whilst another portion was cvit up 
into the township of Keyneton, which was named after him. 
He devoted himself to pastoral pursuits, more particularly to 
the improvement of the Merino breed of sheep, and in this 
respect his labours were known, even in the adjoining colonies. 
He took no active part in politics, but was for many years a 
Justice of the Peace and Chairman of the first District 
Council at Keyneton. This position he held for seven years, 
and was presented with a testimonial from the inhabitants 
on resigning, when he had attained his 70th year. He took 
a genuine interest in the district, and exerted himself in 
local educational matters. He was a nephew of the famous 
English Congregationalist, John Angel James. His father 
was minister of the same Church, and his brother is still 
connected with that ministry. 



E. D. Stocks. 

fHIS gentleman, though South Australia be not his 
adopted country, yei, from his late uncle's, Mr. Samuel 
Stocks, and several other relatives' residence here, as well as 
his endeavours to forward the intellectual and agricultural 
interests of the colony, besides his close art connection with 
the beauties of its natural scenery, is fairly entitled to rank 
among "Notable South Australians." He was bom in 
Manchester, England, 27th March, 1840, and at an early age 
came to these colonies. He at first adopted a somewhat 



OE, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 75 

desultory, wandering mode of life; but seeing the likely 
unfruitful issue of this, devoted himself to the work of teach- 
ing. As a child he had felt the burnings of the artistic soul 
within, and at length this capacity stirred in a way not to be 
resisted. He threw himself entirely into the life of an artist, 
and at the present time has reached the position of one of the 
leaders of that profession in the colonies. As a demand is 
now setting in for his pictures in England, he is likely to take 
a similar position there. His forte lies among rolling 
brooks, placid, overshadowed waterholes, or snow-capped 
mountains, with their precipices or mantling of forest, the 
trembling beauties of foliage, the variations of atmospheric 
appearances, and the wonderful realizations of cloudland. In 
these, with all their multitudinous combinations and effects, 
he seems " to live, move, and have his being." Wonderful 
are the effects of his brush already, but the promise is of 
better things to come. His best known pictures are " Ade- 
laide, from the Torrens Lake ;" " The Valley Lakes, Mount 
Gambier;" " Port Pirie, from the River;" **Port Augusta, 
from the West ;" and a variety of other fine views of scenery 
in New South Wales, Victoria, and Tasmania. 




William Henry Maturin, C.B., D.A.C.G., 

RRIVED in Adelaide June, 1843, by the brig "Eliza- 
beth Buchanan," and succeeded Mr. Deputy Darling 
in the Commissariat Department. Kelieved June 1, 1857, 
by Mr. Deputy Commissioner Monk, and retired on half pay. 
He returned to England after a time, when the British Govern- 
ment gave him full pay, and appointed him Commissariat- 
General of the United Kingdom. During Sir H. E. Fox 
Young's administration of the Government in South Aus- 
tralia, Mr. Maturin acted as his Private Secretary. He is 
still living, and resides in England. 




76 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



Henry McKinnon Muirhead, 

NATIVE of Glasgow, and of one of the oldest and 
most respected families in Scotland ; arrived in South. 
Australia in 1850, and having brought out capital, established 
a jeweller's business in Adelaide, which he conducted from 
the time of his arrival till 1880. Although he obtruded him- 
self but little in politics, he was always distinguished as a 
gentleman of unimpeachable integrity, and deservedly held 
in the highest respect by those with whom he came in con- 
tact in business, and personal friends. He was one of the 
early members of Chalmers Scotch Church, and for many 
years held the office of Elder ; he was also a member of the 
first Municipal Council for Glenelg, at which place he resided, 
and built a number of residences there. He was ever ready 
and willing to aid the poor and distressed in an unostenta- 
tious manner, and assisted in many ways in making the 
sports held on the anniversary of the colony a success. He 
paid several visits to the old country, but always returned ta 
this, the land of his adoption. He died at Glenelg, February,. 
1880, after a short illness, much regretted. He married a 
daughter of the late Dr. Chas. O'Reilly (Vice-President of 
the Royal College of Physicians, Ireland), and left a widow,, 
three sons, and two daughters, surviving him. 



Charles Mortimer Muirhead, J. P., 

PN of the above, and a rising and prominent member of 
the South Australian Bar; bom in Adelaide in 1857^ 
but spent several years in England, and was educated partly 
at St. Peter's College and by private tuition. Was articled,, 
and completed his profession at 21 years of age ; admitted 
to the Bar in 1878, since which period he has worked up a 
large and successful practice. Appointed to the Commission^ 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 77 

of the Peace in 1882, and is one of the youngest Magistrates 
in the colony. Mr. Muirhead occupies a leading position in 
yachting circles, and held office respectively as Treasurer and 
Secretary of the Glenelg Yacht Club. He is also Vice- 
Commodore of the Holdfast Bay Yacht Club. Elected at the 
head of the poll a Director of the South Australian Insurance 
Company, one of the oldest companies in the colony. Mr. 
Muirhead resides at Glenelg, and, as will be surmised, takes 
an active interest in all that concerns the prosperity of that 
popular watering-place. He was lately requested to stand 
for the District of Sturt; and is in partnership with Mr. 
P. F. Bonnin, Solicitor, of Adelaide. 



I 



W. R. Knox 

IS a native of Adelaide, where he was born July 21, 1861. 
Evinced a talent for music at an early age, and, under 
the tuition of Mr. Landergan and Signor Paola Giorza (the 
eminent musician and composer), developed this gift in a 
remarkable manner. As a token of appreciation of his pupiFs 
proficiency, Signor Giorza, on leaving Adelaide, presented 
Mr. Knox with a highly-flattering testimonial, in which it is 
stated that "he is a most accomplished musician." At the 
age of 18 Mr. Knox made his debut in public as a performer 
on the organ and piano at the leading concerts in the city, 
and gained high encomiums for his artistic playing. He is 
organist of the Flinders-street Presbyterian Church, and on 
every occasion on which he has presided at his favourite instru- 
ments has been listened to with rapt attention. The merito- 
rious task of familiarizing the public with gems from the 
repertoire of Schubert, Chopin, Mozart, and other great com- 
posers, appears to have fallen to Mr. Knox's lot ; and South 
Australians have reason to be proud that one of the native- 
bom is thus early rapidly rising to fame. 



78 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



Rev. E. Baker 

tKRIVED in the colony about forty years ago, and was 
for a considerable time pastor of the Independent 
Church at Maclaren Vale. Was a staunch member of the 
Anti-State Aid League, and materially aided its efforts by 
tongue and pen. Died at Morphett Vale, January 20, 1885, 
aged 78. A man of liberal opinions and advanced views, he 
was eminently esteemed. 



Rev. J. Hotham, 

ONGREGATIONALIST, died May 26, 1885, at Port 
Elliot, where he had been for thirty years stationed. As 
a preacher he enjoyed an excellent reputation, and his 
style was polished and marked by much earnestness. He 
was elected Chairman of the Congregational Union some years 
ago, and filled the position for the usual term in a creditable 
manner. 



Dr. R. W. Moore, M.R.C.S., 

BORN in Cork, Ireland, in 1819; died at North-terrace, 
Adelaide, December 6, 1884, aged 65 years. He 
began the study of medicine in the South Infirmary at Cork, 
in 1835, and in 1840 proceeded to the Charing Cross Hos- 
pital, London, where two years later he was appointed 
Demonstrator of Anatomy. In August, 1842, he became a 
member of the Royal College of Surgeons, and studied in 
various hospitals in London. Took his degree as Doctor of 
Medicine in 1845, and in the following year accepted the 
appointment of Medical Officer to an emigrant ship for 
Sydney, N.S.W. Remained in that city until 1847, when 
he came to South Australia, and located at the Burra Mines, 



OR, COLONISTS— PAST AND PRESENT. 79 

where he was Medical Ofl&cer. His ability and geniality made 
him a general favourite, and when he removed to Adelaide, 
his departure was much regretted by numerous friends. He 
was married in Adelaide to Miss Button, niece of the late 
Mr. F. S. Button, once Agent-General of this colony. In 
1858, Br. Moore was appointed Colonial Surgeon {vice Br. 
Gosse), and also filled the offices of Superintendent of the 
Lunatic Asylum, President of the Medical Board, and mem- 
ber of the Vaccine Board. In 1869 he resigned the office of 
Colonial Surgeon and was succeeded by Br. Paterson. He 
then entered into private practice, but continued his connec- 
tion with the Medical Board as its President, and with the 
Lunatic Asylum as an official visitor. He was associated 
with the Orphan Home from its commencement, and rendered 
valuable services to it in the capacity of consulting physician. 
He was a Governor of St, Peter's College, Honorary Surgeon 
of the Female Refuge, and a Member of the LinnsBan Society. 
Br. Moore was a clever botanist, and long acted as a judge at 
our Horticultural and Floricultural Shows. He took con- 
siderable interest in literary matters, and gathered together 
one of the best and most voluminous libraries in the colony. 
He had an excellent practice, and his thorough worth secured 
him the esteem of all with whom he was brought in contact. 



William Gilbert, J.P., M.P., 

BORN in Bucks, England, in 1829, and educated at a 
boarding-school in the same county. Followed the 
business of his father (engineering and millering) for many 
years. Buring his residence in his native land Mr. Gilbert 
took an active part in political and religious matters, and 
since coming to this colony has interested himself in all 
movements having for their object the elevation of his fellow- 
men. He arrived here in 1869, and entered political life in 



/ 



80 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

1881, when he was returned as member for Yatala at the 
head of the Poll ; and also headed the poll at the election 
for the same district in 1884. Mr. (Gilbert formerly held 
radical opinions, but is now a liberal conservative. Among 
many useful measures which he has been instrumental in 
carrying, the repeal of the Totalizator Bill, in 1883, is the 
most notable. Mr, Gilbert was a Councillor for Robe Ward, 
North Adelaide, during the mayoralty of Messrs. Scott and 
Buik ; has been a member of the Destitute Board for the 
past five years, and a J. P. for upwards of four years. As a 
politician he is deseiTedly popular ; and though his speeches 
are not characterised by great brilliancy, they are at least 
logical and forcible. 

Major-General Sir Arthur Henry Freeling, 

BAS probably passed almost out of the memory of the 
present generation here, as it is more than twenty years 
since he left Adelaide for England. He was born in July, 
1820, and at his death, which occurred during the present 
year, had reached the proverbial three-score epoch allotted to 
men. At the age of 17 he entered the Corps of Royal 
Engineers, and retired, after forty years' service, in 1877, as 
lieutenant-Colonel, with the honorary rank of Major-GeneraL 
In January, 1 849, soon after his marriage with a daughter of 
the late Sir H. Rivers, Bart., he came to South Australia, 
and was appointed Surveyor-General and Colonial Engineer, 
as successor to Colonel Frome. He had then risen to the 
rank of Captain, and in Septeiliber of the same year was 
appointed one of the five paid Commissioners charged with 
the management of city affairs. He also for some time 
occupied the position of a member of the Central Road Board, 
and in 1855-6 was an official member of the Government, 

under the old Constitution. The first Parliament was elected 
in 1857, and Sir A. H. Freeling was chosen among others as 



■a.'p^ 



Hon, Thos. English, M.L.C, 



J 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 81 



member of the Legislative Council. On March 20, 1857, he 
resigned the Commissionership to Sir. S. Davenport, and in 
April, 1859, he retired from Parliament. In 1861 he gave 
up the Surveyor-Generalship, and shortly after left for Eng- 
land. In 1871, as fifth Baronet, he succeeded to the title 
and estates of Ford and Hastings, in Sussex. Since that 
period he has lived retired, but never lost his interest in 
South Australia. He was a Kesident Fellow of the Koyal 
Colonial Institute, and a most earnest worker on its behalf. 
He was of amiable disposition, and eminently respected for 
his kindness and affability. 




Rev. Allan W. Webb, 

lORN June 17, 1838, at Leamington, "Warwickshire, 
where his father wa.s a portrait painter of good repute. 
His early education was obtained at Vicar's Grammar School, 
in that town. Left an orphan at thirteen, he went to reside 
with his uncle. Dr. Allan "Webb, a physician of eminence in 
Calcutta. In India he went to La Martiniere College, and 
there received a good classical and mathematical education, 
with instruction in the vernacular languages of India. "When 
barely seventeen years of age he had to leave India in con- 
sequence of a total break -down in health, and sought its 
restoration in the more genial climate of Australia, landing 
in Adelaide in May, 1855. He here passed through the 
severely trying experiences of a youth seeking employment 
in a strange land, and ultimately found it as junior clerk in a 
merchant's office. When nineteen he left the Church of 
England, to be associated with the "Wesleyan Church. Be- 
coming convinced of the Scriptural view of baptism, he was 
immersed, and joined the Baptist Church. Continued to hold 
the position of book-keeper in the establishment of Messrs. 
J. Colton & Co., but spent much of his leisure in study, and 

G 



82 KOTABLB SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

in preaching round Adelaide as a lay preacher. In 1860 he 
was employed in Bush Mission "Work, and for fully eighteen 
months preached from the extieme north of the settled dis- 
tricts to Mount Shanck in the South-east. Finding the toil 
of incessantly riding over the vast pastoral areas of South 
Australia too exhausting, he resigned, and accepted an invita- 
tion from the Baptist body to place himself under the tuition 
of the Rev. Silas Mead, LL.B., for special theological train- 
ing, with a view to the ministry. Haviug qualified himself 
for this purpose, he initiated the Baptist Church at Alberton, 
where his labours were eminently successful. He here mar- 
ried Janet, youngest daughter of an old colonist. Captain 
Underwood, and removed to Sydney, N.S. W., where he acted 
as assistant minister to the Eev. S. C. Kent, of Camden 
College. In conjunction with this he had charge of the Inde- 
pendent Church at Petersham, and was registered as its first 
pastor. This arrangement lasted a year, when he went to Mait- 
land, to take the pastorate of the Baptist Church, and com- 
menced open-air preaching. Left Maitland at the end of 
three years, and took charge of a Baptist Church of fifty 
members in the Masonic Hall, Sydney. In six months the 
prospect became sufficiently encouraging to begin building 
the Harris-street Church, and here he laboured over nine years, 
enjoying the esteem and co-operation of the people. For 
eight years he was Co-Secretary of the Sydney City Mission. 
In 1876 he took the Wellesley-street Baptist Church, Auck- 
land, N.Z. During his ministry the membership of the 
church was doubled, and the influence of the denomination 
greatly consolidated. He was instrumental in setting on foot 
a fund for building a new church, now grown to respectable 
proportions. During his residence in Auckland he took 
active interest in most of the social and benevolent institu- 
tions of that city, especially in the Young Men's Christian 
Association, Industrial Home, and Young Women's Institute. 
Left Auckland to occupy the pastorate of the Baptist Church, 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRB8ENT. 83 

Kortli Adelaide, in which sphere he exhibited that energy, 
force of character, and ability, which had long marked his 
varied career. He was Chairman of the Baptist Association, 
editor of a denominational magazine, Truth and Progress^ 
and the first President of the Blue Ribbon Army in South 
Australia. He is now in Victoria, having accepted the pas- 
torate of a church in that colony. 



Ebenezer Ward, M.P., 

I^ORN in 1837, in Essex, England, son of the Rev. 
Joseph Ward, the well-known Baptist Minister. On 
reaching his eighth year he was sent to Dumpton Hall, near 
Ramsgate, an establishment for the education of the sons of 
Baptist Ministers. He remained there till March, 1849, 
when he left the school, and began life as a proof-reader's boy 
in a printing office, and entered the office of the Morning 
Post newspaper, where he filled a similar position for three 
years, acquiring meanwhile a knowledge of shorthand. Left 
England, and arrived at Melbourne, Victoria, in 1859. Asso- 
ciated with the Morning Herald, under Mr. Geo. Collins Levy, 
C.M.G., as proof-reader and reporter, until 1860, when he 
came to Adelaide with G. V. Brooke, the tragedian, and 
played as an amateur in his troupe, in the Old Victoria 
Theatre. On his return to Melbourne he rejoined the Press, 
working again for the Herald and the Age, In 1861 he 
returned to Adelaide, and joined the " Hansard " staff until 
1863. Visited and described all the orchards and vineyards 
in the colony, and subsequently published on these a small 
volume. In 1863 he joined the late Mr. Sinnet as sub- 
editor of the Daily Telegraph, then published in Adelaide. 
A year afterwards was appointed clerk and accountant to the 
Finniss Northern Territory Expedition. Revisited Adelaide 
in January, 1865, and resumed his position on the Telegraph 

G 2 



84 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

Upon Mr. Sinnett's departure for Melbourne, Mr. Ward was 
promoted to the editorship, and six months later received in 
addition the appointment of Parliamentary shorthand writer. 
Resigned the other position, and coupled with the shorthand 
writing the work of Secretary to the Agricultural Society. 
In 1868 he wrote a little book, under the title of "The 
South-Eastem District of South Australia ; its Resources and 
Requirements." He has displayed a good deal of newspaper 
enterprize at one time and another, and started the Gumeracha 
Guardian, the Southern Argus at Port Elliott, and other 
papers in Clare, Kapunda, and Adelaide. Mr. Ward first 
essayed to enter Parliament in 1868, when he offered his 
services to the electors of Gumeracha, but was beaten by a 
few votes. In 1870, however, he was elected with Sir 
Arthur Blyth, and for three successive Parliaments im- 
mediately following was re-elected at the head of the poll* 
In 1880 he resigned his seat, but at the general election in 
1881 was chosen by the Burra constituency, which he repre- 
sented during the term of last Parliament. Returned at the 
head of the poll by the District of Frome, for which he is 
now the senior member. He has been twice a Minister of 
the Crown, sat as Minister of Agriculture and Education in 
Mr. Boucaut's first Ministry from June 3, 1875, to March 25, 
1876 ; and again in the same position in the Colton Adminis- 
tration from June 6, 1876, to October 26, 1877. He intro- 
duced the present Education Act in a speech of great power 
and effect. "Whilst a Minister of the Crown he, with Sir 
Henry Ayers, in 1877, represented the colony at the Eighth 
Intercolonial Conference, which met in Sydney, to devise a 
scheme for the duplication of telegraphic cable communication 
between Europe and Australia. On July 1, 1884, he was 
elected Chairman of Committees, a position he appears emi- 
nently qualified to fill. 




OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 85 

Rev. M. Lencioni, R.C., 

;AS popularly known among his own denomination as 
"Father Maurice." Bom at Lucca, Italy, June 11, 
1814, and died at Morphett Vale, April 6, 1864. He was 
liberally educated, and at the age of 18 devoted his life to 
the service of the Church, and joined the Congregation of 
the Passion of Our Lord in Viterbo. He here greatly sig- 
nalised himself by his urbanity of manner and the progress 
made in his ecclesiastical studies. Completed his education 
in Ancona, where he was ordained a priest. In 1841 was 
employed in ecclesiastical works of importance and trust in 
connection with the Convents of St. John and St. Paul, at 
Rome; appointed missionary priest for Australia in 1843, 
and arrived in Sydney, N.S.W., during the same year. 
Laboured for four years among the aborigines in Moreton 
Bay, and became thoroughly acquainted with their language. 
Arrived in Adelaide in 1847, and resided here upwards of 
seventeen years. He was an unostentatiously learned 
divine, a zealous priest, and a good man. 



B. Herschel Babbage, 

tNEAR relative of the celebrated inventor of the cal- 
culating machine. Educated as an engineer, he, for a 
considerable time, followed his profession in Europe. He was 
Assistant-Engineer at the Bristol end of the Great Northern 
Railway for four years, and subsequently for two years on the 
works between Chippenham and Swinden, of the same rail- 
way. He was afterwards engaged in superintending the con- 
struction of the Bristol half of the Bristol and Gloucester 
Railway, and laid out for Mr. Brunei a railway across the 
Appenines, from Genoa to Milan. The laying-out of this 
work and preparation of plans occupied four years, during 



86 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

which Mr. Babbage held a commission from the Government 
of Piedmont to report upon a line across the Alps, by way of 
Mont Cenis. After reporting on this and many other gigan- 
tic works, he was appointed Engineer-in-Chief in laying out 
and constructing a railway from Florence to Pistoga. He 
resided in Tuscany for four years, when the progress of the 
line was interrupted by the revolution, and he returned to 
England. The line was afterwards completed by Italian 
engineers. Soon after arrival in England he was appointed 
Engineering-Inspeptor under the General Board of Health, to 
report upon the water supply, sewage, and sanitary condition 
of English towns. Arrived in South Australia by the ship 
"Hydaspes," November, 1851, and received the following 
appointments : — Commissioner to issue Gold Licences, Geo- 
logical and Mineral Surveyor, Government Assayer, and Jus- 
tice of the Peace. He was also Corresponding Member of the 
Philosophical Society xmtil his death. He will be well 
remembered as the first Engineer of the Port Railway. He 
was an explorer of some note, having, in December, 1856, 
been to Lake Torrens, when he discovered the McDonnell 
River, St. Mary's Pool, Blanchwater, and the surrounding 
country. Elected to the first Parliament, under the new Con- 
stitution, when he represented Encounter Bay in the Assem- 
bly, in conjunction with Mr. A. F. Lindsay. He retained 
this position for nine months, and resigned in December, 
1857, to take the command of a Northern Exploring Expe- 
dition. He was a candidate for membership for the Council 
in 1878, but was not elected. Mr. Babbage resided for 
many years at St. Mary's, South-road, Adelaide, where he 
had an excellent vineyard, and devoted a great deal of time 
to winemaking. Died October 22, 1878, aged 63 years. 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 87 

John Martin 

IS a native of Surrey, England, where he was bom in 1799. 
Came to South Australia by the ship " Anna Robinson," 
in September, 1839. Landed at the Old Port and took up 
his residence in Gilles-street, as landlord of the " Berresford 
Arms " Inn. Leaving this after seven years, he went to Sturt- 
street, and carried on the business of a general grocer for 
thirty-six years, and in 1882 retired into private life. Mr. 
Martin is now 86 years of age and resides in Norwood. 



John Davis, 

EXPLORER, died at Payneham, S. A., June 16, 1885, 
aged 56 years. He came to this colony from India, 
where he was in affluent circumstances, and accompanied 
McKinlay in his expedition across the continent. The 
details of that trip have been handed down to posterity in an 
interesting book written by him, which faithfully portrayed 
the character of the country passed over. In McKinlay's 
party Mr. Davis had charge of the camels, his previous 
experience with the " Ship of the Desert" in India admi- 
rably fitting him for the post. At the time of his decease he 
was connected with the Civil Service. He left a widow and 
three daughters. 

Charles Bonney. 

[HIS venerable South Australian pioneer arrived in 
Sydney, N.S.Wales, in 1834, to occupy a Government 
appointment. In 1836 he went into the country, where his 
first bush experience was an attempt to find a route for stock 
from the Murray to the new settlement of Port Phillip. In 
consequence of the flooded state of the rivers he was com- 
pelled to return, but went out in December in the same year, 
and safely reached his destination early in 1837. In the 
following March he took the first sheep, (a mob of 10,000) 




88 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

overland to the new settlement. In January, 1838, Mr. 
Bonney accompanied the first overland expedition with stock 
to South Australia, and in the following year went in charge 
of an expedition with cattle to open a direct road from Port 
Phillip to this colony through the Portland Bay district. 
After encountering difficulties from want of water, he suc- 
ceeded in reaching Adelaide. In 1842, Mr. Bonney accepted 
the office of Commissioner of Crown Lands, and held it until 
the estahlishment of responsible Government in 1857. Was 
a member of the House of Assembly in the first Parliament, 
and held the position of Commissioner of Crown Lands until 
1858, when the Ministry went out of office, and he visited 
England. Returned to the colony in 1862, in connectioii 
with a Mining Company, and in 1865 was elected a member 
of the Legislative Council. Accepted the office of Manager 
of Railways in 1869, and in 1871 became Inspector of Lands 
purchased on credit. Mr. Bonney finally retired from the 
Public Service in 1880. He at present resides in Sydney, 
New South "Wales, but, as of yore, takes great interest in 
South Australia. Recently his portrait was placed in the 
Town Hall, Xorwood, the Corporation of which have taken 
this step to show their appreciation of one who was the first 
and most popular Mayor of that Municipality. 



W. H. Charnock, 

^HO joined the firm of Stilling & Co. (the General 
Commission Merchants and Shipping Agents) as a 
junior partner, arrived in Adelaide in 1849, and is now its 
sole representative. He was bom in 1824, in Lancashire, 
England, and being possessed of considerable mercantile 
experience, has, by his business capabilities and honorable 
conduct, made himself extremely popular. He has been 
identified with many Societies and Companies, and among 
the offices he has held or now holds, has been Chairman of 




OR, COLONISTS— PAST AND PRESENT. 89 

the Chamber of Commerce, the Adelaide Underwriters' Asso- 
ciation, and is at present a Trustee of the Savings Bank, a 
Director of the Adelaide Steamship Company, the Adelaide 
Steam Tug Company, the Mutual Life Assurance Association 
of Australasia, Chairman of the Commercial Union Fire and 
Marine Insurance Company, President of the Sailors' Home, 
and a Director of the Bushman's Club. The very fact of Mr. 
Chamock's filling these important positions is a guarantee to 
members of English Commercial circles that business con- 
ducted through his firm will be on a satisfactory basis, and 
it is on such lines that a great future will be built up in this 
part of the Australias. 



Joseph Stilling, 

^HO was bom in 1823, arrived in South Australia in the 
twentieth year of his age, and until his death, on 
August 30, 1863, was known in the commercial world as a 
man of strict integrity and good ability. He visited 
England in 1855, when he was married in Manchester 
to the lady who was left on his decease to lament 
her loss. After his death it was decided that the 
original title and style of the firm should remain unal- 
tered, and thus it is at the present time. In conclusion, 
Messrs. Stilling & Co. are agents for the Orient line of 
steamers, and for the " Stilling " Line of packets trading 
between this colony and London. 



W. R. Squibb, 

NATIVE of London, and resident in this colony from 
1839. In his native land he was at different times an 
actor, preacher, and school-master, and was a profound classi- 
cal scholar. After his arrival here he was employed in the 
Government School in Adelaide for about four years. He 





90 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS , 

then went to Houghton, and continued to follow educational 
work there for some years, combining therewith the role of 
an earnest preacher. On leaving the school, he accepted the 
position of local Postmaster and Eegistrar, and held it till 
about twelve months ago, when illness necessitated his giving 
his duties up. He will be long remembered as a staunch 
believer in religious tracts, and he always kept a bundle ready 
for delivery to passengers by each coach, and is thought in 
this way to have circulated thousands. With all his eccen- 
tricity he was universally liked, and died " full of years and 
honors," at the age of 79, in May, 1885. 



John Howell, J. P. 

BAZLITT describes poetry as " The high-wrought enthu- 
siasm of fancy and feeling." He says, " Whenever 
there is a sense of beauty, or power, or harmony, as in the 
motion of a wave of the sea, in the growth of the flower 
that spreads its sweet leaves to the air and dedicates its 
beauty to the sun, there is poetry in its birth," The sub- 
ject of this memoir is one who evidently feels this ; whose 
thoughts and sympathies are in unison with nature, and who 
is fully alive to all that is beautiful and wonderful in its 
domain. John Howell is a true poet, in the fullest accepta- 
tion of the term. He does not merely jingle rhymes together 
without due consideration as to their meaning; and we recall 
many pleasant moments afforded in perusing his latest con- 
tribution to South Australian literature : " Rose Leaves from 
an Australian Garden," a work which commends itself to all 
lovers of poetry. Want of space alone prevents making 
copious extracts, but we can at least give the following with- 
out wearying our readers. In " The Pilgrim of Venus " the 
poet has risen above the earth, into the fathomless expanse 
of stars, and in one of those mysterious worlds meets with 
quite a galaxy of bards, among whom are Chaucer, Shake- 



OE, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 91 

speare, Milton, Dryden, Gk)ldsmith, and others long since 
departed : — 

" In those hright halls no harp was strung 
To sweeter notes than those which rung 
To Shelley's wierd majestic tongue ; 

The joyous sound 
Was like the strains Prometheus sung 

When first unbound.** 

The poem is altogether above the common run of metaphor, and 
well worthy perusal. " The Poet's Ambrosia," is an elegant 
piece of word-painting, as will be seen by this ; — 

" His ideal joy of all created things 

Is lovely woman, beautiful, serene ; 
Her eyes the f oimt of intellectual springs ; 

Her face the impress of the great Unseen ; 
Her voice the echo of an angel's hymn ; 

Her smile a gleam of sunshine's rippling light ; 
Her footfall like a seraph journeying ; 

All seem a dream of heaven to his enraptured sight.** 

John Howell is a native of Bath, Somerset, where he was 
bom July 4, 1832. He was educated at a Grammar School 
in Bristol, in the immediate vicinity of a large shipping in- 
dustry. At the age of 14 he entered the Navy as naval ap- 
prentice, and served on board H.M.S. " Ganges," 84 guns, 
in the Mediterranean, and afterwards in H.M.S. " Rodney," 
92 guns, attached to the Channel Squadron. Quitted the 
Navy at the expiration of his indentures, and joined the 
Merchant Service as second officer, trading between Bristol 
and the African gold coast, and Liverpool and Savannah, U.S. 
Was cast away in the barque " Ellen," of Liverpool, in the 
Bay of Biscay, and rescued and taken to Liverpool. After- 
wards sailed thence to Sydney, N. S. "Wales, arriving there 
in 1854. Traded between that port and Newcastle, and was 
cast away on The Nobbys. Rescued and returned to Sydney, 



92 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

and traded to the Clarence River and to Melbourne. Came 
to Adelaide in the brig " Flash," and entered the Govern- 
ment service, as convict guard at Yatala, in 1856; promoted 
to Chief "Warder in 1857, and to the keepership of Port 
Augusta gaol in 1868. Appointed Governor of the Adelaide 
Gaol in 1873, and Justice of the Peace in 1882. In his 
public capacity Mr. Howell is regarded as one of the best 
and most affable men in the Government service ; and, as he 
tempers justice with mercy, is invariably spoken well of by 
those unfortunates consigned to his care. The composition 
of poetry will probably be deemed out of place in the 
Governor of a gaol, but the Divine afflatus is no respecter of 
persons, and from sources unthought of and least expected 
does it exhibit itself with no uncertain sound. Mr. Howell 
will, if we mistake not, yet be heard of in the far future, 
when his ideas are strengthened by time and experience, as a 
poet of the highest order, and one of Whom South Australia 
need not be ashamed. 



William Ranson Mortlock, 

VERY old colonist and prominent pastoralist, died at 
Avenel House, Medindie, on May 10, 1884. He 
arrived in AustraKa in 1843, and, after visiting the adjacent 
colonies, bought a squatting property near Port Lincoln, 
where he settled for some years. He was also an extensive 
holder of land in the North. Mr. Mortlock first sat in Par- 
liament in 1868, when he represented the Flinders district 
in that and the two remaining sessions. He was absent from 
the next Parliament, being on a visit to England, but on his 
return to the colony was again elected for the Flinders elec- 
torate. Shortly before his death, at the general election he was 
rejected by his old constituents, and in speaking at the sub- 
sequent formal declaration of the poll he was deeply affected 
by his defeat. Many of his friends sympathised with him, and 




OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 93 



took an opportunity of expressing their appreciation of his 
services. He was to have been banquetted at Port Lincohi, 
on May 28, 1884, but the invitation to the festival reached 
him just before he died. Mr. Mortlock was a native of Mel- 
bourne, England, where he was bom in 1820. He was a 
man of liberal views, and regarded as a very useful member 
of the South Australian Parliament. 




David Lindsay, 

IHE youngest son of the late Capt. Jno. Lindsay ; bom 
at Goolwa, June 20, 1856 ; educated at a public 
school, and by the late Kev. Jno. Hotham ; entered the Govern- 
ment service in 1873, and went to the Northern Territory as 
junior surveyor in 1878, where he surveyed and reported upon 
the Mount WeUs tin mines, and acted as senior-surveyor and 
supervisor of works during Mr. McMinn's absence. Ex- 
plored the Mary River, and, by his observations of its over- 
flow, proved that this was the stream which Stuart was 
followiug to the north coast in his memorable journey across 
the continent. After carefully examining the country 
between Palmerston and Pine Creek, Mr. Lindsay proposed a 
route for the railway, quite distinct from that surveyed in 
1878, which, although longer by about fifteen miles, would 
touch the best agricultural land, and go close to all the 
known gold and tin discoveries ; added to this, as the line 
would be on the watershed it would cost much less, the 
estimate being between £5,000 to £6,000 per mile. This 
route has since been surveyed and adopted. Li May, 1882, 
Mr. Lindsay resigned his position in the service, and devoted 
his time to private business ; but at the desire of the S. A. 
Gk)vemment he, in 1883, undertook for them the exploration 
of Amheim's Land, a journey of 1,916 miles, which, though 
successful, was fidl of remarkable incidents and hairbreadth 
escapes. Mr. Lindsay acted with much intrepidity and skill, 



94 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

and safely brought his party back to civilization. Among 
other important discoveries made by him was that of the 
" Gwendoline Falls," on the Baker Range, about sixty miles 
from Southport, N. T. These falls are upwards of 195 feet 
in height, and present a romantic and awe-inspiring appear- 
ance. Mr. Lindsay is a member of the S. A. Institute of 
Surveyors, and a member of the Sydney Branch of the Greo- 
graphical Society of Australasia. He is considered an autho- 
rity on matters connected with the Northern Territory, and in 
1882 had the honour of conducting the Parliamentary party 
on their visit of inspection. 



Hon. A. B. Murray, M.L.C., 

'S a native of Dumfrieshire, Scotland, and spent six years 
in the Highlands of that country prior to coming 
to South Australia. Arrived in Adelaide in 1839, and, 
with a view to taking up land, explored the districts, 
north, south, and east, within sixty miles of Adelaide. This 
he had to do on foot, horses then not being procurable by 
him. Had an interest in the Barossa special survey, and 
settled on his own property as an agricidtural farmer, near 
Mount Crawford, in 1843. Wheat was then fetching but 
from Is. 6d. to 2s. per bushel, and Mr. Murray, like others, 
experienced reverses in consequence of this depressed state of 
things. Having a thorough knowledge of sheep-breeding, he 
next turned his attention thereto, and resolved to acclimatise 
the merino breed, and make it constitutionally suited to 
South Australia. These animals combine a heavy fleece of 
good quality with excellent constitution and weight of 
carcase, all in keeping to recommend them as profitable sheep 
for this colony. Mr. Murray's plan was not to change blood, 
but to strictly adhere to what is known as breeding in and in ; 
and, with careful annual selection, his success is proved by 
the fact that his sheep have been sought after at high prices 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 96 

by the principal flock masters in South Australia, Victoria, 
New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia, New 
Zealand, and the Cape of Good Hope, to the thorough improve- 
ment of the flocks. Though at first averse to being a lessee of the 
Crown (squatter), Mr. Murray ultimately ventured to take 
an interest in this, and now holds (unprofitably, he says) 
about 2,700 square miles of Crown leases. Shortly after 
arrival here he was appointed to the Commission of Peace ; 
and although not a keen politician, was, by requisition, asked 
to contest the election for the Gumeracha district. He was 
returned for the Assembly by the same constituency three 
times, and ultimately, on resigning that position, was elected 
as member of the Upper House, which seat he now holds. 
Mr. Murray is well known as the earnest advocate of all 
measures which are calculated to benefit the land of his adop- 
tion, and his opinions always command that respect from his 
colleagues that their liberality deserves. 



Clement L. Wragge, F.R.G.S., F.R. Met. Society. 

^OKN September 18, 1852, at Stourbridge, Worcester- 
shire. His parents died during his infancy, and he 
was taken to Oakamoor, a village in the romantic and lovely 
valley of the River Chumet, in North Staffordshire, and the 
family home, where he was reared by his grandmother, to 
whose memory he owes a continual debt of gratitude. As 
his father, a solicitor, was a Staffordshire man, he regards 
himself as of Staffordshire extraction. During childhood, 
amid the wild scenery of the moorlands and Chumet valley, 
he acquired a strong love for the beauties of nature, so much 
so that by the time he had reached his tenth year he had a 
small museum of natural history and geology, containing 
many objects of his own collecting. His early education was 
at Uttoxeter Grammar School, Staffordshire ; and, after com- 
pleting it, he removed to London, where he was educated for 



96 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

his father's profession. His keen love for geography and 
travel, fostered trebly by all the surroundings, proved too 
strong for his sedentary occupation in the dingy chambers of 
Lincoln's Inn ; and so powerful did this become after vaca- 
tions abroad that, having private means, he gave up the law, 
with the intention of visiting every country of the world ; 
following, however, humbly in the footsteps of Humboldt, 
and devoting himself to a comprehensive study of scientific 
geography, of which, in its many branches, he was pas- 
sionately fond. During his earlier travels he gave his atten- 
tion mainly to ethnographical and zoological observation, and 
made extensive collections, sending home treasures from time 
to time. He has thrice been in the colonies, and travelled, 
apart from vacations spent on the continent, in Syria, through 
Palestine, Egypt, and North America, and has also visited 
India, Ceylon, the Cape of Good Hope, and other places 
en route to and from Australia. He came to Adelaide in 
1876, and whilst here was engaged in the Surveyor-Greneral's 
department on surveys in the Flinders Ranges and Murray 
Scrub. Whilst thus employed he added largely to his museum, 
studied and gained information of the customs of the natives, 
aided considerably by the kindness and experience of Mr. 
Jno. Ewens, of Morgan, and the late Mr. Taplin, of Point 
Macleay. This enabled him to take home a fine collection of 
their weapons, &c. He also, through his valued friend, the 
late Mr. Jno. Howard Clark, obtained specimens of nearly 
every shell found on the South Australian coasts. So exten- 
sive had his museum become that, after returning to Eng- 
land by the ** Hesperus" in 1878, he offered it to the town of 
Stafford. It was accepted, and later a fine building was 
erected for its reception, adjoining the Borough Hall. The 
corporation of Stafford hold the " Wragge Museum" on lease 
for twenty-one years, Mr. Wragge subscribing towards its 
maintenance, and being honorary curator ; and if during that 
time due care is taken of the collection, it is to become the 



Mr. Robt. ¥hinhjim. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 97 



property of the town and county of Staflford, Mr. Wragge 
being life trustee. It has been classified by him (on Cuvier's 
method, as regards the Zoological department), and he has 
illustrated Sir Chas. Lyell's " Students' Elements of Geology." 
The Ethnographical division he has arranged to illustrate 
ethnographically Mercator's Chart of the World. During his 
voyages he made numerous zoological and meteorological 
notes, and obtained valuable and curious results relative to 
ocean currents from his practice of casting adrift bottle- 
papers. For instance, in the case of Renners current, which 
sets from the Bay of Biscay to the Irish coast, his bottles, 
cast adrift at various positions and at different seasons, 
have invariably drifted to, and been' picked up on, the coast 
of France ; seeming to indicate that Maury did not attach 
sufficient importance to the influence of the winds on current 
bottles. On the other hand, papers cast adrift by Mr. Wragge 
in the region of the Sargossa Sea have followed the current into 
the main equatorial stream, and been found at Hayti and on 
the northern shores of the Gulf of Mexico. After returning 
from his second visit to Australia, Mr. Wragge devoted his 
attention specially to meteorology, and established three obser- 
vatories at different heights in the Churnet valley and moor- 
lands of North Staffordshire, chiefly to investigate problems 
in climatology. Very valuable results were obtained as to the 
problem of the increase of temperature with altitude. One 
instance may be cited. During the famous frost of January, 
1881, at his station on Beacon Stoop, 1,216 feet above sea 
temperature, at 9 a.m., it was 20*7 ; at his Farley observa- 
toiy, on the watershed, 640 feet above the sea, 16*4 ; and at 
Oakamoor, in the valley, 350 feet above the sea, 3*6, simul- 
taneously. In 1881 Mr. Wragge established and worked, 
mainly with his own instruments, under the auspices of the 
Scottish Meteorological Society, during summer and autumn, 
the first observatory on the summit of Ben Nevis, 4,406 feet 
high, and a station in connection at Fort William. There 

H 



98 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

was then no house on the summit, and so this involved 
climbing the mountain daily in all weathers. Many a battle 
he fought with the storms and snow-drifts of the Ben, and 
the work was continued with the addition of six intermediate 
stations in 1882, and carried on until the storms of winter 
absolutely compelled him, at much risk to life, to desist from 
his arduous ascents. Very important information was 
obtained relative to the vertical distribution of atmospheric 
pressure, and its bearing on the cyclonic and anti-cyclonic 
types of weather, and his work was rewarded by a special 
gold medal given by the Society, and high commendation by 
Sir William Thomson. In 1877 Mr. Wragge had married, 
in Adelaide, a South Australian lady, daughter of the late 
Edward Thornton, Esq., solicitor, of Kensington, and in con- 
sequence of his wife's failing health, he returned to the colony, 
with his family, in 1883, by the " Maranoa," having first 
arranged his museum and re-organised the work at 
Ben Nevis, which he left in assistant's hands. An 
observatory-house now crowns the summit of that moun- 
tain, to the erection of which nearly every class sub- 
scribed, from the Queen downwards, and his work is 
permanently continued by the Scottish Meteorological So- 
ciety. He made many observations during his voyage out 
in the " Maranoa," and shortly after arrival here established 
the Torrens Observatory at Walker ville (Jan. 1, 1884), pur- 
chased the land on which it stands, and settled his family 
thereon. This observatory is equipped with the best observ- 
ing instruments, including barograph and thermograph, which 
constantly record by clock-work every variation of atmos- 
pheric pressure and temperature. A new form of hygrometer, 
registering by electricity, is a great feature in this observatory. 
There is also a fine astronomical equatorially-mounted tele- 
scope, with object glass of best quality, by Wray, of London, 
besides a smaU altazimuth, and numerous other instruments 
and appliances. Valuahle records have been obtained bearing 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 99 

upon meteorological problems^ and in the climatic details pre* 
vailing on the Adelaide plains. On Oct. 1, 1884, he established 
a meteorological observatory on the summit of Mount Lofty, 
and placed self-registering and self-recording instruments 
there in connection with the Torrens Observatory. As at 
Ben Nevis, so here results have been obtained which throw 
much light on vertical barometric gradients, and especially on 
the local climatology of the Mount Lofty ranges and Adelaide 
plains. Some of these have been published in the Adelaide 
papers, and the full details are sent to England. In 1875, 
on the recommendation of Mr. Clements Markham, C.B., and 
the late Sir Bartle Frere, K.C.M.G., Mr. Wragge was elected 
a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. He is also a 
Fellow of the Royal Meteorological Society, and of the Royal 
Society of South Australia. Mr. Wragge considers that life 
on this beautiful planet is an inestimable privilege, and one 
that should be turned to the very best account. To give a 
full description of all that he has accomplished in the cause 
of science would in these pages be simply impossible ; but 
sufficient has been educed to show that Mr. Wragge is no 
ordiuary man, and one ever ready to impart to others the out- 
come of his experiences, gained often under the most unto- 
ward circumstances, without fee or reward. He is just the 
class of men we want in South Australia, and though at 
present visiting Queensland, it is hoped that he will ultimately 
return to make this colony his permanent home. 




William Bowen Chinner, 

lORN in Adelaide, in 1850. Educated at St. Peter's 
College, under Canon Farr, M.A., LL.D., and earned 
distinction by gaining a scholarship for classics, given by the 
late Bishop Short. Received his first musical instruction 
from his father, the late G. W. Chinner, who was well known 

H 2 




100 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

in the early days of the colony as an experienced authority 
on musical matters. He afterwards studied the piano, &c., 
with Signor Giorza, the eminent Italian maestro, Mr. Chin- 
ner has long been engaged in teaching various branches of 
the art, and has for fifteen years been Organist at the Pirie- 
street Wesleyan Church. He has opened, and taken part in 
the opening of many of the church organs in and around the 
city, and on several occasions acted as Organist for the Phil- 
harmonic Society and Musical Union. Several of Mr. 
Chinner's compositions for piano, organ and choir purposes 
have been published, some of which have acquired popularity, 
and met with a favorable reception from choirmasters and 
usicians of standing in England and the Colonies. 



Dr. Frederick Forwood, 

ORN at Southwark, England, in 1808. His ancestors 
® were for many years employed in the Naval and Mili- 
tary Service, and his father was first Lieutenant of H.M. 
145th Royal Marines. Educated in Devonshire and at St 
Olives, Southwark ; and on completing his scholastic studies, 
entered for instruction at the London and St. Bartholomew's 
Hospitals. Practised for some years in London, and in 1853 
left England, with his wife and family, in the ship 
" President Ram," for South Australia. On arrival here he 
practised in Adelaide and at Unley, but ultimately removed 
to Port Adelaide, in 1856, and resided there upwards of 
twenty-six years. During his long association with the 
Port he was universally esteemed, and made many friends. 
He was on several occasions pressed to take a prominent part 
in public matters, but always declined. He died at Queens- 
town, June, 1882, aged 74 years, leaving one daughter and 
three sons. 



OR, COLONISTS— PAST AND PRESENT. 101 



Hon. Thomas English, M.L.C. 

BORN at Maryport, Cumberland ; died at Parkside, S. A., 
December 17, 1884, in his 65th year. Arrived in Ade- 
laide, January 11, 1850, in the barque "Richardson," com» 
manded by his brother. Captain Jas. English, and accompanied 
by Mrs. English and his brother-in-law (Mr. Henry Brown). 
Shortly after, in company with Mr. Brown, he erected a 
builder's workshop in Carrington-street, and subsequently 
purchased a corner acre in Hindmarsh-square, where their 
business was considerably extended. After sixteen years, 
Mr. English, in consequence of being elected a member of 
the Legislative Council, was compelled under the Contractors 
in Parliament Act to sever his connection with the firm, and 
on his resignation was presented by his employes with an 
address and handsome epergnc. Messrs. English & Brown 
opened the Glen Ewin Freestone Quarries at Teatree Gully, 
and some of the finest buildings in the province were erected 
by them. Among these may be mentioned the Town Hall, 
Parliament Houses, Chalmers' Church, the National Bank, 
the Flinders-street Baptist Church, and others in Ade* 
laide. On leaving his previous business, Mr. English prac- 
tised as an architect, and ultimately took Mr. Rowland Rees 
as partner. This firm was dissolved after three years, and he 
was next associated with Mr. G. K. Soward, who was his 
partner at the time of his death. On February 25, 1878, 
prior to his departure for Europe, Mr. English was enter- 
tained at a banquet in the Town Hall. The late Mr. W. 
Townsend, M.P., presided, and the company included most 
of the leading citizens of Adelaide. On this occasion Mr. Eng- 
lish was presented with a beautifully-illuminated address, nume- 
rously signed by prominent colonists, recording their apprecia- 
tion of his services. His Parliamentary career dates from 
March 1, 1865, when he was elected to the Legislative 
Council. He held this until February 2, 1869, when his 



102 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

term expired. He was, however, re-elected soon after, and 
retained his seat till July 30, 1878, when he resigned. He 
was last elected to the Council on May 29, 1882, and was a 
member of that body till his death. He first took office in 
1865 as Commissioner of Public Works, and retained the 
same position, notwithstanding rapid ministerial changes, until 
May 1867. Although not a brilliant orator, Mr. English was 
essentially a thoroughly practical man, and his opinions 
were of a very liberal type. Though not a Protectionist, to 
use his own words, he believed " we ought to have a sort of 
protection and free-trade tariff for the encouragement of 
colonial industries." The first elections under the new 
Municipal Act were held on December 16, 1861, when Mr. 
English was elected Councillor for Gawler Ward, and in the 
following year was a successful candidate for the Mayoral 
Chair. He filled the position with credit during that and 
the next year, and several reforms conducive to the general 
welfare were undertaken and carried out. Mr. English was 
a member of the Friendship Lodge of Freemasons, and some 
years ago an active member of the Order. He left a widow, 
four daughters, one son, and a brother. Captain English, J. P. 



Hon. G. W. Cotton, M.L.C., 

I[S a colonist of about thirty-seven years, and has seen some 
1 of the rough work of the early days of South Australia. 
In 1881 he was a successful candidate for the Upper House 
of the Legislature, being one of the six elected by the vote of 
the whole colony, chiefly, it is believed, on account of his 
constant advocacy of the essentials of the Keal Property Act 
being maintained intact. Conservative in views, he has, 
since his advent in Parliament, upheld the rights of the 
masses, or " fifth estate," as they have been called ; and he 
claims, in order that these, like other classes of the commu- 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 103 

— ■ ^ ■ III I I ■ ^m^^m^M ■■ ■»■■■■ ■■ ■■■■! ■»» ■■ I ■ M.» ■ I 11 I ■ ■■■■■■■ I ^B I I l^^i^^— ■— ■■■■ I 

nity, may be represented by members chosen from their 
own ranks, that members of Parliament must be paid for the 
time they devote to public affairs. He has shown much pub- 
lic-spiritedness by forwarding, as far as possible, the cause of 
education, believing that by such means alone the natural quali- 
fication of each individual may he turned to the best account, 
whether for himself or for the general good of the country. 
He has been for twenty years Hon. Secretary of the Prince 
Alfred College, having held this office from the commence- 
ment of that institution. His steady support of the right of 
working men to have suitable holdings of the waste lands of 
the Crown, at moderate rent and for a long term, so that 
they may have a home, and be able to find profitable employ- 
ment when work is scarce elsewhere, has made him very 
popular. Born in 1821, it is not likely that he will, at this 
period of his life, take a more active position in politics than 
he does at present. 

Samuel White Sweet, 

2I||0RN at Portsea, England, May 1, 1825; joined H.M. 
^^ Navy in 1844, and served on the China Station till 
1849, chiefly in the signal department. Studied navigation, 
astronomy, and meteorology, and then joined the merchant 
service. In March, 1857, he was appointed to the command 
of the ship " Pizarro," and kept the meteorological log for 
the Board of Trade for three years, registering every four 
hours night and day, receiving from Admiral Fitzroy letters 
of Honorable Mention, especially in reference to forty sets 
of Lunars taken during one passage of seventy days. He 
was also presented with a large volume full of valuable 
information to seamen, with the wind-current and thermal 
charts of the world. During one of Captain Sweet's voyages 
in the " Pizarro," the crew mutinied, and the outbreak was 
only quelled by the prompt steps taken by their Commander. 



104 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

In 1861 Captain Sweet surveyed the harbour of "Pena 
Blanca " in South America, and had the honor of seeing the 
result of his labors placed on their charts by the British 
Admiralty. He gave up a sea-faring life in 1863, and emi- 
grated to Queensland with his family with a view to embark 
in cotton growing. Failing, however, in that object, he came 
to Adelaide in 1867, and in February 1869, received from 
the Government of South Australia the appointment of Com- 
mander inH.M.C. Navy. He surveyed the Koper River from 
its entrance for a distance of 100 miles ; piloted steamers 
up and down this river, plotted a chart of the survey, 
fixed the latitude and longitude of the mouth of the river, 
and then returned to Adelaide. He next served three years 
as master mariner in the Black Diamond line, and in 1875 
finally retired from the sea and settled in Adelaide. Since 
that period Captain Sweet has devoted his attention almost 
wholly to photography, and the views of scenery taken by 
him are unequalled ia their fidelity and beauty ; in fact, as a 
landscape photographer he is unequalled in the colony. 



A 



Capt. W. L. O'Halloran. 

T the ripe age of 80 years this gentleman, who may 
truly be called one of the pioneers of the colony, 
passed away at Glenelg, on July 15, 1885. Born in Ireland 
in 1806, he, at the early age of 18, entered the army as an 
ensign. The regiment to which he was attached did good 
work in India, and in 1825-6 the young officer gained dis- 
tinction during the siege and storming of Bhurtpoor, in 
Bengal, and received a medal for his services there. 
His gallant conduct attracted the attention of his 
seniors, and a vacancy occurring during action in the lieu- 
tenancy of his company, he was advanced to the position. In 
1828 and the following year he, with his brother, the late 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 105 

Major O'Halloian, was attached to the staff of his father, 
Major-General Sir Joseph O'Halloran, G.C.B., in the Saugor 
Divison, Central India. Soon afterwards he returned home, 
and was for several months engaged in recruiting duty in 
Ireland, In those days it was a rare thing for promotion in 
the British army to he granted as the reward of merit, and 
it was not until 1838 that Captain O'Halloran ohtained hiff 
company, and then only hy purchase. He did not retain his 
position in the 38th Regiment long, and in 1840 he reached 
South Australia, having retired from military service. In 
1843 he secured a position upon the Civil estahlishment of 
the colony, and in that year was appointed a memher of the 
Audit Board, and shortly afterwards Private Secretary to 
Governor Grey, and Clerk of the Executive Council. These 
he retained for some time, hut in 1851 he received the 
appointment of Auditor-General, in succession to Mr. F. C. 
Singleton, who exchanged duties with him . In this import- 
ant office he remained for close upon seventeen years. The 
work devolving upon him was most arduous and responsihle, 
and it was performed with a conscientiousness and ahility 
which ensured for him the confidence of a long succession of 
Governments as well as of the puhlic at laige. Captain 
O'Halloran's retirement from the service took place early in 
1868, since which he has resided in South Australia, taking 
no active part in puhlic affairs, hut still exhihiting an 
intelligent interest in the progress of the colony. In hia 
official capacity he had the reputation of heing a strict disci- 
plinarian, his military training having evidently left its 
impress upon his mind. At the same time he could unhend 
to those who won his regard, and there are many outside of 
his family circle who will rememher him with respect and 
cherish his memory. There are few old colonists who have 
not a vivid recollection of Captain O'Halloran, whose tall, 
upright figure, military hearing, and courteous address marked 
him out for what he was — a soldier and a gentleman. 



106 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 



Alexander Donaldson, 

SHE senior partner of the firm of Donaldson, Andrews, 
and Sharland, warehousemen, died at Surrey, England, 
March 18, 1883, in his 50th year. He came to this colony 
about forty years ago, and first began business with Messrs. 
Peter Gumming k Sons, of Adelaide. In 1853, he entered 
the service of Messrs. G. & R. Wills & Co., and remained in 
their employ until 1865. He was one of the first commercial 
travellers in South Australia, and was considered one of the 
most successful men in that capacity. In connection with 
Messrs. Andrews & Sharland, he founded the firm in 1866. 
He went to England shortly afterwards, and has since spent 
most of his time in that country. He was noted for his 
genial good humour, for his energy and straightforwardness in 
business, his gentlemanly manners, and other good social 
qualities. 



Richard Jagoe. 

IF sheer hard work and dogged perseverance deserves a 
place in this record, it has been well earned by the sub- 
ject of this memoir. Bom at Truro, Cornwall, in 1833. Prior 
to leaving England he engaged first in a collier schooner and 
then in a fruiting cutter, as an introduction to sea-faring pur- 
suits. Arrived with his parents in this colony in 1849, he 
commenced his colonial career by working as farm laborer or 
drapers' runner, as occasion demanded. Later on he took 
another turn at sea-faring, and made several intercolonial 
voyages, but the life was not to his taste, although a most 
profitable employment in the days of the diggings'. 
On returning from Forest Creek he served with an 
auctioneer in Adelaide, and obtained an introduction to 
newspaper life, and a favorable opportunity arising he was 
placed on the Adelaide Times to collect the shipping news. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 107 

He ultimately changed to the Register^ and in this service 
he has continued for over thirty years. In early days he 
was appointed Sanitary Ofl&cer, to prevent the introduction of 
■contagious diseases, and has carried out the duties of that 
vocation with universal approbation. The boat service at the 
Semaphore having attracted attention from the want of efl&ciency 
displayed, the shipping reporter was again thrown into the 
breach, and by the powerful aid of the Daily Press overcame 
All obstacles, and changed the Beach Service from whaleboats 
to sailing cutters. As the colony progressed he had the honor 
of working up the important and efl&cient Steam Service 
which has developed into a Company, leaving the subject of this 
notice still reporter for Shipping and Assistant Health Officer, 
:and in all probability he will some day die in harness. Mr. 
Jagoe has a most positive and intimate knowledge of all cir- 
cumstances connected with Port Adelaide for over thirty 
years, and is referred to on every occasion when the old 

customs are alluded to. Although his vocation of night and 
day work precludes his mixing with the haut ton, it is said 
that on sundry birthdays there are celebrations held at the 
" Sandhill Savage's " lair which are as pleasant and jovial as 
those in the circle of " Society." It may be mentioned that 
the original name was Trejago, and in the time of Edward 
VI., his ancestor, Jahn de Trejago, of Fentgallan, was high 
Sheriff of ComwalL 



John Nowland 

I AME to South Australia in the " Lysander" in 1839, 
and took part in the founding of the Total Abstinence 
Society, in January, 1840. He was the first Rechabite who 
landed in this colony, and in his house the first Tent was 
opened. He was elected a City Councillor in 1841, and held 
a seat in the Council until September, 1843. He died July 
19, 1885, aged 79 years. 




108 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



Christopher Giles, Sen,, 

DIED in April, 1884. Arrived in this colony with his 
family in 1849, and imported a considerable quantity 
of merchandise and other property. He settled first on a 
block of 400 acres on the Upper Wakefield, in which place 
ho was some years afterwards the first Chairman of the Dis- 
trict Council. Subsequently he embarked in pastoral pur- 
suits, taking up country as early as 1852 in the North-Eastem 
District, now known as Ketchowla. In this run he was 
joined by Messrs. Boucaut, but severe droughts rendered the 
undertaking a losing one, and in 1864 the run was sold. 
After that Mr. Giles led a very retired life in Adelaide, 
though he was well known at the Exchange, where he might 
often be met. Notwithstanding his advanced age he retained 
his faculties unimpaired to the last, being only a few weeks 
before his death engaged in a long and intricate audit. He 
left a widow and six children, all of whom are settled in th& 
colony. 




James Page, 

ICE-CONSUL for Switzerland and Consular-Agent for 
France, is a native of London. Resided about nine 
years in France and Germany, when he returned to England, 
and shortly after left for South Australia, arriving here in 
February, 1850. First engaged in the office of the late John 
Newman, Port Adelaide, but ere long joined in partnership 
with Mr. R. Cleland, the firm being known as Cleland, Page, 
and Co. In 1867 he left the Port business to Mr. Cleland, 
and joined the firm of W. Morgan & Co., in which he con- 
tinued until the death of the senior partner. During hi& 
residence at the Port Mr. Page took an active part in political 
and municipal matters, and was Chairman of the first Dis* 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 109 

trict Council of Alberton and Queenstown. He may also be 
considered the originator of the Volunteer movement, 
since, on the declaration of war with Russia in 1854, he 
immediately posted a placard calling the people to arms, orga- 
nised a public meeting, and drew up the resolutions for 
forming a Volimteer Corps. In consequence of these prompt 
measures, three companies were formed at Port Adelaide, and 
continued even when the colonial forces were disbanded. 
Mr. Page was an officer of volunteers until 1867, when he 
applied to be placed on the " Retired List." He is a mem- 
ber of the Lodge Adelaide 341 of Freemasons, S C, and in 
1861 was Deputy Provincial Grand Master of the Scotch 
Constitution, with the late John Hart as Provincial Grand 
Master. He is also one of the oldest members of the Vic- 
torian Lodge of Oddfellows, M.U. Olive cultivation has 
long found in him a strong advocfate, and he personally, 
during the planting season of 1871, distributed throughout 
this colony upwards of 100,000 plants and trees, with a view 
to give this industry an impetus. 




J. C. Hansen, 

'HO died on May 16, 1885, at Jardelund, in Schleswig- 
Holstein, was bom at Osterby, in the same Duchy, 
in 1815, and arrived in South Australia about the year 1848. 
He was for several years engaged in the work of tuition, but 
ultimately removed to Unley, where he was known as a 
musical instructor of some note. He was a highly cultured 
man, and particularly excelled in the more abstruse depart- 
ments of geometry, algebra, and fluxional analysis. He left 
this colony for his native land in 1877, but there are many 
of his old friends yet living who greatly respected him, not 
only for his talents, but for his sterling worth. 




110 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

George Styles, 

'HO was about 75 years of age at the time of his 
death, in 1884, was a colonist whose perseverance 
and energy rendered him eminently successful, and whose 
honesty and straightforwardness might form an example for 
others to follow. He was a native of Amersham, Bucking- 
hamshire, England, where he followed the trade of a baker. 
He married early in life, and it was not until he found him- 
self head of a household, including three stalwart sons and 
an equal number of daughters, that he decided to come to 
Australia, to give them greater scope for their energies than 
they possessed in the old country. Shortly after arrival here 
Mr. Styles entered into business as a baker and storekeeper 
at Unley, and from a small beginning worked up a large 
concern, from which he retired about five years since. He 
was a member of the School Board of Advice for Unley 
and Mitcham, and as a Justice of Peace on the Adelaide 
Bench often assisted Mr. Beddome in his judicial work. 
Mr. Styles was also a leading member of St. Augustine's 
Church, Unley, and widely respected. 



William Kither 

'AS born at Bow, London, in August, 1843, and is the 
second son of the late Wm. Kither, a much-respected 
tradesman of that place. Arrived in Adelaide in October, 
1855, by the barque " Constance," and has carried on his 
business as a butcher in Rundle-street (with the exception of 
a few months) ever since. He succeeded his father in 1870, 
and has been very successful. He rebuilt, at a large cost, the 
extensive premises which bear his name, in 1880 ; was 
elected a member of the City Council in 1881, and an alder- 
man in 1883 ; opened a soup-kitchen for the distressed poor 
of Adelaide in the winter of 1884, when bread and soup were 
daily dispensed gratis for many weeks. Mr. Kither is a 




OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. Ill 

Justice of the Peace, Governor of the Children's Hospital, 
and has been a large subscriber to the Blind and Deaf and 
Dumb Asylum, and to other institutions. He is of a genial 
and charitable disposition, and deservedly respected by all 
classes of the community. 




Dr. Charles Gosse, 

|HOSE death was the result of an accident, was a 
native of Adelaide. He was bom here on Dec. 26, 
1849, and educated at Mr. J. L. Young's school. Destined by 
his father for the medical profession, he was at an early age sent 
to England to pursue his studies at Clifton College, and after a 
preparatory course went to Moorfield Hospital, London, where 
he filled the position of Clinical Clerk and gained most of 
his medical experience. In 1870 he received the diploma of 
M.E.C.S., England, and then proceeded to Aberdeen, where, 
in 1872, he passed as Master of Surgery and took the degree 
of Bachelor of Medicine. In 1875 he took the full degree 
of Doctor of Medicine. During the whole of his time he 
paid special attention to diseases of the eye, and when he left 
England for his native land he bore the reputation of a skil- 
ful oculist. On arrival in the colony in January 1873, he 
became associated with his father in his practice, and on May 
26, 1876, he was, on the resignation of Dr. W. Gosse, unani> 
mously appointed Honorary Medical Officer of the Adelaide 
Hospital. In 1877 he was placed on the Board of Manage- 
ment, and in September 1881, it having been deemed advis- 
able to place the ophthalmic cases under special treatment, 
he was appointed honorary ophthalmic surgeon for five years, 
which appointment he held till his death. He was also a 
member of the Medical Board in the latter part of 1884, but 
on the amended Hospitals Act being put into operation, he 
courteously retired in favor of Dr. Mayo. In October 1884, 



112 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

he opened the Gosse wing of the Home for Incurables — an 
institution in which he and his father both took deep interest. 
He was a prominent member of the Adelaide Literary Society, 
and did it good service by his lectures on various topics. 
The busy life he led, however, precluded him from taking an 
active part in public matters, though he had every induce- 
ment to do so. He was greatly attached to athletics, and 
well-known in the cricket field as a prominent player. Dr. 
Oosse was married to a daughter of the Hon. G. C. Hawker, 
M.P., and left one child, whom he was endeavoring to save 
when he met with the injuries which led to his death. He 
died July 1, 1885, aged 36, and it is inexpressibly sad that 
a life so full of promise, and which teemed with acts of 
kindness and skill, should have been thus briefly cut ofif. He 
will long live in the memory of men as one whom calumny 
could not touch, and who was prompted by a desire for the 
happiness of others. 




Dr. W. Gosse, M.D., 

WELL-K]^OWN and deservedly-esteemed member of 
the South Australian medical faculty. He arrived in 
the colony with his family in 1850, and in 1852 received the 
appointment of Colonial Surgeon, and also that of Superin- 
tending Surgeon to the Lunatic Asylum. In March, 1857, 
he was appointed Honorary Medical Officer to the Adelaide 
Hospital, and in 1874 became President of the Central Board 
of Health. He held the office of Public Vaccination Officer 
to the Government from 1880 to the time of his death. He 
was one of the Governors of the S. A. Institute, and Warden 
of the Senate of the Adelaide University. Dr. Gosse was an 
able physician, and his kind manner endeared him to all with 
whom he was associated in his professional duties. He died 
in Adelaide at an advanced age, in July, 1883. 



¥. ¥. R. Whitridge. 




OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 113 



Edward Davy, M.R.C.S., 

^HOSE name has been before the public recently as 
the discoverer of the " relay" system, which had an 
important influence in developing the electric telegraph, died 
at Malmsbury, Victoria, Jan. 26, 1885. He was bom at 
Ottery, St. Mary's, Devon, June 16, 1806. His father was 
a surgeon, practising at that place, and he received his educa- 
tion there. In his sixteenth year he was articled to Mr. C. 
Wheeler, resident medical officer at St. Bartholomew's Hos- 
pital, with whom he lived three years. He gained 
the prize for botany at the annual herborising in 1825, passed 
the Apothecaries' Hall in 1828, and the Eoyal College of 
Surgeons in 1829. The next few years of his life were spent 
in the practice of his profession. In 1836 he first experi- 
mented in electric telegraphy, and attracted considerable 
attention by his early inventions, and their importance in 
developing its practical use. In 1839 Mr. Davy emigrated 
to South Australia, going out in medical charge of an 
immigrant vessel. He contemplated pastoral pursuits, but 
soon abandoned the idea, and in 1843-4-5 was engaged as 
editor of the Adelaide Examiner. In 1848 he undertook the 
management of the Yatala Smelting Works (copper), and 
carried it on successfully for about three years, when the gold 
discoveries in Victoria caused an exodus of the population, and 
the closing of this as well as other establishments. In 1852 
the Government Assay Office was established in Adelaide, 
and Edward Davy had the operative charge. Gold tokens 
were here coined, the first of the kind in Australia. Their 
circulation was an important fiscal advantage, and kept up 
the value of gold in Australia. The great success of this 
establishment caused Davy to be invited by the Victorian 
Government to organise and take the management of a similar 
establishment in Melbourne. The ofier, unfortunately for 
him, was too tempting to be refused. He only enjoyed the 

I 



114 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

liberal salary attached to the office — £1,500 a year— from July, 
1853, to the end of the following year, when the assay 
department was abolished. He afterwards started farming 
near Malmesbury, combining it with the practice of his pro- 
fession, but the farming enterprise proving pecuniarily 
unsuccessful, he removed to Malmesbury, and devoted him- 
self exclusively to his medical practice and the education of 
his family. He also took an active part in local afEairs, was 
for many years a member of the borough council, several 
times mayor, and for more than twenty years an active 
justice of the peace. 




J. W. Jenkinson, A.M.I.C.E., 

'HO died at Pemambuco, on March 10, 1885, was a young 
man of great engineering talent and for some years 
on the staff of the Hydraulic Engineer's Department in this 
colony, where he had charge of the outside works. He 
began his professional career in the establishment of Messrs. 
Simpson & Co., the celebrated makers of pumping machinery 
and waterworks appliances in London, and in 1879 came to 
South Australia, having, at the request of Mr. Oswald Brown, 
the late Hydraulic Engineer, been engaged by the Government 
as draftsman. Whilst here he made himself so useful in the 
department, and displayed such great practical knowledge of 
all the details of water supply, that his position was soon 
improved, and at the time of his leaving the colony he was 
in receipt of a salary of £525 per annum. By his aid the 
Adelaide water works were made a remunerative undertaking. 
He left the colony with a view to devote his time to more 
extensive works, in September 1884, and on arrival in 
Brazil was placed in charge of the construction of important 
reservoirs for the supply of water to Pemambuco. This under- 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 115 

taking, estimated to cost £120,000, was designed by Mr. 
Oswald Brown, who spent three months in Pemambuco in 
1884. Although this place is said to be one of the healthiest 
in Brazil, yellow fever occasionally prevails, and it was to 
this that Mr. Jenkinson succumbed at the early age of thirty. 
He had fully intended to return to settle in South Australia, 
as he had made many friends during his sojourn in this 
country. 




John Frame, 

well-known South Australian agriculturalist in the Mount 
Barker district. Born at Glasgow, Scotland, April 28, 
1799; arrived in Adelaide, August 14, 1839. He first turned 
his attention to agriculture in 1843, when he, in conjunction 
with Mr. Allan Bell and the late Mr. Patterson, took up three 
sections at the Bald Hills, near Mount Barker, and began the 
cultivation of wheat. He was very successful, and five years 
later removed to a larger farm, which he occupied at the time 
of his death. The land being admirally adapted for the suc- 
cessful growth of all kinds of cereals. Mount Barker wheat 
soon won a name for itself in the market, and ultimately a 
sample of it sent to England by Mr. Frame gained the gold 
medal at the first London International Exhibition in 1851. 
From that date he has received many valuable awards from 
Commissioners of British and Foreign Exhibitions and at 
various Agricultural Shows in this and the neighbouring 
colonies. He was a member of the Royal Agricultural 
Society of South Australia from its foundation, and hardly a 
Show was held under its auspices at which he has not taken 
one or more prizes. His long and useful labours were recog- 
nised in his being made a life-member of the Society. In 
1853 he was, in conjunction with Mr. John Dunn and others, 
appointed a member of the first Mount Barker District 

I 2 



116 KOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

• I.I. ■■■■I. 1,1 >■■ 

Council, and was also instrumental in starting the Mount 
Barker Agricultural Society. Mr. Frame was just the stamp 
of colonist required here, a practical farmer, who knew how 
to make the best of the land at his disposal. His death took 
place in July 1885, at the advanced age of 86 years. 



William Bickford, 

tKKIYED in the colony in 1839 with the intention of 
starting sheepfarming. Before leaving his home in 
Devonshire, England, he had received glowing and Utopian 
accounts respecting South Australia, but on arrival failed to 
find the realization of his hopes. The high prices asked by 
owners of sheep and cattle caused him to turn his attention 
to the business he had followed in the home country — a 
chemist — and he sent to England for a stock of drugs and 
other requisites and then opened the first druggist's shop in 
Adelaide. He was eminently successful, and very many of 
the preparations which he introduced are made up and sold 
to this day. At the early age of thirty-five years, after three 
days' illness, he died, leaving a wife and five children. After 
his decease the business was carried on for some years by the 
widow, when it ultimately passed into the hands of her sons, 
William and Harry Bickford, who have extended it until it 
is known as the leading wholesale druggist and sundry firm 
in South Australia, under the style and title of A. M. Bick- 
ford & Sons. 



Uiysses Bagot, 

BOTHER of the late Hon. J. T. Bagot, arrived in the 
colony in 1851, and was for upwards of twenty-eight 
years engaged in various positions in the Civil Service. Died 
November 8, 1882, aged 62 years. 




OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 117 

» » ■ ■ 

Alexander Wiliiamson Dobbie 

IS of Scottish parentage, and was bom at Glasgow, Nov. 
12, 1843. His father was a skilful engraver and arrived 
in this colony in 1851 with his family. His mother was a 
cheerful, energetic, and well-informed woman, and her 
judicious management had the best effect on the character of 
her son. Mr. A. W. Dobbie received several years of school- 
ing from Mr. J. Bath, at Port Adelaide, and when fourteen 
years of age was apprenticed as a brassfounder to Mr. 
Schwann, of Gawler Place. Before he was nineteen he 
entered into business on his own account. His taste for the 
more delicate branches of mechanics led to his undertaking 
the ordinary work of a machinist, and his liking for ingenious 
contrivances induced him to cultivate a trade in American 
inventions. This was greatly expanded by his visit to 
Philadelphia at the time of the Exhibition in 1876, when he 
made a tour around the world. As a lad he was fond of 
electrical experiments, and the knowledge of electro-plating 
thus acquired was utilised in his business, and thus another 
extension entered into. His establishment has now grown 
to considerable dimensions, and affords employment to a large 
number of workmen. Mr. Dobbie married at the age of 
twenty-one, and made himself a home, first in the city, and 
then at College Park. His garden there displays his skill as 
a florist, whilst his love of the beautiful and the wonderful 
are to be seen all over the premises. At exhibitions he is 
always a prize-taker for flowers. Few private houses receive 
a greater variety of visitors, or afford more interest The 
garden and green-houses are generally gay with blossoms, 
electricity pervades the rooms, for there are telephones and 
microphones everywhere, and outside, on fine evenings his 
laige telescope opens the wonders of the heavens to admiring 
gazers. Though never a scientific astronomer, Mr. Dobbie, 
as an observer, has won a good reputation. From descriptions 



118 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

»■ ■■II <i 11 —■■■ ■ I ■ ■ I 11 ■ I 11 ■ ■■ I 11 II I I 11 11 ■ ■ 

in the English Mechanic he made a splendid reflecting tele- 
scope, having a speculum of six and a-half inches diameter, 
but not content with this, he constructed one still more 
powerful, and after devoting his spare time to it for upwards 
of ten years, had the satisfaction of possessing one of the 
finest instruments in the Southern world, with a speculum 
of twelve and-a-quarter inches diameter. Electricity had 
a great attraction for him as a youth, and instead of spending 
his leisure in the common recreation of lads he investi- 
gated the phenomena of this subtle force. It also induced 
him to study the construction of the telephone when Bell's 
discovery was published. He had no other guide than 
drawings in the Scietitific American, but used them to such 
good purpose that he has the honour of being the first to 
construct a successful telephone in these colonies. He made 
numerous useful and amusing experiments with microphones 
of various kinds, and constructed a phonograph, with the 
conviction that it would never be more than a scientific toy. 
About 1878 Mr. Dobbie turned his attention to mesmerism 
in its various forms, and his abundant vitality made him a 
most successful operator. He has been instrumental in 
alleviating a large amount of suffering, for he pursued his 
studies with that specific end in view. Some of his patients 
have developed considerable clairvoyant powers, and their 
statements while in the mesmeric trance were marvellous. 
Mr. Dobbie became a member of the Wesleyan Methodist 
Church in his 18th year, and has been an active worker in 
connection with that denomination up to the present. He 
has found congenial work among the young, having been 
Superintendent of a Sabbath-school for upwards of ten 
years in the city and suburbs. Besides this, he has 
held various ofiicial positions in which his business capacity 
has enabled him to render valuable service. While on his 
tour round the world, Mr. Dobbie wrote a series of descrip- 
tive letters to the Methodist Journal and on his return these 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 119 

were re-published in a racy and readable volume. His 
lectures on " Electro-metalling," " The Telephone," " Micro- 
phone," "Phonograph," and "Mesmerism" are in great 
request, and readily given for philanthropic objects or for 
Young Men's Societies. Mr, Dobbie is an active member of 
Agricultural and Horticultural Societies, the Chamber of 
Manufactures, Prince Alfred College, the Stranger's Friend 
and Charity Organization Society, and others of a religious 
or denominational character. He enjoys the respect which 
intelligence, energy, and integrity always command. 




Henry Dawson, 

'HO lost his life by the capsizing of a yacht in St. 
Vincent's Gulf on February 8, 1884, was but ^ lad 
when he arrived in the colony, his father being one of the 
earliest pioneers and settlers at Brownhill Creek. He was 
apprenticed to Mr. Phillips, saddler, of Adelaide, and after 
completing his term started business at the Burra. He 
was the original contractor for the mail from the Burra to 
Outalpa, which he carried on for several years. By his 
frugality and thrift he acquired a large property at Mount 
Brian Flat, which he leased to tenants with right of purchase. 
He finally disposed of this, and bought the Coroona Run, 
thirty miles N.K of the Burra, which he, after holding for 
some years, also sold. At the time of his decease he resided 
at Parkside. Mr. Dawson was a good friend in private life, 
and very energetic in discharging the many public duties 
which he undertook. He was one of the members of the 
first Burra Council, and a Justice of Peace for several years. 
He was widely known and consulted on all kinds of subjects ; 
a man of great energy and perseverance, a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, and a staunch supporter of Oddfellows 
and other kindred societies. 



120 KOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



Thomas Sadler Reed 

IS the son of the late Charles Eeed, Esq., Mall, Clifton. 
Came to Adelaide in the ship " Orient " in Novemher 
1866, and was appointed Chairman of the Destitute Board, 
February 3, 1867. He left the colony on account of ill- 
health in January 1876 for a sojourn in England, and re- 
signed his appointment in March 1877, which was subse- 
quently filled by the late J. M. Solomon until the death of 
that gentleman, when Mr. Eeed was re-appointed as Chair- 
man in October 1880. The system of boarding out neglected 
and orphan children was commenced by Mr. Reed in 1872, 
since which period upwards of two thousand children have 
been placed out in various homes, of which number one 
thousand children have been adopted without charge to the 
colony. 



W. Oldham 



AY be called the founder of Kapunda, seeing that he 
Mm was for forty years connected with the town and inti- 




mately associated with so many of its useful institutions. He 
was born in Dublin, Ireland, February 9, 1811, and educated 
at Trinity College. For some time he was employed as con- 
fidential clerk in Guinnesses brewery. He emigrated to South 
Australia in 1838, and shortly after arrival filled the position 
of Protector of Aborigines, and in that capacity compiled a 
grammar of the Adelaide aboriginal tongue. He subsequently 
opened schools in Light-square, in Gawler, and Angaston. 
In 1847 he was appointed Purser to the Kapunda Mine, and 
on the retirement of Captain Bagot succeeded to the 
managership. He was for twenty years actively 
engaged in this work, during the flourishing days of the 
copper industry. He resigned in 1867 a post in which he 
had given general satisfaction as an arbitrator when disputes 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 121 

arose amongst the people, and engaged in business on his own 
account as a surveyor, architect, &c., and acted as clerk to the 
Kapunda District Council. Mr. Oldham took great interest 
in the volunteer movement, and organised the well-known 
Mines Kifle Company, in which he held in succession the 
position of Captain and Major. He was also an earnest 
preacher, and, as a Congregationalist minister, did much good. 
As a Magistrate for several years, and more recently a Free- 
mason, hia name was distinguished, and his character, if only 
for its ingenious versatility and wealth of resource, was 
worthy of admiration. He died at Kapunda, July 3, 1885^ 
aged 75. 




William Herbert Phillipps, 

|0RN in Adelaide, December 3, 1847, and educated at 
Mr. J. L. Young's and Fellenberg's Commercial 
school, which he left in his fourteenth year to occupy a place 
in the office of the late Justice Wearing, the then Crown 
Solicitor ; made rapid progress, and was urged by 
Mr. Wearing to enter the legal profession, but preferring a 
a mercantile career, was transferred to the office of Messrs. 
Stilling & Co., in October 1864, as junior. Ere many years 
Mr. Phillipps became manager of the extensive shipping and 
insurance business of that firm. On the founding of Union 
College he became one of the first students, passed the mathe- 
matical examination successfully and was going up for exami- 
nation in other subjects, when his health gave way from over- 
study and he was reluctantly compelled to withdraw. Mr. 
Phillipps married, on December 18, 1877, the second daughter 
of the Hon. R. A. Tarlton, M.L.C., and in November 1878 
resigned his position at Messrs. Stilling & Co., to commence 
business on his own account as agent for several insurance 
companies. He gradually extended his mercantile relations^ 



122 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



till, in 1881, on returning from a visit to Europe, he founded 
the firm of George Wills & Co., of London, Adelaide, and 
Port Adelaide, of which he became and is still the managing 
partner in South Australia. 



Harry Dickson Cell, J. P., 

BORN in England in 1845, and arrived with his parents 
in this colony in September 1849. His father was for 
«ome time connected with the celebrated iron firm of More- 
wood & Rogers, and after establishing the business in Leigh 
and Hindley-streets, attracted by the gold-fields of Victoria, 
he left for the sister colony. Not being favored by fortune, 
the subject of this notice had early to fight the battle of life. 
A considerable portion of his time was spent in the Wallaroo 
district, before and after the discovery of the Moonta Mines. 
After filling several engagements he came to Adelaide, and in 
1874 took the position he now occupies as Secretary to the City 
Permanent Building and Investment Society. He was elected 
to the Town Council of Glenelg in 1881, and returned as 
Mayor for that municipality in December 1884. He is a 
warm supporter and advocate of Improvement and Literary 
Societies, and takes a lively interest in their establishment 
in various districts. He has also been an active worker for, 
and supporter of country and suburban institutes, and is 
.greatly interested in the early closing movement. Twenty- 
five years ago the period of labor was excessive ; averaging 
fourteen hours per diem. Finding it impossible to obtain an 
•earlier time for closing, Mr. Grell with others agitated until 
the boon of a Wednesday half-holiday was conceded. This 
useful relaxation from labour has been applied with marked 
success to many of our country towns and places of business 
in the city. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 123 

— M^i— ^^^— ^1^1— iM^^ m i III ^— — man ■ ■ ■ ^^^^^ i ■ i ii — m^^^p-^^i— ^i»— ^mp— ^i— — m^^h^ i ■ - -« ■■■ - ■■■!■ — ^b^— ^^^^p-^^^i^w^^^^^-^ 

Thomas Nelson, 

«]S^ATIVE of England. Born July 16, 1814. His father 
was a builder and contractor, and for many years held a 
responsible position in connection with the powder mills of 
Harvey & Co. Emigrated to Sydney, New South Wales, in 

1839, and after entering into business there as a bread and 
biscuit baker, came to South Atfstralia, landing here in April, 

1840. Like most other early colonists, he had to contend with 
many ups and downs, but was fairly successl5]iil> ^^^ ^^ ^^® 
evening of his days is still resident near Adelaide, and im- 
pressed with a belief in the prosperous future in store for this, 
the land of his adoption. Mr. Nelson has reared a large 
family in a respectable manner, and contributed in no smaU 
degree to the population of South Australia, his grand- 
children nimibering no less than forty-six. With such 
colonists as this, immigration from the old country might 
almost be discontinued, and a grant of land be given by the 
Grown to each of their descendants. 




Rev. John Hall Ang^us, 

NATLVE of Cramlington, Northumberland. Bom July 
24, 1851 ; left England with his parents by the 
"Olivia," and arrived at Port Adelaide, November 17, 1853. 
Educated at the Fellenberg Commercial School under the late 
Mr. John Martin, and on reaching his 13th year entered the 
office of Mr. W. A. Wearing, Crown Prosecutor of the Pro- 
vince, with whom he remained until the latter was elevated 
to the Bench on the removal of Mr. Justice Boothby. From 
Mr. Wearing's he was transferred to the office of S. J. Way, 
Esq., the present Chief Justice, and shortly after was 
accepted as student of the Presbytery of the Presbyterian 
Church, (August 3, 1869), and pursued his studies in the 



124 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

professorial classes at the S.A\ Institute until May 19, 1873, 
when the Church at Mount Pleasant having become vacant 
through the death of the Rev. Jas. Roddich, Mr. Angus 
received a call to that pastorate, and was ordained on August 
19 in the same year. On the death of the Rev. P. Maclaren, 
of Port Adelaide, Mr. Angus accepted the position, and was 
inducted by the Presbytery, May 19, 1879. During the life 
of Mr. Maclaren steps had been initiated for the erection of 
a new church, and Mr. Angus had the satisfaction of seeing 
the present handsome and commodious edifice in St. Vincent- 
street completed and opened on February 5, 1882. Since 
1878 he has been clerk of the Presbytery, vacating the 
position for one year in order to take the Moderator's Chair 
at the request of his brethren. Mr. Angus is at present 
associated \nth Sir S. Davenport and J. Howard Angas, Esq., 
in administering the estate of that well-known colonist, the 
late Geo. Fife Angas, Esq. 



Charles Hill, 

BORN August 13, 1824, in Coventry, England. As he 
evinced at an early age a taste for art, he was articled 
for seven years to an engraver at Newcastle-on-Tyne. 
Entered the Academy of Fine Arts in 1840, and continued to 
study in the same institution after it was transformed into 
a School of Design and Arts, under Mr. W. B. Scott, A.M. 
This gentleman subsequently availed himself of Mr. Hill's 
assistance in preparing the posthumous works of his late 
brother, David Scott, R.A.S. After filling other important 
positions in England, Mr. Hill left for South Australia, 
arriving here by the ship "Historia," July 28,1854. He 
started in business as an engraver, but finding little to do, 
applied for, and obtained the appointment of Professor of 
Drawing to St. Peter's College and other educational establish- 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 125 



ments. Having inaugurated a School of Arts at his own residence, 
preliminary meetings with a view to increase its usefulness 
were held, and a society to promote its interests formed. It 
was not, however, till 1860 that the School of Design, of 
which this was the nucleus, was opened, with Mr. Hill as 
master. This post he filled in a creditable manner till Sep- 
tember 30, 1881, when the school was handed over to the 
Governors of the South Australian Institute. Since then he 
has continued to use his graver and brush in that beautiful 
occupation that takes so little yet gives so much. In 1861 
he obtained a special prize of five guineas for portrait paint- 
ing, and also the gold and silver medals for painting at the 
Intercolonial Exhibition, Adelaide, 1881. Mr. Hill is a 
member of the Bohemian Club, and president of the Adelaide 
Sketch Club. 



Ralph Wheatley Odg^ers Kestel, 

^ORN at Portreath, Cornwall, July 28, 1838 ; arrived in 
South Australia, with his parents, in February 1848, 
and was first employed at the Kapunda mine in dressing ore. 
In 1849 he went to the Burra mines where he was engaged in 
various works, ultimately turning his attention to the 
building trade, and locating at Kooringa. Left for Victoria 
in 1852, and made altogether six trips from South Australia 
to the Victorian and New South Wales diggings, and when 
not so engaged worked as a builder in and around Port Ade- 
laide, at which place he at length settled, and entered into 
partnership with Mr. Henry Burge. Many of the principal 
buildings in the locality were erected by this firm, notably 
the model school. Stilling & Co's store at the new dock, the 
Bank of Adelaide, and other important structures. Mr. 
Kestel was elected councillor for Centre Ward in 1877, 1881, 
and 1883, holding office until May 1884, when he resigned 



126 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

to cany out the extension of the Town Hall buildings. He 
was instrumental in doing much good for Port Adelaide 
during his councillorship. He introduced a drainage scheme 
for the sanitary improvement of the town, but, although it 
was not adopted, it found much favour and led to prompt 
action by the civic body. He took a prominent part in the 
purchase of the land for the Corporation Wharf, and also in 
securing 1,000 feet of wharf frontage to Tam o'Shanter 
Creek, and strongly supported Mr. H. W, Thompson when 
mayor in introducing asphalt footpaths. Mr. Kestel was 
popular as a councillor, as shown by his representing a ward 
in which he held rateable property for more than seven 
years. He is a member of the Institute Committee, and 
connected with the S. A. Yacht Club. 



Hiram Mildred, J. P., 

BORN at Portsea, England ; eldest son of the Hon. 
Henry Mildred, M.L.C., and one of the four remaining 
old colonists who arrived in South Australia with Colonel 
Light in the surveying brig "Rapid," August 18th, 1836. 
After visiting Sydney he spent his early years in pastoral 
and agricultural pursuits. In 1844-5-6 he was in the Customs 
and agency business at Port Adelaide with the late W. R. S. 
Cooke, and joined in the exodus to the Victorian gold dig- 
gings in February 1862. Returning to Adelaide at the end 
of the same year, he spent some time in farming ; but finding 
this unprofitable he settled at Goolwa in the milling and 
general agency business. In 1858 he received an appoint- 
ment under the S. A. Government as Sub-Collector of Cus- 
toms at Port Augusta, to which were afterwards added those 
of Harbour Master, Superintendent Mercantile Marine, Clerk 
of Local Court, Chairman of Destitute Board, District Regis- 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 127 

trar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages, Secretary, Cashier, and 
Accountant of the North District Eoad Board, and several 
other subsidiary ofl&ces. These he resigned in 1877, after 
close upon twenty years' service, and now resides in North 
Adelaide. As one of the surviving quintette of the party 
who pitched the first tent where Adelaide now stands, and 
who has "borne the heat and burden of the day," Mr. 
Mildred deserves more than a passing notice. Few officials 
in the S. A. Civil Service have held at one time and con- 
ducted satisfactorily so many appointments as he. In addi- 
tion to this, he, with his late wife (daughter of the Bev. 
Henry Cheetham), was instrumental in raising the first 
established church and Sunday-school in Port Augusta. In 
1881 Mr. Mildred contested an aldermanship for the city, 
but was beaten by a small majority. In 1882-3-4 he was 
elected for two years as councillor for Bobe Ward. Standing 
again for alderman, he was defeated a second time. At an 
advanced age, he possesses more activity than many younger 
men, and his physique, after an almost continuous residence 
of forty-nine years, is indicative of the healthy character of 
our South Australian climate. 



Rev. John Watsford. 

fHIS distinguished minister of the Wesleyan Methodist 
Church was bom in New South Wales about the year 
1821 ; entered the ministry in 1843, appointed by the Con- 
ference to South Australia in 1862, and arrived here in the 
same year. He immediately set to work, and evinced great 
enthusiasm in the training and advancement of the young, 
and mainly for this object gathered the means of erecting the 
Lecture Hall attached to the Pirie-street church, Adelaide. 
He made efforts to found a college for the higher education 
of colonial youth, but these failed until 1865, when, hearing 



128 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

that the present site of the Prince Alfred College was for sale, 
he rallied the friends of the movement, and the thirteen acres 
of land were purchased and the fine building which forms so 
attractive an ornament near the city was erected thereon* 
Mr. Watsf ord watched over this undertaking with much inte- 
rest until it became one of the leading academical institutions 
of the day. He was elected President of the Australasian 
Wesleyan Methodist Church held in Adelaide in 1871. In 
1868 he was transferred by the appointment of the Confe- 
rence to Victoria, and in 1878 became President of the 
General Conference held in Sydney. Mr, Watsford has 
resided in Victoria up to the present time, and sustained with 
high honours various prominent official positions in the reli- 
gious body to which he belongs. Among recent commissions 
committed to his charge, was the deputation to 
Tonga to endeavour to settle the differences between the 
government of that island and the society of which he is so 
prominent a member. A brief account of Prince Alfred 
College will not here be out of place. It was first practi- 
cally started on September 18, 1865, when, in accordance 
with a resolution passed at a meeting held that morning, the 
site for its erection was bought at auction for £2,750. The 
persons present at this meeting were the Eevs. John Watsford, 
J. Cope, and N. Bennett, Messrs. Jno. Colton, T. G. Water- 
house, G. P. Harris, T. Padman, Wm. Khodes, James Scott, 
Wm. L. Eoach, and G. W. Cotton. After a considerable 
amount of preliminary work the foundation-stone of the 
edifice was laid on November 7, 1867, by H.R.H. the Duke 
of Edinburgh, who very graciously consented to perform the 
ceremony. His Excellency Sir Dominic Daly, the then 
Governor of the colony, heartily concurring in the request of 
the committee, the school was opened in January, 1869, 
and the central College buildings were inaugurated by His 
Excellency Sir James Fergusson, Bart, in June of the same 
year. The first head-master was Mr. Samuel Fiddian, RA., 



JSMES R. HOLDEN. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 129 

- ■* ' II -LI I 

of Cambridge, under whose tutorial control, followed by that 
of Mr. J. A. Hartley, B.A., B.Sc, of London, and the present 
head-master, Mr. F. Chappie, B.A., B.Sc, of London, 
aided by a numerous and influential committee, the 
attendance at the College has steadily increased till it has 
reached some 400 pupils ; and more than a thousand of its 
alumni are taking positions in almost every department of 
business life. 



James P. Buttfield 

WOINED the Government service in 1866 as Sub- 
^ Protector of Aborigines for the Korthem District of the 
Province; appointed a Special Stipendiary Magistrate (his 
duties being confined to the Far North) on April 1, 1869. 
He held these positions at the time of his death, which took 
place at Blinman, July 14, 1885. In his magisterial capa- 
city he acquired the confidence of the public by the fairness 
of his decisions and sterling qualities of heart. 



Thomas Greaves Waterhouse, J.P., 

IS a native of England, and came to this colony when about 
29 years of age, in 1840. Early engaged in mercantile 
pursuits, he soon took a foremost position among business 
men for sound judgment and prudent foresight, so that his 
lead was readily followed. Had he chosen to enter public 
life, he would have found no avenue closed against him. He 
was an original shareholder in the once famous Burra Mines, 
and sat for several years on the Board of the Association. 
He was also on the first Board of Directors of the Bank of 
Adelaide. Mr. Waterhouse heartly entered into the project 
for the establishment of Prince Alfred College, which he has 

K 



130 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

been heard: to say was an object worthy of his life's work. 
In this institution he has taken a lively interest up to the 
present time, and his donations to the building fund have 
much exceeded in amount those of any other single sub- 
scriber. This circumstance has been acknowledged by the 
Committee on various occasions: notably at the laying of the 
foundation stone of the College, when he was chosen to pre- 
sent the trowel to H.RH. the Duke of Edinburgh, and the 
south-east portion of the edifice has been named "The 
Waterhouse Wing." For some years past Mr. Waterhouse 
has resided in England, but it is well-known that he largely 
assists many colonial institutions. He is represented in 
South Australia by his son, Mr. Arthur Waterhouse. 

Immanuel Gotthold Reimann 



^AS bom in 1859 at Hahndorf, and educated at 
Hahndorf School. After having devoted some 
time to the study of music^ he was appointed music-master 
to Hahndorf College in 1875, and in the following year took 
up his residence in Adelaide as a teacher of music. Later on 
Herr Keimann left for Europe, and was for some years a 
student at the Berlin Academy of Music, conducted by Prof. 
Dr. Th. Kullak (Pianist to the Emperor of Germany), and at 
the Berlin Conservatory of Music, directed by Prof. Xaver 
Scharwenka (Piianist to the Austrian Emperor). From both 
institutions Herr Reimann holds very flattering diplomas, 
Prof. Dr. Kullak repeatedly offering him a situation as 
teacher at his Academy. After having successfully passed an 
examination in Musical Pedagogy under Dr. Bischoff, Herr 
Keimann studied Musical Theory with Professors Dom, 
Ehode, Wiierst, P. Scharwenka, and Alb. Becker. In 
October, 1883, he opened the first College of Music in this 
city, and so far the support accorded to the enterprise has 
been very encouraging. 




OR, COLONISTS— PAST AND PRESENT. 131 



Dr. Robert Gething 

'AS bom at Newport, Monmouthshire, in 1826, and 
received his early education at the local Grammar 
School ; transferred to King's College, London, and became 
a medical student. Obtained the diploma of the Eoyal 
College of Surgeons and of the Apothecaries' Hall, and sub- 
sequently gained the Doctor of Medicine degree of the 
University of Edinburgh, at the early age of 23. His 
exceedingly youthful appearance prevented his commencing 
the practice of his profession at once, and his health not 
being good decided him on travelling. After visiting Wes- 
tern Australia, China, India, and Java, and returning 
to England, he resolved to visit South Australia, and arrived 
here in February, 1854. About this time one of the medical 
men at Port Adelaide died, and this afforded an early oppor- 
tunity for Dr. (Jething to commence practice. He was 
appointed Health Officer in succession to Dr. Duncan in 
1878. How much he was appreciated will be best shown 
by a quotation from the obituary notice in the press on his 
decease, in October, 1883 : — " A dark shadow has fallen 
upon Port Adelaide in the death of one of its foremost and 
most valued citizens, Dr. Gething. The blow is one that is 
keenly felt in many a South Australian home where the 
name of the true-hearted, genial doctor had become a house- 
hold word. His removal from amongst us cannot alone be 
regarded as a painful domestic bereavement, or even a local 
misfortune ; it is a great national loss. Placed by his 
eminent Mttainments in the first ranks of his profession, Dr. 
Gething devoted his talents ' to alleviating the suffer- 
ings of others, and in his efforts to minister to them enter- 
tained no thoughts of self. Summer and winter, day and 
night, sunshine or rain, he was ever the same, ready to obey 
the call of duty, to which he made himself the absolute slave. 
His energy was enormous and his labour herculean, which 

K 2 



132 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

it seemed as though nothing in the form of work could daunt 
or subdue. Alas ! though the noble spirit was thus willing, 
the flesh could not withstand the severe strain upon it, and 
the universal mourning to-day, as the mortal remains of the 
indefatigable toiler are borne beyond the reach of toil, 
is the sacrifice at which society has received services 
which it has been the lot of few to render. There are few of 
whom it would be more difficult to write an obituary record 
than Dr. Gething. His kindly face, his frank, impulsive, but 
hearty, genial manner, his generous disposition are so familiar 
to all Portonians that they need no mention. Of some we 
may charitably say, * De mortuis nil nisi bonurrif* but in the 
present case we need plead for no such charity from man. 
To err is human, for none are perfect ; but his failings were 
such as still more endeared him to those around him. His 
epitaph is written in the tears of those who knew him, and 
in the gloom in which more than a whole town has been 
plunged. He has gone from amongst us. No more shall 
his kindly face and cheery manner carry comfort to hearts 
sick with sorrow and suffering, and infuse sunshine into the 
gloom of the chamber of sickness ; no more shall the poor 
find him ready to minister to their ailments with his skill, 
and aid them freely with his purse ; no more shall we have 
the benefit of his valued counsel, — a deep grief has fallen 
upon us ; yet the dark cloud is illumined with a silver lining. 
In sorrow for our loss we may desire consolation by contem- 
plating the noble life so bravely lived, and by the knowledge 
that amongst all sorts and conditions of men not one will be 
ready to breathe one unkind word, or cherish aught but 
loving thoughts of Eobert Gething. In his charitable acts 
the doctor was always assisted by his wife, and by those 
whom they helped the two were regarded as one kind 
assistant. Hundreds of pounds have been raised and subscribed 
by his wife and himself in special cases, and it was only 
necessary for the charitably-disposed to find that Dr. Grething 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 133 

favoured any object to insure its success. Except, however, 
in public subscriptions, his good deeds were not noised abroad 
and known only to those whose calling or chance brought 
them in contact with the poorer classes." It remains but to 
say that he was most anxious for the proper representation 
and protection of his profession in South Australia, and 
worked earnestly to secure a Bill for this purpose. Though 
called away before this end was attained, it is hoped the 
advance he made may be followed by others, and result 
favourably. A memorial amounting to a considerable sum 
was raised for the purpose of founding a University Scho- 
larship, which was to take the form of a prize, to be given 
to the most successful student of medicine in the district of 
Port Adelaide, and belonging either to St. Peter's or Prince 
Alfred's College. 

Samuel Benson. 

BUNDREDS of visitors to Adelaide, as well as residents 
here, who have passed through the Grovemment Offices 
in King William-street, have greatly admired a most delight- 
ful miniature garden in the centre, known as " Benson's 
Quadrangle," but few are aware that a spot ever green in the 
hottest days in summer has been made thus attractive by one 
man, viz : — Samuel Benson, with the simplest appliances, 
and in a manner which is a wonder even to experienced 
gardeners. He is an intelligent, though self-taught individual, 
and evidently possesses great taste. He arrived in Western 
Australia in 1851, with his parents, and was connected with 
the Government service of that colony. In 1861 he joined 
the Mounted Police in Victoria, and was regarded as a most 
useful man in the force. Returned to Western Australia in 
1863, and in 1866 was Corporal and Acting Superintendent of 
Water Police at Camden Harbour. During this period the 
"Forlorn Hope" voyage party arrived there, and were 



134 NOTABtiB SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

hospitably entertained by him. Came to South Australia in 
1866 ; was appointed orderly to Governor Daly, and held a 
similar office to succeeding Governors till December 1879, 
when he left to take the position of keeper of the Govern- 
ment Offices in Adelaide. During the visit of H.R.H. the 
Duke of Edinburgh Mr. Benson was his orderly, and attended 
him during his stay in the colony. On the Duke's leaving, 
Mr. Benson received his thanks and those of his suite for 
the manner in which he had performed his duties. 



George McEwin, J. P., 

BORN in Scotland in 1815 ; arrived in South Australia 
by the ship "Delhi," in 1839; died at Glen Ewin, 
Houghton, August 8, 1885. He settled at Glen Ewin in 
1845, and introduced there fruit and other trees suitable for 
Australian cultivation. He was for many years connected 
with the Agricultural and Horticultural Society ; a frequent 
contributor to the Press of articles bearing upon the culture 
of various trees and plants, and was also the author of a work 
entitled " The Vigneron and Gardener's Manual," which 
passed through several editions. About twenty-five years ago 
he began the manufacture of jams at Glen Ewin, in which 
pursuit he was assisted by his son, and was very successful. 
He was early appointed to the Commission of the Peace ; 
for many years acted as Returning Officer for the district of 
Gumeracha ; held office as member of the Central Road 
Board and Forest Board, and in connection with both did 
good service. He was a skilled botanist and microscopist, 
and fond of scientific pursuits. Generous and kindly in dis- 
position, he was much esteemed in the neighbourhood in 
which he resided, and by a large circle of friends throughout 
the colony. His son, the Rev. J. McEwin, is editor of the 
Christian Colonist, Adelaide. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 135 



Signor Raphael Squarise 

IS a native of Vicenza, Italy, where he was horn November 
13, 1856. At the age of 13 he was placed in the 
School of Music in his native town, and commenced the 
study of the violin in the bow department. In 1870 he 
entered the Musical Academy of Turin, where he remained 
six years, during which time he obtained a Diploma as violin 
instructor, and assisted in the orchestra of the Royal Theatre 
in that town. In 1876 he returned to Vicenza, and studied 
harmony and composition for two years under the celebrated 
maestro Cannetti. In January, 1878, he was conductor 
of a band in Contarina, but had to resign the position in 
consequence of ill-health. Fiom 1879 until August 1882 
he conducted the orchestra and brass band at Arzignano, in 
Italy. Arrived in Melbourne, Victoria, in August 
1883, and accepted engagement with the Williamson, 
Cramer, & Musgrave Opera Company, as leader of their 
orchestra. Was also leader of the orchestra of the Cagli 
and Paoli Opera Company at the Theatre Royal, Melbourne, 
until the Company was dissolved, when he came to Adelaide 
with the Heywood Minstrel Company, and remained with 
them until the end of that season. Finding inducements to 
follow his profession in this city, Signor Squarise established 
himself here as a teacher of the violin, and within six months 
of arrival brought together a strong combination of talented 
musical artists, now well known as the " Squarise Band." 
Of this he is still conductor, and on all sides he has gained 
encomiums from the Press and the public. He is also leader 
of the orchestra at the Academy of Music. His Excellency 
the Governor has recognised Signor Squarise's ability as a 
musical instructor by placing his daughter under his tuition, 
and several of the best families in Adelaide have accorded 
their patronage in a like manner. The S. A. Begister of 
Dec. 8, 1884, thus speaks of Signor Squarise's talent as a 



136 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

composer : — " The facility in composition of Signor Squarise, 
the violinist and band-conductor, is well-known in Adelaide, 
although his residence here has been but brief. Violin 
concertos, played by himself on a single string, caprices for 
the pianoforte, waltzes, dramatic compositions like 'The 
Battle of Sedan,' not to mention arrangements of operatic 
selections for his brass band, have proceeded from his pen 
in a manner which does credit alike to his industry and his 
musical taste. His last composition is an ' Ave Maria,' and 
was sung for the first time publicly at the morning service 
at the Boman Catholic Cathedral on Sunday. It was really 
a fine composition. The somewhat novel effect in a church 
of a harp obbligato was introduced, the harmony being filled 
in by the organ. The composition was so well worth hearing 
that it is to be hoped it will form an item on a concert 
programme at no distant date." Signor Squarise is at present 
engaged in composing an English Grand Opera, entitled 
" The Magic Dice," in coiyunction with Mr. Eudolph Menz. 



James Walter Smith, LL.D., 

IS the son of a country gentleman, and was educated at 
Shrewsbury School, and at Balliol College, Oxford. 
He graduated B.A. at that University in 1852, and during 
the next year took the degree of LL.B. in the University of 
London ; was called to the Bar at the Inner Temple, and 
entered upon the practice of his profession. In 1856, when 
but 25 years of age, he took the Degree of Doctor of Laws 
at the University of London, being awarded the Gold Medal 
for special proficiency, (an honor which had only been twice 
previously conferred). In the long vacations and intervals 
of leisure permitted by his practice, he wrote and published 
a series of short popular treatises on various branches of the 
law, all of which enjoyed an unprecedentedly large sale in 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 137 

England and the colonies, whilst some were translated into 
foreign languages. Among the subjects treated were : — " Bills, 
Cheques and Notes," " Partnership," " The Law of Husband 
and Wife," " The Law of Public Meetings," and " The Law 
of Joint Stock Companies." He also wrote a work con- 
taining 250 precedents with introductions and notes, entitled 
** Legal Forms for Common Use." Though their circulation 
increased his practice, and brought him pupils. Dr. Smith 
at intervals brought out new editions of each, and was fre- 
quently engaged on the daily press in writing upon the legal, 
<jonstitutional, and international questions of the day. He 
lias devoted much time to general literature, and has published 
** Twelve True Tales of the Law," and a translation into 
English rhyming verse of the two first books of Horace's 
Odes, each ode being translated in no more lines than the 
•original ; a feat which, as was remarked by the Intellectual 
Observer, "no previous translator had either achieved or 
attempted." The leading reviews also spoke highly of the 
book. Great exertions were made by Dr. Smith beyond his 
■practice, in the cause of Law Reform, especially that branch 
iknown as " Procedure-reform." Deeply imbued with the 
ideas of Bentham, he did much to secure the appearance 
before the Judge as the first step in the cause ; the assign- 
ment of each cause to one Judge, who should deal with it 
throughout ; the ascertainment of the issue without written 
pleadings ; continuous sittings, as in a Police Court ; the con- 
•centration of the Courts and their offices, and the admissi- 
bility of the evidence of accused persons. In furtherance of 
these objects he wrote articles, letters and pamphlets, and 
read papers before societies interested therein. He also 
•originated a proposal favored by Lord Westbury, to codify 
the whole law of England and Ireland en bloc instead of 
piecemeal, and lay it before a Committee in a printed form. 
When the fusion of law and equity was attempted in 1873, 
some of Dr. Smith's suggestions were adopted ; but the 



138 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

essence of what he advocated still remains as the goal of the 
law reformer. Being recommended a warmer climate, after 
travelling in Southern Europe, he resolved on resorting to a 
colony where he could do, though on a smaller scale, the 
work to which he was accustomed, and accordingly in 1875 
he went to Natal, at the capital of which he edited the 
leading journal, the only paper representing the views of 
the Colonial Office, and practised at the Bar. When the war 
hroke out he came to South Australia ; practised as a lawyer, 
and wrote for the Press, and has hrought out several tales in 
the Observer and Australasian, Here he is well-known, both 
as a leader-writer and as the author of a popular series of 
humorous articles, which appear under a nom de jpUaney 
and are intended for subsequent publication in England. 
From March 1883 to March 1885, Dr. Smith was employed 
as Parliamentary Draftsman to the Government ; an occupa- 
tion for which his previous experience had well suited him. 
During this period he drafted 73 Bills, revised six more 
drawn by others ; drew seven sets of '" Regulations," and 
advised on fifteen matters not arising upon Bills. In March 
1885 the office of Parliamentary Draftsman was abolished^ 
but whether the step thus taken was for the public weal 
time must determine. 



William James Fullarton, 

0NE of the founders of the Adelaide Chess Club, and a 
clever exponent of the game, arrived in the colony in 
1855, and entered into partnership with Mr. McFarlane Heriot 
as a general merchant. He left this in 1 868, and was for 
some years engaged in general agency business and as secre- 
tary to several companies. He was for nine years connected 
in this capacity with the Southern Insurance Company, and 
resigned in 1884 through failing health. His death took 
place at East Adelaide, August 3, 1885, in his 53rd year. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 139 



Carl Julius Hans Bertram 

'S the son of Herman Bertram, a German merchant, and 
a native of Brunswick. He commenced the study of 
music under his mother at the age of seven, and four years 
afterwards was placed under the tuition of Herr Winckler, 
with whom he remained several years. During this period 
he studied the principles of harmony, counterpoint, and 
thoroughbass; and acquired the art of performing on the 
organ and pianoforte. Though partially blind from infancy, 
at the age of 12 he became totally so through the unskilful 
treatment of an oculist. But this calamity appears to have 
stimulated his active mind to further exertions, and quickened 
his perceptions of the ideal beauties and sublimities of the 
art of which he is such an accomplished proficient. He first 
appeared in public as a pianist in his eleventh year, and 
shortly after commenced his career as a composer. At 16 
he passed an examination with credit at the Berlin Conserva- 
toire, and during this time he acted as organist of St. Peter's 
Church at Brunswick, in place of Herr Rebelling, who was 
absent. In 1881, he gave a farewell concert in his native 
city and arrived with his mother in South Australia the 
same year. In the following January he had the great mis- 
fortune to lose his parent by death, but his talent procured 
for him many kind friends. He has composed upwards of 
thirty-six Sonatas, fourteen Nocturnes and Romances, a num- 
ber of Songs, &c. Of these the following among others 
have been performed in public : — Sonata in E flat minor, 
Nocturne in B flat minor. Concert Study in E flat minor, 
Organ Prelude and Fugue in E flat major, and the fine 
descriptive song, "The Wind in the Trees." Daring his 
residence in Brunswick Herr Bertram became personally 
acquainted with Rubinstein, Abt, and some other musical 
celebrities. His memory is wonderfully quick and retentive, 
as an illustration of which it may be mentioned, that a few 



140 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



days after his arrival in the colony the writer of this sketch 
heard him perform one of Beethoven's Sonatas, and though 
his visitor had the music before him, he could not detect a 
single false note. Though Herr Bertram's past career is 
marked with success, it may certainly be predicted that his 
future in this colony will be of that triumphant character 
which the genius and ability of such a talented composer and 
musician undoubtedly deserves. 




J. J. Barclay 

ERIVED in the colony by the "Catherine StewartForbes," 
October, 1837, having been deputed by the British 
and Foreign Seamen's Society to form a branch of it in South 
Australia. He commenced business as a tailor and clothier, 
and occupied the first building with a brick floor in Adelaide. 
He was well known as a lay preacher in connection with Mr. 
W. Giles and the Rev. T. Q. Stow, at Glenelg, Brighton, &c. 
He was an Alderman of the Glenelg Corporation, and Mayor 
of that municipality for three years. He died May 21, 1867. 



William Witherick 

ARRIVED in this colony May 16, 1839, by the 
"Planter," in the capacity of mate. Shortly after 
landing he located in the hills at " The Tiers," and engaged 
in woodsplitting, an occupation then followed by many now 
prominent and leading colonists. In 1852, attracted by the 
rush to the Victorian diggings, he travelled overland 
thither, enduring those hardships which so long a journey in 
primitive times and the absence of regular roads entailed. 
He was fairly successful, and as his health was becoming bad 



OB, COLONISTS — ^PAST AND PRESENT. 141 

he returned to Adelaide, where he has resided ever since. On 
January 21, 1867, he received an appointment in the Post 
and Telegraph service ; a position he has held for nearly 
twenty years, thus being one of the oldest servants in the 
department. His eldest son is a partner in a well-known 
firm of coachbuilders in Adelaide. 



Hon. Anthony Forster, M.L.C., 

pj^AS for twelve years managing proprietor of the S. A. 
Register and Observer newspapers, but severed his 
connection with those journals on October 1, 1864. His con- 
nection with the Press had a beneficial influence on journal- 
ism in South Australia, his constant aim being to keep it free 
from scurrility, personal or party feelings, and in this he, to a 
great extent, succeeded. His career as a politician dates 
from 1855, when he entered the old Legislative Council as 
member for West Adelaide ; and on all occasions he held a 
straightforward course. Liberal in opinions, though not 
always on the popular side, Mr. Forster invariably acted for 
the public good. His exertions relative to the Heal Property 
Act were unwearied, and he was a strong advocate of that 
measure and assisted Mr. Torrens in bringing his proposed 
reform of the law under the notice of the colonists. The Bill, 
as will be remembered, was carried through the Legislative 
Council in the face of much opposition. His duties as a par- 
liamentary representative were discharged with zeal and 
ability; as a public man he served the colony well, whilst as a 
private citizen he left behind, in various directions, many warm 
friends. Mr. Forster is a native of Northumberland, and was 
bom in 1813 ; he arrived in South Australia in 1841, and 
left it in November 1864. He is now located in England, but, 
as heretofore, is greatly interested in all that concerns the 
colony. 




142 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 



John Lloyd Hyndman, 

RRIVED in Adelaide in 1862, and first practised pri- 
vately as a surveyor. Entered the service of the City 
Council in 1866, and under his supervision many important 
public works were carried out to the satisfaction of the civic 
body. In early life he was a midshipman on board a man-of- 
war, and engaged in surveying in the Persian Gulf and 
towards Kurrachee. He was subsequently employed by the 
Indian Government to superintend the construction of railway 
works above Bombay. He died at Felixstow, August 1, 
1878. 

Rev. E. G. Day, 

BORN in London, June 30, 1810; received the elemen- 
tary principles of his education from his father, and 
was afterwards comparatively self-taught Having early 
acquired a taste for literature, he read much on a variety of 
subjects, and especially acquired a great liking for the 
writings and teachings of Emanuel Swedenborg, of whose 
views he is at present an advanced and earnest exponent. He 
arrived in Adelaide by the *' Countess of Yarborough** June 
20, 1850, and was first engaged as assistant lay preacher to 
Mr. Jacob Pitman, of the New Jerusalem Church. On Mr. 
Pitman leaving the colony in 1859, Mr. Day was appointed 
his successor. He was ordained in February 1878, since 
which period he has continued his gratuitous services to this 
church in Adelaide. Mr. Day has been a voluminous con- 
tributor to the Press, and has published several interesting 
theological works. He has also given lectures, and entered 
into much controversial correspondence with those opposed to 
his views. As the oldest and only public-teaching represen- 
tative of the Swedenborgian Church in South Australia, he is 
certainly entitled to a passing notice in this work. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 143 




Rev. Francis Robert Coghlan, B.A., 

'ELL known as the Incumbent of St. Bedes, Sema- 
phore, and one of the most eloquent of divines, died 
June 7, 1885. Educated at an Oxford College, he possessed 
those qualifications which betoken the accomplished orator, 
whilst to these were added true kindliness of heart and sym- 
pathy for the deserving. Shortly after his arrival he was 
first engaged in the curacy of Christchurch, North Adelaide, 
and there established the Christchurch Collegiate School, in 
which his eminent abiUties secured him many pupils. On 
the death of the late Rev. Jas. Pollitt, Mr. Coghlan was 
appointed to the incumbency of St. Luke's, Whitmore-square, 
and this he retained until compelled to resign it by failing 
health, when he left this cure and went to the Semaphore, 
where he was associated with the Rev. Mr. Young in a 
Collegiate School He was only 40 years of age at the time 
of his decease. 

Joseph Mellor, 

ORN at Elland, Yorkshire, September 9, 1808 ; arrived in 
South Australia June 27, 1840, with his wife and one 
child, by the ship " Fairlee." Adelaide was then covered 
with timber, though the streets were laid out, but not 
formed. He first worked at his trade (carpenter and joiner) 
for Mr. Pitman, builder, of Rundle-street, receiving from 16s. 
to 20s. per day ; but in consequence of the high rates charged 
for all necessary commodities, it was, even with such wages, 
hardly possible to make ends meet. Mr. Mellor next 
took a farm at Goodwood, but with seed wheat at 21s. per 
bushel, and the crop when reaped only fetching 2s. 6d. per 
bushel, it was evident to him that to continue farming would 
result in serious loss ; so he gave it up. He was of an 
inventive and speculative turn of mind, and undertook several 
Government contracts, one of which was to clear the trees 




144 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

and stumps off the South Park Lands. He also contracted for 
several up-country mails, and had conveyances running 
between Port Adelaide, Gawler, Xapunda, the Burra, and the 
city. Mr. Mellor was the founder of the Agricultural Imple- 
ment Factory in Adelaide, now conducted by his sons, 
Mellor Bros., with its branches at Kapunda, Jamestown, and 
Quorn. The implements turned out at these establishments 
are favourably known and in great request, not only in South 
Australia, but the adjacent colonies. He introduced a great 
many new ideas and novelties, and was the first here to 
suggest wood-paving, by sending a wheel tire to the Corpora- 
tion filled in with wood blocks about the year 1860, but the 
idea was not entertained. He won the first gold medal for 
his reaper in a match in 1856, and has manufactured several 
hundreds of the Ridley Reaper and Thresher combined. He 
was an active, industrious, and honourable man, ever ready to 
welcome new arrivals to the colony ; and he, with his, worthy 
wife, entertained them hospitably under their roof, and did 
much to cheer and help them on their way. Though he 
took small interest in politics, he contested one election with 
the late F. S. Button for the County of light, but was an 
unsuccessful candidate. Mr. Mellor died at the Semaphore, 
December 28, 1880, aged 72. 



Rev. Peter Maclaren, 

NATIVE of Scotland, and for several years minister 
of the Presbyterian Church, Port Adelaide. He died 
on board the s.s. Garonne on his homeward voyage. May 31, 
1878, aged 52. Mr. Maclaren, who was a profound student 
of theology, arrived in Sydney, New South Wales, in 1871, 
and after about a year came to South Australia. He was the 
author of several religious works, which were characterised by 
great vigour and thoroughness, and exhibited traces of a 
ripened scholarship and forcible style. 




ROWLHND ReES, M.P. 



OB, 00L0KI8TS — PAST AND PRBSBNT. 145 



JaB. Pile, J.P., 

'DENTIFIED with the town of Gawler for many years, 
and resided there at the time of his death, which took 
place March 19, 1885, in his 85th year. He was a Councillor 
of the Gawler Corporation, a strong supporter of the Presby- 
terian Church, and did much good privately, both by giving 
sound advice and rendering monetary assistance. Mr. John 
McKinlay, the explorer, married one of his daughters, who 
still resides in Gawler. Mr. Pile was a successful squatter, 
and his name is quite a household word in the colony. He 
was bom at Beverley, Yorkshire, in 1800, but was a tiue 
Scotchman at heart, having been brought up in Scotland. 
In early life he was engaged in mercantile pursuits in partner- 
ship with the late Mr. James Pender, of Glasgow, and made 
a fortune, but lost it. He arrived in South Australia in 
November, 1849. 



E. L. Grundy. 

0N Jan. 21, 1875, death garnered home from the Modem 
Athens, at the ripe age of eighty, the last of a choice 
few who lived and spent a great portion of time in Gawler ; 
and with his demise passed away the ablest Athenian once 
residing in that picturesque little town. He was a polished 
scholar, and might aptly have been termed the local Socrates, 
as his knowledge of the departed heroes of Grecian history 
was extensive and profound. But with all his information 
he was no pedant ; his bonhomie and good nature made him 
accessible to all, whilst sufferers of every grade found in him 
a ready champion for any just cause, and no knight errant of 
olden time ever entered the lists with greater ardour and 
more determination to see the wrong righted than he. His 
geniality as a speaker was proverbial, and his speeches were 

L 



146 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

noted for conciseness and polish. No matter when and 
where the speech was made, either in the House of Assembly 
or in furtherance of some charitable movement, none received 
more attention than Edward Lindley Grundy. His face and 
form betokened a man endowed with uncommon gifts. An 
English gentleman of the good old school, with a deep-rooted 
faith in the supremacy of the Church, and the strong insular 
vanity that he was an Englishman. The local Bunyvp thus 
mentions him : — " His knowledge of the world was deep and 
varied, gained in a chequered life. He was blessed with keen 
perception of affairs, such as is seldom found ; full of kindly 
courtesy, always ready to aid by his help and advocacy the 
widow, the orphan, the wronged and oppressed. Few will be 
more missed from innumerable homes, and lamented with the 
honest and hearty tribute of general regret than is accorded 
his memory. The pleasant, genial, gentlemanly old man ; 
the friend of the little child and of the most scholarly in the 
land ; alas ! we shall see him, hear him, meet him no more ! 
The hand that long wielded the pen with such peculiar force 
and ability is now powerless in the chill hand of death. We 
give this humble and imperfect tribute to the memory of the 
gifted dead ; but no words of ours can render more sacred the 
memory of Edward Lindley Grundy in the minds and hearts 
of his townsmen." He was bom in Nottingham in 1795, of 
which town he was a burgess. Entering the collegiate 
institute there, he exhibited an aptitude for classics and 
antiquarian lore, which he retained to the close of his life. 
At twenty-three he entered into mercantile pursuits at Man- 
chester as a shipper and broker, and carried on an extensive 
and successful business with South America and the Brazils, 
but relinquished this for literary pursuits more congenial to 
his views. Mr. Grundy married a daughter of Dr. Charles 
Mason, of Carlisle, a lady of cultivated tastes and accomplish- 
ments, and an able linguist. The union was exceedingly 
happy and felicitous, the only shadow crossing their fair 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 147 



horizon being the parting on his leaving for Australia. His 
marriage brought him additional wealth through the family- 
relations of Mrs. Grundy, that lady being connected with 
some of the best circles in Carlisle. like many prosperous 
Manchester men, he was induced by the railway mania to 
invest a considerable portion of his fortune in that stock, and 
was one of the victims of the 1846 panic. During his 
residence in Manchester he was identified with many- 
philanthropic movements for the benefit of that town, and, 
in conjunction with others, was instrumental in getting Peel 
Park opened on the Sabbath by the Corporation for the pur- 
pose of recreation for the poor Lancashire operatives, which 
step brought him into collision with several strict Sabbatarians ; 
and to those who remember the drudgery and hardships of 
factory life of forty years ago, they will conceive what an 
inestimable boon was conferred on the working classes. He 
was intimately connected with various public works and 
political movements, and had for a coadjutor the late Kichard 
Cobden. Mr. Grundy was the originator of infant schools in 
Manchester ; and also the Christian Institute, and he took a 
prominent part in the Agricultural Drainage Association. 
As an authority and essayist on agriculture he was awarded a 
silver medal with this inscription : — " Institute, Manchester, 
1767. Society for the Improvement of Agriculture. To 
Mr. E. L. Grundy, for an essay upon Destructive Insects, 
1829." The activity of Mr. Grundy was of unostentatious 
simplicity, and no one was more desirous of realizing the 
maxim of doing good by stealth and blushing to find it fame 
than he ; but any man might nurture a pardonable degree of 
pride in feeling he had done the State service, and that he 
was likely to leave behind him in the hearts of some a kindly 
feeling for his honest endeavours. Misfortunes in railway 
speculations induced him to turn his attention to the colonies, 
and South Australia was selected as his future home. He 
thought it advisable not to bring Mrs. Grundy with hi^, but 

L 2 



148 KOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

intended to send for her as soon as he saw what the colony 
was like. His youngest son — F. E. Grundy — was taken from 
college to accompany him, and they arrived here safely. He 
had completed his arrangements for Mrs. Grundy to join him, 
but they were not carried out as she succumbed to an attack 
of bronchitis. He remained a widower, mourning in silence 
to the end of his days the loss of a worthy and affectionate 
partner. He began business here as a broker, and subse- 
quently stairted the StaTidard newspaper, which had a tolerably 
prosperous career, but the difficulty experienced in getting 
in his subscriptions determined him on relinquishing this 
venture. He next took a house at Brighton, which he 
ultimately gave up and went to Crawler, where in 1859 he 
established himself as an auctioneer, accountant, and com- 
mission agent. He eventually resumed his literary pursuits, 
and became associated with the Bunyip, which under his able 
management enjoyed a high reputation. He could turn a 
pathetic sentence that did not fail to arrest attention, or 
verses, " to point a moral and adorn a tale." His readiness 
to investigate any question of oppression and imposition 
secured for him the good-will of the passengers of one of the 
emigrant vessels. They had been badly treated during the 
voyage, and he was instrumental in having the conduct of the 
captain inquired into. The passengers gave him a handsome 
silver snuff-box, bearing this inscription: — "Presented to 
E. L. Grundy, Esq., by the immigrants per " Indian," in 
grateful acknowledgment of his humane efforts on behalf 
of the emigrant stranger. Adelaide, October 3, 1849." 
Having long advocated the interests of the colony, he had 
the honour conferred upon him by the constituency of Barossa 
of being returned to Parliament. The illness preceding his 
death was of short duration, and three days after an attack of 
erysipelas it proved fatal. Nothing serious was anticipated 
at the outset, but the inhabitants were shocked to hear of his 
decease at the mellow age to which he had arrived. He was 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 14& 

a diligent worker in many capacities, and a man of many 
parts, all of which were well played. His remains rest in the 
family vault at West Terrace Cemetery, and the grief of those 
he left might be well expressed in the lines on the cenotaph 
of Euripides at Pella — 

" To Hellas* bard all Hellas gives a tomb ; 
On Macedon*8 far shores his relics sleep ; 
Athens, the pride of Greece, was erst his home, 
Whom now all praise and all in common weep." 



James William Heberlet 

•S the youngest son of Andrew Heberlet, Esq., Register 
in the Military Department of the H.E.I. Company ; 
born in Calcutta, and closely associated with some of the 
earliest settlers there. During a complete collegiate course 
he applied himself at an early age to the piano and singing, 
imder Professor C. Howard, a leading musician, and attained 
great proficiency. On leaving college, after a brief applica- 
tion to business, he was attracted to the colonies, and arrived 
in Adelaide in 1853, en route to Victoria. Finding, however, 
inducements to remain here, he devoted his time to the 
management of an academy in the city, previously conducted 
by Mr. Whinham, sen. After nearly three years* scholastic 
duties and private tuition in French in ladies' academies, 
Mr. Heberlet turned his attention wholly to music, and from 
the encouragement received from that eminent pianist, the late 
linly Norman, entered heart and soul into the matter. He 
became musical instructor to several ladies' schools, and 
since the year 1858 has followed that profession successfully. 
Many hundreds of persons of both sexes have been instructed 
by him, and are a credit to his teaching. He has had a 
varied, though comparatively successful career, and has also 
held the position of organist to several of the city and subur- 
ban churches of various denominations. 




150 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



Frederick Harvie Linklater 

^AS bom in 1847, and is the son of a well-known solicitor 
in the City of London, who had the largest bankruptcy 
practice in that city. The subject of this memoir commenced 
his education at Eton, where he remained till 1866, when he 
matriculated at Trinity College, Cambridge, and, in Novem- 
ber 1869, graduated B.A. of that University. In addition 
to the ordinary curriculum he devoted himself with great 
zeal to the study of Divinity, which he pursued imder Mr. 
Jackson (afterwards Bishop of Lincoln and of London), and to 
the learning of Hindustani from two fellow-students, natives 
of Lidia. He evinced an early taste for the drama, and 
became a prominent member of the Amateur Dramatic Club, 
whose performances were largely attended by residents 
and visitors. Mr. Linklater was greatly distinguished in 
athletics and games of skill. He rowed for two years in the 
" First Trinity," when that boat was at the head of the river, 
and for one of those years rowed the stroke oar ; he won 
the golden foils in the fencing tournament with the Uni- 
versity of Oxford, and played second to Mr. Richardson for 
the prize billiard cue. Leaving the University in 1 869, he 
entered his father's office, but was rescued from drudgery by 
his knowledge of Hindustani, a qualification which induced 
Sir George Jessel, the Master of the Rolls, to send him to 
India as Commissioner to take evidence in a cause. This 
duty required him to visit Delhi, Madras, and Ceylon. He 
also made a trip to America, and joined the forces of the 
States then engaged in the Sioux war. He fought through 
the campaign and was wounded in three places ; and was 
rewarded for his services by being made a citizen of the Great 
Republic. During this trip Mr. Linklater, with three com- 
panions, rode through the old Spanish settlement up the 
Colorado, across the Great Desert to the mountains. Two of 
his comrades were American citizens, one of whom was a 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 151 

trapper, and the third was an Englishman. The country was 
in a disturbed state, and the travellers were taken prisoners 
by the Mexicans on the charge of treason. They were incar- 
cerated and chained to the wall of their prison and were only 
taken out to learn the result of their trial, which had been 
by lot and without their knowledge. They were drawn into 
the square of the fort ; one American and the Englishman 
were shot, and Mr. Linklater and the trapper were set free. 
This was as fair a trial as could be expected from a Mexican. 
Returning to London Mr. Linklater gave up attomeydom for 
the more ambitious profession of the Bar and entered at 
Lincoln's Inn. Partially suspending his studies during the 
Franco-Prussian war, he followed the campaign with the 
second Daily News pass and was present at Worth, Metz, 
and the siege of Paris, and at the opening of the gates of 
the city was one of the first batch of Englishmen who 
passed in. Here he rescued his sister, Mrs. Girdlestone, and 
found her jewels in a manure heap, where she had hidden 
them. Mr. Linklater pursued his legal studies under Mr. 
Rowland Vaughan Williams (whom he aided in the drafting 
of the famous Judicatui'e Bill), Mr. Marcus Martin, the convey- 
ancer, and Mr. Kekewich, and was called to the Bar in 1873, 
During his studentship and afterwards, while practising in 
the Court of Chancery, he was appointed dramatic and 
operatic critic to the Pcdl Mall Gazette^ a position which he 
occupied for two years and a-half, contributing also to 
Boutledge's Magazine and other periodicals. Mr. Linklater 
left for New South Wales in 1876 ; joined the Bar there, 
and had a considerable practice, wrote a treatise on the Law 
of Divorce, and was Government reporter in the Supreme 
Court. But, in spite of these engagements, which would 
have exhausted the energies of a less zealous litterateur, he 
found time to serve the newspapers as dramatic critic and to 
furnish contributions based on his experience as a traveller 
and a soldier. Leaving Kew South Wales in 1880, he came 



152 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

to South Australia, where he practises his profession in spite 
of the dramatic taste which has resulted in some theatrical 
successes, and which has earned him the confidence of the 
editor of the leading London theatrical journal, whose corre- 
spondent he is. His contributions to dramatic literature in 
Adelaide include " Pinbehind," which was produced at the 
Academy, " My Uncle's Wife," in which Bland Holt acted 
at the Eoyal ; an adaptation of the " Field of the Cloth of 
Gold" played at the same theatre; the "Debutante," and a 
Pantomime which came out at the Academy. This last was 
a great feat, for the order was given on one Friday, and the 
rehearsal took place on the next. On the following Friday 
the Pantomime was exhibited, and alas! on the fourth 
Friday the Academy was in ashes, and the Pantomime extin- 
guished. And now we have brought down to date a very 
active, diversified and romantic career, which before its close 
may attain to the brilliancy which it has narrowly missed. 



Spencer John Skipper 

'S the eldest son of the late J. M. Skipper, and a native 
of Adelaide. He was educated for the law, but his lite- 
rary instincts led him towards journalism, and some satirical 
verses from his pen, which appeared in that trenchant paper 
Pasqinn, having attracted the attention of the witty editor 
(the late £. K. Mitford), Mr. Skipper became a constant 
contributor to it. Subsequently he secured a position on the 
literary staff of the Register^ where he is now well known as 
a versatile writer. Very enthusiastic in manly sports, he has 
interested himself greatly in yachting, cycling, and rifle- 
shooting, and to his exertions, in conjunction with the late 
Captain Gray, the Kifle Volunteer Force mainly owes its 
existence. He has always been a strong supporter of the 
defence movement in the colony. 




OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 153 



Herr Carl Piittmann, 

[ORN at Cologne, Prussia, November 14, 1843. His 
father, poet, journalist, and art critic, was at that 
time engaged on the editorial staff of the Cologne Gazette 
(Kodnishe Zeitung). After the political troubles of 1848-9 
the family removed to England, and subsequently to Australia, 
where, in Melbourne, Mr. Piittmann, senior, for many years 
took an active part in German (local) jotirnalism, and edited, 
shortly before his death in 1874, a " History of the Franco- 
Prussian War." His third son, Carl, the subject of this 
notice, studied music under the best Victorian professors, and 
took part professionally as early as 1858 in all Philharmonic 
and other concerts, in company with his teachers, Strebinger, 
Pringle, Jacobs, C. E. Horsley (a pupil of Mendelssohn's), 
and others. Accepting an engagement with the Lyster Opera 
Company, Herr Piittmann accompanied them on their first 
grand tour through New Zealand and Australia, remaining in 
Adelaide in 1865 and establishing himself here as a teacher 
of the pianoforte, violin, and singing, and in this capacity he 
is still successfully engaged. In 1866 he married the 
daughter of the late Eev. Dr. Loessel, and in 1867 was 
elected conductor, and subsequently honorary member of the 
Adelaide Liedertafel, a Society which is probably the oldest 
in the colonies and holds an honoured place among the 
musical institutions of Adelaide. The first performance 
under his baton was a comic opera, " The Mordgrund Brack," 
at the Theatre Koyal, and was followed by hundreds of other 
successful appearances in public, in many of which the most 
prominent artistes who have visited Adelaide — Ketten, 
Wilhelng, &c, took part Among the friends and patrons 
of the Adelaide Liedertafel was the late eminent composer 
Fianz Abt Herr Piittmann's eldest daughter and pupil, Miss 
Franziska, has gained distinction in the competitive 
examination for a scholarship in the Boyal College of Music, 



154 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

London ; being one of the first in pianoforte, and selected 
for final decision out of thirty-three candidates. Having 
passed the University Matriculation Examination, this young 
lady is now a student for the M.B. Degree under Professor 
Ives. 



Hon. John Crozier, M.L.Cm 

^OEN August 12, 1814, in Eoxburgh, Scotland, near 
^ Hawick. Came to New South Wales in 1838, under 
engagement to Dr. Anderson, of Paramatta, to manage his 
estate of Eedesdale, near Braidwood. Most of the men there 
were convicts or assigned servants from the Government. He 
left at the end of three years, and engaged with Captain 
Dobson, R.K., as manager of the Sandhills Station, near Bun- 
gendore. Lake George. (Mr. Challis, of the firm of Flower, 
Salting & Co., who died lately and left £100,000 to the 
University of Sydney, was the person who carried on the 
commercial business for Captain Dobson in Sydney, and with 
whom Mr. Crozier corresponded.) In 1846 Mr. Crozier left 
the Sandhills and in conjunction with Mr. George Kutherford 
commenced squatting on the Edward River, and subsequently 
on the Murray, near Wentworth. He at length bought out 
Mr. Rutherford's interest in Kulnine, and purchased Mooma 
and other stations on the Murray. On becoming proprietor 
of Oaklands he went to reside there in 1867. He was a 
candidate for the Legislative Council in August of that 
year with the late Sir W. Morgan and Emanuel Solomon, 
and returned at the head of the polL He was again elected 
for the Council in 1876, and returned second on the poll ; 
and in 1885 was returned in a similar manner. In 1867 
Mr. Crozier was appointed a member of the Brighton Dis- 
trict Council, and has been in it ever since, most of the time 
as Chairman. Mr. Crozier's colonial experiences have a wide 
range, and embrace New South Wales, Victoria, and South 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 155 

Australia ; for each of which he is a Justice of the Peace. 
He rememhers the man William Scott, who was allowed the 
first horse to go after cattle in the colonies by his master 
-(Captain J. MacArthur, of Camden), and he also had the 
honour of riding on George Stephenson's first passenger rail- 
way, between Stockton and Darlington, before it was opened 
for public traffic. Mr. Crozier is one of the most useful men 
in the South Australian Legislature, and has been instru- 
mental in doing much good. In private life he is regarded 
^s possessing many virtues and few faults. 



W. J. Peterswald. 

THIS well-known Commissioner of Police in South Aus- 
tralia was bom in Jamaica, in 1830. His father was a 
West India planter, who, after the slave emancipation, sold 
out and settled in Edinburgh. Mr. Peterswald was educated 
^t the Edinburgh and Military Academies, in that city. He 
came to this colony in the ship " Charlotte Jane," Captain 
Lawrence, in 1853, and he embarked considerable capital in 
farming pursuits, of which he had had no experience, 
^nd in consequence lost all in a few years. Whilst 
in the country he embodied and commanded the "Munno 
Para East Kifle Company," 100 strong, and, as drill instruc- 
tors were scarce, drilled and trained them personally without 
assistance. They were considered the smartest company of 
volunteers in those days. He afterwards came to Adelaide, 
and became clerk-assistant to the House of Assembly, and in 
1862, when Inspector Pettinger was murdered, he took his 
place in the Police Force ; resigned in 1866, and became 
Warden of Gold Fields, which position he occupied until 1874, 
when he was re-appointed to the Police Force as Inspector 
^and Superintendent. On Mr. Hamilton's retirement in 1881 
Mr. Peterswald was appointed Acting-Commissioner, and in 



156 KOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIAKS ; 

1882, Commissioner. The South Australian Police Force 
will bear favourable comparison with that of any other part 
of Her Majesty's dominions, and there is little doubt that its 
present efficiency is mainly due to the energy and ability dis- 
played by its representative head. Since taking office the Com- 
missioner has made many important reforms, all being for the 
public weal ; and the citizens of Adelaide, as well as the 
colony at large, may be congratulated in possessing in him a 
most active and zealous advocate for the maintenance 
of law and order. Many criminals who thought to pursue 
their nefarious calling in our midst have been promptly 
brought to justice, and the celerity with which the machinery 
of the law has been set in motion has doubtless had a deter- 
ring effect on their associates. 




Dr. Ulrich Hubbe, 

'HO has rendered great services to this colony in con- 
nection with the Eeal Property Act, is a native of 
Hamburg. He was but a youth when the French, under 
Napoleon, attacked the town and gave it over to pillage, but 
even yet he retains lively recollections of this episode. He 
has spent the greater part of his life in South Australia, and 
at the present time, having completely lost his sight, is almost 
wholly dependent for his incoming on his son. This is not 
as it should be, and Dr. Hiibbe deserves better treatment at 
the hands of our colonists. Though the working of the Beal 
Property Act is now universally known, few of those most 
benefitted thereby have the slightest idea of the prominent 
part which Dr. Hiibbe played in its construction. He it was 
who explained to Sir E. K. Torrens the form of certificates of 
title and encumbrances in force in the Hanseatic towns of his 
native land ; and Sir Robert was so much pleased with the 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 157 

simple way in which the charges were detailed that, with Dr. 
Hiibbe's assistance, he transferred the idea as far as was prac- 
ticable into the Bill. From this source in particular was 
embodied the principle that mortgages should not change the 
freehold property, but that they should simply be charges on 
the property in priority one over the other. The result of 
the disclosure of these facts led to the re-drafting of the 
Bill by Mr. R. B. Andrews ; but on its being submitted to 
Dr. Hubbe, he expressed his disapproval of it, chiefly on the 
grounds that it did not contain an efficient repeal of the old 
system, the absence of stringent provisions for bringing equi- 
table estates and interests under the Act, and the necessity 
that existed for- providing more definitely that no estate or inte. 
rest on such lands should pass at all by deed or any documen- 
tary evidence, but exclusively by registration of each special 
transaction in the public books of the colony. He thereupon 
drew the very comprehensive repeal clause printed in the 
Act, and he subsequently spent several days in remodelling 
the whole draft. He submitted his alterations to Sir R B. 
Torrens, and the draft Bill thus revised was placed before 
Parliament; but no compensation was given him for his 
services. Dr. Hiibbe has written much on a variety of sub- 
jects, and also taken an active part in many public matters. 
Though, like all men, prone to err, his intense independence 
and thorough love for his adopted country have made him an 
earnest advocate on the side of reform. Since his retirement 
from active life he has spent a great portion of his time in 
writing an epic poem descriptive of the progress of civiliza- 
tion in Germany in connection with free trade. This work 
has been sent to Germany, and been favourably criticised by 
those to whom it has been submitted, but owing to pecuniary 
difficulties it has never been published. A recent Govern- 
ment voted him a sum of money, but of so small an amount 
that it cannot be said he has been compensated for his services 
in connection with the B.P.A. 



158 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

A Record of the Past. 

Old Colonists who attended the Banquet given by the 

LATE Mr. E. Solomon. 

{S.A. Register, Dec. 29, 1871.)* 

G. F. Angas, G. Alston, Hon. H. Ayers, J. Anthony, T» 
P. Addison, E. W. Andrews, J. Allen, T. Austin, J. W. 
Adams, J. Aylmore, G. Aylmore, C. Aubert, W. Ayling, T. 
Adams. 

J. Bullock, A. H. F. Bartels, J. Beck, Hon. A. Blyth, T. 
C. Bray, Rev. W. L. Binks, Jno. Brown, J. Brown, W. Y» 
Brown, W. Brown, Captain Bickers, B. Bankhead, Hon. J. 
Baker, R. 0. Baker, T. Baker, A. Baker, R. Baker, Job Baker^ 
J. S. Bagshaw, J. Bowden, R. Blackler, J. H. Barrow, M.P., 
J. M. Bailey, Capt. Bagot, E. M. Bagot, C. Burnet, T. Brink- 
worth, W. Bush, A. Bell, S. Beddome, R. W. Beddome, J. 

F. Bottomley, R. Bliss, J. W. Bushell, W. C. Bean, J. W. 
Bull, H. E. Brookes, J. Brewer, H. Bate, J. Beer, H. Briggs, 
H. Briggs, jun., F. H. Botting, F. J. Botting, W. Biggs, E. 
L. Biggs, T. Bennett, G. Bennett, W. T. Bennett, M. Benja- 
min, P. Benjamin, A. Burford, S. A. Burford, J. Burford, 

G. Burford, W. H. Burford, R. Burford, W. Black, T. Blacky 
J. J. Bowman, N. Bowman, Rev. A. T. Boas, Dr. Bloody 
G. Birrell, Chas. Bonney. 

H. Cox, W. I. Cox, W. C. Cox, G. W. Cole, Hon. J. Carr^ 
J. Condon, J. Caust, sen., W. Caust, W. Cook, J. Cummins^ 
G. Clisby, H. Chandler, J. Coward, Hon. J. Crozier, B. N. 
Conigrave, W. R. Cave, P. B. Coglin, W. F. Coglin, A. Cocks> 
A. M. Campbell, S. Clark, G. Catchlove, R. Cornelius, H. 
Cawley, E. Crampton, J. Chambers, S. Chapman, J. B. 
Chapman, W. Collins, sen., J. Collins, J. H. Clark, W. 
Crawford, sen. 

* Note. — This interestmg record will doubtless recall to old colo- 
nists the remembrance of many now dead, with whom they were 
associated in the early days of South Australian colonization. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 169 

H. L. DuKieu, H. J. DuKieu, J. T. Dyke, G. F. Dash- 
wood, J. S. Duncan, S. Davenport, K H. Dodswell, J. E. 
Davis, Dr. C. Davis, F. C. Davis, J. Dench, W. Deacon, 
H. Dawson, J. Dawson, W. Duffield, R. Davis, J. W. Dow- 
ner, H. E. Downer, A. G. Downer, T. Day, J. D. Day, G. 
J)ew, C. Dawes, W. Dawes, sen., S. Darwent, John Dunn, 
sen., John Dunn, H. P. Denton. 

R J. Eagle, R. Eagle, T. Elder, W. Easther, P. H. Earle, 
J. Eamshaw, Dr. Everard, W. Everard, E. B. Edgcombe, T. 
EUiott, W. Everett, C. Everett, J. Eldridge, Rev. W. W. 
Ewbank. 

H. R. Fuller, B. FuUer, H. Figg, C. Farr, W. Foreman, 
B. T. Finniss, Sir J. H. Fisher, T. Fisher, J. Fisher, C. Fur- 
ler, J. Frew, T. Fax, W. Field, W. R. Fordham, G. Fowler, 
W. Feigusson, C. Fenn, W. H. Formby, J. Formby, J. 
Francis, C. J. Fox, Rev. A. Fiedler, E. Fry, J. Fry. 

T. Gilbert, E. L. Grundy, T. Gepp, F. K Gerner, L. Groves, 
D. Garlick, S. Goldsack, B. Gollin, W. Greser, H. Gawler, J. 
Gregory, R Germein, G. Gray, W. H. Gray, W. Giles, H. 
Giles, T. Giles, C. Giles, J. F. Giles, Justice Gwynne, "W. 
Goodwin. 

W. Harcus, W. Hinde, F. Hobbs, J. Hindmarsh, W. Hele, 
Captain Hughes, Hon. John Hart, J. Hardman, J. B. Hack, 
J. Hance, G. Hance, J. Harvey, S. Harvey, J. Harvey, P. L. * 
Hunter, L. Hanson, C. S. Hare, G. Hamilton, R Harrison, 
J. C. Hawker, F. Hodding, J. Harris, W. Humphries, J. 
Hundt, Hon. T. Hogarth, W. Hay, H. Hersey, G. W. Heiv 
ring, E. Holthouse, Father Horan, F. Harriott, "W. Hodges. 

J. Ind, E. L. If ould, G. Isaacs. 

J. Jellett, T. Jellett, G. James, T. Jaques, "W. Jessup, H. 
Jackson, T. Jones, R Jones, J. Jacobs, V. Jolly, A. G. John- 
ston, J. Johnston, "W. Johnston. 

Sir G. S. Kingston, J. Kiteley, W. King, G. King, a 
King, J. Kelly, R S. KeUy, W. D. Kekwick, D. Kekwick, 
J. Knight. 



160 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

P. Levi, E. Levi, C. Lovelock, J. Lawrence, G. Linn, J. 
Lee, O. Lines, A. F. Lindsay, C Liihrs, W. Lean, A. Lazar, 
S. Lazar, J. Laffer, W. Langman, J. Lyons, J. W. Lewis, 
S. Lewis, G. Lewis, R B. Lucas, J. G. Lamb, G. P. Liptrott, 
A. Lorrimer, J, M. Linklater, E. Lawson, T. Lawton, T. 
Laughton, J. Leary. 

Hon. A. B. Murray, Dr. Mayo, W. R. Mortlock, H. D. 
Melville, Sir J. Morphett, T. Mugg, jun., P. Martin, J. Martin, 
E. Martin, Hon. C. Mann, J. Mann, J. Moncke, A. Murray, 
T. Magarey, Hon. H. MUdred, H. Mildred, T. E. Monteith, 
C. Merritt, J. Moss, T. F. Mellor, J. Mellor, J. Merrick, J. 
McDonald, B. J. McCarthy, G. Marshall, S. Marshall, W. 
Marshall, J. Mail, J. Monroe, H. J. Moseley, sen., J. Masey, 
G. F. Mills, G. Munton (2), J. B. Myles, H. T. Morris, G. 
Milton, J. Mempes, P. Mullaney. 

J. Nowland, W. Newland, F. A. Norton, J. Nixon, M. 
Nicholls, H. North, T. A- Naughton, J. NiaU, P. Nigler, J. 
Newman, Hon. J. B. Neales, W. Neale, T. Newman. 

Capt. O'Halloran, D. O'Leary, T. Oldham. 

W. H. J. Pain, W. Pritchard, W. Patching, W. Peacock, 
J. B. Paull, T. Pole, T. Pierce, J. Pitcher, T. J. Poole, J. 
Parsons, G. Pelk, S. Price, J. N. Perry, C. A. Perry, J. Perry, 
sen., G. Perry, 0. Philp, W. Packham, "W. Pybus, J. Pan- 
* rucker, Hon. W. Parkin, Rev. J. Pollitt, G. Porter, J. Por- 
ter, J. Primrose. 

H. Quin. 

W. H. Roberts, J. Roberts, H. Robinson, W. Rogers, M. 
Raven, Hon. T. Reynolds, W. H. Randall, J. Randall, H. 
Ricketts, J. Rowe, sen., J. Rowe, jun., Jos. Rowe, Ridge way, 
W. Ross, R. Richardson, J. Rundle. 

R. Stuckey, E. B. Scott, H. J. South, P. Shanks, E. 
Spiller, J. Shand, J. Scandrett, W. K Simms, M.P., J. Stead, 
J. Sladden, J. Solomon, J. M. Solomon, M.P., J. S. Solomon, 
S. Solomon, jun., W. Sanders, J. M. Sanders, J. Smart, V. 
Smart, C. Smart, R L Stow, J. P. Stow, A. Slow, S. R 



SlGNOR R. SOUHRISE, 



/ 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PBB8BNT. 161 
, ' t ^ 

Shillabeer, P. Santo, J. Stace, Capi H. Simpson, S. Sadler, 
J. B. Shepherdson, W. Sansom, sen., C. W. Stuart, W. 
SnosweU, R. B. Smith, L. H. Smith, J. Smith (2), R. Smith, 
H. Smith. 

R. G. Thomas, W. K. Thomas, G. Tucker, W. W. Thwaitea, 
J. L. Tuxford, S. Tyrell, H. Thorpe, W. TuUy, J. S. Turner, 
H. Taylor, T. Tompkins, R. Tompkins, J. Thome, D. Tree> 
Hon. W. Townsend, W. Thomas, J. Thompson, W. Tieneiy. 

E. Underwood. 

J. Virgo, E. L. Virgo, J. C. Verco, A. E. Varden. 

T. Worsnop, W. S. Whitington, H. Watson, W. Winey, 
G. WeUs, G. White, N. White, C. White, J. Woodhead, 
J. Westcombe, H. R. Wigley, F. Wicksteed, C. A. Wilson, 
W. Whitfield, A. Wilson, W. Walkley, A. H. Weir, B. 
Wickham, J. Wackley, T. Welboum, T. Wilkinson, T. Wal- 
lace, sen., C. Wilkey, A. Weaver, W. N. Wauchope, H. 
Ward, A. Ward, S. Walkley, — Williamshurst, S. Whit- 
more, Capt. Walker, M. Walker, J. Walker, R Walker, W. 
Witherick, J. Wyatt, G. Wyatt, Dr. Wyatt, W. R Wool- 
dridge, J. Warren, jun., T. Whittaker, Rev. J. C. Woods. 

G. Young, J. Young. 



William Novice, 

« 

|S a native of London, where he was bom in 1831. He 
arrived in South Australia in 1862, and entered into 
pastoral and farming pursuits at Booborowie, where he was 
fairly successful, in spite of the diffictdties which beset the 
husbandman in those primitive times. Possessed of a logical 
mind and inventive talent, Mr. Novice has endeavoured at 
various times to interest the Government and capitalists in 
his numerous discoveries and inventions, but up to the present 
has received small encouragement. He has been a voluminous 
contributor to the press, and his most notable productions are 



162 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

■o . » -■ ■ — — 

" The Condition of the Working Classes in the Bush ;" " The 
Bnrra and its Peculiarities;" "Farming Jumbles;" 
"Farming Colloquies," and many others. Who knows 
that the suggestions which these contained may not have led 
to the establishment of the Bushmen's Club, or even of the 
now flourishing Agricultural College 1 Mr. Novice considers 
that in the latter the core of South Aiistrdlia^s future stability 
is forming. He is now devoting his leisure to experiments 
with the steam-engine, and is writing up the theory to expose 
with other errors that " air pressure " is only attraction, and 
that gravityy or weight, will be only density in future 
scientiflc teachings. 




Herr Christian Reimers 

[AS bom in Altona (near Hamburg), June 19, 1827, and 
received his musical instruction from a plain but 
practical master, and by concerted playing with other pupils 
developed his talents as Violoncellist, principally in chamber- 
music. With equal abilities in the drawing-class and sculptur- 
ing (which latter elicited the attention of the celebrated 
Dannecker) he struggled on until the success of his first 
public solo on the violoncello decided his musical career. 
The sudden death of his parents required the careful use of 
means left at his disposal, and he went in his 19th year to 
Leipzig. Here he was connected with all the principal 
celebrities, except Mendelssohn. His drawing created a great 
sensation, as he exhibited much skill in producing portraits 
from memory. After a half-year's concert tour with an 
eminent pianist (H. Enke), he was invited to Diisseldorf by 
Rob. Schumann, whose warm and friendly sympathy brought 
him in contact with the most famous artists, such as Jenny Lind, 
Franz Liszt, Joachim Brahme, Stemdale Bennett, and others. 
Li 1854 Ferd. Hiller took him as Prof, of the 'cello to the 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 163 

Conservatoire at Cologne, His early inclination for the 
mysterious found a vivid impulse in Rob. Schumann, who 
was an enthusiastic spiritualist. In 1856 he settled at 
Uppingham (England) as music master to the college, where 
choruses of his composition were well received, and for a 
long period were favorites. Longing for wider scope, he 
moved to Sheffield, where his continued study of spiritualism 
found in Dr. Rob. Chambers (of Edinburgh), whom he met 
there, great encouragement. In 1857 he settled in Manches- 
ter, where the eminent Charles Halle and his band attracted 
and revived the best recollections of his past career, A 
nervous affection (fiddler's cramp) contracted by overnstudy, 
interfered with further aspirations, and the most marveUous 
experiences in a regular private spirit circle alone saved his 
mind from despair. The reports of phenomena witnessed 
by him under crucial test-conditions led to his appointment 
as honorary member of the chief Psychological Societies, 
and Prof. ZoUner received his visit with brotherly welcome. 
Losing all his savings by a partnership with a patentee, he 
tried a new start in Belfast, but in spite of most sanguine 
prospects the necessity of a thorough change induced him to 
visit this colony, to join his brother-in-law, Mr. Gottschalk, 
of Sultana House, Edithburgh. He ^7as not long here before 
he was forcibly drawn to a wider sphere of activity, and 
having achieved considerable success in the String Quartett 
Concerts, he came to reside in Adelaide, where his spiritualistic 
influence led to several lectures, and was the subject of much 
comment. A hostile party concocted a plot with a view, as 
they asserted, to expose Herr Reimers' fallacious beliefs, but 
the affair ended in a fiasco, and in the discomfiture of all 
concerned. The press also commented strongly on the 
matter, and showed that, whatever Herr Reimers' convictions 
as to spiritism may be, he is at least entitled to the merit of 
l)eing an earnest and zealous seeker after truth. As a musician 
be is thoroughly original, and has probably few, if any, equals 

M 2 



164 KOTABLB SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

r II ■ ■ 1.1 ■ ■ ■ - — ■ 

on his 'cello, the sweet sounds of which have often been heard 
by large and admiring audiences in our Town Hall. On 
visiting Melbourne recently, he was warmly received by the 
leading artists in his profession, and although inducements 
were offered to cause his stay, he resolved to return and locate 
permanently in South Australia. 



Rev. Silas Mead 

'S the pastor of the Flinders-street Baptist Church. He 
came to this colony at the request of the late George Fife 
Angas and a committee, with a view to establish a Baptist 
Church in South Adelaide, upon the basis of church prin- 
ciples commonly held by the Baptist Churches of Great 
Britain. A small band of twenty-six were first formed into a 
society under the designation of a Baptist Church, in 1861, 
and Mi. Mead has continued as its pastor until the present 
time. More than 1,500 persons have entered into the 
fellowship of this church since its establishment, and the 
pastor has immersed in this colony one thousand persons at 
the date of this writing. As a prominent minister among 
his co-religionists, he has held the highest o£&ces in the deno- 
minatiouj and has had the pleasure of seeing it multiply ten- 
fold. He is now one of the Professors of the Union College, 
which embraces the four denominations — Presbyterian, Con- 
gregational, Baptist, and Bible Christian. Mr. Mead has 
taken an active part in the Bible-in-Schools movement, which 
aims to re-introduce Bible-reading in Public Schools, with 
explanatory observations by the teacher. Mr. Mead holds 
the degrees M.A. and LL.B. of the London University, and 
was also the recipient of honors from that institution, in being 
Prizeman in the Second Scriptural Examination. He 
received his college training in the Begent's Park Baptist 
College. His early life was spent in the West of England, 
where he was engaged in agriculture. 




OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 165 

Capt. Thos. Anthony, 

WELL-KNOWN mining manager, and a native of 
Hayle, Cornwall, where he was bom in May, 1830. 
In 1862 he came to South Australia under a five years' 
engagement with the Blinman Company to manage their 
mines in the north. On the termination of this period, 
having had to contend with much hardship, he went to 
Yorke's Peninsula and took charge of the Kunlla Mine, 
remaining there until the mine was stopped, when he went 
to the Yelta, and afterwards to the Wallaroo Mines. He 
idtimately returned to Kurilla, where he carried on work 
uninterruptedly for ten years, in spite of the great depression 
prevailing in the copper market. He was held in high 
esteem hy all classes, and well beloved by his men, to whom 
his conduct was more like that of a brother than a master. 
Capt. Anthony possessed a keen sense of humour, and great 
resource and experience. He was a Justice of Peace for the 
Province, and a member of the Wallaroo Board of Advice. 
He died at Kurilla, in the present year. 




David Gall, 

JEINTEE, is a native of Woodbridge, Suffolk, where he 
was apprenticed. After working for three years in 
London, he came to Adelaide in 1850, and continued at his 
trade. Li 1855 he joined Messrs. Hussey & Shawyer, and 
eventually the business fell into his hands. In 1867 Mr. 
Grail propounded the question and reply : — " What shall wb 

DO WITH OUB B0TS ? EnOOURAOB LOOAL INDUSTRIES, SO AS TO 

orvB THEM PROFITABLE EMPLOYMENT." He Started a monthly 
journal. The Cornet^ which was the first South Australian paper 
to advocate a protective policy. Its principles met with much 
ridicule and opposition from the Press of that day, but ere 
its discontinuance in 1881 a marked change had come over 



166 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

—W I , ■ I 

public opinion in favour of the views it so consistently and 
persistently advocated for sixteen years. Though frequently 
asked to occupy public positions, Mr. Gall declined to do so, 
on account of failing health, which led him to retire from 
business in 1873, leaving it in the hands of Mr. Beginald 
Sheridan, his then partner. As a frequent correspondent to 
the Press, his pen is ever ready to aid in calling attention to 
public abuses, or in suggesting improvements, and his letters 
in the daily papers have been marked by telling terseness. 
Prevention of cruelty to animals and preserving the park lands 
for the use of the people were objects for which he personally 
struggled hard, and to a large extent succeeded. He has been 
an active member of the Chamber of Manufactures from its 
commencement, and an earnest worker in connection with 
the Christian Church, Grote-street, for several years. As a 
private gentleman and a citizen Mr. Gall enjoys the esteem 
and friendship of many of his fellow-colonists. 




John Langrdon Bonython, 

'HO was born in London on October 16, 1848, is the 
descendant of an old English family, the Bonythons 
of Bonython and Carclew, Cornwall. He received his education 
in Adelaide, under Mr. (now School Inspector) Burgan, and in 
1864 entered the literary department of the Advertiser and 
associate papers. Having occupied different positions on the 
reporting and editorial staff, he became, in 1879, one of the 
proprietors, joining the firm of Barrow & King, which has 
since become Burden & Bonython. In 1881 Mr. Bonython 
was appointed a magistrate, and on the formation of the 
Adelaide School Board of Advice was selected a member. 
On the retirement in 1883 of the Hon. D. Murray, Mr. 
Bonython was chosen chairman, which position he now occu- 
pies. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 167 



•0^ 



Captain John Finlay Duff 



^AS associated with some of the earliest and most 
memorable incidents in South Australian history. 
His ship, the " Africaine," arrived here June 1, 1837, and 
sailed in August of the same year for Tasmania. He will be 
well remembered as a leading merchant and ship owner, and 
he was for some years Harbor-Master at Glenelg. He was a 
man of great public spirit, and took active interest in all that 
concerned the land of his adoption. His death took place at 
Glenelg, on May 15, 1868, in his 73rd year. 



Edward H. Rennie, D.Sc, 

S the son of Edward A. Bennie, Esq., Auditor-Greneral of 
Nqw South Wales. He was bom at Balmain, near 
Sydney, in 1852, and received his early education at the 
Fort-street Public School and the Sydney Grammar SchooL 
He graduated B.A. at Sydney University in 1870, taking the 
medal for chemistry and experimental physics, and first-class 
honours in mathematics. He graduated M.A. at Sydney in 
1876, taking honours in chemistry and the medal for 
mathematics. From 1871 to 1875 he lectured on chemistry 
and experimental physics in the Sydney Grammar School^ 
and from 1876 to 1877 in the Brisbane Grammar School. 
In July, 1877, he went to London, and in June, 1882, 
' graduated a D.Sc. at the London University, taking organic 
chemistry as the principal subject and inorganic chemistry as 
the subsidiary subject. During 1879 and 1880 Dr. Bennie 
was Demonstrator of Chemistry in St. Mary's Hospital 
Medical School, and in 1881 acted as Demonstrator of 
Chemistry in the Science Schools, South Kensington. In 
1882 he acted as assistant to Dr. H. E. Armstrong, F.K.S.y 
at the London Institution. Dr. Rennie is a Fellow of the 



168 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

Chemical Societies of London and Berlin, and of tlie Institute 
of Chemistry of Great Britain and Ireland. He received the 
appointment of Professor of Chemistry at the Adelaide 
University (the chair of which was endowed by John H. 
Angas, Esq.) at the end of last year, and arrived in Adelaide, 
February 2, 1885. For twelve months prior to his arrival 
Professor Bennie, who acts as Government Analyst, virtually 
superintended the various duties of the Government' Analyst 
in Sydney. 




Georgre Ougrhton, 

lORN February 20, 1842, at Kingston, Jamaica, West 
Indies, and is the youngest son of the late Rev. 
Samuel Oughton of the same place. He early evinced a 
talent for music, being able to play psalmody on the fine 
organ in his father's church. He went' to England and 
received his education at tho collegiate establishment at 
Oundle, Northamptonshire,then conducted by the late Pro- 
fessor Kewth ; here, in addition to his classical and other 
studies, he devoted his attention to music, having as his tutor 
the organist of the pari eh church. Before leaving England 
for Australiahe resided for some time in London, where he was 
closely associated with Mr. Ebenezer Prout, the eminent Pro- 
fessor and Composer. Mr. Oughton arrived in Melbourne dur- 
ing 1859, and whilst there studied harmony and instrumenta- 
tion under Mr. Bandmaster Johnson, of the 40th Regiment, 
whilst he still continued his studies at the organ. Upon the 
breaking out of the Kew Zealand war at Taranaki in 1860, Mr. 
Oughton was ordered with his regiment into active service, and 
served till the conclusion of the Waikato contest in 1864. He 
waspresent in the principal engagements, for which he received 
the war medal. After leaving the army he engaged in busi- 
ness in Auckland with considerable success, identifying himself 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 169 



with all the leading musical organizatioDs and occupying 
various responsible positions. Mr. Oughton arrived in Adelaide 
in August 1870, when he immediately received an important 
position as organist, and also an appointment in the Civil 
Service. He conducted the Musical Union for several years, 
and also formed the fine Military Band, which he still directs. 
Of this band much might be written, for it has done good 
service in the community ; suffice it to say, that on every 
occasion when it has performed it has been listened to with 
much pleasure and satisfaction. Besides arranging for this 
band, Mr. Oughton has scored several entire works for 
orchestra. He also occupied the honorary position of city 
oiganist to the Adelaide Corporation for a lengthened period. 



Handasyde Duncan, M.D., 



^AS bom at Glasgow, Scotland, November 13, 1811, 
and passed his boyhood in that town. He received 
the first part of his medical education at the University of 
Glasgow, and obtained his degree of M.D. in 1831, before he 
had attained the age of 21. He passed some time in Paris, 
where he learned the use of the stethescope, then a new dis- 
covery ; travelled through the south of France on foot, and 
later on continued his studies in (jermany. In 1836 he became 
a Fellow of the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glas- 
gow, Licentiate of the Eoyal College of Surgeons of Edin- 
buigh in 1839, and a Member of the Boyal College of Physi- 
cians of Edinburgh. He settled in Bath for two years, and 
there he married, but the damp climate of England affected 
his health, and he sought the more genial climate of Aus- 
tralia, with the intention of abandoning his profession and of 
devoting his attention to farming pursuits. He took passage 
by the " Katherine Stewart Forbes" to Port Adelaide, and 
airived in Holdfast Bay, March 21, 1839. Having bought a 



170 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

- - - -- » 

small farm at St. Mary's, South Boad, near the Biver Sturt^ 
Dr. Duncan put up a Manning's Cottage, which he had 
brought from England, and, with some servants, began 
farming operations. He remained here for some years, but 
owing to the scarcity of medical men he returned to medical 
practice. In 1845 he became a member of the Medical 
Board of South Australia, and in 1849, after having acted as 
locum tenens for a year, he succeeded Captain Butler as Immi- 
gration Agent at Fort Adelaide. In the same year he was 
appointed Health Officer to the colony, a position which he 
held until his death. From this time he continued to reside 
at Port Adelaide and to identify himself with the interests of 
the place. He took an active part in the establishment of 
the first Church of England there, a wooden building on 
piles, afterwards replaced by the present stone building. Mrs. 
Duncan conducted the music and singing here, and Dr. 
Duncan also took a keen interest in the discussions of Synod, 
and represented St. Paul's Church for many years. In 1855 
an immigrant ship, the " Taymouth Castle," arrived off the 
Semaphore, having on board several cases of smallpox, but by 
a judicious mode of quarantine the disease was stamped out. 
Again in 1877 the ship "British Enterprise" brought small- 
pox, measles, typhus, and scarlatina, and great difficulty was 
experienced in enforcing the laws regarding infected ships, 
as there was no shore quarantine station. The " Fitzjames,"*' 
now used as a reformatory hulk, had been fitted up as a tem- 
porary expedient, but it was necessary to charter several 
more vessels to enable the medical attendants to divide the 
healthy and convalescent from the sick. The ships remained 
in quarantine for some time, and the expense to the colony 
amounted to between ten and twelve thousand pounds ; but 
although there were several fatal cases within a mile of the 
shore the disease was eradicated, and none entered the 
colony during Dr. Duncan's term of office. He spent much 
thought and time upon the question of a suitable site for a 



OB, COLONISTS— PAST AND PRESENT. 171 

^^-^~^^— ^~^^-^— ■ ■ ■ -■ .^ ■■ ■ - — 

quarantine station, and in August 1873 was sent by the 
Grovernment to Melbourne to collect information and report 
upon the management and details of the institution in Yic- 
toria. He was of opinion that complete isolation could be 
best insured by quarantine ships ; but this method had many 
disadvantages, and Torrens Island has since been judged a 
suitable site for a quarantine station. The office of Immi- 
gration Agent was abolished in 1868 or 1869, when immi- 
gration was discontinued, but in Feb. 1873 it was resumed, 
and Dr. Duncan took his old position, which he held until 
his death. The strain of the anxiety and trouble in connection 
with the " British Enterprise" proved too great for Dr. 
Duncan's never robust, and at that time failing health. When 
the ship was released from quarantine he applied to the 
Government for twelve months' leave of absence ; but the rest 
came too late, and, after being confined to his room for weeks, 
he died on February 24, 1878, aged 66. Dr. Duncan was a 
man of sedentary tastes, and although his duties brought him 
much into active life, his preference was for that of a 
scholar. His reading was extensive, and comprised, besides 
professional and modem works, an intimate acquaintance with 
the Latin and Greek classical authors, and he also took much 
interest in chemical studies and experiments. Dr. Duncan 
was one of the Governors of St. Peter's College for many 
years . 

C. W. F. Trapmann, 

'HO was for many years in business as a brewer and 
beer bottler at Hindmarsh, and three times Mayor of 
that town, arrived in this colony in 1849. He was in the 
Y.M.F., and held the rank of Major. He was also a promi- 
nent Freemason, and connected with the St. Andrew's 
Lodge of the Scotch Constitution. He died at Hindmarsh, 
June 14, 1885, aged 46. 





172 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



A. H. F. Bartels, J.P., 

^HOSE career was an instance of what a man may 
accomplish by industry and perseverance, was a 
native of Hanover, and arrived in South Australia in 1848, 
under engagement to the late Mr. Seppelt^ of Seppeltsfield. 
He visited Victoria during the gold fever of 1852, but re- 
turned to the colony, and entered into business in Adelaide. 
Married Mrs. TJhlendorf , of the King of Hanover Hotel, and 
carried on the business of an hotel-keeper successfully, for 
about ten years, when he entered into partnership with Mr. 
G. H. C. Meyer, as general agents and grain merchants, a 
connection which existed up to the time of his death. In 
December 1866, he was elected by the ratepayers in Hind- 
marsh "Ward for a seat in the City Council, and held that 
office four years. Was letumed as Mayor of Adelaide in 
December 1871, and filled the position for two years, to the 
satisfaction of the citizens generally. He was a Director of 
the Permanent and Equitable Building Society and other 
public companies. Mr. Bartels was a man of much ability, 
and universally liked for his sterling qualities. After the 
death of his first wife he married Miss Weidenbach, who 
was left his widow. He died on November 9, 1878. 



Marshall MacDermott, J. P., 

a ELD a Commission in 1808 in the 2nd Battalion of the 
8th Eegiment of Foot stationed at Chester. Anxious 
to be employed on foreign service, he, in the same year, 
joined the 1st Battalion of the Eegiment at Halifax, Kova 
Scotia, and embarked with a division of troops under Sir G. 
Prevost to attack the French Islands of Martinique, Guada- 
loup, &c., in the West Indies. In this locality some sharp 
fighting occurred for fully six weeks^ during which Mi. 



OE, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 173 

MacDennott had the honor of carr^^ing the King's colours of 
hie regiment, and the additional satisfaction of being present 
at the surrender by the garrison of Fort Bourbon, Martinique. 
In 1810, as war with America was imminent, Mr. MacDer- 
mott accompanied his regiment to Quebec, and saw no incon- 
siderable service in that quarter, being severely wounded, but 
almost miraculously preserved from death. During the 
campaign the total loss in his regiment alone was 45 officers 
and over 900 men. He returned to England in 1815, when 
his regiment relieved the Coldstream Guards at Windsor, and 
he remained there for two years, when he embarked at Forts- 
mouth for Malta. During a tour which he made in his leave 
of absence from the regiment he visited France, Switzerland, 
and Italy, seeing all places of interest in those countries 
" famed in song and story," including Mount Vesuvius and 
the ruins of Herculaneum and Pompeii. Mr. MJAcDermott 
thus records his impressions of Mount Vesuvius in 1819, at 
a period when it was very active : — " From the hermitage, 
half-way up the mountain, the ascent is very rough, over 
sharp-pointed heated lava ; a stream of which, six feet wide, 
and four miles long was then flowing, falling over a cliff, and 
filling a valley beyond. Seen in the dark it was of bright 
red colour, but in daylight was dull and dark. The crater 
was nearly a mile in diameter, and threw up large stones and 
ashes to a great height, accompanied by a fearfully roaring 
noise. The travellers were enabled to look down towards 
the bottom of the crater, but from the confusion of flames, 
gases, and smoke no correct idea cotdd be formed of its 
depth. . . . The ascent of the Mount occupies several 
hours, but the descent on this side is effected with great 
rapidity. The travellers agreed to attempt it. You step 
with one foot on deep fine ashes, which slide down with you 
twenty or thirty feet ; you then put down the other foot, 
sliding down in like manner, and so on alternately until you 
reach the bottom. The danger consists in overbalancing 



174 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

yourself, when you must roll down some 5,000 or 8,000 feet, 
but by holding your head and shoulders well back you avoid 
this." Mr. MacDermott rejoined his regiment at Corfu, 
Ionian Islands, during the Greek insurrection, and had a 
lively experience of earthquakes in various towns of the 
Archipelago. At Argostoli Lord Byron was met, and the 
record of Mr. MacDermott's impressions with regard to that 
famous poet are too interesting to be omitted. He says : — 
" Lord Byron arrived in his yacht from Italy, accompanied by 
Mr. Hamilton, Mr. Trelawny, Count Gamba, and an Italian 
medical gentleman. He retained his yacht about three weeks 
and frequently entertained the officers of the regiment on 
board, sometimes until late hours. He was very temperate 
on such occasions, drinking claret and water, or soda water. 
His conversation was usually full of interest. One evening 
some one referred to Lord Byron having swam the Helles- 
pont from Sestos to Abydos ; but Trelawny made light of it, 
and challenged Lord Byron to swim with him across the 
Channel from Cephalonia to Ithaca. The challenge was 
accepted, but Trelawny drew back. At the end of three 
weeks Lord Byron discharged his yacht, and took a villa four 
miles from the town. He usually rode in the afternoon, 
and took wine at the mess, after which he frequently joined 
small parties of officers in their rooms to smoke cigars. At 
this villa Lord Byron received a letter from Lady Byron 
informing him of the illness of his daughter Ada. He shed 
tears on that occasion, and appeared deeply affected." On 
Mr. MacDermott's return to England Lord Byron entrusted 
him with the manuscript of the last portion of any poem he 
ever wrote, viz, the last three cantos of "Don Juan," for 
delivery to Sir Jo hn Cam Hobhouse, and he faithfully ful- 
filled his trust. To follow Mr. MacDermott through all the 
numerous ups and downs he encountered would far outstrip 
the bounds we can here accord, suffice it to say that in 1829 
he retired from the army after a military service of twenty- 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 176 

J ■ I . ■ ... I. — ' 

two years, purchased a vessel in Sweden, and sailed in her 
for "Western Australia, arriving there in June 1830. His 
wife, to whom he had not long been married, accompanied 
him, and the union proved an exceedingly happy one. In 
April, 1846, Mr. MacDermott arrived in Adelaide, to assume 
the charge of the Bank of Australasia, he having been associ- 
ated with the same institution in Western Australia. It was 
during his administration of affairs that the " Bullion Act " 
was introduced, and it, in common with other measures for 
the public good, received his earnest support. In 1855 he 
was nominated for a seat in the Legislative Council, and 
was shortly after elected Chairman of Committees. On the 
dissolution of the mixed Council Mr. MacDermott was 
elected for the District of Flinders, in the Assembly, and in 
1857 held a portfolio as Commissioner of Crown Lands. In 
1859 he was appointed a Special Magistrate under the Local 
Court's Act, and on his retirement, after ten years* service, 
received the usual retiring allowance. Mr. MacDermott's 
long and useful career was brought to a close by his death in 
1877. 




Ven. Archdeacon Woodcock, 

'HO died at North Adelaide, May 25, 1868, in his 
60th year, was one of whom it may well be said, 
**He was a most worthy colonist, and a man whose whole life 
was imbued with the spirit of catholicity, true nobleness, and 
goodness." He came out under the auspices of the S.P.G., 
and arrived in South Australia with Mrs. Woodcock and 
family on May 7, 1846. He preached his first sermon in 
Trinity Church, and it was apparent to all who heard him 
that the ecclesiastics of the colony had received a valuable 
addition to their numbers. Prior to his arrival here he 
laboured for some time in New Zealand, and the East and 



176 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

West Indies, and it is probable that the enervating influence 
of the climate in these mission fields was the cause of his 
failing health at a comparatively early age. On Archdeacon 
Hale being created Bishop of Perth, Mr. Woodcock was 
advanced to the Archdeaconry. He was a warm, earnest, 
and zealous worker, his efforts not being confined to his own 
congregation, as Pulteney-street School, St. Peter's College, 
and various organizations and mission objects were indebted 
to him for help. His widow, Mrs. Woodcock, a lady 
possessed of much amiability of character, resides at present 
near Adelaide. 



Captain J. W. Smith, 

BOBN in London in 1816; and entered the merchant service 
in 1830, principally in the South American trade. 
Arrived in South Australia in 1847, between which time and 
1849, whilst in command of the ship "David Malcolm," 
trading between Great Britain and this colony, he introduced 
upwards of one thousand emigrants to these shores. He 
finally settled here in 1851, and engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits, principally at Port Adelaide. Appointed Consular 
Agent for the United States of America in 1857, a position 
he still creditably fills. Elected Mayor of Port Adelaide, 
and occupied the civic chair for six years between 1859 and 
1866. He is the oldest member of the Marine Board, having 
with a years' interval in 1868-9, held a portfolio since May 
1861. In 1866 he was returned as member for the House of 
Assembly to represent Port Adelaide. At that time all the 
wardens were nominated by the Grovemment, but his election 
to Parliament did not invalidate his position on the Marine 
Board, as he remained in the House till its dissolution in 
1868. During a long and honorable career, Captain Smith 
has been universally esteemed by all who have had business 
transactions with him. 



Henry McK, MuiRHEfiD. 




OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 177 



Dr. John F. Joyce, 

GEN near Victoria Park, London, August 6, 1840; 
^ arrived in the colony with his father in 1849, but on 
account of family differences he left home with a firm deci- 
sion, though but young, to fight the battle of life in an inde- 
pendent manner. He entered into farming pursuits, and 
became so skilful a ploughman that at some of the up-country 
ploughing matches he succeeded in taking no less than three 
prizes. Being of a studious character, he devoted not only 
his leisure, but even his hours of labour to reading, and often 
turned a furrow with a book fastened between the handles of 
the plough. Besolved, however, to be a professional man, he 
directed his attention to matters of a higher order and more 
congenial to his tastes, and studied classics under the Bev. J. 
Hotham, of Port Elliot. In spite of difficulties and hard- 
ships he was at length successful, and to the astonishment of 
many who had tried to divert him from his purpose^ 
reached a premier place in the ranks of the medical 
profession. After being for some time associated with Dr. 
Ferguson, of Glenelg, he went to Glasgow and commenced 
his medical studies, with the result that he obtained a 
diploma from the Eoyal College of Physicians and the Boyal 
College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, and was complimented for 
obtaining a percentage seldom reached in that city. Although 
devoting much attention to general medical practice, Dr. 
Joyce made a special study of the eye, and many persons 
previously pronounced incurable have received their sight by 
his agency, in fact so remarkable appear some of his cures as 
to approach the miraculous. The Adelaide Eye Infirmary and 
Queen's Hospital, established under great opposition and 
founded by Dr. Joyce for treating eye diseases and other 
complaints, deserves support, and in a colony where 
ophthalmia is prevalent it should insure that extensive 
patronage to which such institutions are entitled. It may not 

N 




178 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

be inappropriate to mention that Dr. Joyce is a strong tem- 
perance advocate, and that his motto is, " Certavi et vicV^ (I 
have fought and conquered). 

Henry O'Donneli, 

lOKN in London, May 1847. When but a boy he came 
to Australia with his parents, and landed in Melbourne. 
After remaining at St. Mark's, Collingwood, for some time 
(then the leading public school in the city), he went to 
Ballarat, where his education was completed at the Grammar 
School and Grenville College. He afterwards read with 
private tutors, one of whom was Michael Callinan Howe, 
LL J)., formerly Professor of Classics in the University of 
Toronto. Mr. O'Donnell's intention was to enter at the 
Melbourne University, but he abandoned the project. Subse- 
quently he was appointed to the important position of Trea- 
surer of the city of Ballarat, in which he gained the esteem 
of all with whom he was associated. Kesigning this oi&ce 
he entered the service of the English, Scottish, and Austra- 
lian Chartered Bank, and was employed as accountant at the 
Haymarket branch of that institution in Melbourne. Hav- 
ing from boyhood displayed a passionate love for literature, 
it is not surprising that the hard facts and figures of com- 
mercial life had no charm for him, and he resolved to devote 
himself entirely to journalistic pursuits soon after his arrival 
in South Australia, about nine years ago. He has been a con- 
tributor to all the leading papers of this colony, and many of 
his productions in prose and verse have appeared in all the 
other colonies. For about three years he conducted the 
Adelaide Punchy which was afterwards amalgamated with the 
Lantern, It is by his work in the last named journal, that 
Mr. O'Donnell is chiefly known in South Australia, some of 
the satirical products of his pen being regarded as among 
the best in Australia. 





OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 179 

■ . ■ I i »■ I i ••• ■ • * 

Chas. Ware, 

PRACTICAL horticulturist, and an early colonist, 
having arrived here in 1838. He had reached foui- 
score-and-ten years at the time of his death, which took 
place at Balaklava, in November 1884. 

Charles Cross. 

MONG those who have distinguished themselves in 
colonial life few are so well known as Mr. Charles 
Cross, of Gawler. Through his "Indigestion Drops" his 
name has become a household word and achieved more than 
an Australian reputation. He was bom in London, October 
15, 1845, and landed in South Australia in 1853. Having a 
natural turn for chemical and medical enquiries, he entered 
the employment of Mr. Scammell, chemist, of Port Adelaide, 
and subsequently, upon that gentleman becoming a partner 
in the firm of Faulding and Co., he was transferred to 
Adelaide. During the time of his long engagement with this 
firm he devoted himself to the study of drugs and the various 
diseases to which the human frame is liable; having acquired 
a thorough knowledge of the former, his enquiring mind was 
directed to the cause of disease, and he became satisfied that 
there must be a primary origin for all complaints. In the 
course of his studies he encountered the subject of 
homoeopathy, then attracting much attention, and with a 
view to widen his experience he entered the employ of 
Mr. E. S. Wigg, homoeopathic chemist, remaining there some 
years, and having the management of his pharmacy. During 
this period he had frequent opportunities of observing the 
treatment pursued by Drs. H. Wheeler and Allan Campbell, 
Esq., M.L.C., from which he derived increasing knowledge 
and a fresh stimulus to his studies. Having purchased a 
first-class old established business at Gawler, with his usual 

N 2 



180 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

energy it rapidly improved, enabling him to devote time to 
the careful watching of the action of the various drugs and 
herbs he was constantly prescribing. Being convinced that 
there was a primal cause for all disease, he did not cease his 
efforts until he had made the discovery, and with it the 
remedy required. Mr. Cross, besides being a student, is a 
thoroughly practical and energetic man, and at once proceeded 
to make his discovery known. His "Indigestion Drops" 
have found their way into various parts of the globe, and by 
a strange coincidence his first wholesale order was executed 
upon the anniversary of his birthday. This remedy has now 
been before the public for several years, and its benefits have 
been acknowledged by a large number of sufferers cured. 
Letters have been received from His Excellency the Governor, 
Sir W. G. F. Bobinson, K.C.M.G., and from all classes of 
society, recommending the " Indigestion Drops." Mr. Cross 
is a great believer in advertising, and may be called the 
"Holloway of the Southern Hemisphere;" many thousands of 
pounds he has expended in bringing his Drops before the 
public by advertising and in various ways, and this year he lias 
issued a pamphlet, making nearly three-quarters of a million 
copies for free distribution. The demand for his remedy has 
80 extended, that he will doubtless have to devote all his 
time to its manufacture. The record of his life has run so 
smoothly that there are no salient points from which to 
construct a lengthened biography, and from the first it has 
been one of progress, interrupted by few failures. He is a 
member of the Homoeopathic Pharmaceutic Society of Great 
Britain, and a life member of the Pharmaceutical Society of 
Australasia. 



W. Goodchild, 

IDENTIFIED with the town of Kapunda for many years. 
Died January 1884, aged 39. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 181 

Rowland Rees, M.P., 

fi'N of Mr. Alderman Eees, J. P., ex-Mayor of Dover, 
was born 25th September, 1840, at Gibraltar, where his 
father, an officer of the Royal Engineers, was then stationed. 
He received the rudiments of his education at Hong Kong, 
under the care of Dr. Gutzlaff, the celebrated Oriental scholar, 
and subsequently under Professor Allen, P.H.D. ; hence he 
proceeded to Wesley College, Sheffield, where, under the 
tutilage of Dr. Waddy and Dr. Shaw, he attained the 
highest position in that well-known institution, winning the 
£rst open scholarship and a very large number of prizes. 
After leaving Sheffield he was for some time with Professor 
Adams, the philologist. Directing his attention to his future 
walk of life, he entered upon engineering and architectural 
work as a pupil of the late well-known author of scientific 
and other works, Thomas Baker, Esq., C.E., and subsequently 
served his articles in the offices of Henry Edward Kendall, 
Esq., F.R.S., F.S.A., one of the founders of the Royal Insti- 
tute of British Architects, and Thomas Hawksley, Esq., C.E., 
«x-president of the Royal Institute of Civil Engineers. 
After practising professionally in England he resolved to 
adopt South Australia as his future home, and arrived at 
Port Adelaide, in the ship "Duke of Sutherland," on 
Christmas Day, 1869. Early in 1870 ho entered into 
partnership with the late Hon. Thomas English, M.L.C., but 
at the end of three years the partnership was dissolved, and 
Mr. Rees has since that time practised his profession with 
much success, and has carried out extensive works of an 
architectural character, besides being the Engineer of the 
Holdfast Bay Railway. From his first arrival in the colony 
he has taken a very active and prominent part in public 
affairs, and he has always been especially active in connection 
with education, fine arts, the schools of painting and design, 
sanitation, and other matters of great pdblic interest. Mr. 



182 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

■ . ■■■ - ■ < ■ - ■ . , ■ ■ I , . 

Rees early aspired to Parliamentary honors. He unsuccess- 
fully contested West Adelaide at the general election in 
1871 ; but the death of Captain Hart, January 28, 1872, 
creating a vacancy in the representation of the Burra, Mr. 
Rees successfully contested that district, and was returned 
as its representative. He represented the Burra during three 
Parliaments. In 1881 at the general election he wa» 
unsuccessful, but on the retirement of Mr. F. E. H. "W. 
Krichauff, in 1882, he was elected in his stead for the district 
of Onkaparinga, and he has since continued to represent Onka- 
paringa in the House of Assembly. Mr. Rees held the 
position of Minister of Education in the Hon. Sir William 
Morgan's Ministry, which took office in 1878. 




Capt. Thomas Allen 

[AS one of the oldest shipmasters connected with South 
Australia. He "joined the great majority " at Alber- 
ton, on Sept. 14, 1885, in his 69th year; and those 
acquainted with him at Port Adelaide will long remember 
his affable manners, and kind cheery visage. He was a man 
brim full of information on nautical subjects, and never more 
in his element than when recounting some of the strange 
episodes in which he had been the chief actor. One of these, 
vouched for as true, will bear repetition here. "He took 
the last batch of convicts hence to Hobart, and as the vessel 
sailing previously with prisoners — the Lady Denison — was 
never heard of after leaving Port Adelaide, Capt. Allen took 
such precautions that he delivered his freight in good order 
and condition, though his vessel had a narrow escape from 
being taken charge of by the prisoners on board. Among the 
convicts committed to Capt. Allen's charge was a well-known 
resident in Adelaide, who had formerly held a responsible 
position in the city. He, however, violated the trust reposed 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 183 

- ' r - - - 

in him by embezzling a large sum of money, and his guilt 
being clearly proved he was transported for life. His wife 
also embarked in the convict vessel, ostensibly with a view 
of taking out her husband as an assigned servant on arrival 
at Van Diemen's Land. On the passage, however, her inter- 
course with the prisoners was so frequent that the captain's 
suspicions were aroused, and as the lady had an immense 
chest in her cabin this fact added to the captain's mistrust of 
his passenger. After mature consideration, he requested the 
lady in a polite manner to be allowed to inspect the contents 
of the chest. She, however, indignantly refused ; but the 
skipper, resolving at all hazards to have his mind set at rest, 
called the carpenter aft, and commanded him to force the 
cabin-door open, which the lady had previously locked, defy- 
ing the captain to touch her property. On the door being 
forced the carpenter was ordered to break open the chest, and 
on the lid being removed the captain's suspicions were more 
than verified, for, instead of its contents being lady's wearing 
apparel, arms, ammunition, charts, sextants, and other 
essentials necessary for the capture and navigation of a vessel 
were revealed. It was useless for the lady to protest any 
longer, and the secret came out. It was her intention to 
release the prisoners, and supply them with the necessary 
arms to take the vessel, and after capturing the craft the 
convicts intended sailing for some unknown port, [t is need- 
less to add that the prisoners were doubly ironed and the lady 
was not allowed to hold any further intercourse with them." 
Subsequently Capt. Allen had a brigantine of his own, and 
did well in the Indian trade. He next bought into the 
Schah Jehan, but never ceased to regret it as an untoward 
circumstance which was attended with much loss. Later on 
he navigated the barque Conquest for a time, and then joined 
the pilot service, which proved too much for his weight 
Gapt. Allen's death removed from our midst one of those 
*^ old identities " who are now but few in South Australia. 




184 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 



John Thomson Hall. 

IT is somewhat remarkable that Australia has produced, or 
attracted to its shores to settle permanently, some of the 
best musical talent in the world. South Australia especially 
appears singularly favoured in this respect, and if we review 
the history of music here from its commencement, quite a 
galaxy of artists are recalled to memory. Among those who 
stand forth prominently to our mental vision, John Thomson 
Hall occupies premier place ; a bom musician with soul in 
every touch of his master hand ; a genius, pouring forth from 
his instrument a flood of melody like the songs of British 
birds at eventide, thrilling the heart with every note. Such 
was Mr. Hall as we remember him at the Theatre Royal, 
Adelaide. He was bom in Sydney in February, 1841, and 
commenced to study the violin when but seven years of age. 
His progress was rapid, for he loved music, like the true poet, 
for its own sake, and ere he reached his twelfth year, he had 
played, in public, many difficult solos, such as Ernst's 
** Carnival de Venice." New South Wales was visited about 
that time by a distinguished violinist named Caranzani, bearing 
a noted Italian reputation, and Mr. Hall was placed under him 
and received lessons for two years, when he joined Winter- 
bottom's orchestra (an orchestra, which, if heard now, would 
shame many of those which theatrical audiences are compelled 
to listen to nightly). It consisted of thirty performers, each 
an artist capable of performing the most difficult composi- 
tions, and Mr. Winterbottom, the conductor, was the best 
bassoon player in the world. Mr. Hall continued playing in 
orchestra for many years, and at the same time studied 
theory under that eminent and inspired interpreter of 
melody, the late Charles Packer. At the age of 24 he was 
appointed leader in Lyster's Opera Company, occupying that 
place for nearly five years, when he was elevated to the 
proud position of Musical Director, and produced some of 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 185 

the grandest operas that have been represented in Australia, 
viz.--"WiUiam Tell," " Emani," and others. About the 
year 1869 he arrived in Adelaide, and obtained the director- 
ship of the Theatre Royal, and in this he remained until his 
death, which occurred in December 1883. We have had many 
musical celebrities here, but the familiar and sweet tones of 
John HalFs violin gained for him with the public of that day 
the right to rank as first of all his contemporaries. 




George Hubert Hall, 

jROTHER of the above, was bom in Sydney, in 
November 1860. On completing his education, he, at 
the age of fifteen, took his first lessons on the violin from 
!Mr. John Gibbs. He next was a pupil of Mr. W. Rice, and 
later on of Charles Packer. Under the able tuition of the 
latter, with whom he remained three years, he became pro- 
ficient in piano and theory ; so much so, that he was con- 
sidered by his instructor one of his most advanced pupils. 
He was next associated with the eminent violinist, Herr Joseph 
Kretchman, and became a prominent member of that gentle- 
man's quartette. Being offered an engagement with Lyster's 
Opera Company to come to Adelaide, Mr. Hall accepted it, 
and arrived here in 1880, remaining about eight months, 
when he returned to Sydney. He was there connected with 
-the Montague- Turner Opera Company as leader for two years, 
when, in consequence of his brother's illness and subsequent 
death, he was sent for to take his place as director of the 
Theatre Royal Orchestra, Adelaide. He has held that posi- 
tion ever since ; with what success we leave the theatre- 
going public to determine, though it is an undoubted fact 
that the dramatic orchestra he conducts is one of the best in 
the colonies. Mr. Hall is leader of the Adelaide String 
•Quartette Club, and has for the last three seasons played 



186 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

many of the best works of the old masters, taking part also 
at intervals with the most famed of our visitors in the- 
musical world, such as Remenyi and others. 



Linly Norman. 

fHIS eminent musician and composer arrived in Adelaide^ 
in 1856 with the English Opera Company as musical 
director. He was a pupil of Sir Geo. Smart, and subse- 
quently enrolled in the Royal Academy. Leaving with 
honors he passed a second course under Mendelssohn, whose- 
first six books of " Lieder ohne Worte " one of his surviving 
pupils, now here, heard him during repeated sittings in one- 
day recite from memory without omission of a single phrase. 
He left Adelaide, but returned in 1861, and remained five 
years. He was a peculiarly gifted instructor, extremely quiet- 
in his teaching attitude, and those who studied under him 
yet testify how completely a lesson was imbibed in merely 
witnessing his performances, and catching his appropriate- 
remarks and suggestions. This gifted son of genius removed 
to Tasmania, where a brief illness in October 1869 bereft- 
our southern hemisphere of one of the most enlightened,, 
unobtrusive and cultivated artists. 



Oliver Rankin 

BIED in Adelaide, December 15, 1880, aged 57. A 
native of Londonderry, Ireland; settled in Souths. 
Australia in 1848. He was a member of the City Council 
for upwards of six years, a Director of the Equitable- 
Insurance Company ; connected with the Friendly Societies^ 
and took great interest in the welfare of the working classes. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 187 

r. - , n 

Archdeacon J. N. Twopeny, 

|nHE singularity of whose name has often been the source 
Jf of remark, was a native of Little Casterton, Rutland- 
shire, of which parish his father was rector. The family were 
of French extraction, Twopeny being undoubtedly a 
corruption of the word "Tupigny." He was educated at 
Uppingham Grammar School, and at Oriel College, Oxford. 
He arrived in South Australia in 1860, and was first stationed 
at Mount Remarkable, where he created for himself one of 
the largest parishes ever undertaken by any clergyman. His 
regular visitations extended as far westward as Port Augusta, 
and over all the settled country of the far north, and he 
made periodical tours in the Port Lincoln District. As a 
bush missionary he was devoted to his work, having no 
ambition beyond that of evangelizing from hut to hut among 
lonely shepherds. As a preacher he was very eloquent and 
forcible, and he reluctantly quitted the mission field when 
the bishop bestowed upon him a most appropriate recognition 
of his services by making him Archdeacon of Flinders. 
From Melrose he was transferred to Christchurch, Mount 
Gambier, and thence to Riverton, when his title was changed 
to Archdeacon Broughton. He possessed great self-denial, 
unobtrusive piety, and zeal, and was singularly well informed 
on all subjects. His useful life was brought to a sudden 
close by heart disease, as he was travelling with Governor 
Sir Jas. Fergusson en route to Port Wakefield, on Nov. 3, 
1869. He had only just reached his 49th year. 



Captain Carson, 

OR some years engaged in marine surveying at 
ELangaroo Island, up Spencer's Gulf, and along the 




western coast, in the Gk)vernment schooner "Yatala." Died in 
May 1885. 



188 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

Dr. Andrew Mclntyre 

JED at Glasgowj Scotland, October 1883. A highly 
respected colonist, and identified with South Australia 
for upwards of thirty years. 

William Hill, J.P., 

•iflN enterprising colonist, who, for upwards of thirty-two 
Mk years, was connected with the well-known milling firm 
of John Dunn & Co., of Adelaide. He was a native of Corn- 
wall, born in 1830, and arrived in South Australia at an early 
age, Mr. Hill was respected for his energy, urbanity, tact, 
and general business ability; and from the first day he 
entered the service of Messrs. Dunn & Co., until the close of 
his useful career, exhibited these qualities in a marked 
degree. He was placed in charge of their Adelaide store, 
and in course of time admitted into partnership. Though 
widely known and esteemed in commercial circles, Mr. Hill 
had but little to do with public life. He was for a while an 
acceptable lay preacher, and afterwards, for a period, a mem- 
ber of the Glenelg Municipal Council In his various 
Tel ationships in private life he was admired, and his loss as a 
member of the firm to which he belonged was deeply 
deplored by his partners. On the thirtieth anniversary of 
his connection with the establishment, his confreres presented 
him with a valuable gold watch to show the sense they 
■entertained of his services. About five years ago he visited 
JEngland, returning by way of America. Mr. Hill was 
married to Miss Dunn, a daughter of John Dunn, sen., Esq., 
J. P., of Mount Barker, and sister of the Hon. John Dunn, 

jun., M.L.C. ; of a family of five, three daughters survive. 
He was one who externally appeared likely to live to the 
age of three score and ten, but he died somewhat suddenly 
at Glenelg, on September 11, 1885, in his 65th year. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 189 

Francis Symonds, J. P., 

^lED at the Chain of Ponds, March 13, 1885, aged 90. 
Came to the colony in 1848. Was a member and 
chairman of the Para Wira Council for many years, and 
most strenuous in his endeavours to advance the interests 
of the district in which he resided. 




Charles Stocker Morris. 

SHIS "well-known UttSrateur, whose contributions to the 
South Australian press under the nomrde-plume of 
"Dick Jervois " and other appeUations are famiHar to many, 
is a native of this colony, and was bom near Auburn, Sept. 
11, 1851. His parents died when he was very young, and 
he was brought up by his grandfather, a pioneer colonist, who 
initiated him into the art and mystery of farming, had him 
educated at the Commercial School, Queenstown, and then 
apprenticed him for six years to Messrs. Barrow & King, of 
the S, A. Advertiser, During this period he made the best 
use of his spare time, and took every opportunity in reading 
up and making himself familiar with current literature and 
Pitman's Phonography. He occasionally wrote miscellaneous 
letters and poetic effusions for the press, and at the expiration 
of his apprenticeship left the Advertiser to occupy the 
position of book-keeper in a leading drapery firm, but finding 
the continued confinement injurious to his health, he applied 
for and received the appointment of commercial traveller for 
a wholesale fancy goods house, remaining for some time in 
that capacity. He next transferred his services from the 
fancy line to the more common-place one of 9 x 3 deals and 
stringybark, at Messrs. Lake & Reynolds, timber merchants, 
of Port Adelaide, but severed his connection with their firm 
to start a printing business. In conjunction with a practical 
printer, Mr. Morris established and edited a weekly journal 



190 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

(the Port Adelaide Post), which during its short but brilliant 
career was well spoken of by the contemporary press of the 
day. Quitting this sphere of labour he endeavoured to form 
a company to bring out a penny morning paper ; but for 
want of encouragement the project was abandoned. Like 
most men who have devoted their energies to literature, 
Mr. Morris has had a most chequered career ; but he has 
nevertheless maintained a prominent position in the com- 
mercial world. He has contributed largely to colonial press 
literature, and the best of his eflforts are the tales " Under 
False Colors," and " Marie," and the sketches, " Rambles," 
** Notes on South Australia," " Adelaide Opinion," and others 
more or less of a racy and readable character. Mr. Morris's 
poetic efforts evidently run in the comic vein, and in this he 
seems to excel; in fact, he appears most to advantage in 
writing up abuses, and satirising the follies and failings of 
the "unco* guid." We have, however, read far worse pathetic 
poetry than his from poets who have been extolled in this 
particular. In 1883, in conjunction with Messrs. Hayter & 
Barry, Mr. Morris compiled and published "The Commercial 
and Trades Directory," which commanded a ready sale, and 
attracted favorable attention from the metropolitan and 
provincial press. For the past three years he has been con- 
nected with the Mutual Life Association of Australasia, as 
their special agent, in which capacity he has been very 
successful. Mr. Morris's experience, literary or otherwise, 
has been gained by keen observation of men and things 
during his joumeyings over the greater part of New South 
Wales, Victoria, Queensland, and South Australia. 



J. T. Syme, 

OR many years connected with the brewing interests in 
Adelaide. Arrived here in 1857; died at Edin- 




burgh, Scotland, April 1883, aged 63. 




OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 191 

James Alexander Holden, J. P. 

|HIS enterprising and popular colonist was bom at 
Walsall, Stafifordshire, in April 1835, and after spend- 
ing some time in America came to South Australia, aniving 
here in 1854. He entered into business in Adelaide as 
merchant, coach and saddlers' ironmonger, &c., and 
in a short time worked up a most profitable and lucra- 
tive concern. For some years Mr. Holden has been 
^assisted in the several departments of business by his 
:Son; and so extensive are now its relationships in this 
particular, that the firm of J. A. Holden & Co. may rank as 
one of the largest establishments in the colonies. Recently, 
however, Mr. Holden, whose illness has prevented his con- 
tinuing his place as head of the firm, severed his connection 
therewith, and the business is now in the hands of his son 
and partner. Ever since his arrival in the colony Mr. 
Holden has taken a warm interest in all movements calculated 
to benefit his fellow men, and by his liberality and disin- 
terestedness has been instrumental in doing much good. The 
Baptist cause owes much of its success here to his exertions, 
^as he with four others first moved in the matter. He was 
3, Commissioner at the various exhibitions held in London, 
Paris, Melbourne and Sydney, a position he appeared 
eminently qualified to fill. He may be regarded as the 
founder of the Adelaide Chamber of Manufactures, one of 
the most useful and prosperous of South Australian institu- 
tions, and which is doubtless the nucleus from which kindred 
•associations in the sister colonies have sprung. Ill-health 
filone has been the deterrent to Mr. Holden's bodily activity, 
and it is much to be regretted that one whose mental capa- 
cities still fit him to occupy the highest political or social 
positions should thus early be compelled to retire from a 
sphere in which his judicious counsels have long been 
effective. 




192 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 



W. W. R. Whitridge, 

[HO was a native of Oswestry, England, was bom 
December 26, 1824, and died at Enfield, South 
Australia, May 26, 1861, aged 36 years. In early life he 
went to London, and was connected with some of the leading 
periodicals of the day. In 1847 he returned to his native 
town, and established a magazine called Oswald^ 8 Well, which 
realized a tolerable sale for fifteen months, and in which he 
wrote the principal articles. In January, 1849, Mr. Whitridge 
issued the first number of the Oswestry Advertiser^ a news- 
paper which has a large circulation at the present day. This 
he edited for about eighteen months, and then, long before 
the tide of immigration had set in, he sailed for Adelaide. 
Soon after his arrival, in conjunction with Mr. Garran (a 
student from Spring Hill College, Birmingham), Mr. Whit- 
ridge started a paper under the title of The AttstrcU Examiner, 
but a sudden depression in trade ruined the speculation, and 
Mr. Garran got an appointment on the stafi of the S. A. 
Register, and the subject of this sketch abandoned literature 
for a time and commenced farming. He had, however, made 
for himself a name amongst the literati of Adelaide, and after 
the lapse of a few months was offered the appointment on the 
Register held by Mr. Garran, that gentleman having accepted 
the position of editor of the Sydney Morning Herald. In a 
very few months Mr. Whitridge was appointed one of the 
editors, which position he held to the day of his death. He 
took a warm and practical interest in the public institutions 
of the colony, and was for some time one of the two Presidents 
of the Society of Arts. He was one of the committee of the 
" Adelaide Philosophical Society," and frequently lectured in 
the public halls of the colony ; his last lecture, on " Words- 
worth," being delivered shortly before his death before the 
members of the South Australian Institute, His Excellency 
the Governor being in the chair. His spare hours, however, 



Hon. John Crozier, M.L.C. 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PBBSENT. 193 

- — *— - 

were not altogether devoted to pursuits of this nature. He 
was a moderate sportsman, and a successful shot in the ''South 
Australian Free Rifles." Although he was necessarily fully 
occupied by his duties as editor of a daily journal, he found 
time for farming, of which he was passionately fond, and to 
the last managed a plot of land of ninety-two acres about five 
miles from Adelaide, where he resided, and chiefly worked 
between the hours of Ave and nine in the mornings. Mr. 
Whitridge died of pleurisy after only a fortnight's illness, and 
South Australia mourned for one of her most useful colonists. 



Herr Lingrer, 

t NATIVE of Berlin, where he was bom in March 1810. 
His father was an engraver of some eminence, and 
observing that he eaiiy manifested great taste for music, had 
him taught its rudiments. So rapid was young Linger's 
progress that, at the age of twelve, he had obtained sufficient 
proficiency to be able to give lessons on the pianoforte. 
Placed under Beissiger and Klein, from whom he obtained 
a thorough insight into the theory of counterpoint and the 
general principles of composition, he made rapid strides, and 
soon was almost the equal of his teachers. He then com- 
menced his career as a composer, and amongst the first-fruits 
of his genius were six sacred songs, dedicated to the Princess 
Boyal of Prussia. These established his reputation in his 
native land, and induced him to aim at higher attainments. 
He visited Milan, Venice, and other cities in Italy for the 
purpose of obtaining practical acquaintance with the 
Italian school of music, and then returned to Berlin, where 
he composed various musical pieces, regarded by competent 
judges as possessing great merit. Amongst these were two 
entire operas, entitled, "The fight with the Dragon" and 
''Alfred the Great," three or four masses, several symphonies^ 





194 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

11 !■ ■ III I I I 

cantatas, and other concerted pieces. His extreme modesty 
led to a tendency in him to depreciate his own attainments, 
and thus deprived the musical world of many of the fruits of 
his genius. He arrived in South Australia in 1849, and was 
induced to invest the savings of years in farming, in which, as 
he was unsuccessful, he sold out, and established himself in 
Adelaide as a music teacher. By his active exertions he 
created a taste for music. He was for several years leader of 
the Adelaide Choral Society, one of the originators of the 
Xiedertafel, and always ready to assist any undertaking 
having for its object the cultivation of an art in which he 
pre-eminently excelled. As a composer he was probably un- 
equalled here, and his " Song of Australia," which .took the 
prize given by the Committee of the Gawler Institute, is 
likely to live long as a national air. Herr Linger died in 
Adelaide, February 16, 1862, aged 52 years. 




Capt. James Croker Ferguson, J.P., 

|NE of the most expert riflemen in the colony ; arrived in 
Adelaide in 1848, with a commission from H. M. 
<jOvemment as Landing Waiter of Customs in South 
Australia. In consequence of deaths or removals from the 
Service during the time of the exodus to the Victorian gold 
fields he rose rapidly, and in 1855 attained the position of 
Assistant Landing Surveyor, an appointment within one step 
of that which he now holds, viz.. Landing Surveyor and 
Deputy Collector of Customs. Old residents at Nuriootpa, 
Angas Park, and Tanunda well remember the raids made 
by him on the illicit distilleries once so numerous in those 
districts, and the seizures of stills, etc., for which he received 
the thanks of the Government. Captain Ferguson's services 
as a volunteer officer date back to the Crimean War, when 
the scare in this colony was at its height, and he was 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 196 

- - - 

appointed to the command of a troop of cavalry formed at the 
Seedbeds. Volunteering was then expensive, as officers and 
men had to find their horses, uniforms, and accoutre- 
ments, the only concession by the Government being the 
loan of some heavy cavalry swords and breech-loading rifles. 
This corps comprised among its members many well-known 
men ; it speedily became popular and took a conspicuous part 
in the reviews and sham fights of its seven years' existence. 
Eventually the whole volunteer force was disbanded, but 
many members of the old troop, including their late captain, 
in conjunction with Captain Scott, Lieut. Gray, Mr. Skipper, 
and other enthusiastic riflemen, got up a semi-military rifle 
club called "The S. A. Rifle Association," which existed 
for several years and formed the parent of the present B-Y.F. 
In 1866, another war scare arose, and volunteers were called 
for ; troops of cavalry were raised, and Captain Ferguson was 
again offered and accepted a command in B troop, and the 
squadron was named "The Duke of Edinburgh's light 
Dragoons " by H.B.H., who was then on a visit to the colony. 
About eighteen months after accepting his commission Capt. 
Eerguson was thrown from his horse and had his arms and 
wrists broken. He was thereby incapacitated from using a 
aword, but yet not prevented from using a rifle. He retired 
from the cavalry, but not before he had fired for and won the 
£50 brigade prize, the £10 prize for the best shot in the 
troop, and the £300 prize Challenge Cup, given by Sir "W. "W. 
Hughes. The volunteers were again disbanded, and quiet 
reigned until a new war scare came, when the present V.M.F. 
was raised by the Grovemment, and an auxiliary force (the 
Itifle Volunteers) also established, Capt. Ferguson being 
imanimously appointed to take a command in the No. 1 
Adelaide Company. The pains he took to instruct them in 
rifle-shooting was attended with excellent results, 36 out of 
the 40 men comprising the company becoming marksmen, but 
finding that his Civil Service duties prevented his devoting 

2 



196 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

sufficient time to volunteer matters, he resigned his commission, 
and was transferred to the Beserve Force of the y.M.F. as 
Captain, an appointment he still holds. For many years he 
has held office in the D. Grand Lodge of Freemasons, English 
Constitution, and is one of the few who declined to secede 
from the old flag or join the proposed new Constitution of 
South Australia, preferring to serve as District Grand 
Secretary under the parent institution. 




Stephen Haddy 

[AS horn in Plymouth Dock, now Devenport, in the 
year 1800. He received an excellent English educa- 
tion, and on leaving school was apprenticed to the trade of a 
cabinetmaker. As a boy he had shown a fondness for work- 
ing in wood, and so persistent was his application, persever- 
ance, and industry that on completion of his engagement 
his proficiency readily procured him employment with one of 
the best firms in London, where he assisted in preparing a 
suite of rooms for the Queen of Wurtemburg, who was at 
that time visiting at Windsor Castle. Mr. Haddy mar- 
ried, in March 1828, Miss M. B. Stenlake, of Plymouth, 
who for nearly forty years was a most exemplary wife and 
mother. She was well known at Port Adelaide, where she 
resided till her death, which took place in 1867. Li 1830 
Mr. Haddy accepted an engagement in the County of 
Wicklow, Ireland, and resided there seventeen years. During 
this time a great potato-failure and famine occurred. It is 
customary with tradesmen as well as farmers to plant 
annually a crop of potatoes, and among those which escaped 
the devastating blight was the crop of Mr. Haddy, who then 
showed his sympathy by distributing it among the needy, 
regardless of creed or character. Indeed, his large-heartedness 
won the respect and gratitude of all who knew him, whether 



OR, COLOKISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 197 

■''* t W •' • ■■■■■■■I mm 11 

Protestant or Bomanist. Though loyal to the faith of his 
fathers, he recognised the right of every man to hold his 
own honest convictions in religion or politics. Eeturning to 
Devonshire in 1846, he established a lucrative business. He 
arrived with his family in South Australia by the barque "Jenny 
Lind," June 13, 1850, and was warmly welcomed by his 
brother Joseph, who had preceded him hither fourteen years 
previously. He lost no time in starting business at Port 
Adelaide, where he also acted as agent for the late Charles 
Simeon Hare. In 1854 he accompanied two of his sons to 
the Victorian diggings, where the party were fairly successful, 
and, after some rather remarkable adventures, returned to 
Port Adelaide. He here continued to follow his trade, which, 
by the aid of his sons, he brought to great perfection. His 
death took place on August 8, 1875, and was the result of 
an accident whilst he was on a visit to his son at Mintaro. 
Mr. Haddy's whole life was exemplary, and a proof of what 
practical excellence can exist with the necessities of constant 
hard work to bring up and place out respectably in the world 
a large family. His truth, benevolence, charity, and kind- 
ness have never probably been exceeded by any one, even in 
the highest walks of colonial life. His sons still reside at 
Port Adelaide, where they are well known and eminently 
respected. 

Alfred William Meeks 

.S bom at Cheltenham, England, and at an early age 
arrived in Victoria. He received his education at 
St James' and other prominent schools, and graduated as a 
teacher. He entered the employ of a mercantile house, 
from which he was transferred to more important 
appointments, becoming salesman and manager of a large 
Victorian import business ; here arrangements were made for 
his iidmission to the partnership, but circumstances arose- 




198 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

which necessitated the principal leisiding in England, 
whither he went, and ultimately retired from business. He 
was next appointed manager of Messrs. Gibbs, Bright & Co.'s 
(then Bright Bros. & Co.) indent and sales department, in 
which he was very successful. In 1883, upon the London 
house (Messrs. Antony Gibbs & Sons) deciding to establish 
a branch in Adelaide, Mr. Meeks was selected for this 
important duty. Under his direction this branch has grown 
very rapidly, and already assumed a foremost position in 
mercantile ranks. Since his residence in Adelaide he has 
occupied a prominent place in mercantile affairs, as witnessed 
by his appointment to a seat on the Committee of the 
Chamber of Commerce, S.A. Com Trade, Association, and 
other kindred societies. Mr. Meeks has also taken an active 
part in the working of some of our religious and charitable 
institutions, such as the S.A. Sunday School Union and the 
Industrial School for the Blind. A few remarks relative to 
tlie firm of Messrs. Gibbs, Bright & Co., with which Mr. Meeks 
is so actively connected, will not be out of place here. This 
firm is a branch of the well-known London house of Messrs, 
Antony Gibbs & Sons, and although but a comparatively 
short time established here, it has for many years occupied 
one of the leading positions in Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane, 
and Dunedin. The other houses are Messrs. Antony Gibbs, 
Sons & Co., Liverpool and Bristol, and Messrs. Gibbs & Co., 
Valparaiso and Iquique (S. America). As shippers and 
owners of the celebrated steamship Great Britain the name 
of Gibbs, Bright & Co. has become a household word in 
many lands. 

W. Jemson, 

SWENTY-SEVEN years master of the Brighton Public 
School, and a colonist of thirty-seven years. Died 
June 21, 1885, aged 58. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 19^ 



William Henviile Burford. 

SHIS enterprising colonist, who was bom in England in 
1806, arrived in South Australia by the " Pestoiy'ee 
Bomenjee," October 11, 1838. He thus recounts his experi- 
ences after landing at Glenelg, and the recital is interesting 
when compared with the facilities which our colonists at 
present enjoy in transit and accommodation. He says : — 
" We landed in water up to our waists, and were for two days 
and nights on the beach guarding our luggage. Conveyed 
thence to Emigration-square and lodged in a rude wooden 
shanty, without a single article of commerce, and only Is. 6d. 
in cash to begin colonial life. Wife invalided, and two 
children of three and five years of age to support" These 
were really " hard li]aes," but Mr. Burford evidently would 
not sit down repining, and with commendable energy he 
worked at the first thing which offered, viz., excavating ^ 
cellar. Mr. Richardson had just then built an auction-room 
on North-terrace, and Mr. Burford having some experience in 
painting and glazing applied for and got the job, and so 
successful was he that ere long he was able to start for him- 
self , and employ several " hands " at from 10s. to 14s. per 
day. Things went on well for a time ; but at length the 
credit of the colony was stopped at the Home Colonial Office^ 
and great depression ensued. Much inconvenience having 
been experienced by the colonists from a scarcity of candles, 
Mr. Burford, who had in England gained practical knowledge of 
candle and soap-making, obtained the necessary plant and 
started into that business. At first he had to compete against 
the Tasmanian exportations with which the colony was 
deluged, but his perseverance was ultimately rewarded, and 
his endeavours were successful, as he undertook large 
contracts for supplying the Burra, Kapunda, Moonta, and 
other mines with candles. He next added the manufacture 



200 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

' i^ " ■ ■ ■ ■ ' * 

of soap, and these two important industries were introduced 
and maintained by him up to the present time. The firm of 
W. H. Burford & Sons have also manufactured stearine 
candles and toilet soaps, articles in great request, and for 
which they were prize-takers at many exhibitions. Mr. 
Burford has long striven for the best interests of South 
Australia. He was a member of the first Adelaide Corpora- 
tion, which died of inanition, and was succeeded by a 
Commission or Board of three members. He united with 
his fellow-citizens in opposing the attempted encroachment 
upon Victoria-square for cathedral purposes. He was elected 
one of the first six members for Adelaide, under the present 
constitution of responsible government, and by his strict 
attention to Parliamentary duties was instrumental in saving 
the Real Property Act (a measure which met with ' much 
opposition). The late Sir R. R. Torrens acknowledged this 
in a letter to Mr. Burford, in which he commented on his 
services and action in the matter ; and although his career in 
the House was but short, in this instance it proved a blessing 
of untold value to many colonists and communities. 
Regarding Torrens's Act Mr. Burford says : " It must be ever 
watched over and cared for, to prevent infringements on the 
part of some of the legal profession, who would much prefer 
their gains under the old rSgime" In his 79th year Mr. 
Burford is a hale and hearty man, his chief infirmity being 
deafness ; he is one of a class of earnest pioneers rapidly 
passing away, and leaving only the recollection of their good 
deeds in. the hearts of their fellow-men. Did space permit, 
this record might be extended, for could we not relate the 
strenuous exertions of "William Henville Burford with Mr. 
Joseph Allen and other advocates for the abolition of capital 
punishment? Time alone can determine whether capital 
punishment shall be abolished, and whatever may be said 
against its advocates, it is certain that here they are only 
actuated by a sense of justice and right. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 



Arthur John Baker, J. P., 

S a native of Devonshire, and received his education in 
that cornty. At seventeen years of age he entered the 
"E. I. Company's service as a midshipman, and sailed from 
London for Calcutta in 1833. After encountering a number 
of vicissitudes, and remarkable escapes from fire and ship- 
"wreck, he settled in Upper Canada, where for some time he 
led the life of a genuine backwoodsman. He returned to 
England in 1837, and married in 1838. In October of that 
jear he returned with his wife to Seymour, U.C., where he 
•engaged in farming. In conjunction with two others he built 
the " Precursor," the first steamer that navigated the lakes 
■from Toronto to Montreal, via the St. Lawrence River over 
the rapids. He purchased land on the Rice Lake, U.C., in 
partnership with another person, laid out a township, and 
Tjuilt steam saw mills. The venture was successful, but Mr. 
Baker being prostrated by fever and ague was compelled to 
.-sell out, and left penniless. On his recovery he went to 
Halifax, Nova Scotia, and thence to St. Johns, N.B., where 
Tie was engaged in various callings, the most important of 
nvhich was as manager of some extensive saw mills on the 
Musquash River. These mills and a large general store were 
managed and worked to great advantage for the London 
owners from 1847 to 1860. He returned to England in 
1851, and sailed in that year as supercargo for Sydney, 
N. S. Wales, in the ship "Harriet" Left Sydney with his 
wife and family in the " Asa Packer " for Adelaide, and 
reached that port July 11, 1853. Shortly after arrival he 
was engaged as storeman to Messrs. Dacomb & Co., but was 
•soon after appointed their traveller in the country districts. 
It is asserted that Mr. Baker was the first traveller in the 
.•soft goods line sent out in South Australia. On August 1, 
1854, he was appointed clerk in H.M. Customs, Port 
Adelaide, and held that office until February 1, 1856, when 




202 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 



he entered into business on his own account as cattle and 
stock agent at Hindmarsh-Bquare. In June, 1856, Mr. Baker 
received the appointment of manager of the horse depart- 
ment at the Burra Burra mines, but in consequence of an 
inability to dispose of his Adelaide business he was compelled 
to resign the appointment, and continued as before. It was^ 
in the October of this year that Mr. Baker and his wife' 
suffered a great bereavement by the accidental drowning of 
their only son Arthur, an intelligent youth, then nearly six- 
teen years of age, in endeavouring to ride across the River 
Torrens at the Frome Bridge ford, at the time of a freshet. 
Mr. Baker next turned his attention to the running of 
omnibuses on the Bay road, and continued this tiU 1858, in 
September of which year he joined Major Warburton's- 
exploring party, and was out three months with them. He 
afterwards took Mr. Peter Ferguson over the same- 
ground, and assisted in driving in cattle to stock the country 
taken up. In 1859 he made another trip to the N.W. of 
Stuart's Creek, and on his return took up some fine country 
for squatting purposes. Interesting and remarkable as Mr.. 
Baker's adventures undoubtedly were up to this point, it is- 
his long connection with the South Australian Fire Brigades- 
that has rendered his name familiar throughout the land. In. 
December, 1859, he accepted the offer made by the Fire- 
insurance Companies through Mr. H. Scott, of organising: 
and working a tire brigade in Adelaide, and was appointed 
Superintendent of Fire Brigades Janus^ry 1, 1860, and drew^ 
up rules and regulations for the working of same. He also* 
drafted a short Fire Brigade Bill, which was passed through 
l)oth Houses of Parliament and was assented to by Hi& 
Excellency, Sir Dominick Daly, on 21st October, 1862. In. 
December, 1862, he was elected councillor for Gawler Ward 
in the Adelaide Corporation, and served till 1864. On 15tlL 
October, 1878, Mr. Baker, whose health had suffered from, 
injuries received during twenty years' active service at firefly 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRRSENT. 20S 

received a year's leave of absence, and left for England,, 
returning in June the next year, when he resumed duty, and 
in September 1879 perfected a model for a fire escape on the* 
Lazy-Tongs' principle, on a scale of one inch to the foot, and 
presented it to the Adelaide Chamber of Manufactures. 
From that period tQl the new Fire Brigade Act 273 of 1882' 
was passed, he was constantly employed, having fifty calls per 
annum to fires within the city, and attended to and managed 
nine fire brigades in country towns. The new Act, 273- 
of 1882, brought Mr. Baker's twenty-three years' connection 
with the fire brigades of the colony to an abrupt conclusion,, 
and he retired and did not apply to be re-appointed 
under the new Fire Brigades' Board. Mr. Baker's long 
public services were by this means summarily dispensed with, 
and his long services to the whole community in which, 
he has been instrumental in saving life and property have 
never been fairly or adequately compensated. The Register 
of 12th February, 1882, remarks, "It will be generally 
admitted that Mr. Baker, in spite of often very insufficient- 
appliances, always discharged the duties devolving on him as 
Superintendent of Fire Brigades with promptness and intelli-^ 
gence. Besides this, he has spent the best years of his life 
in this service." In 1883 Mr. Baker was gazetted a 
Justice of the Peace, and in the same year was appointed a 
member of the " Royal Lunacy Commission," and was also a 
member of the Fire Brigades' Board from January 1884 to- 
January 1885, when he resigned in favor of Mr. Hack. 



Capt. Geo. McKay, 

NATIVE of Scotland ; born 1801 ; arrived in S.A. 
1838 ; died at Port Adelaide, May 19, 1883. Well-^ 
known as instrumental in developing the coasting trade o£ 
the colony. 




204 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



Nathaniel Hailes, 

g^S^HOSE career was marked with more than ordinary 
vicissitudes, was one of the most prominent of 
pioneer South Australian colonists. His life may be divided 
into two parts, the one half spent in England, the other 
other half in this colony. Bom in London in 1802, and 
dwelling there for thirty-six years, he was so situated as to 
be acquainted with the circumstances of some of the most 
remarkable events of his time, and to be on intimate terms 
with many of the greatest minds of the past generation. He 
was on sufficiently friendly relations with Lady Byron as to 
dissuade her from publishing a treatise she wished to issne 
on female education, and he had the privilege of seeing Mrs. 
•Siddons in the zenith of her popularity as an actress. He 
was intimately associated with Hazlitt, the well-known critic, 
the Rev. Rowland Hill, Allan Cunningham, De Quincey, 
Edward Irving, Dr. Chalmers, Sir Walter Scott, and other 
celebrities of a by-gone age, and perhaps no one at the 
antipodes knew more of the great minds which ruled the 
literary and theological world during the first forty years of 
the present century. At the close of 1838, Mr. Hailes was 
appointed superintendent of emigrants by the " Buckingham- 
shire," which left Portsmouth in that year, and arrived at 
Holdfast Bay in March, 1839. Li his '^ Personal RecoUections 
of a Septuagenarian," a series of papers contributed to the 
S. A. Itegtster, he relates how "he beheld the conversion of 
a wilderness into the abode of an intelligent and prosperous 
•community," and the record he thus left has supplied a 
chapter in the history of the colony which would otherwise 
have been lost. Mr. Hailes carried on the business of an 
•auctioneer for some* time, and his advertisements rivalled in 
their eloquence the best literary efforts of the celebrated 
•George Robbins, of London. He was also a regular con-, 
tributor to the press imder the nom deplume of "Timothy 



OHj COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 205 

Short," and at one period started a newspaper — The Adelaide 
Free Press ; which only lasted a brief period. On retiring 
from business in 1842, he was appointed to the office of 
Secretary to the Gk)vemment Besident of Port Lincoln, where 
his official duties brought him into close contact with the 
aborigines, and the newspapers of those days contained many 
interesting productions from his pen on aboriginal customs, 
life and manners. When the Government establishment at 
Boston Bay was broken up, Mr. Hailes lost his position, but 
afterwards filled the post of Secretary to the S. A. Institute 
Library, which he held for some years, and then received an 
appointment to the Labour Prison at Dry Creek. Li 1841-2 
he was a member of the Oity Council, and in 1842 a member 
of the provisional committee of a society formed to secure 
religious freedom As a writer, both of prose and poetry, 
Mr. Hailes exercised considerable influence, and his memory 
is not likely to be forgotten here in the present generation. 
His death took place at Adelaide in his 76th year, on July 
24, 1879. 

William Denholm 

'AS bom in Edinburgh, in 1847, and went to the 
ELighlands of Scotland at an early age, where he 
received his first lesson in dancing. Desirous of following 
the trade of a mason, he served an apprenticeship to it, and 
was afterwards for two years in an architect's office in Edin- 
burgh. Having carried off several prizes for dancing in his 
native land, and having been favoured with the patronage of 
royalty, he visited England and America, where he was 
equally successful. He arrived in New Zealand in 1874, and 
received the appointment of Clerk of Works on the railway 
from Port Chalmers to Oamaru, and filled that position very 
creditably. During his leisure Professor Denholm gave 
instruction in dancing, and in competition he secured first 




206 NOTABLE SOUTH AU8TBALIANS ; 

honours against all comers. He arrived in Victoria in 1876, 
where he was also famed for his dancing abilities; his 
€uperiority in this respect was admitted by both press and 
public, and having won 2,000 first prizes, he may certainly 
be regarded as the "Champion Dancer of Australia." He 
•came to Adelaide in 1881, and has taken part in the leading 
events in the Caledonian sports, usuaUy securing first prizes ; 
and on one occasion winning the chiefs gold medal Mr. 
Denholm is favorably known as a teacher of the art in 
which he so eminently excels, and many of the leading 
scholastic establishments here have availed themselves of his 
services. 



J. W. Lewis, J. P., 

fOR many years a prominent officer in the South Austra. 
lian public service, died July 2, 1879, aged 59 
years. He arrived in the colony by the ship " Cleveland " 
in 1839, and was at first employed by the late Emanuel 
Solomon as his managing clerk. He received an appoint- 
ment under Government, January 1, 1846, as chief clerk in the 
General Post Office, and on January 1, 1856, in consequence 
of the illness of Capt. Watts, the then Postmaster General, 
was appointed Deputy Postmaster General. On the death of 
his predecessor he was promoted (July 1, 1861) to his place. 
In the different offices be held, Mr. Lewis showed himself 
possessed of much business ability, and his administration 
gave general satisfaction. On the amalgamation of the Post 
and Telegraph Departments, 1869, under Mr. Todd, Mr. 
Lewis's services were dispensed witL He was appointed 
Collector of Customs on May 22, 1870, and held that position 
up till his decease. Mr. Lewie possessed much histrionic 
ability, and occasionally, as an amateur, took part in 
theatrical performance& He was a great lover of music, and 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESBNT. 207 

few were more hospitable to the musical artists who visited 
-the colony. He took a prominent part in the founding of 
-the Mechanics' Institute, from which sprang the present S. A. 
Institute, and occupied the post of lieutenant in the late 
^on. W. Yoimghusbands' Volunteer Company. He was 
unostentatious and unassuming, and it is recorded of him 
4;hat he was a faithful friend to the deserving. 



William Randall, 

BOEN at Idlicot, Warwickshire, December 9, 1820. Emi- 
grated from the county of Northampton to South 
Australia in 1846, and arrived here in December of that year 
T)y the "Duke of Eichmond." In conjunction with his 
"brother, Mr. David Eandall, who had reached this colony in 
1845, he brought capital with a view to investment. He 
-first settled on a section to the east of Kensington, purchased 
land from the S. A. Company, and laid out a portion of 
■College Town, He next bought a preliminary section from 
the same Company, and laid out the beautifully-situated 
township of Bumside, a place where many of our well-to-do 
•citizens are now located. He then took a lease from Mr. Auld 
of Home Park and the adjoining sections, and commenced 
dairying operations, and entered into land and mining specu- 
lations ; the latter unfortunately being attended with serious 
loss. His next venture was the purchase of Mr. H. Jones' 
■property, now known as Randalsea, to which he removed with 
his family, dairy plant, etc., and in course of time so 
extended operations by further purchases from the S. A. Com- 
pany and the Government, that his estate was one of the 
largest in that locality. Combining the pastoral, agricultural, 
and dairying interests, he produced cheese of a first-class 
quality, considered by competent judges nearly equal to 
English, and commanding a ready sale in Adelaide. The soil 



208 NOTABLB SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

being suitable for cultivation of the vine, he devoted much 
time and attention thereto, and by irrigation achieved in a 
vineyard of thirty-four acres excellent results. Although never 
coming prominently before the public, Mr. Randall gave his 
support and influence for the furtherance of the material, 
moral and religious welfare of the district. He was appointed 
as councillor to represent Rapid Bay in the first District 
Council in the county of Hindmarsh, and on a new District 
Council being declared for Rapid Bay, he was elected chair- 
man, and filled that office for nine years. He also took great 
interest in the volunteer movement, was appointed captain 
of the " Finniss Yale Rifles," and held this position till the 
volimteers of that period wore disbanded. He was appointed 
to the Commission of the Peace, and diligently performed the 
duties of that office for many years. He will be remembered 
by the residents of Glen Para and the South Rhine, as he 
resided there until 1878, when he left for Port Pirie, where 
he had been appointed to the Local Courts of that place and 
Redhill. 




J. M. Woolley, 

lONNECTED with the Public Service of this colony for 
upwards of thirty years. He came to Victoria in 1839, 
from England, and brought with him a large stock of general 
merchandise, intending to devote his attention to a mercan- 
tile career. He entered into partnership with Mr. Bacchus, 
of Bacchus Marsh, but as the success of the firm was very 
indiflerent, he retired from the business in 1845, and went 
to England, returning to Sydney in 1848. From that place 
he brought horses, cattle, and sheep overland to South Aus- 
tralia, arriving here in the same year. Ho joined th6 
Customs Service in 1850, and remained in it until 1858, 
when he left to take the appointment of Inspector of Sheep 



i 
Hun. R. B. Murrsy, M.L.C. 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 209 

■ ■ .... I ■ , I ^ . 

in the South-east. He remained there three years, and 
then rejoined the Customs, and was appointed Sub-Collector 
at Blanchetown, on the opening of that port. He afterwards 
held a similar position at Morgan, but resigned in 1883 in 
consequence of ill-health, and returned to Adelaide. From 
that date till his death, which took place in January, 1885) 
in his 70th year, he resided at the Semaphore. 



Adam Lindsay Cordon. 

I HE sad fate of Hugh Miller, the accomplished scholar 
and enthusiast in all relating to the mysteries of Kature, 
did not strike a deeper chord in the hearts of the sons of 
Scotland, than did to Victorians a few years since the news 
of the death of that sportsman, Uttirateur and poet — ^Adam 
Lindsay Gk)rdon. Cut off in an instant, rushing as it were 
without a care to seek the depths of a mystery of which we 
know so little, he, a bright star in the firmament of Southern 
literature, disappeared, leaving many a sympathetic soul 
mourning the extinction of one of its fairest ornaments. He 
arrived in South Australia in 1853, and entered the moimted 
police, where he was known as a smart rider. He represented 
the Victoria District in the Legislature for two sessions. As 
a politician, however, he was not very effective, and he has 
not left on record any measures which he was instrumental 
in passing. It is solely by his poetical efforts that he will be 
remembered, for it is beyond dispute that Gordon was the 
poet of the Australias. No bard on these southern shores 
(not even Henry Kendall) has struck so bold a chord in 
poesy; none have equalled and few approached the efforts of 
his genius. Leaving South Australia he located in Victona, 
where he followed pastoral pursuits, and notwithstanding the 
task of breadwinning, found time to write much and welL 
His best compositions are " The Lady of Pain," " No Name," 

p 



210 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

• 'm 111 ■ I . I !■■■■ I 

*' The Ride from the Wreck," " How we beat the Favourite," 
and the " Sick Stockrider." As the latter is considered the 
finest of Gordon's compositions we make no apology for 
quoting it here : — ^ 



4( 



Hold hard, Ned ! lift me down once more, and lay me in the shade. 

Old man, you've had your work cut out to guide 
Both horses, and to hold me in the saddle when I swayed 

All through the hot, slow, sleepy, silent ride. 
The dawn at * Moorabinda ' was a mist rack didl and dense, 

The stmrise was a sullen sluggish lamp ; 
I was dozing in the gateway at Arbuthnot's boimdary fence, 

I was dreaming on the Limestone cattle camp. 
We crossed the creek at Carricksford, and sharply through the haze. 

Quite suddenly the sun shot flaming forth $ 
To southward lay ' Kat&wa ' with the sandpeaks all ablaze 

And the flushed fields of Glen Lomond lay to north. 
ISow westward winds the bridle path that leads to Lindisfarm, 

And yonder looms the double-headed Sluff ; 
Prom the far side of <<he first hill, when the skies are clear and calm. 

You can see Sylvester's woolshed fair enough. 

lUve miles we used to call it from our homestead to the place 

Where the big tree spans the roadway like an arch ; 
'Twas here we ran the dingo down that gave us such a chase 

Eight years ago — or was it nine ? — ^last March. 
*Twas merry in the glowing mom among the gleaming grass 

To wander as we've wandered many a mile, 
And blow the cool tobacco cloud, and watch the white wreaths pass. 

Sitting loosely in the saddle all the while. 
'Twas merry 'mid the blackwoods, when we spied the station roofs, 

To wheel the wild scrub cattle at the yard, 
With a running fire of stockwhips and a fiery run of hoofs ; 

O ! the hardest day was never then too hard ! 

Aye ! we had a glorious gallop after * Starlight ' and his gang, 

When they bolted from Sylvester's on the flat ; 
How the sun-dried reed-beds crackled, ho^ the flint-strewn ranges 
rang 

To the strokes of * Mountaineer ' and * Acrobat !* 
Hard behind them in the timber, harder still across the heath, 

Close beside them through the tea-tree scrub we dashed ; 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 211 

And the golden-tinted fern leaves, how they ruBtled imdemeaUi I 

And the honeysuckle osiers how they crashed ! 
We led the hunt throughout, Ned, on the chestnut and the gray, 

And the troopers were three hundred yards behind, 
While we emptied our six-shooters on the bushrangers at bay, 

In the creek with stunted box-trees for a blind ! 
There you grappled with the leader, man to man and horse to horse. 

And you rolled together when the chestnut reared ; 
He blazed away and missed you in that shallow watercourse — 

A narrow shaye — his powder singed your beard ! 

In these hours when life is ebbing, how those days when life was 
young 

Come back to us ; how clearly I recall 
Sven the yams Jack Hall invented, and the songs Jem Boper sung ; 

And where are now Jem Boper and Jack Hall ? 
Ay ! nearly all our comrades of the old colonial school. 

Our ancient boon companions, Ned, are gone ; 
Hard livers for the most part, somewhat reckless as a rule, 

It seems that you and I are left alone. 

There was Hughes, who got in trouble through that business with the 
cards. 

It matters little what became of him ; 
But a steer ripped up MacPherson in the Cooraminta yards. 

And Sullivan was drowned at Sink-or-swim ; 
And Mostyn — poor Frank Mostyn — died at last a fearful wreck. 

In " the horrors " at the upper Wandinong, 
And Carisbrooke, the rider, at the Horsef all broke his neck ; 

Faith ! the wonder was he saved his neck so long ! 
Ah ! those days and nights we squandered at the Logans' in the Glen-— 

The Logans, man and wife, have long been dead, 
Filsie's tallest girl seems taller than your little Elsie then ; 

And Ethel is a woman grown and wed. 

I*ve had my share of pastime, and I've done my share of toil, 

And life is short — ^the longest life a span : 
I care not now to tarry for the com or for the oil. 

Or for the wine that maketh glad the heart of man. 
For good undone and gifts misspent and resolutions vain 

'Tis somewhat late to trouble. This I know — 
I should live the same life over, if I had to live again ; 

And the chances are I go where most men go. 

p 2 



212 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

The deep blue sides wax dusky and the tall green trees grow dimi 

The sward beneath me seems to heave and fall ; 
And sickly smoky shadows through the sleepy sunlight swim, 

And on the very sim's face weave their pall. 
Let me slumber in the hollow where the wattle blossoms wave, 

With never stone or rail to fence my bed ; 
Should the sturdy station children pull the bush flowers on my 
grave, 

I may chance to hear them romping overhead." 

Since his death imitators of his style, and adapters of some 
of his ideas have arisen, and among them a Mr. Mowbray 
Morris, once aide-de-camp to Sir Jas. Fergusson, published, 
under the title of "A Voice from the Bush," what looked 
very much like plagiarism of " The Sick Stockrider." This is 
not the place for a critical review or contrast between the 
two compositions, but even the late John Howard Clarke was 
almost deceived in awarding to Mr. Morris the palm justly 
due to Gordon. In much of the poetry of the latter 
mysterious forebodings as to an early death appear. In 
" Doubtful Dreams " he thus alludes to the grim topic — 

** There is an end to all things ; a season to every man. 
Whose glory is dust and ashes, whose spirit is but a spark 
That out of the darkness flashes, and flickers out into the 
dark." 

Mr. Gk>rdon was of retiring disposition, and subject to fits of 
melancholy ; he was also strongly imbued with the doctrine 
of fatality. Death had no terrors for him, and a pistol-shot 
terminated his existence in June, 1870. He died by his own 
hand on the sea shore, amid the surroundings of wind and 
wave, though the motives which led to this rash act have 
never been made clear ; those who saw him an hour before 
it occurred observed nothing in his demeanour to infer that 
he contemplated self-destruction.* After his decease sundry 
notices of the talented genius thus lost to the colonies 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 213 



appeared in the press, and among them was an "In Memoriam," 
by Henry Kendall : — 

" At rest ! Hard by the margin of that sea 
Whose sands are mingled with his noble verse 
Now lies the shell which never more shall house 
The fine strong spirit of our gifted friend. 
Yea ! he who flashed upon us suddenly — 
A shining soul, with syllables of fire — 
Who sang the first great songs these lands can claim 
To be their own, the one who did not seem 
To know what royal place awaited him 
Within the temple of the Seautiful, 
Has passed away ; and we who knew him sit 
Aghast in darkness, dark with that great grief 
Whose stature yet we cannot comprehend.'* 

So sad an- ending to a life of promise has probably never 
before occurred in the colonies. A man who is in want of 
nothing, and calmly seeks death merely to ascertain what 
lies beyond its pale, is as great a mystery as the secret he 
tries to fathom. Little is known of Gordon's early life, but 
it is said that his father was a military man, and he was an 
only son. He failed to pass his examination as a cadet at 
Woolwich, which caused a quarrel with his father, and led 
to his emigrating to Australia. 



Henry Sewell, 

fOUNDER and proprietor of the Payneham nursery 
gardens, is a native of Thame, Oxfordshire, where, under 
the tutorship of his father, he acquired the rudiments of 
gardening. As a young man he came to South Australia 
about twenty years since, and having first experienced an 
introductory " roughing," settled down imder Mr. F. T. C. 
Drifiield, of North Adelaide, then a prominent amateur 
exponent of the art of plant cultivation. As the single- 



214 NOTABLE SOITTH AUSTRALIANS; 

handed caretaker of a truly mvltum in parvo establishment, 
and under the guidance of an experienced, practical-minded^ 
enthusiastic and ingenious employer, Mr. Sewell became an 
expert professional and thorough business-going colonisi A 
strong desire to master as fully as possible the knowledge 
requisite to qualify him for an important undertaking led to 
a change, and the Botanic Gardens became the scene of Mr. 
Sewell's labours. Jt will be readily understood how important 
a step this was by all who have had the o[)portunity of labor- 
ing with Dr. Schomburgk, or of seeing the universally admired 
garden to which he has so devotedly attached himself, and 
with which his name is indissolubly connected. Here Mr. 
Sewell made the best use of his time ; the botanical side of 
horticulture became a new and fascinating study ; and the 
field an ample one. When he had matured his plans he 
removed to Payneham, and converted a worn-out paddock 
into a bright and smiling garden replete, as it now is, with one 
of the best collections in any private place on the Continent. 
The necessity of a public nursery garden was almost unknown 
a few years ago, but gardening has taken wonderful strides, 
and the great convenience and direct benefit which these 
nurseries have been to the colony are freely recognised. The 
very high compliment which Mr. G. A. Sala, the eminent 
journalist, pays to S. A. gardens and to the extraordinary 
variety and beauty of their contents is to a great extent due 
to the spirited enterprise of nurserymen who have spared 
neither expense nor ingenuity in adding anything likely to 
be in the most remote degree horticulturally valuable or 
botanicaily interesting. When Mr. Sewell started nursery 
work nearly every pound spent in this way went to Melbourne 
or Sydney, and Adelaide could only boast of such new plants 
as came through the Botanic Gaidens. Now we introduce 
more than our share, and not only supply our own wants, but 
those of our neighbours. Mr. Sewell has introduced from 
Europe and elsewhere some of the finest fruits and flowers 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 215 

beside adding many new vegetables to our list in his capacity 
as a seedsman. He has long taken an active part in the 
management of our chief horticultural societies and been a 
judge of products at shows all over the colony. He was one 
of the original members of the Gardeners* Mutual Improve- 
ment Society and is still a member of the succession to that 
body, the S. A. Gardeners* Society. As a member of the 
Acclimatisation and Zoological Society he is both active and 
enthusiastic. Although he was for some time a member of 
the Council of the district in which he resides, he has not 
deemed it desirable to withdraw to any great extent his 
personal supervision from business to attend to purely public 
matters. 



John Barrow, C.E„ 

t USEFUL and respected colonist who arrived in Adelaide 
in 1850, and died at Mount Gambler in September 
1872. In July 1850 he was appointed Engineer of the 
South Eoad under the Central Boad Board, and held that 
position till the breaking out of the Victorian gold-fields, when 
all departments were disorganized, and he followed the stream 
to Melbourne. Arriving there in December 1852, he was 
appointed by the Engineers* Department to examine and 
report upon the best means of improving the Western District, 
and was engaged in that capacity for three years. He 
examined various harbours and superintended the construction 
of roads, bridges, and public works. Mr. Barrow was 
appointed engineer to the Portland Boad District in 1856, 
and retained that office till 1867, when he resigned, and 
settled at Mount Giimbier in 1868. He entered warmly into 
most schemes for the development and improvement of the 
district, and among other things made a careful survey of 
Port MacDonnell, and showed the feasibility of making docks. 



216 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

etc. He also prepared plans and estimates for supplying 
Mount Gambier with water from the Blue Lake, and made an 
excellent and useful plan of the town, which he published. 
For fully two years before his death he was incapacitated by 
ill-health from taking prominent part in public matters. 




Lady Charlotte Mary Bacon inSe Harley), 

[HIED daughter of Edward, 5th Earl of Oxford and 
Mortimer; widow of the late General Bacon, a 
Waterloo veteran, of the 11th Hussars. After the General's 
death, Lady Charlotte went to South Australia to see her 
three children, who had been some time settled in Adelaide 
(Mr. Edward Bacon, Mr. Harley Bacon, and Mrs. C. B. 
Young). Admiring the want of ceremony of colonial life, 
her ladyship remained in the colony for twelve years, taking 
a lively and active interest in most matters, and her genial 
and af^ble manners made her a general favourite. During 
this period she was engaged in a tedious Chancery suit, 
which terminated in puttmg her into possession of her late 
father's estate of Eywood, in Herefordshire, and a large 
amount of London property. She only lived three years in 
England to enjoy her large fortune, £ind she often looked 
back to the time spent in Australia as the happiest of 
her life. She left Adelaide in 1877, and died in 1880. Her 
son, Mr. Edward Bacon, inherits the estate, and the Earldom 
of Oxford has become extinct. Lord Byron was a great 
admirer of her ladyship in her early youth, and his celebrated 
verses " To lanthe," in the opening of the poem of " Childe 
Harold," were addressed to her. On her death two 
admirable likenesses of her as " lanthe," and one taken 
shortly before her death appeared in the Illustrated London 
News, 




OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 217 

The Right Rev. G. W. Kennion, D.D,, Lord 
Bishop of Adelaide. 

|HE vacancy in the See of Adelaide caused by the resig- 
nation of the late Bishop Short having been offered to, 
4Uid accepted by the Eev. G. W. Kennion, D.D., Vicar of 
All Saints, Horton, that gentleman left the parish in which 
he had so long and faithfully laboured, much to the regiet of 
all classes, and embarked by the B.M.S. Parramatta for South 
Australia, which he reached on March 10, 1883. From the 
Bradford Daily Telegraph we extract the following account 
of Bishop Kennion's history : — " He is the eldest son of Geo. 
Kennion, Esq., M.D., F.E.C.P., and of Catherine Elfrida, 
second daughter of John Fordyce, Esq., of Aytpn Castle, 
N.B., and was bom at Harrogate, in 1845, and educated at 
Eton and at Oriel College, Oxford. At the latter he took 
the B.A. degree in 1867, and that of M.A. in 1871. The 
degree of D.D., honoris causa, was recently conferred upon 
him by the University on his appointment to the Bishopric. 
On leaving college, Mr. Kennion was in 1869 appointed 
chaplain and private secretary to the Bishop of Tuam, but 
did not continue in this position long, becoming the following 
year curate at Doncaster under the Rev. Dr. Pigou, then 
vicar of that town. Shortly after going to Doncaster he was 
ordained priest in the parish church there by the Archbishop 
of York, and in 1871 was chosen diocesan inspector of 
fichools, on the occasion of the Education Act of 1870 
coming into operation. His duties in regard to this office 
were discharged with ability until 1873, when on the nomi- 
nation of Mr. Gladstone he was appointed by the Crown to 
ihe vicarage of St. Paul's, Sculcoates, Hull, to which was 
attached a rapidly growing parish with a population of over 
12,000. In 1876 he was nominated to the living of All 
Saints, Horton, by the patron and builder of the church, 
Mr. F. S. Powell. After going to Bradford Mr. Kennion 



218 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

- - - ■ ■ 

worked hard, not only in connection with his own parish, hut 
also with the Church Institute and ecclesiastical .work 
generally. In the more immediate lahour of the parish he 
was assisted hy four, and at times hy six curates, public 
school men and old Etonians. £ut with all these auxiliaries 
he nevertheless found sufficient to do in looking after the 
well-being of the numerous institutions connected with the 
church, all of which, at the time he severed his connection 
with the parish, had been brought into a flourishing condi* 
tion. Some idea of the improvement eflfected under Dr. 
Kennion's ministration will be readily observed by the follow- 
ing statistics. The number of candidates for confirmation, a 
crucial test of a church's life, rose to an average number of 
100 each year for five years, and the total number of com- 
municants in 1877 was 2,524, and in 1881 5,785. The 
baptisms in a somewhat proportionate ratio rose in the same 
period of time from 201 to 318. In addition to these grati- 
fying results there was also a corresponding improvement 
in other respects, such as mothers' meetings, a Bible class, a 
sick club, a Church of England Temperance Society with a 
membership, juvenile and adult, of nearly 500, together with 
Sunday-schools, all in an exceedingly flourishing condition* 
In the latter there were about 1,700 scholars, and Dr. 
Kennion personally acted as superintendent of the boys* 
department, proving himself quite as much in his element 
there as when ministering to the older portion of his flock 
from the pulpit. The day schools, in which he also took 
interest, were left likewise prospering. Mission work in 
connection with the parish was vigorously and successfully 
prosecuted by Dr. Kennion, by whose exertions a mission 
church was built at Dirk Hill in 1877, and several other 
missions also received great impetus. He was one of the 
most active members of the Church Institute, and conducted in 
connection with it a Sunday-school teachers' class and lay 
readers' class, and gave several lectures on popular suljjects. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 21^ 

■ « ■ !• ■■ ■■ ■ ■' ■■ .—.^i ■ I ■■ ■■^- ■ ■■ I ■ ■ I ■ ■■■■ m^, I ■■■■ ■ ■ ^ ■ ■» I ■ I ■■■■ iM 

He was appointed president of the local church centenary 
gatherings in 1880, and it was through the influence he 
exerted that their Eoyal Highnesses the Prince and Princess 
of Wales were induced to be present at the opening ceremony 
of the bazaar in St. Greorge's Hall in 1881. Amongst the 
general church work in which he has been engaged were 
several missions undertaken with or for the Bishop of Lichfield 
at Weymouth, Hull, and Edinburgh. He was also one of six 
clergymen chosen to conduct a " retreat " for the clergy of 
the diocese. Had he been desirous of improving his own. 
worldly means by accepting a better living, many opportu- 
nities were afforded during his six years* residence in Bradford. 
Amongst those who recognised his abilities were the Arch* 
bishop of Canterbury, the Archbishop of York, and Earl 
Fitzwilliam, Lord Lieutenant of the county, who offered him 
the post of private chaplain and the living of ' Wentworth. 
He uniformly refused all offers, having, as he then stated, no 
ambition to leave Horton for any other parish in England. 
When, however, the Bishopric of Adelaide was offered him^ 
he considered he would be wanting in duty and courage if he 
shrank from the grave responsibilities and heavy labour which 
the acceptance of this See would entail. The honour of the 
preferment came entirely unsought and unexpected. The 
Synod of Adelaide, thinking that the vacant bishopric in 
which Bishop Short had exercised his episcopal functions 
from 1847 could be better filled up from England than from 
any colonial appointment, nominated five bishops there, to 
whom they deputed the task of choosing a successor. These 
five were the Archbishop of Canterbury, and the Bishops of 
Winchester, Durham, Truro, and Bedford, and their choice 
unanimously fell upon Dr. Kennion. He was consecrated 
on Nov. 30, 1882, at Westminster Abbey, by the Bishop of 
London; and married on December 5 in the same year 
Henrietta Fergusson, third daughter of Sir Chas. Fergusson^ 
Bart., Kilkerran, Ayrshire, and sister of the Bight Hon. Sir 



220 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

Jas. Fergusson, some time Governor of South Australia, 
to whom he was related on his mother's side." Dr. 
Kennion is apparently peculiarly fitted by nature for the 
•delicate and onerous duties which fall to the lot of a minister 
desirous of faithfully discharging his duties. His polished 
eloquence serves to inculcate both from the pulpit and in 
privateconversation the lessons he desires to teach, and has 
gained him many admirers here and elsewhere. Open and 
straightforward in character, liberal in opinion, and an 
advanced theologian, this colony may be congratulated on the 
possession of such an ecclesiastic, who has already in his life 
and work given abundant evidences that he will faithfully 
keep the charge committed to him, and in course of time 
show equally satisfactory results to those which his predecessor 
accomplished. 



Henry James Scott, 

fHE only son of Daniel Scott, of Aberdour, Fifeshire, bom 
January 13, 1848, and arrived here May 28, 1880, 
Accompanied by his wife and family. Shortly after his arrival 
the private exhibition of M. Joubert was held inAdelaide, and 
many representatives of the national industries of Europe 
were then on their way home from the Sydney and Mel- 
bourne Exhibitions. To most of these gentlemen Mr. Scott 
was known, and by their advice, and at the request of 
fiome of the principal business firms here, he undertook to 
represent South Australian exhibitors at the Exhibition held 
in Perth, Western Australia. In the following year he again 
successfully represented South Australia at the New 
Zealand Exhibition, Christchurch, to the satisfaction of the 
exhibitors, and so gained their confidence, that when the 
Commission appointed for the Calcutta International Exhibi- 
tion in 1883 met, he was unanimously nominated the "Agent 
ior South Australia at the Exhibition," and the Government 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 221 

eonfinned the nomination by issuing a Commission to him to 
ftct as such, and represent the colony in India. Seldom had 
the capabilities and resources of South Australia been so well 
placed before the world as at this exhibition. Much time 
and careful thought had been devoted by him to our natural 
resources, and to the industries which could be encouraged 
and extended by trade between Australia and the East^ 
especially the rearing and breeding of horses for India, with 
the advantages of Port Darwin as a dep6t and shipping port 
for the future trade of Australasia and the Eastern world* 
Mr. Scott has, during the last two years, imported camels 
from India, suitable for work on stations and for survey and 
mlway construction purposes. These animals are rapidly 
coming into use by surveyors who may require to enter upon 
new country to peg out runs for stock in our Northern 
Territory, and for the conveyance of station stores to those 
places in the interior of the country which from difficulty of 
access would be practically useless without the aid of these 
animals, which subsist upon mallee, saltbush, and other food 
which horses would starve upon. The services of Mr. H. J. 
Scott are now being utilized by the Royal Commission for 
South Australia for the coming Colonial and Indian 
Exhibition in London, in 1886. 




James Brook, 

|F the legal firm of Messrs. Way & Brook, died on August 
24, 1872, at Unley Park. At the time of his decease 
he was in the vigour of life ; of genial and courteous dis- 
position, sterling integrity, and of marked ability in his pro- 
fession. He was bom in Edinburgh, Jan. 12, 1840, where 
his father, who possessed considerable scientific attainments 
and literary ability, was a supervisor in the Inland Revenue 
Service. He was educated principally at the Bristol Gram- 



222 KOTABLB SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



mar School, wheie he attained good classical knowledge! 
which he developed in after years by careful study. He 
arrived in this colony in December, 1853, and entered Mr, 
Atkinson's law office in May of the next year. After the 
dissolution of the partnership between Messrs. Atkinson 4 
Andrews, he went into the service of Messrs. Andrews & 
Bonnin. In 1862 he revisited England, and on his return 
liere was articled to Mr. Way, and admitted as a practitioner of 
the Supreme Court in March 1868. He was received into 
partnership by Mr. Way, and during that gentleman's absence 
in England in 1869 Mr Brook managed the entire business 
and appeared prominently in the Supreme Court, where his 
ability as an advocate attracted great attention, and for so young 
a man he was considered a profound lawyer, with great grasp 
of mind in mastering difficulties and intricacies. On his 
partner's return to Adelaide, in April 1870, Mr. Brook visited 
the old country a second time to recruit his health. He 
returned in 1871, after which he devoted all his time to his 
profession. He was a man of varied attainments, fond 
of music, and possessed a rare fund of humour. He was 
also distinguished for great industry, as evidenced by the 
Common-place Book and voluminous MSS. he has left. He 
occasionally contributed to the press as a correspondent, and 
was a regular leader-writer for the Telegraphy now out of 
existence. He edited the first volume of the S. A. Law 
Reformer, and great interest was taken by him in the status 
of his profession. He was also President of the Law Society. 

Jno. McDonald 

ARRIVED in this colony in 1839. WeU-known as the 
originator of the public conveyances between the city 
of Adelaide and Glenelg. Was one of the founders 
of the MacDonnell Lodge of Freemasons. Died September 
1884, aged 67. 





OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 223 



Robert Fotheringham, 

[HOSE untimely and sudden death took place at 
Kapunda on Sept. 19, 1885, was bom at Alloa, 
.Ayrshire, Scotland, in 1831, nd was first engaged under his 
brother, who was a banker i^i his native town. In 1855 he 
:8ailed for Melbourne by the ' (31iver Lang," and thence came 
to Gawler, where he joined his brothers in the brewing 
business. He subsequently removed to Kapunda, where he 
'Conducted the Spring Brew« r v for seventeen years. He was 
widely known and respectil lor his sterling qualities, and 
•ever ready to assist, by ad. e and means, the needy and 
helpless. Every local instil; lion received his support, and 
lx)th in Gawler and Kapunda he was " the life of the place." 
It will be many years ere he will be forgotten in both localities. 



Edwin Sawtell, 

fHE oldest watchmaker and optician in Adelaide, was 
bom in Bristol. As a child he was predisposed to 
•** making things," and his parents, allowing his natural bent 
of mind full play, apprenticed him to the trade in 1831. At 
that time nearly everything was hand-made, particularly 
watches and watch work; many of the tools even being 
•constructed by the apprentice before he began his work. Mr. 
tSawtell says : " What is now called labour-saving machinery 
is considered by those experienced in the trade antagonistic 
to the full development of a boy's natural mechanical 
ability." Notwithstanding the long hours of duty, from 7 
^a-m. till 8 p.m., he devoted his spare time to the invention of 
many mechanical novelties, and one of the most successful of 
his endeavours was a model steamboat, which was considered 
.a real wonder in those days. He alao invented a peculiar 



224 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

gas stove, one of the first made in England. During the last 
two years of his apprenticeship he was occupied in repairing 
and rating of ships' chronometers, adjusting scientific instru- 
ments, etc., particularly those used in meteorology. 
Although legally out of his time at the age of 21, so fond waa 
he of his trade and master, that he determined to serve his 
full term, and in consequence worked eight months for 
2s. 6d. a week. In these days, when boys are educated by 
the State, as well as expecting to pay no premium, this wage 
is often asked for in the first year of apprenticeship. A very 
different state of things to that of fifty years ago. On 
leaving his apprenticeship his skill and care as a workman 
led to his services being availed of by the leading establish- 
ments in Bristol, and he ultimately started in business for 
himself. Advancing steadily for some years, the news of 
" gold " in Australia made him anxious to visit this part of 
the world, and although his passage was paid to Melbourne, 
on the arrival of the vessel in South Australia he abandoned 
his intention of going there, and settled in Adelaide in 1853. 
He commenced business in Port Adelaide, where he erected & 
beautiful transit instrument, and in conjunction with an 
astronomical clock he and his son Alfred for many yeara 
determined the true time by observation with these instru- 
ments. This proceeding was absolutely necessary then for the 
rating of chronometers, as there was no real public time or 
Semaphore time ball instituted. During the early days of 
the Port, Mr. Sawtell supplied the leading daily paper with 
the barometer and thermometer records, just as Messrs. Todd 
and Wragge do now. His last invention is a patent tell-tale 
clock, and he has accomplished the somewhat difficult task of 
grinding lenses, including the spherico-cylindrical form now 
in request by oculists for the correction of astigmatism. His 
establishment is always a delight to those of a scientific turn, 
as it abounds in novelties, and the proprietor is still as 
enthusiastic as ever in the scientific branch of his business. 



v.#'; 



Thos. Jones, J. P. 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 225 



John Banks Shepherdson, S.M., 

BOEN at East Heslerton, near Scarborough, in the East 
Riding of York, on May 22, 1809. Educated under 
the Rev. Thomas Farrow, of West Hestlerton, and the Rev. 
Jabez Banks, Vicar of Bempton. After a voyage to Jamaica 
in 1824, and a stay there of three months, at the time of 
the sanguinary insurrection of the negro slaves, he returned 
to England, and was engaged in tuition up to the time of 
his leaving for South Australia in May 1837. In 1836 the 
South Australian School Society, of which the late Greoige 
Fife Angas was chairman, was established in London. While 
in the Training School of the British and Foreign School 
Society, Mr. Shepherdson was engaged as "Director of Schools 
in South Australia," for the purpose of organising educational 
establishments and training teachers; and as it was the original 
intention of the Society that these should be conducted on the 
system of Baron Fellenberg's labour schools in Switzerland, he 
was instructed to proceed thither for the purpose of making 
himself acquainted with the principles upon which they were 
based. It was, however, afterwards decided that he should 
instead visit and inspect the schools at Lindfield, Sussex, 
established and conducted at the sole expense of the late 
William Allen, Esq., F.RS., of London and Lindfield. He 
spent some time at this establishment, where the boys were 
(in addition to the elements of a sound education) taught 
farming, gardening, tailoring, shoemaking, printing, &c, 
under competent masters. From the press here was issued a 
weekly serial caUed the " Lindfield Reporter," a creditable 
publication, set up by the boys. Mr. Shepherdson arrived 
with his family at Kingscote, Kangaroo Island, in the ship 
" Hartley," on October 14, 1837 ; his feUqw passengers being 
the late Rev. T. Q. Stow, Mr. William Giles, afterwards General 
Manager of the South Australian Company, Mr. W. B. 
Randell, afterwards stock manager of the Company at 

Q 



226 KOTABLK SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

I . II -- *- 

Gumeracha, and their families. Mr. Shepherdson thus 
records his first impressions of the infant colony : — " On 
our arrival at the ' Main/ as it was then called, Adelaide had 
jnst been laid out, and the few people living there were 
located in tents, reed and pisey huts, and wooden erections ; 
Government House, occupied by Captain Hindmarsh, RN., 
was of reeds. At the time of our arrival serious quarrels 
had taken place, the result of the divided authority between 
the Governor and the Resident Commissioner (Mr., after- 
wards Sir James Fisher) and their respective adherents, Mr. 
Gouger, the then Colonial Secretary, was just proceeding to 
England for the purpose of appealing to the Home Govern- 
ment for a settlement of the imhappy differences, and Mr. 
Bandell and myself took Mr. Gouger's tent for our families, 
at a rental of £1 per week. In accordance with my instruc- 
tions, I got up a public meeting in a temporary erection, 
which then did duty as Trinity Church, and the Governor at 
my request promised to take the chair. On the night 
appointed I proceeded to Government House to accompany 
His Excellency to the meeting, but on learning from me on 
our way down that Mr. Fisher, Mr. Mann, the Advocate 
Greneral, and others of their friends were to take part in the 
proceedings, he declined to enter the place. After using all 
the persuasion of which I was capable, he at length gave 
way, adding, • Well, as Governor, I suppose I must counte* 
nance the thing, but as Jack Hindmarsh I'll do little.' As 
the result of the meeting, a committee was appointed, to 
co-operate with me, and as soon as a temporary wooden 
erection on the park lands, opposite and near Trinity Church, 
was vacated by the Bank of South Australia, I organised a 
school, and we proceeded with its erection. It comprised a 
dwelling-house and a girls' department on one side, and a 
boys' department on the other. Before its completion, how- 
ever, my health gave way from the intense heat and limited 
accommodation." Mr. Shepherdson was next appointed 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PBESBNT. 227 

secretary and then manager of the South Australian Cattle 
Company, in which he held shares. He went to reside at 
the station near Echunga, in 1839, and commenced farming 
on his own account. In 1840 he took a farm on the Bald 
Hills, near Naime, where he continued until 1847. He gave 
from 21s. to 25s. per bushel for his first seed wheat, and after 
ihe harvest sold it at 1 2s., which was of course ruinous. In after 
years he as well as other settlers had to dispose of their 
produce at 2s. 6d. per bushel, and in order to effect a sale 
had sometimes to take part of it out in black sugar and 
<;oarse tea. In October 1847 the Governor, Major Robe, 
was visiting the district, and Mr. Shepherdson was asked to 
take the clerkship of the Mount Barker Bench, with the 
promise of promotion as soon as possible ; on this under- 
standing he accepted the office, and was appointed on the 
1st November in that year. In 1850, the first Local Court 
Act was passed, and he received the additional appointment 
of clerk of the Local Court. In 1858 he published a book 
on the " Practice of the Local Courts," which he dedicated 
by permission to His Excellency, Sir Richard Graves 
McDonnell It was favorably reviewed by the Press, and 
considered a useful text book for the legal profession. On 
March 6, 1861, Mr. Shepherdson was made a Justice of the 
Peace, and appointed a Special and Stipendiary Magistrate at 
Wallaroo. The other offices he has held or now holds 
are :— Commissioner for taking Affidavits in the Supreme 
Court ; a Commissioner for taking the Acknowledgements of 
Married Women ; Visiting Justice of the Wallaroo Gaol ; 
Chairman of the Auxiliary Destitute Board at Wallaroo; 
Acting Commissioner of the Moonta Insolvency Court, in 
addition to being Special Magistrate of the Local Courts of 
Wallaroo, Kadina, Moonta, Port Wakefield, Balaklava^ and 
Snowtown; Returning Officer of the Electoral District of 
Wallaroo, and Chairman of the Peninsula Licensing Bench. 
At his advanced age it is really wonderful that he can so 

Q 2 



228 NOTABLB SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

creditably fill these multifarious offices. Mr. Shepherdson 
has been twice married, and has a large family ; among his 
descendants are sixty grandchildren, and six great grand 
children. 



Frederick Charles Bayer, M.D., 

BORN at Munich, Bavaria, and studied at the University 
of Erlangen. He subsequently visited several of the 
German Universities, with a view to perfect himself in the 
various branches of the profession to which he devoted his 
life. The circumstances which led to his leaving his native 
land show in a marked degree excellent traits of character, 
and the nice sense of honour which actuated him. Having 
attended a duel in Bavaria as a medical man, and refusing to 
give up to the authorities the names of the principals, he was 
denied any official employment in his native country, and 
resolved to emigrate to South Australia. He arrived here in 
the " Heloise," March 17, 1847, as surgeon superintendent of 
the vessel, and shortly after settled in Adelaide. Though he 
laboured imder the disadvantage of being a foreigner, and had 
but a scanty knowledge of the English language, he speedily 
took a good position as an accomplished and skilful medical 
practitioner. His fame spread rapidly, and his practice 
increased to an inconvenient extent. In 1859 he re-visited 
his native land, and spent some time in the continental 
hospitals, where his active mind was ever on the alert to make 
his own whatever was new and valuable in his profession. 
On his return from Europe his popularity and practice 
increased, and his energies were stretched to their utmost 
point of tension. He may be truly said to have died in har- 
ness, as within a short period of his decease by apoplexy he 
was giving advice to patients. The sad event occurred on 
August 15, 1867, in his 52nd year of age. Dr. Bayer married 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 229 

a daughter of the late Dr. Kent, and left behind a large 
family. He was a man of large heart and wide benevolence. 
Eor any cause of charity his generous aid might be confidently 
reckoned upon, whilst his professional skill was ever at the 
service of the poorest and humblest. 




Theodore Heydecke, 

[HOSE death at the early age of 35, on January 29, 1867, 
was much regretted in musical circles, was a native of 
Brunswick, and arrived in the colony in 1857. He occupied 
the position of bandmaster to the Volunteer Band, and con- 
ductor of the Catholic Band. He was a most accomplished 
musician, and as well acquainted with the theory as the 
practice of his art. As a clarionet player he has never 
probably been equalled here, and the masterly style of his 
performances on his favourite instrument will not be soon 
forgotten by those who heard them. 



Matthew Smith, J. P., 

tRRIVED in the colony by the " Africaine " in November, 
1836. He resided for a short time at Kangaroo Island, 
and afterwards practised the profession of the law in Adelaide. 
On the early settlement of Port Lincoln Mr. Smith was 
appointed a Resident Magistrate. He ultimately returned to 
Adelaide, where he continued to conduct a respectable practice, 
and filled at intervals the important offices of Stipendiary 
Magistrate, and Acting Commissioner of Insolvency. On his 
retirement from the public service, Mr. Smith was the 
recipient of a testimonial from the members of the legal 
profession in Adelaide. He died at Prospect, Nov. 18, 1858, 
aged sixty-four years. He was a man of great intelligence, 
and much liked by all classes of the community. 



230 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



Joshua Ives, Mus. Bac, Cambridge, 

fHE Professor of Music for South Australia, is a native of 
Manchester, where he was bom in 1854. He was 
educated at Owen's College, under Dr. Bridge, who held the 
College lectureship on Harmony in conjunction with the 
organistship of Manchester Cathedral. Subsequent to Dr. 
Bridge's appointment as organist of Westminster Abbey, Mr. 
Ives studied under Dr. Henry Hiles and under Dr. Chipp, 
organist of Ely Cathedral. Whilst in Manchester he held the 
appointment of organist first at St. James's Parish Church) 
Gorton, and then at St. Stephen's, Hulme. In 1878 he was 
invited to become a candidate for the vacant post of organist 
and choir-master at Anderston Church, Glasgow, and after a 
severe competition he was successful Shortly after his 
arrival in Glasgow he obtained the post of Lecturer on Har* 
mony and Musical Composition at the Glasgow AthensBum 
the directors of which testified to the high reputation which 
Professor Ives had won, and the improvement which had been 
effected in the department over which he presided by his 
earnest and steady work, so that it had attained an efficiency 
superior to anything in its previous history. In addition to 
this the directors stated : — " This success is manifested by the 
increased attendance (the number of students having been 
more than doubled since Mr. Ives came), as well as by the 
rapid progress made by the students in their work. In the 
senior class the course of study is such as is required for the 
Cambridge University degree examinations ; in the junior 
classes the course is arranged to suit the requirements of the 
different local examinations. One of the most remarkable 
features of Mr. Ives' work is the very high position which his 
students have taken at the examinations. During the last 
two years all the students he sent forward passed, and about 
75 per cent, of this number were placed in the first class.'^ 
During the stay of Professor Ives in Glasgow, in addition to 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 231 

the work of his appointment he was busily engaged in teach- 
ing, and had from overwork to refase many pupils. Several 
musical students who had the advantage of his tuition now 
hold good organ appointments. Professor Ives arrived in 
Adelaide by the E.M.S. Parramatta, on March 1, 1885. 
Prior to his departure from England he visited the different 
Universities, the Royal College of Music, the Royal 
Academy of Music, and other kindred institutions, to observe 
the various methods of teaching adopted^ and the result is 
that he is now able to introduce similar systems to those in 
vogue at those places. Since he has been located in our city 
Professor Ives has won golden opinions from both public and 
press by his lectures and organ recitals. The latter are given 
weekly, and are a source of much delight to all hearers. The 
advent of Professor Ives may be regarded as inaugurating a 
new era in music at the antipodes. Prior to his arrival the 
popular taste for the works of the great composers was but 
meagre, but now we are gradually beholding a people imbued 
with somewhat of the same spirit which actuates the Professor 
himself. He does not play for effect, his sole desire evidently 
being to faithfully interpret the intention of those composers 
whose works he performs ; and in this he succeeds so well that 
the interest of his hearers is maintained throughout all his 
recitals. It may not be out of place to remark that the 
University of Adelaide was the first to have a Professor of 
Music, and that its example is now being followed by most of 
the cities in the neighbouring colonies. 



James Munro Linklater, J. P., 

|AME of a family long located in the Orkney Islands. 
He arrived in this colony in the early part of 1840, 
and in conjunction with his brother-in-law, Mr. W. Flett^ 
commenced business as grocers, etc After working up a 
laige connection, he quitted this sphere of action and entered 




232 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



•*»- 



into squatting pursuits in the Fowler's Bay district. He was 
here very unsuccessful, and for some time his fortunes were 
chequered, and he suffered many reverses. Ultimately, how- 
ever, a season of prosperity came, and he realised handsome 
returns from his runs. As an instance of his rigid integrity, 
high conscientiousness, and true sense of honour, it may be 
mentioned that his first act, so soon as fortune began to smUe, 
was to pay in full all the creditors who some years before had 
accepted a composition and relieved him of liabilities which 
he had then been unable to meet. For this rare commercial 
generosity, his creditors presented him with a handsome 
testimonial. Mr. Linklater took a lively interest in political 
and municipal affairs, and was duly elected a councillor in 
the City Corporation. Although he had little ambition to 
fill public positions, his name stood high in popular estimation, 
and so far back as 1852 he held the post of a Trustee of the 
Savings Bank, and later on that of a member of the Marine 
Board. He was one of the founders of the S.A. Insurance 
Company, of which institution he was for some time a 
director. He held the office of elder in Chalmer's Church at 
the time of his decease, which took place in Adelaide, on 
December 17, 1882, in his seventy-third year. Mr. Linklater 
is still often referred to in the commercial world as one 
whose straightforwardness, integrity, and other sterling 
qualities made him a worthy example for his fellow-men to 
follow. 

Samuel White, 

WELL-KNOWN resident of the Reedbeds. Went to 
New Guinea in the early part of 1880, in the 
schooner Elsea, for the purpose of collecting specimens of 
natural history and making scientific researches. Died in 
Sydney, N.S.W., November 10, 1880. Mr. White was an 
ntelligent and highly cultured man. 




OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 233 



Young Bingham Hutchinson 

«RRrVED in South Australia in 1836, and was present 
at the inauguration of the colony. Died at Hindmarsh 
Yalley, August 3, 1870. He was a gentleman of 
independent means, and one of the first created a Justice of 
the Peace. He also held the office of Emigration Agent from 
September 1837 to February 1838. He was present at 
the proclamation of Queen Victoria in England, and took part 
in the celebration here of the first proclamation of South 
Australia, besides being actively engaged in the early affairs 
of the colony generally. He purchased at the first land 
4Bales several town lots and country sections, and after leaving 
the colony for about twenty years returned to Adelaide and 
took up his residence on his property at Hindmarsh Valley. 
He was the first to make the ascent of Mount Lofty, which 
he did on July 6, 1837. In his early life he was an officer 
in the navy. Mr. Hutchinson was a man of no mean classical 
and literary attainments ; and a most voluminous contributor 
to the Press. He was a lineal descendant of Colonel Hutchin- 
son, the well-known follower of Cromwell. Under a rough 
exterior he had a warm heart, and many settlers in the district 
in which he resided received from him substantial aid in a 
time of emergency, when much needed. 



John Tuthill Bagot 

@AME of a very old family; the Bagot's of Kilcoursey, 
King's County, Ireland. Was the son of the late 
Charles Bagot, Esq., J.P. Bom Feb. 15, 1819. Studied at 
Middle Temple, England, and was called to the Irish Bar, 
Arrived in Adelaide in November 1850, with his brother 
Ulysses. On the death of his father Mr. Bagot revisited 
Ireland to take possession of the ancestral estate, and returned 
to Adelaide after a short stay there. He was for many years 



234 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

in partnership with his brother-in-law, Mr. Labatt; was 
concerned in many important lawsuits, and acted as leading 
counsel for the claimants in the celebrated Moonta case. 
After the passing of the Constitution *Act of 1855, Mr. Bagot- 
became a Member of the House of Assembly for the district, 
of Light. He sat in the House during the two succeeding: 
Parliaments, and was returned as member for the Legislative 
Council, and had a lengthy experience of political life. He- 
held the position of Solicitor-General in Mr. Baker's Ministry 
from August 21 to Sept. 1, 1857, of Commissioner of Orowa 
Lands in the Reynolds' Ministry from May 1860 to May^ 
1861, and of Chief Secretary in Mr. Strangways' Ministry 
from November 3, 1868 to May 6, 1870. The aggregate 
number of days for which he held office was 960. He was- 
Provincial Grand Master of the Freemasons, Irish Constitution^ 
and through a period of twenty years' residence in South 
Australia took a prominent part in public affairs. Mr. Bagot- 
was of a cheerful disposition, urbane in manner, and possessed 
most of the amiable traits of the Irish character. His- 
death, in his 52nd year, occurred suddenly from pulmonary 
apoplexy at North Adelaide, on August 6, 1870, and was* 
universally regretted by a wide circle of friends. 



Very Rev. John Smyth, 

ICAR-GENERAL of the R. C. denomination, died ift 
Adelaide, June 30, 1870, aged 47. Bom in 1824 at 
Kilmore, Westmeath, Ireland. Received his elementary^ 
education at Mr. Brady's classical school, Cavan, from whict 
he went to the Diocesan Seminary of Navan in 1846. In. 
the following year he entered the college of the Propaganda 
at Rome, and was ordained as priest on June 10, 1852. He 
arrived in South Australia in May 1853. After the death, 
of Dr. Geoghegan he was appointed Administrator Apostolic^ 
which important position he retained until the arrival of Dr. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 235 

Shiel as Bishop, who made him his Vicar-General. He was 
stationed in Adelaide, but often visited the country districts 
on the occasion of the opening or the laying of the foundation- 
stone of churches, and he accompanied the Bishop to the 
Provincial Synod at Melbourne in 1868, where he was 
appointed Secretary. By his conscientiousness, uniform 
kindness and tender regard for the feelings of all with whom 
he came in contact he won the affection of every member of 
the clergy and laity. Vicar-Greneral Smyth was known and 
respected beyond the pale of his own church, having taken 
an active part in matters affecting the well-being of the colony. 
As a preacher and platform orator he possessed an amount of 
eloquence and earnestness that were always effective. 



Rev. J. C. Woods, B.A., 

1|S a native of Woodville, Bangor, Co. Down, Ireland, and 
1 the son of the late Rev. Hugh Woods, A.M. He was 
bom in 1824, and received his early education under private 
tutors. In 1839 he graduated at the University of Edin- 
burgh, and in 1843 took the degree of B.A. and obtained 
prizes in Greek and Moral Philosophy. After studying 
theology at Belfast, Mr. Woods directed his attention to 
medicine, and spent a year in a medical establishment ia 
Norfolk. On leaving this occupation he was for some time 
engaged in teaching in Cheshire. Believing, however, as a 
minister he could effect more good, he adopted that as his 
future profession and ofl&ciated at Devonport, Northampton, 
Edinburgh, and the Isle of Wight. Mr. Woods arrived ia 
Adelaide in 1855, and with the exception of a two years' 
visit to the old country, has resided here ever since. He is- 
the representative head of the Unitarian Church in South 
Australia, and highly esteemed by all classes for the liberality 
of his opinions. His discourses are eloquent and forcible,, 
and as an orator he is much admired 




236 NOTABLB SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

Hon. George Hall, M.L.C., 

lORN at Bromley, Kent, March 2, 1811, died at Mitcham, 
S. A., January 28, 1867, aged 55 years. He entered 
the mercantile navy at an early age, and was still young when 
he obtained the command of a ship. He was chiefly engaged 
in the East and West India trade, and continued in it till 
1842, when he settled in South Australia. He first entered 
into pastoral pursuits near Angaston, but soon relinquished 
these to start in business at Port Adelaide. In July 1851, 
at the first general election for the single House which then 
formed the Legislative Council of South Australia, he was 
•elected for the Port, and in March 1857 was further elected 
a member of the Upper House, a position he retained until 
his death. Mr. Hall held several important offices in the 
■community, and as a director of the Burra and other mining 
companies, and as chairman of the Chamber of Commerce, 
his name will still be familiar to many. In 1860, finding his 
health failing, he retired from business, and in 1865 paid a 
visit to England. He returned to the colony in 1866, not 
much improved by his trip, and soon after succumbed to his 
fate. 

William Lawes Ware, 

SiORN at Exeter, Devon, England, October 24, 1847. 

^ Left England at an early age for South Australia, 
-where he arrived in March 1850. For nearly twenty years 
Mr. Ware has followed the profession of accountant and 
^financial agent, in which capacity he has not only acquired 
the confidence of his principals, but been very successful. 
He first entered into business on his own account in 1872, 
and has since then been identified in a great degree with the 
mining industries of the colony, and connected with many 
mines on Yorke's Peninsula, Echunga, Waukaringa^ and 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 237 

other places. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society of 
South Australia in 1878, and was elected by his fellow-citizens 
Auditor for the City of Adelaide in June 1878. In the 
following year he was re-elected to the same ofl&ce by 2,250 
votes, and has since then occupied the position continuously 
by re-election at the stated periods. Mr. Ware is well known 
in connection with Freemasonry, and has for many years* 
been a prominent ofl&cer in that order. He is now Grand 
Treasurer in the Grand Lodge of South Australia, and one of 
the Trustees of its property. He has had considerable practice 
in the administration of trust estates and financial business. 
Ostrich farming, an industry most suitable to our soil and 
climate, has been materially assisted by him in its introduce 
tion and establishment in this colony. 



Thomas Jones, J. P., 

BORN at Cowbridge, Glamorganshire, Wales , in 1809^ 
arrived in the colony on July 7, 1840. As recorded in 
Worsnop's " History of the City of Adelaide," he designed 
and erected the first City Bridge over the River TorrenSy 
which was opened by the Mayor of Adelaide on June 17, 
1842. He was the chief mover in founding (on the 23rd 
November, 1840) the first Lodge of Oddfellows, M.U., in the 
colony, which was named "Jones Well Wisher," and of which 
he was N.G. This name was changed on July 10, 1843, to 
"Adelaide Lodge," on receipt of the formal dispensation, 
from Manchester. He surveyed and superintended the con- 
struction of the Port Elliot and Gk)olwa Railway, and also the 
Port Elliot Breakwater, and other Government Works to 
open the trade of the River Murray. The railway was com^ 
menced on June 21, 1852, and opened in May 1854, and 
Mr. Jones was then appointed Engineer and Traffic Superin- 



238 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

tendent, which position he retained until the railway was 
leased in 1871. On retiring from the position, he was pre* 
sented with a public testimonial In 1872 he was appointed 
Town Surveyor of the Municipality of Moonta, and also 
Superintending Surveyor of the Peninsula Road Board, which 
position he now holds. His eldest son, Mr. James W. Jones, 
l)om in the colony, is in the Grovemment Service as 
Conservator of Water. 



Archibald Watson, M.D., F.R.C.S., Eng., 

fROFESSOR of Anatomy at the Adelaide University, 
is a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of 
England (exam.), Doctor of Medicine of the Faculties of 
Paris and Goettingen, Corresponding • Member of the 
Anthropological, Clinical, and Anatomical Societies of Paris, 
Australian Editor of the International Journal of Anatomy 
and Physiology ; Pathologist to the South Australian Grovem- 
ment and the Adelaide Hospital. He is the eldest son of Mr. 
Sydney Grandison Watson, of Tintaldra, Upper Murray, 
Yictoria,and was bom in Riverina in 1849. Dr. Watson 
received the principal part of his education at the 
Scotch College, Melboume, under Dr. Morrison, where he 
invariably carried off all the Scriptural prizes, obtaining also 
in one year the first prize for Gymnastics, Chemistry, Mathe- 
matics, and Natural History. Charing Cross Medical School, 
likewise the mater gloriosa of Professor Huxley, President of 
the Royal Society, was that also of Dr. Watson, who dates his 
love of anatomy to the viva vox of his former teacher. Dr. 
James Cantlie, MA., etc., of Aberdeen, surgeon to Charing 
Cross Hospital, so-well known as a public lecturer and in con- 
nection with the Volunteer Ambulance movement in 
England. In London Dr. Watson enjoyed also the privilege 
of sitting at the feet of Sir Joseph Lister and Mr. Jonathan 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PBESENT. 239 

Hutchinson, sen., F.K.S., as well as of being clinical 
^assistant to Mr. J. W. Hulke, F.RS., President of 
the Geological Society of Great Britain. The 
medical schools of the Continent, on account of the 
.greater facilities they afforded for the study of operative 
surgery and practical anatomy, were not neglected by Dr. 
Watson, who spent many years of his busy life abroad, 
l)eing at one time private assistant to Terrier, the leading 
French ovariotomist, and surgical dresser to the celebrated 
anthropologist, the late Professor Broca, of Paris, to whom 
"he afterwards dedicated his Thesis. It was, however, in 
Ooettingen (scene likewise of Bismarck's academical labours 
more than forty years previously) under Professors Leber and 
Xoenig that Dr. Watson acquired a bias for German methods 
in the treatment of eye affections and wounds. It was there 
^also that he came under the cegia of the greatest of living 
anatomists, the venerable Henle. The latter scientist 
strongly advocated his cause with Sir Arthur Blyth and 
Professors Flower and Humphry in their selection of 
a candidate for the Professorship at the Adelaide University. 
Professor Humphry presented Dr. Watson, on his nomination, 
with a very valuable collection of books, amongst which 
were several works of the Cambridge Professor himself, 
accompanied by his portrait. Dr. Watson knows hospital 
life from a patient's as well as from a surgeon's point of 
view, having been treated nosocomially both for blood- 
poisoning and other diseases incident to his calling, 
necessitating interruptions in his studies and subsequent 
travels in Spain, Italy, Morocco, and Egypt ; in the latter 
country he applied, along with Dr. Honman, of cholera 
fame, now of Williamstown, Victoria, and their mutu£il friend 
the late Dr. Leslie, for a Surgeoncy with Hicks Pacha's 
Soudan force, Leslie, whose h«N)ic death became afterwards 
matter of Egyptian history, receiving the appointment. 
After the cholera epidemic of 1883, Dr. Watson, 



240 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

encouiaged to further exertions nearer home by Mr. W. Fane 
De Salis, late of Sydney, returned to England, where he 
remained till his present appointment to the chair of 
Anatomy at the Adelaide University, founded by Sir Thomas 
Elder, who, boarding the RM.S. Pekin in which Dr. Watson 
arrived, was the first to welcome him back to his native land 
and extend to him an Australian hospitality. 



Victor Dumas, 

©KE of the pioneers of the Mount Barker district, died 
December 27, 1882, aged seventy-six. Coming as he 
did from the French nobility, and being well educated, first 
at Merchant Tailor's School, and subsequently at Cambridge, 
he was admirably fitted for the position of a public instructor 
of youth, and when he fell on troublous times in his nativo 
land he came to South Australia, took up his abode in the 
then sparsely populated town of Mount Barker, and followed 
the natural bent of his inclination, namely, the profession of 
a teacher. He was a man of great intelligence, well read, 
and regarded quite as an authority on times, events, and 
histories. As a Latin scholar he was probably unequalled in 
the colony, and he carried off a widely contested prize in a 
competition in Latin verse. It is stated that he was related 
to the famous novelist Dumas. 



Faustino Ziliani 

IS a native of Brescia, Italy, where he was bom March 
27, 1848. Although he had exhibited great interest 
in music, it was not until his ninth year, through delicate 
health, that his elementary studies commenced. His first 
preceptor was the celebrated Maestro Alessandro Soletti, 
imder whose tuition he made considerable progress. Having 
a good contralto voice his services were much in request in 



OB, COLONISTS'— PAST AND PRESENT. 241 

the church choir of his native town, and at the age of seven- 
teen, his voice then being very powerful, acting on the 
advice of Signer Soletti, he was sent to Milan to finish his 
studies. In this city he was readily admitted to the Boyal 
Conservatorio of Music by Professor Lauro Bossi, who was 
considerably surprised at the manner in which young Ziliani 
passed the required preliminary examination. He here 
studied vocal music under Professor B. Prati, and the Solfeggio 
system under Professor G. Kava. In the examination at the 
end of the year 1867 he received the " Great Menzione '^ (an 
honour only bestowed upon superior students), and was also 
exempted from payment of school fees for the following year. 
In 1868 he was the recipient of the "Great Menzione*' in 
the first grade, and of the pension given by the Government 
to enable pupils to proceed •with their studies. In 1869 he 
took another first prize, and his pension was increased. He 
took part in the Academy of 1869-70, and for three year^ 
held the responsible position of instructing pupils in the 
Conservatorio. At his final examination he sang with great 
success the " Romanza dell' Ebrea d'Alevy," was awarded 
the diploma of professor of singing, and given a final first 
prize and a medal For seven years Signor Ziliani gave sing- 
ing lessons in Milan, and during that period had the satisfac- 
tion of preparing several of the most notable vocal artists for 
the stage. Many of these are still following their profession 
in the leading theatres of Europe, viz. — Signori Antonio 
Puto, and Emilio Isamat (baritones); Signorine Maddalena 
Porta, and Enrichetta Lasauca (sopranos); Fausto 
Bellotti, Astorre Stucci (tenors); Celeste Saccardi, and 
Abulcher Leoni (bassos). Signor Ziliani was instructor of 
the chorus for the Royal Theatre of St. Carlo, at Lisbon, 
Poi^ugal, and spent one season in that capacity. He was 
highly complimented by the press for the effective manner in 
which the chorus sang their part in all the great operas, and 
especially in Verdi's fine mass, and he was asked to accept 

B 



242 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

further engagements in places where this mass was repeated. 
He, however, declined, and went to the Theatre of Buenos 
Ayres, Eio de Janeiro. He had here double duty to perform, 
being instructor of chorus, and conductor of orchestra. In 
December 1879 Signor Ziliani returned to Italy, and filled 
other positions in the musical world. In 1881 Signor Cagli 
(impressario) engaged him as conductor of orchestra for Java 
and Australia, and he accompanied the well-known Italian 
opera company of that gentleman through each of the colonies, 
finally arriving in Adelaide, where, at the termination of the 
opera season, acting on the advice of the late John Hall he 
settled down as a teacher of music and singing. It will be 
needless to extend the eulogium which might be written of 
Signor Ziliani's merits as an instructor ; nor need we refer to 
his successful conductorship of the Cagli opera troupe ; the first 
is best known to his numerous pupils, and the latter will not 
be speedily forgotten by those who visited the Theatre 
Soyal, Adelaide, during the opera season of 1882-3. 

Captain Henry Simpson, 

'HO may be regarded as one of our earliest South 
Australian colonists, arrived here in August 1836, 
as second officer of the "John Pirie," of which vessel he subse- 
quently became master. He was a native of Hull, England, 
and was bom in 1815. From the time of his first connection 
with the colony, up to the day of his death, he was well 
known as one of our most enterprising shipowners, and his 
name is still a " household word " at Port Adelaide, which 
was for so many years the scene of his labours and his 
successes. To enimierate all the vessels with which he was 
connected would occupy more space than we can here afifoid, 
but it may be stated that on leaving the " John Pirie" he took 
charge of the barque " Loid Hobart" He next purchased a 
cutter, and established a trade between Port Adelaide, 
Xing George's Sound, and Fremantle, W. A He was 




OR, COLONISTS— PAST AND PRESENT 243 

subsequently appointed wharfinger at the old port under the 
South Australian Company. From this position Captain 
Simpson was at a later date transferred to the new port, 
when the road from Alberton to the Flagstaff was constructed 
by the S.A. Company. He was associated with Messrs. 
Phillips andDeHome in the formation of a shipping and agency 
company, which, however, collapsed at the time of the gold fever 
in Victoria, and Captain Simpson, affected by the prevailing 
disorder which led so many South Australians to leave for 
Victoria, went thither, and worked as a digger for six months. 
On his return to Port Adelaide he engaged in the coaling 
trade. For a long time the traf&c between this colony and 
Kewcastle was carried on by means of sailing vessels, and 
Captain Simpson decided to introduce steamers for the coal 
trade, and imported the " Birksgate," "Tenterden," and other 
vessels for the Port Adelaide trade. From the commencement 
of the Wallaroo Smelting Works he was the contractor for the 
coal supply, in which employment he had many ships 
engaged. During recent years he was greatly assisted by his 
son in the work of the firm with which he was connected, 
and was thereby to an extent relieved of business cares. He 
always manifested deep interest in local matters at Port 
Adelaide, where the news of his death, on April 26, 1884, 
from a paralytic fit, caused the most profound regret Kind 
and benevolent in disposition, a gentleman in every sense of 
the word, the decease of Captain Simpson may be regarded 
as somewhat of a national calamity. He had nearly reached 
his seventieth year, and the greater part of his life was spent 
in South Australia, but he paid a visit to England with his 
family in 1875, and remained there two years. Few men have 
done more to advance the interests of this colony than he; few 
of his contemporary pioneers have accomplished so much good 
in a long and useful lifetime. The firm of Messrs. H. Simp- 
son & Sons is still extant ; the sons of Captain Simpson being 
now the managing partners and representative heads. 

B 2 



244 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

John Stokes Bagshaw, 

BORN at Chetwynd, Shropshire, in 1808. He early 
evinced mechanical tastes, and was apprenticed to the 
millwright and engineering business, learning these trades 
in all their branches. He arrived in this colony in June 
1838, in the ship "Eden," and settled down in the western 
part of what was then but a primitive settlement. He at 
first engaged in work uncongenial to his tastes, but ultimately 
established himself in what has since proved a remunerative 
and prosperous business, viz., the construction of agricultural 
and other implements. His works, which are known by the 
appropriate name of " Pioneer," have gradually grown with 
the colony, and are kept constantly at work in the construction 
of machinery for mills, horse-woiks, and threshing machines, 
chaff-cutters, winnowers, etc. The latter, which are in 
general request in the agricultural districts of South Australia^ 
are a speciality with Mr. Bagshaw, who spent much time and 
labour ere they reached the perfection they have now attained. 
These implements are widely used on account of their utility 
and durability, and have often served as models for other 
makers. Mr. Bagshaw's elevators and baggers attached to 
winnowers are most substantial articles. The Ridley Reaper, 
which did such good service in the early times, the name of 
which has become a " household word " here, owes much of 
ii» success to the exertions of Mr. Bagshaw, who was one of 
the first makers of the patterns for it, and has constructed 
several of these useful adjuncts to the farmer's homestead. 
In the evening of his busy life it must be a great satisfaction 
to him to know that he has three sons able to continue the 
work he has earnestly followed in spite of vicissitudes and 
ups and downs. Mr. Bagshaw is one of the founders of the 
Ancient London Order of Oddfellows in South Australia, and 
also holds several honorary offices in other societies. He 
was elected to the Adelaide Municipal Council in 1870, as 
member for Gawler Ward, which he represented for about 




OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 245 

six years, and was, during his term of office, instrumental in 
eftecting great improvements. He was connected with the 
l)uilding of some of the first water, steam, and windmills in 
the colony. 



Thomas Dungey, 

[HO relinquished business in Kent, England, in 1839, 
through the great depression in trade caused by the 
successive hop failures in that county, emigrated to South 
Australia, and arrived at Holdfast Bay early in February 
1840, bringing his wife and family with him. Mr. Dungey's 
kindred were mostly engaged in manufacturing pursuits in 
Kent and the adjacent counties, as millers, curriers, hattersi 
fellmongers, etc., and he opened in business in Adelaide, 
commencing to manufacture tobacco in 1843, and pursuing 
other mercantile vocations for several years, until failing health 
caused him to remove into the country. He died at Happy 
Valley in August 1853 ; Mrs. Dungey surviving him many 
years. His sons are Mr. John Dungey, of Dungey, Kalph 
and Co., Limited, of this city, and Mr. Andrew Dungey, 
Agent, of Port Pirie. The remaining sons and daughter are 
settled in Victoria and Kew Zealand. 



P. McM. Glynn, B.A., LL.B., 

^OEN in Gort, Ireland, August 25, 1855. Educated at 
the French College, Blackrock ; and on leaving there 
was apprenticed to a solicitor practising in Dublin. After three 
years the indentures were cancelled, and Mr. Glynn joined the 
King's Inns as a Law Student, and entered the Dublin Uni- 
versity, in which he graduated in arts in July 1878, and subse- 
quently took the degree of Bachelor of Laws ; obtained a 
certificate for oratory from the College Historical Society, 
Dublin University, and a silver medal for oratory from the 



246 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

ill. I I ■ 

Law Students' Debating Society of Ireland in 1880. In the 
discussions of these societies he always supported the 
cause of Land Law Eeform and the principle of Local 
Gk)yemment. He spent a year and a half in London, study^ 
ing law in the Middle Temple, and was called to the Irish 
Bar in April 1879. In September 1880 Mr. Glynn left for 
Melbourne, and was called to the Victorian Bar in December 
following.. He both wrote and spoke upon the Irish question 
in that city, and published, with an introduction, the speech 
of the late Mr. A. M. Sullivan on behalf of the Land 
Leaguers during the Irish State Trials in 1880-81. He 
arrived in South Australia July 2, 1882, and from the follow- 
ing August has practised law in Kapunda, having been 
admitted a practitioner of the Supreme Court in July 1883* 
Since the death of Mr. James Elliott, in April 1883, he has 
been editor of the Kapunda Herald^ and was one of the 
founders of the Land Nationalization Society in May 1884, 
for which he has lectured and written with much ability. 
It would be somewhat impolitic here to enter into particulars 
of the principles of the S. A. Land Nationalization Society, of 
which Mr. Glynn is so able a representative, the more especially 
so, as they are now being widely disseminated, from both pulpit 
and platform, week after week by logical and earnest orators. 
Suffice it, everything shows that the day is at hand when the 
victory for which Mr. Henry George has so ably striven will 
be won, and Land Nationalization become an established fact* 




Thomas Henry Jones, 

JHO may be regarded as one of the most accomplished 
of South Australian organists, was born at Williams- 
town, Victoria, September 20, 1856. At an early age he 
exhibited a strong taste for music, which was encouraged by 
his being placed under the most competent masters for piano 
and harmony ; his finishing tutors being Mons. Jules Meilhan, 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 247 

and Mr. S. P. Needhaiu. Mr. Jones has been instrumental 
in developing a love for music in Adelaide, and in his capacity 
of organist was the first to introduce a series of " Recitals ** 
upon our city organ. These performances, which extended 
over a period of three months, were attended with immense 
success, and several English musical papers referred in terms 
of approbation to the efforts thus put forth. On this subject the 
London Musical Times of February 1, 1885, has the following 
remarks : — " Mr. T. H. Jones, purely with a desire of foster- 
ing a taste for classical music, has arranged to give a series of 
Becitals on the Town Hall organ, Adelaide; the first of 
which took place on the afternoon of October 21. The 
programme contained Mendelssohn's Third Sonata, an Adagio 
by Schubert, Chopin's Funeral March, Lemmens's * Storm 
Sonata/ and Handel's Concerto, No. 2. All these works were 
excellently played, and considering that Mr. Jones bestows 
his services gratuitously, we cannot but think that his efforts 
in the good cause deserve to be recorded and warmly 
acknowledged, even outside the colony, the musical education 
of which he has done and is still doing so much to advance." 
Mr. Jones is organist of the North Adelaide Congregational 
Church, and has likewise occupied during the last few years 
a similar position in connection with the leading musical 
societies. His numerous compositions embrace works for the 
piano, organ, and voices. 



Henry Evans, J. P., 

[AS connected by marriage with the family of the late 
George Fife Angas Esq., and in the district of Angaston 
he was highly respected ; his genial nature and generous 
liberality winning for him general esteem. He rendered 
great assistance at times to numbers of residents of Angaston 
by his skill in the art of medicine^ to which he had devoted 
considerable study with no small success. The estate of 




248 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

Evandale was laid out by Mr. Evans, and proved very fruit- 
ful ; it also gained a high, reputation for the production of 
first-class wines, which were greatly appreciated in Europe. 
He arrived in this colony with his family, and accompanied 
by Mr. J. H. Angas, in the "Madras," on Sept. 12, 1843. 
On Kov. 3, in the same year, the foundation stone of the 
Angaston Chapel was laid by Mrs. Evans, and Mr. Evans 
himself delivered an address on the occasion. Much of the 
prosperity of Angaston in its early history is due to the efforts 
of this worthy man, and his amiable partner, and he lived suffi- 
ciently long enough to see it a thriving and important township. 
Mr. Evans died at Evandale, on April 14, 1868, aged 56 years. 

Dr. J. W. Morier, J. P., 

JAS professionally connected with the Noarlunga and 
Eeynella Lodges of Oddfellows, and associated with 
Morphett Vale since September 1878. In early life he was 
in the Royal JSfavy, and followed the sea until his arrival in 
this colony. He identified himself with every movement 
having for its object the advancement of the district with 
which he was connected, and to his agency many local 
improvements owe their existence. Dr. Morier, who died on 
October 13, 1885, was universally esteemed. He was a 
Justice of the Peace, a District Councillor, and a member of 
the WiUunga Board of Advice. 

Lieutenant Michael Stewart Guy, R.N., 

JOINED the Navy at fourteen years of age ; served in the 
01 "Rodney" and "Stromboli" in the Black Sea and Sea 
of Azoph during the Crimean War, and was present at the 
taking of Kertch and bombardment of Sebastopol. He was 
afterwards engaged in marine surveying in the Hebrides. 
Lieutenant Guy arrived in Tasmania in 1861, and was theie 
employed under Commander Brooker, and in Sydney under 




OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 249 

Commander Sydney. He arrived in this colony in 1866, and 
was associated with Captain Hutchinson in marine surveys 
on the coast. He was in the " Beatrice," when she made her 
first trip to the Northern Territory. Exposure and hardships 
•endured in that locality hastened his end, and hrought his 
useful career to a close at North Adelaide, on July 4, 1869, 
in his 29th year. Military honours were accorded by the 
•citizens at his f uneraL 

Captain John Hutchinson, R.N., 

HO was for some years the Commander of the South 
^H^^ Australian Survey Station, died in the prime of life 
*t North Adelaide, July 9, 1869, a few days after the decease 
of Lieutenant Guy, who had been associated with him in 
marine surveying. The services rendered by Captain 
Hutchinson, and other officers similarly engaged, have been 
invaluable to shipmasters frequenting these waters ; and the 
Admiralty authorities as well as Colonial Governments have 
not hesitated to acknowledge the value of the coast surveys 
•effected. Captain Hutchinson entered upon a naval career 
in the early part of 1842, when a mere lad of thirteen years 
of age, and was employed exclusively in the exploring and 
survey departments of the service, where his tastes and quali- 
fications had ample scope. He was first engaged on the 
English and Irish coasts, under Admiral Bullock and Captain 
Wolfe, remaining there until 1845, when he joined H.M.S. 
•** Herald," on board which he served until the vessel was paid 
off in 1852. During this period the " Herald " was survey- 
ing in the Pacific Ocean and in the Arctic Seas, where it was 
«ent on a search for the ill-fated Sir John Franklin and the 
members of his expedition. For services thus rendered 
Captain Hutchinson received the Arctic medal In 1852 he 
again rejoined the " Herald," which had been fitted out for 
an exploring and survey cruise among the South Sea Islands. 
She sailed for some time in the Coral Sea, and then returned 



250 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

" - •*" 

home after a nine years' absence. During the greater part 
of her commission, Mr. Hutchinson was First Lieutenant. 
In August 1861 he was promoted to the post of commander, 
and placed in charge of the Admiralty Survey of the sea 
board of this province. After the trip to the ^Northern 
Territory, which impaired his strength, he invalided home,, 
but returned to the survey schooner " Beatrice " during the 
following September in renewed health. In January 1869 
his hard and incessant duty was rewarded by further promo- 
tion to the rank of Naval Captain, a distinction he did not* 
live long to enjoy. On April 5, 1864, the "Beatrice " with 
Commander Hutchinson and Lieutenant Howard (now of 
Sydney) proceeded to the Northern Territory, returning m 
December of the same year. She was dispatched in March 
1865, under the direction of Lieutenants Howard and Guy^ 
E.N., and after remaining on active service for many months, 
returned to Adelaide, September 26, 1866. She was engs^ed 
in survey work during the whole time that Mr. McKinlay 
was in the Territory, and the reports of Commander 
Hutchinson contained a vast amount of valuable information 
to navigators of the rivers and seas of the new settlement on 
the other side of the continent. The charts drawn out as the- 
result of these surveys were as follows : — Adam Bay and 
the entrance to the Adelaide Eiver for the whole of its course ;: 
Yemon Islands, and channels leading into Adam Bay ; 
coast line from Cape Croker to Point Brogden, including^ 
islands in Mountnorris Bay; entrance and course of the 
Liverpool Eiver as far as navigable by boats ; coast line from 
Liverpool Eiver to Cape Stewart ; Limen Bight and Maria 
Island, Gulf of Carpentaria , coast line from Blaze Bay to> 
Anson Bay; coast line from Anson Bay to Point Pierce:. 
Commander Hutchinson was of kindly disposition, gentle- 
manly manners, and as may be expected, well-informed on 
most subjects. " A man, take him all in all, of whom we^ 
shall see few of the like again." 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 251 

Arthur Edward Gliddon 

DIED at Silverton in May, 1885. He was for many years 
associated with the town of Laura, and instrumental in 
advancing its interests. The Laura Institute, one of the 
finest in the Northern Areas, was the work of his untiring 
labours, and the Great Northern Racing Club also developed 
under his energy as secretary. He took an active part in 
promoting the railway to Laura, and in the formation of the 
local Eifle Corps, of which he was captain. Mr. Gliddon was- 
for some time the manager of the Bank of South Australia, 
but resigned that position to take a partnership in the Laura 
Brewery. He was not, however, very successful in this- 
venture, but bore up bravely imder a succession of reverses. 
He removed to Silverton, where fortune seemed about to 
smile on his endeavours, when he was suddenly taken ill and 
died. 




William Bundey, Mayor of Adelaide, 

lORN January 26, 1826, at Beaulieu, in the New Forest 
Hampshire. He served his apprenticeship in Londoni 
to a carpenter and builder, and shortly after completion of 
his time left for South Australia, where he arrived on^ 
November 19, 1848. He worked at his trade for some time, 
and on the gold diggings breaking out visited Victoria, where- 
he was fairly successful He returned to Adelaide and com- 
menced business on his own account as a builder. He has 
been for some time an active member of the Order of 
O.F., M.U., and held the office of Grand Master in South 
Australia in 1856. In 1867 he was one of the founders of 
the City Permanent Building Society, and was elected Chair- 
man of the Board of Directors at the first meeting of this 
society, which office he has held since without interruption. 
Mr. Bundey entered the City Council in December 1861, 
when he was elected Councillor for Robe Ward. He was^ 



"252 NOTABLB SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

Te-elected to this office in 1864, and again in 1866, retiring 
from that office in December 1868. In 1881 he again entered 
the City Council, being elected to fill the office of Alderman 
-on December 2 of that year. This office he held until 
December 1883, when he was elected Mayor of the City, and 
-was re-elected Mayor in the following December for a second 
year of office. During the time he has been connected with 
the City Council, the Town Hall has been erected, the 
;fiewerage of the city has been effected, the water supply vastly 
improved, and the rates on the two last greatly reduced, the 
Park Lands have been planted and wonderfully improved, 
4ind the city has become a model of cleanliness and beauty. 
Of affable manners and kindly disposition, Mr. Bundey com- 
mands the esteem of a large section of the community. 



John Gardlfver, 

HO was for many years secretary of the Mount Gambler 
Institute, was a man who had passed through the 
-most varied experiences. He was in the 9th Eoyal Lancers 
for a long time, and subsequently in the German Legion. 
Served fifteen years in India in the Punjaub, at Chillianwallah, 
and Sobraon, and received for services rendered numerous 
•decorations. He was an able taxidermist. At the time of 
his death, which took place at Mount Gambler on June 28, 
1869, he was in his 49th year of age. 



Charles Tanner. 

tMONG the celebrated characters who have from time to 
time resided in this colony, few have attracted more 
;attention, or are still better remembered than the far-famed 
"whip" Charles— or as he used to be familiarly styled, 
-*' Charley " Tanner. His father was the proprietor of aline of 
•coaches running between London and Peckham Eye, so that 




OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 253' 

from a very early age " Charley's " experience with horses- 
commenced. He arrived in South Australia in 1840, and 
made his first essay as a driver on the Port-road ; at that time 
a locality sacred to hills and hollows, and requiring no little 
skill to avoid a capsize. He was next heard of as manager 
for Cobb & Co., and used to drive up the crack coach at 9 in 
the morning from Glenelg. During the visit of the Duke of 
Edinburgh, Mr. Tanner was appointed one of his coachmen^ 
and had the honour of giving His Boyal Highness his first- 
lessons in driving four-in-hand. On the prince leaving the 
colony he paid " Charley's " expenses to Victoria, where he 
remained a short time, and then returned to this colony. He 
next diove a coach between Adelaide and the Port. Mr- 
Tanner was universally liked, not only for his ability as a 
coachman, but for his courtesy to passengers. He was for 
twenty-two years a member of the M. U. Hope Lodge of 
Oddfellows. Many interesting anecdotes are still floating 
about respecting this " old identity," which, if true, border 
almost on the miraculous. He was fifty years of age at the 
time of his death, which took place in Adelaide on Jan. 10^ 
1869. 



Henry Seymour, J. P., 

BORN in Ireland, and at an early age devoted himself Uy 
the legal profession. He practised for a lengthy period 
as an equity lawyer in Dublin and Queenstown, and took a 
high stand in the law courts of those places. He arrived in 
South Australia in 1840, where, instead of following the law,, 
he commenced agricultural pursuits at Blakiston, near Mount 
Barker. After a residence there of seven years, he sold the 
estate in 1847, and removed to Mosquito Plains ; where, and 
at his runs near Guichen Bay, he became largely interested 
in pastoral property. Mr. Seymour occupied in the S. E.. 
District an influential position as a magistrate. Though an 



254 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



attached and warm supporter of the Church of England, his 
sympathies and pecuniary aid were freely accorded to other 
denominations. His hospitality was unbounded, and public 
and private charities found in him a liberal and good friend. 
He died at Mount Benson, near Robe, Dec 16, 1869, aged 
seventy. 



Edward Walter Wickes 

JAS a native of Stepney, England, and for many years 
^^^ known in the country districts as a lay preacher. His 

career as a teacher commenced in 1816, and he continued in 
that profession until 1845, when he left his native land for 
South Australia. During his scholastic career in England he 
published a grammar, which was extensively used, and after 
lie came to this colony he produced several elementary works 
which were largely circulated. Shortly after his arrival, in 
conjunction with the Rev. J. B. Titherington, he opened a 
school at North Adelaide, and continued it until 1854. Mr. 
Wickes was a member of the first Board of Education, and 
soon after its formation became the secretary, retaining that 
post for fourteen years, till failing health caused him to 
resign. He acted as lay preacher at Hindmarsh and other 
suburbs of Adelaide. He died at North Adelaide, August 
30, 1868, aged 73. 

Thomas Lampard, 

|NE of the pioneers and oldest residents of the Murray 
River district. He was well known among colonial 

sportsmen in the early years of settlement as a man of fearless 
disposition and adventurous character. In 1843 he took up 
his abode on the banks of the Murray, and was one of the 
first to put a plough into what was then truly a wildemess^ 
though by no means an uninhabited one, as the aborigines 




OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 255 

were numerous and ferocious, Mr. Lampard formed the 
first garden in that locality, and devoted his attention to 
horticulture. He was a shrewd, intelligent man, and a 
prominent character at public meetings, at which his 
:8traightforwardness and dry humour made him a popular 
favourite. He died on July 18, 1868, aged 71, and left 
numerous descendants, who still occupy land in the vicinity 
of the Murray Eiver. ' 




Captain Alexander Jamieson, 

HO was associated with Port Adelaide for upwards of 
sixteen years, and died there from accident on August 

3, 1868, in his 80th year, was bom in Aberdeenshire in 
1788, and took his first command of a vessel in 1808. He 
was for upwards of forty-five years a captain of ships to 
various parts of the world, and brought many thousands of 
passengers to this and the neighbouring colonies. His first 
voyage to South Australia was made in the immigrant ship 
^*Trust^," in 1838, and he returned soon after with his family 
in the schooner " Rosebud," and settled down at the Port. 
He was a sociable, kind man, and regarded as an authority 
on nautical matters ; his long experience as a shipmaster 
<2ausing him to be considered as one eminently qualified to 
give an opinion respecting them. 




John Howard, 

'HO died at North Adelaide, on Feb. 3, 1869, in his 
70th year, was in the early days of the colony 
known as an active advocate of manufactories, and a 
voluminous contributor to the press respecting these and 
kindred subjects. 



256 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

John Stevens, 

t PIONEER South Australian colonist, who in 1838 
started in business with Mr. S. L. Phillips at the 
original port The firm was shortly after increased by the 
accession to it of Mr. J. W. De Home, and was known as 
"The South Australian Shipping Company." Having been 
brought up to the milling trade in England, Mr. St^ens soon 
added to the business of the firm that of a small windmill in 
Adelaide, and in 1842 started a steam mill at Koarlunga. 
The flour bearing his brand was in great request here and 
elsewhere. The company eventually separated, and the 
partnership was dissolved. Mr. Stephens was a good type of 
the old colonist, and much respected for his honour and 
integrity. He died at Port Adelaide, May 9, 1871, aged 
fifty-four. 



Rev. James Maughan, 

fHE founder of the Methodist Kew Connexion Church in 
this colony, was, from his earliest life, associated with 
that body in England, and became a minister when little over 
twenty years of age. He laboured successfully in Bradford, 
Macclesfield, Derby, London, Leeds, Bristol and other places ; 
left England in 1862, and arrived in South Australia, tna 
Melbourne, in September of that year. He was attracted 
hither by finding a wide and congenial sphere for his 
endeavours, and soon established himself as an eloquent 
preacher and able lecturer. Mr. Maughan, by his liberal 
opinions, gained the respect of many outside his denomination, 
to whom his amazing activity of mind and body was a source 
of surprise. He took great delight in scientific and 
philosophical pursuits, and his lectures on these subjects were 
deservedly popular. Mr. Maughan was bom at Hebbum, 
Durham, in October 1826, and died in Adelaide on March 8, 
1871. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 257 

E. B. Scott, J. P. 

niHIS well-known South Australian pioneer settler is a 
4if native of Kent, England, and was bom in the year 1822. 
He arrived in New South Wales in 1838, with a view to 
entering into squatting pursuits, but left soon after for Port 
Phillip, where he spent some time on a friend's station with 
a view to learn squatting. He accompanied the late George 
Hamilton overland to South Australia in 1839, and shortly 
after arrival joined Eyre, the explorer, on an expedition to 
Western Australia with cattle and sheep. On his return to 
Adelaide, Mr. Scott again accompanied Mr. Eyre as his com- 
panion and assistant on an expedition to explore the northern 
interior and western portion of this province. Having left 
Mr. Eyre at the Great Bight, Mr. Scott returned to Adelaide, 
and for a short period was employed as assistant to Lieutenant 
Pullen in the survey of the sea mouth of the river Murray. 
While attached to this service he accomplished the 
hazardous feat of a pull with a boat and crew up and 
down the Murray for about 800 miles. This service had 
reference to a survey ordered by Colonel Gawler. Mr. Scott 
subsequently joined Mr. Eyre in the formation of the Govern- 
ment station at Mooroondee, established for the purpose of 
protecting overlanders from the hostile attacks of the aborigines. 
At this period he voluntarily sailed the Government cutter 
" Waterwitch " from the lake to Mooroondee, and she was the 
first vessel of any size navigated on the Murray. In 1843 Mr. 
Scott joined Mr. Eyre in an expedition to connect Major 
Mitchell's first survey of the Darling with his second, and 
defined the Anna Branch. He next formed a cattle station 
at the North West Bend, the first establishment of the kind 
on that part of the Murray. In 1847 he succeeded to the 
post vacated by Mr. Eyre at Mooroondee as Magistrate, Sub- 
Protector of Aborigines, Inspector of Native Police, and 
Betuming Officer and held these offices till they were 
abolished by the Government in 1857. After an interval of 

s 




258 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

squatting, being nearly ruined by droughts, Mr. Scott quitted 
a sphere in which he had endured so much misfortune, to 
take the appointment of Protector of Aborigines, and he was 
also in the Sheep Department for a short time. In 1869 he was 
appointed Superintendent of the Stockade, a position he has held 
ever since, and which he appears eminently qualified to fill. 

R. G. Symonds 

'AS bom of British parents on December 21, 1810, in 
the Island of Madeira, where his father, a London 
merchant, up to 1834 had a branch house. Mr. Symonds 
arrived in South Australia by the "Cygnet," as an assistant 
surveyor, appointed in London by the S. A Commissioners, in 
Sept., 1836, and was present at the proclamation of the colony. 
He commenced in January 1837 with Mr. G. S. Kingston, 
the Deputy-Surveyor General, to measure off the main lines 
of the then proposed city of Adelaide, Colonel Light personally 
starting the parties from the point at the K. W. comer of 
South Adelaide, but on account of the dispu te relative to the 
site of the proposed capital, the survey was discontinued for 
some days. Mr. Symonds was then direc ted by Colonel 
Light to measure off the bends of the river Lei ween the hills 
and the Eeedbeds, but did not further assist in laying out 
the Adelaide allotments. With Messrs. B. T. Finniss and 
other surveyors, in April 1837, he commenced the survey of 
the country sections, and in September 18.SS Mr. Symonds 
left the survey department. In December of the same year 
he selected and purchased Port Adelaide p( c tions C.F. and 
H., five sections on the Torrens, two sections near Glenelg, 
and other sections, in all 1,088 acres. He visited Tasmania 
in 1842, and remained until 1848, when he returned to 
Adelaide, and with a view of extending tlie town of Port 
Adelaide, laid out his section H — (North Arm) for the pro- 
posed township of Newhaven. Although in one sense, a 
" successful colonist," Mr. Symonds has not been enriched 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 259 




T)y liis outlay and incessant endeavours to promote the 
advancement of the land of his adoption. In the evening of 
his days he is well-known as a teacher of bookkeeping in 
Adelaide, and it is much regretted that something cannot be 
■done to aid the interests of this old pioneer colonist, who in 
England was intimately associated with Sir Geo. Kingston, 
Thos. Gilbert and others, who were instrumental in establish- 
ing the colony of South Australia. 

George Ormerod, J. P., 

|NE of the pioneer settlers of the South-East District, 
and the founder of Narracoorte. On the opening of 
Guichen Bay as a port, he sold his property at Narracoorte 
and settled there. He was a man of untiring energy and 
perseverance, who, aided by these qualities, worked his way 
up to a position of comfort, honour, and influence. ' Mr. 
Ormerod was a member of an old Lancashire family, and 
bom at Eochdale in 1822. He arrived in Victoria in 1842, 
but shortly after came overland to South Australia. He took 
up land at Narracoorte about the year 1846, and was instru- 
mental in advancing the progress of this and the surrounding 
•district. He was a Justice of Peace, and chairman of tlie 
Local Eoad Board of Guichen Bay. His death took place on 
April 10, 1872. 

Charles Platts, 

^^^F^O for over thirty years was a bookseller in Adelaide, 
^^^ was born in London, and arrived here in 1839. 
Erom a small beginning he worked up one of the largest 
businesses in South Australia, and retired on a competency. 
He was an accomplished church organist, and his services 
were often in request. Mr. Platts was universally liked for 
his genial temperament and bonhomie^ and his death, which 
took place atMitcham, near Adelaide, on November 14, 1871, 
ivas much lamented. 

s 2 



260 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

David Bews, J. P., M.P., 

inHE junior member in the Assembly for the district of 
^ Wallaroo, is a living example of what energy and well- 
directed enterprise will do for a man in South Australia. 
Privately he is deservedly esteemed for his benevolent and 
genial disposition. He is regarded as one of the most 
popular public men in the colony ; and as he possesses youth^ 
vigorous health and ability, he has every prospect of occupying 
a very prominent position. Mr. Bews was bom near Kirk- 
wall, Orkney Islands, in 1850, and came to South Australia 
on July 28, 1851, in the ship " Marion." His parents went 
to the Victorian diggings in 1853, whither he accompanied 
them. They returned in 1854, and his father undertook 
agricultural operations, first at Port Elliott and subsequently 
on the Adelaide Plains. The present Member for Wallaroo 
began work on a farm when he was a mere child and when 
there were not then the educational facilities now provided 
in the county districts, and he had absolutely little or no 
schooling as a boy, except what he received from his mother, 
who still lives, and to whom he has always been most fondly 
attached. He remained working as a ploughman and at 
other farm occupations until his 21st year, when he went to 
Wallaroo ; and in 1872 entered the employ of the Kadina 
and Wallaroo Eailway and Pier Company as clerk. He soon 
rose to the position of manager of the Goods Department^ 
which he successfully conducted for nearly seven years. 
Subsequently, after the Government purchased the lines, and 
when they gave no promise of placing the old ofl&cers upon the 
fixed list in the Gk>vemment Service, he resigned his position, 
and joined the firm of D. & A. F. Taylor, the partners in which 
are his brothers-in-law. Though possessing no previous 
journalistic experience except that given to him as a most 
valued representative of the Register on Yorke's Peninsula, 
he showed great ability in the editorial management of the 
Wallaroo Times, which he still efficiently conducts. Imme- 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT 261 

•diately upon leaving the railway department he took an active 
share in the public concerns of the town of Wallaroo, in 
which he lived. From 1879 to 1881 he served as a 
•councillor, and thenceforward was thrice chosen mavor. His 
•civic duties were performed with characteristic energy and 
jsuccess, and at the same time he held the positions of 
Commissioner of the Yorkers Peninsula Local Road Board, 
the Licensing Bench, and the School Board of Advice. He 
was one of the foremost promoters of the Wallaroo Rifle 
'Company, and for years was a representative on the Council 
•of the R.V.F., of which in 1885 he was elected Vice- 
President. He paid great attention to drill, and was an 
•expert marksman. At the general election in 1884 he was 
an unsuccessful candidate for the representation of the newly- 
•divided district of Wallaroo, but a year later was elected. 
Upon his entering the House Mr. Bews created a highly 
favorable inpression by his speech in moving the " Address 
in Reply." He has since intelligently debated important 
subjects, especially directing his attention to public works. 
Li fact, he is looked upon in the smoking-room (which he 
•enlivens by many racy yams — for he is a humorist with a 
•wonderful memory) as a coming Commissioner of Public 
Works. 




John Dickins, 

HO was a shipowner and merchant in Plymouth 
arrived in South Australia by the " Pestonjee 
Bomangee " in 1836. He held a prominent position in con- 
nection with the South Australian Company for many years, 
when, having relinquished this office, he turned to literary 
pursuits, and from 1843 almost to the time of his death 
(which took place on March 4, 1871, in his 79th year), was 
engaged on the staff of the S, A. Register. He was a quiet, 
unobtrusive, plodding man, possessing many estimable 
•qualities, which made him a general favorite. 



262 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

E. Vaughan Boulger, M.A., D. Lit., 

IS the only son of Persse Boulger, Esq., Solicitor, of Dublin,, 
and grandson of Major Persse Boulger, 93rd Highlanders,. 
of Loughrea, Co. Galway, Ireland. He was bom at Dublin: 
in 1846, and from an early age exhibited striking evidences- 
of that refined taste and culture which in later years- 
combined to render him one of the foremost men of his time 
as . a philologist and lecturer. As a student at Trinity 
College, Dublin, he was in every year of his academic 
career a first-class prize-man. In 1869 he obtained the prize 
for English essay -writing, honours of the first rank, a Senior 
Moderatorship, and gold medal (the highest distinction possible 
for him to attain) in History, Political Science, and English 
Literature. At the same time he obtained First Senior Modera- 
torship and a medal in Classics. His energy and zeal in extend^ 
ing his circle of culture were untiring, since to an intimate 
knowledge of Greek, Latin, and English, he added that of 
modem continental languages and of Sanscrit. He occupied for 
eight years the Chair of Greek in the Queen's College, Cork> 
and whilst in that capacity was eminently respected for his 
abilities, taste, and superexcellence as a Classical and English 
scholar. In 1883 he was elected to the Chair of English 
Literature in the University of Adelaide, and before quitting 
a sphere in which he had so long and earnestly laboured, was 
presented with a most enthusiastic and sympathetic address, 
signed by all the graduates and under-graduates. The arrival 
of Professor Boulger and his location in this city is likely to- 
have a beneficial effect on society ; his eloquent lectures — of 
which he has delivered several on " Shakespeare " and other 
subjects popular with cultured minds — have been well 
attended and much appreciated. As in his University work 
in the old country, so here, most of his students are in a fair 
way to obtain the highest distinctions, and have profited 
much by his valued counsel and advice. In addition to his 
academic distinctions, Professor Boulger has achieved great 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 263 



literary success, and his compositions both in English and 
Latin have been favorably received by the critics. He is 
one of the contributors to the Dublin Translations^ a collec- 
tion of Greek and Latin verse, published at the University 
Press, Dublin, under the editorship of Professor Tyrrell. 
Professor Boulger married, in 1871, Lizzie, second daughter 
of John Denham, Esq., M.D., President of the Eoyal 
College of Surgeons, Ireland. 

A. J. Edmunds, S. M., 
^ORN in London, England, July 25, 1833, and arrived 
with his parents in South Auaitralia by the ship 
"Surrey," in 1838. His father came out as a tenant 
farmer under the South Australian Company, and settled on 
land now forming part of Burnside, where Mr. Edmunds 
resided with them until 1851, when he visited the Victorian 
gold diggings, and spent two years there. He returned to 
this colony, and in 1855 was articled to Mr. J. E. Moulden, 
solicitor, of Adelaide, with whom he served portions of a 
term which was concluded with Mr. Wren (also solicitor, of 
this city). In 1860, having passed the necessary examina- 
tions, Mr. Edmunds was admitted to the bar as a practitioner 
of the Supreme Court, and commenced the practice of his 
profession at Port Adelaide. In the same year he was 
appointed Town Clerk of that important town, and occupied 
it for about eight years, during which period he was mainly 
instrumental in getting the present Town Hall built. In 
1854 Mr. Edmunds joined the Port Adelaide Artillery 
Volunteer Force, and continued in it until its disbandment 
in 1873 ; serving as Sergeant, 2nd Lieutenant, 1st Lieutenant, 
and Captain. In 1876, having then been in practice as 
a solicitor for sixteen years, he received the appointment of 
Stipendiary Magistrate, and after acting as locum tenens for 
Mr. J. B. Shepherdson, of Wallaroo, during his leave of 
absence, he was further appointed to preside over the Port 



264 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

Pirie Local Court Circuit, comprising eight Local Courts, 
and also over the Gladstone Insolvency Court. He was 
subsequently appointed Returning Officer for the Northern 
Electoral District for the Legislative Council, and the 
District of Gladstone for the House of Assembly, all of which 
important positions he still holds, and for which his practical 
legal knowledge eminently qualifies him. Tn 1 860 Mr. Edmunds 
married a daughter of the late Mr. Nicholas James, assayer, 
and has now a family of five sons and five daughters. 




John Gibson, 

'HO died at Bowden, Jan. 2, 1872, in his 78th year, 

^ was a colonist of thirty-two years. He belonged to 
Northumberland, England, and in early life was head game- 
keeper to Lord Frederick Fitzclarence, on the Etal Estate, 
and after serving eleven years in the same capacity to Sir 
Francis Titwell, of Barmah Castle, left for this country. 
Shortly after his arrival in Adelaide he was appointed Park 
Eanger, and held that office till it was abolished. Mr. 
Gibson was for many years an elder of Chalmers' Church, and 
highly respected for his large-hearted hospitality and benevo- 
lence. On the formation of the Hindmarsh District Council 
he was elected a member, and held office in it for some years. 

William Flnke, 

'HO was intimately associated with the late James 

Chambers in pastoral and mining interests, died in 
Adelaide, January 17, 1864, aged forty-eight. He will long 
be remembered by our colonists as one who bounteously 
assisted the cause of exploration ; and was the friend and 
patron of John McDougall Stuart, the explorer, who named 
several places in the interior after him. In the time of 
Governor Gawler the section on which Glenelg now stands 
was offered for selection, and about 1,500 persons tendered. 
It was decided by lot, as then usual, at £1 per acre, and Mr 
Finke was the successful tenderer. 




OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 265 

John Varley, S. M., 

[S a native of Tattershall, a market town in the county of 
Lincoln, where he was born in October 1830. His 
father, a near relative of John Varley, the well-known artist 
in water-color painting, — for many years carried on an 
extensive business as a brewer, maltster, and corn and coal 
merchant. Mr. Varley, was educated at Lincoln, by the late 
•George Boole, LL.D., who in 1850 was appointed Professor of 
Mathematics at Queen's College, Cork. He evinced great 
proficiency in various branches of learning, but more 
especially excelled in navigation and nautical astronomy. 
On attaining his 15th year he went to sea, and made 
rapid progress, but in 1854 he was compelled to relinquish 
•the profession he had chosen, in consequence of a prolonged 
attack of intermittent fever and ague, contracted in Batavia, 
and quitted a sphere in which he might have achieved success, 
to seek in this new land of ours scope for his endeavours in 
another direction. In February, 1855, he entered the 
Public Service of this colony, and remained in Adelaide until 
April, 1868, when he was appointed Stipendiary Magistrate 
at Kapunda, and Ketuming Ofl&cer for the Electoral 
District of Light. In March 1883, he was also appointed 
"Returning Officer for the Legislative Council, North Eastern 
District. Mr. Varley married, in 1854, the youngest 
•daughter of the late Hon. Henry Mildred, M.L.C. His 
two sons, Messrs. H. W. and C. G. Varley, hold high positions 
in the legal profession in Adelaide, and are practitioners 
'Of the Supreme Court of South Australia. 

Commander F. Howard, R. N. 

fHIS well-known naval officer, who was for some time 
engaged in marine surveys on our coasts, commenced 
his sea life at an early age, and after four years' general 
service joined "H. M.S. Herald" in 1852. This vessel, 
«which had been fitted out in England for an exploring and 




266 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

survey cruise amoug the South Sea Islands, was absent about 
nine years and then returned to the home station. During this 
period, and thenceforward up till the time of Commander 
Hutchinson's death, Lieutenant Howard served under him, 
and eventually succeeded to the command of the surveying 
schooner, " Beatrice," and finished the coast survey in 1881. 
Being unable to support his family on half-pay in South 
Australia, Commander Howard left for Sydney, New South 
Wales, where he is now engaged in coast surveys for the 
Government of a similiar character to those he so creditably 
made in this colony. As Commander Howard's career was inti- 
mately associated with that of Commander Hutchinson, to avoid 
repetitions, the reader is referred for further information to 
his biography on page 249, and to which may be added the 
following particulars, kindly supplied by Commander 
Howard. " Capt. John Hutchinson was a son of Captain W» 
Hutchinson, who served with distinction in the war 
with France, and was for many years Queen's Harbour 
Master at Kingston, near Dublin. Capt. J. Hutchinson waa 
a good surveyor and officer, and of a most amiable disposition* 
At his death he left a widow, now resident at the Chelten- 
ham Ladies' College, England, and one son, a sub-lieutenant 
in the Eoyal Navy. His remains rest in the North Adelaide 
Cemetery." 




Rev. Samuel Keen, 

)OEN in Devonshire in 1818, and passed some time at the 
Theological Institution in that county. In 1848 he 
entered the Bible Christian ministry, and travelled in con- 
nection with the South Devon Mission, and in the Chatham 
Circuit for two years, and in these localities evinced much 
energy and zeal. Arrived in Adelaide in March 1853, and 
was first stationed at Gawler Plains, where he opened a circuity 
and remained seven years. In 1860 he removed to the city. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 267 

and became pastor of the Central Circuit, retaining that position 
until 1864, when he went to Auburn, and had oversight of 
the circuit there for three years. In 1867 he was again 
stationed on the Gawler Circuit, where he remained a similar 
period. In 1870 he removed to Willunga, and undertook 
the charge of Port Elliot, Willunga, and Clarendon circuits. 
Mr. Keen occupied a very prominent position in the 
administration of the church affairs of the Bible Christian 
denomination in this colony, and was a member of the 
district committee. As a preacher and platform speaker his 
orations were characterised by vigour and effectiveness. He 
died at Willunga, aged fifty-three, on June 21, 1871. 




Thomas Gilbert, 

|NE of the early pioneers of South Australian colonization. 
In company with his brother they carried on the 
business of opticians to the Hon. East India Company in 
London, and their experiments for the improvement of glasses 
were so extensive that the Government assisted them by a 
suspension of the Excise supervision, so that their large outlay 
should not be increased by the payment of duty. When first 
the project of colonizing South Australia was mooted, Mr. 
Gilbert entered into it with great energy, and from March 
1834 up till his departure from England two years afterwards, 
devoted to it his entire time, and no small amount of money, 
acting in conjunction with Mr. (afterwards) Sir E. D. 
Hanson, Sir Geo. Kingston, Dr. Everard, Mr. John Brown, 
and other early colonists, who' were endeavouring to bring 
into action the plan suggested by their coadjutor, Edward 
Gibbon Wakefield. In March 1836, the Act for the 
establishment of the colony being passed, Mr. Gilbert sailed 
in the " Cygnet," (Capt. Rolls) with other pioneers and a 
large party of surveyors and labourers. On Sept. 10 of the 



268 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

eame year they landed at Kangaroo Island, where they 
remained until sent by Colonel Light to Holdfast Bay. Mr. 
Gilbert, who had charge of the Government stores on board 
the ** Cygnet," received the appointment in England, on March 
3, 1836, of Colonial Storekeeper, and he also acted as Post- 
master until December 13, in the same year. The former 
position he retained till Dec. 31, 1854, when he retired with 
a pension of £200 per annum, which he enjoyed for the 
remainder of his life. He was one of the earliest appointed 
magistrates, and a regular attendant at the meetings of the 
Bench. Perhaps no man in South Australia had a larger 
circle of attached friends, and he was really beloved by all 
who had the pleasure of his intimate acquaintance. At the 
time of his death, which took place in Adelaide on May 30, 
1873, he was in his 87th year. 




Rev. Henry Higrginson 

'AS educated for the Unitarian Ministry at Manchester 
New College, England, but after a few years 
relinquished his ministrations and studied the profession of a 
civil engineer, for which he had naturally a great aptitude. 
He came to Adelaide in 1849, and was soon after appointed 
one of the surveyors under the Central Road Board, but was 
subsequently transferred to the Draftsman's Department under 
Captain Freeling, then Surveyor-General, where he was 
largely employed in compiling maps and plans. He was 
afterwards appointed secretary to the Port Adelaide Railway 
Company, and held that position for several years. In I860, 
on the occurrence of a vacancy in the pidpit of the Melbourne 
Unitarian Church, Mr. Higginson offered his services, which 
were accepted, and he continued to act in the capacity of 
preacher until ill-health caused him to retire. As a minister 
he was singularly thoughtful and original. He died in 
Melbourne on April 17, 1873. 



OE, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 269 

Captain John Watts, 
[HO was for over twenty years Postmaster-Greneral of 
^^^^ South Australia, died at North Adelaide March 28> 
1873, aged 87. He was a native of Ireland, and the son of a 
clergyman. At an early age, with several of his brothers, he 
entered the military service during the long war with 
Napoleon, and first served in the West Indies, where he was- 
located for several years. He next accompanied Gk)vernor 
Macquarie to Sydney as his aide-de-camp, and occupied that 
position until the Governor left, when Capt. Watts returned 
to England, where he married, resigned his commission ia 
the 73rd Regiment of the Line, and retired into private life. 
He arrived in South Australia on March 8, 1841, by the 
" John Cooper," and shortly after received the appointment 
of Postmaster-Greneral, in succession to his brother who had 
previously held that post. He retained this position until 
Jidy 10, 1861, when he relinquished it, and was succeeded 
by Mr. J. W. Lewis. On his retirement his subordinates 
presented him with a handsome testimonial. He had the 
misfortune to lose his wife, to whom he had been married for 
fifty years, only three weeks before his death. 



Samuel Raphael, 

;H0SE association with the Adelaide Municipal 
Council extends back to primitive times in the civic 
body, arrived in this city from Sydney, New South Wales, 
in 1848. He established himself in business as a money- 
lender, and was universally recognised as a shrewd man. 
After about fifteen years he retired with a fair competence, 
acquired house property, and possessed no small influence as 
a ratepayer. He first entered the City Council in 1865, and 
remained one of its most enthusiastic members until 1870, 
after which for several years, though he contested every 
election, he was unsuccessful as a candidate for office. In 




270 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

1877 he was again re-elected, and retired by effluxion of time. 
In the present year he was returned for Grey Ward, and held 
the position of councillor at the time of his death, which 
took place in Adelaide on October 30, 1885. Mr. Raphael's 
eccentric speeches on what he considered popular subjects 
will not be speedily forgotten, nor the remarkable exhibitions 
of platform oratory with which he enlivened many a dull 
meeting. He was always a strenuous advocate for the rights 
of the citizens, and advocated what to him appeared their 
best interests. 



John Ellis, 

BETTER known as " Captain Ellis," arrived in this colony by 
the " Buckinghamshire," on March 22, 1839, in com- 
pany with the late Capt. Wm. Allen, and in conjunction with 
him made large purchases of land, conspicuous among which 
ivas the Milner Estate from Mr. G. M. Stephen, which 
occupied such a prominent position in the Courts at that 
period. Mr. Ellis entered extensively into pastoral pursuits ; 
and his stations extended from the Little Para to the 
Hummocks, which country was first stocked by him. In 
August, 1851, he was returned Member for Flinders in the 
Legislative Council, and after some time sold a portion of 
his properties and returned to England. He died in London, 
March 22, 1873, aged 70, leaving a widow, the eldest 
daughter of the late Rear- Admiral Sir John Hindmarsh, and 
eight children by a former marriage. 



Dr. John Walker, J. P., 

COLONIST of many years' standing, died at Adelaide, 
Sept. 26, 1868. He carried on practice at Strathalbyn, 
and took great interest in all movements connected with it. 
In 1861 he held the position of Protector of Aborigines. 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 271 




Dominick Gore Daly, 

'HE eldest son of Sir Dominick Daly, was born in. Canada 
in 1827, and educated as a barrister, but did not 
practise his profession. He resided for some time in England, 
where he belonged to the East Kent Militia. He also joined 
the Waikato Regiment of Volunteers. Soon after his 
father's arrival as Governor of South Australia, Mr. Daly 
<5ame to this colony and acted as his Private Secretary, and 
continued to hold the same office during a part of Colonel 
Hamley*s administration. In 1866 he married the youngest 
daughter of the late Hon. W. Younghusband, once Chief 
Secretary of South Australia. He had a large circle of 
friends, who lamented his early death, which took place on 
December 30, 1871, at the age of 44 years. 




Capt. Emanuel Underwood, 

^HOSE career has been of the most adventurous character, 
was born in Essex, England, in 1806. In 1815 he 
Tisited Holland, Ostend, and Bruges, and in the following 
year was placed at school in France with a view to learn the 
language of that country. In 1819 he was apprenticed to 
the sea in the coasting trade, from which period, up till 1864, 
ivhen he settled in this colony, he visited the following 
places : — Gibraltar, the city of Bahia and Maranham in the 
Brazils, Malaga in Spain, Eio de Janeiro, Genoa, Leghorn, 
Buenos Ayres, Monte Video, in the Argentine Republic, 
Bombay, New Orleans, Mobile, Canada, Singapore, Calcutta, 
Whampoa, Canton, Cape of Good Hope, Mauritius, Java, 
•Callao, Cape de Verde Islands, St. Helena, St. Michael, 
Tasmania, New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, and 
Western Australia. He first took his command as a captain 
in 1832, when he was appointed to the brig " Ardgowan " 
1^0 und for Eicheburto in Canada ; and in 1833 to the brig 



272 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

"Doctor," of Liverpool, and subsequently to the shipa 
" Albion," " Theodosia," and other crafts, with all of which 
he showed remarkable and skilful seamanship. He arrived 
in South Australia, from England, in 1840, in the ship 
" Baboo," and brought with him the frame of a small craft 
of fifteen tons register with spars, sails, etc. This small 
vessel was put together at Port Adelaide, where she was 
launched and named the " Governor Gawler," and in her for 
fully seven years did Capt. Underwood make many voyages, 
some of them attended with much peril and danger, and 
terminating at last with the loss of the brig at the Sir Joseph 
Banks group of islands, and the narrow escape of her gallant 
commander from a watery grave. Since he has quitted the 
sea Capt. Underwood has settled at Edwardstown, where he 
is greatly respected and much esteemed for his liberal 
opinions and affable manners. In his 80th year he is still 
hale and hearty, and never wearied of recounting the true 
but remarkable events which have taken place in his romantic 
career. A recital of some of these, had spaoe permitted, 
would here have been given. 



Mrs. Caroline Carlton, 

fHE widow of Mr. C. J. Carlton, who once held the 
position of Superintendent of Cemeteries, died at 
Wallaroo, July 11, 1874, aged fifty-four years. She waa 
well known as a contributor to the South Australian Press of 
poetry and tales, and her " Song of Australia," which secured 
a prize, is still popular. 

Allan MoFarlane, M.P., 

N old and respected colonist, who died at Kensington, 
March 11, 1864, aged seventy-two. His death occurred 
during the time he was the representative for the Mount 
Barker District in the House of Assembly. 




- I 




OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 273 

W. S. M. Hutton, 

^HO was coimected with the South Australian Civil 
Service for over twenty years, died in Adelaide on 
November 30, 1870. He held the following appointments : 
— Clerk in the Customs Department from 1850 till 1855; 
promoted to the inspectorship of foot police in the January 
of that year, and retained that position until May 1856, when 
he was appointed clerk in the Registry Office, and shortly 
after transferred to a first-class clerkship in the same depart- 
ment. In May 1860 he was appointed secretary to the 
Commissioner of Public Works, and in July 1869 gazetted 
Under-Treasurer by the Strangways Government. After the 
decease of Mr. Haining he filled the position for nearly two 
years, when ill-health caused him to resign. He visited 
Tasmania in the hope that a change from his arduous duties 
would bring about a restoration to health, but all was in vain, 
and he returned to his adopted land to die. Mr. Hutton was 
regarded as one of the most efficient officers in the Public 
Service, and his courteous and gentlemanly manners caused 
him to be much esteemed by all with whom he came in 
contact. 

Robert Dodgson 

REIVED in this colony by the " Orleana" in 1839. He 
was a most energetic man, and took part in various 
public movements. The formation of the Volunteer Force 
in 1854 was mainly due to his efforts, when he joined the 
artillery corps, and was elected captain of the No. 1 Company. 
He was a prominent member of the Order of Freemasons and 
the Manchester Unity of Oddfellows, and with Messrs. J. H. 
Allen and J. Manson founded the Albion Lodge in May 
1844. Mr. Dodgson died at Norwood, near Adelaide, on 
Nov. 3, 1870, aged fifty-eight years. Strange to state that 
his wife, who was devotedly attached to him, died in a 
fortnight afterwards, and that her age also was fifty-eight years. 

T 




274 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 

Heinrich Wilhelm Ehmcke, 

BORN in Hanover in 1817. Removed to Hamburg, where 
he followed the trade of builder and cabinet-maker. 
Arrived in South Austialia in 1848, and engaged in 
Agricultural pursuits. Visited the Victorian diggings during- 
the gold fever, after which he returned to this colony and 
established the Hindmarsh-square saw-mills and timber-yard 
with which his name was so long and intimately associated, 
and by his tact, perseverance, and energy, from a small beginning 
he worked up a most successful business. He was a member 
of the Oddfellows, Liedertafel, German Club, and various 
other societies, and gave his support to all public movements 
in a liberal manner. His death took place in Adelaide on 
August 14, 1877, in his sixtieth year. As showing the 
manner in which he was eminently respected, it may be 
stated that his funeral was one of the largest ever witnessed 
n Adelaide, and was attended not only by the fraternity of 
which he was a prominent member, but by people of every 
nationality. The eldest son, Mr. J. W. Ehmcke, in conjunction 
with Mr. F. C. Gaetjens, his son-in-law, are still carrying on the 
business which he so successfully established, under the style 
and firm of W. Ehmcke & Gaetjens. 



David Randellf 

& WELL-KNOWN and respected South Australian colonist, 
who died in London on October 29, 1874, in his 56th 
year. He arrived in this colony by the ship " Templar '* in 
1845, and not long after he settled in Adelaide was presented 
with a requisition inviting him to stand for the representation 
of Yatala, This he declined, and entered into agricultural 
and dairying pursuits at Mount Crawford, where he had 
purchased land from Mr. Flaxman. Subsequently he added 
sheep-farming and the cultivation of cereals, and bought 
additional valuable property on the South Rhine, where he 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 275 

liad in time eighty acres of vines and fruit-trees. His wines 

<!Qmmanded a ready sale, and he was awarded several medals 

iof their excellence. Mr. Randall was a persistent advocate 

of Australian federation and intercolonial reciprocity* On 

ihese and kindred subjects he was never tired of writing or 

speaking. In advocacy of his views on free trade in natmal 

products between the various provinces of the Australian 

grou|^ he visited most of the colonies, and by letters to the 

press, the production of pamphlets, and interviewing 

leading politicians and mercantile men, sought to advance 

this ol]ject which was very dear to him. He was instrumental 

in a great degree in developing the South Australian wine 

ixade, and sought to introduce our produce into the Home 

markets. On visiting England he tried to establish there a 

limited Liability Company, with a capital of £100,000, to 

purchase suitable, already-established vineyards, and engage 

in all the usual operations of the vigneron on an extensive 

scale. As manager of such a Company he hoped to return to 

this colony, but whilst his plans were being matured he died. 

One of his latest public acts was to interest himself in 

promoting the comfort of departing emigrants to South 

Australia. There is little doubt that had he lived to reach 

this, the land of his adoption, that the energy and perseverance 

he had exhibited relative to its interests would have met with 

substantial recognition at the hands of his fellow-colonists. 




Adam George Burt 

RRIVED in South Australia by the ship " Eajahstan," 
Nov. 16, 1838, and was in the Government service 
under Mr. Ormsby, the Deputy Surveyor General, in laying 
out Gumeracha, Cudlee Creek, and Mount Gould country. 
In 1843 he purchased a farm at Strathalbyn (now owned by 
Mr. L. Stirling) and in 1845 travelled overland to Port 
Phillip, returning with a herd of cattle for the Adelaide 

T 2 



276 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

- ■ ■ ■ — t 

market In 1848 he rode overland to Sydney, bringing down 
a mob of horses. In 1870 he was second in command of 
the central construction party of the Overland Telegraph, and 
in 1871, according to instructions, travelled with one white 
man and a native to meet the northern party. He reached 
the Catherine, and brought the first message through 
from R. C. Patterson, Esq., then chief in command. On 
returning to Adelaide Mr. Burt was appointed by Sir Thomas 
Elder on express service with camels, and afterwards as second 
in command with Colonel Warburton to proceed to Western 
Australia, but the latter arrangement was cancelled. At the 
present time he has been appointed by the Queensland 
Government to take up camels for their service in the back 
country. Mr. Burt is regarded as an authority on all matters 
connected with the colonization of this province, and his- 
association with it from the earliest times, and practical 
experience, have eminently qualified him for the position he 
now fills. Of affable and genial manners, ever ready to- 
advance the interests of others, even at the expense of his own, 
there are few pioneer settlers who have done more real good 
for society at large than the subject of this notice. 




Mrs. Esther Solomon. 
[HIS lady, who was the widow of the late Samuel Moss- 
Solomon, arrived in Sydney in the ship "Enchantress," 
in May 1833. She came to South Australia about the year 
1852, and died on July 13, 1875, at Norwood, aged 100 
years and six months. Mrs. Solomon is the only centenarian 
we have heard of in this colony, and she evidently came of a 
long-lived family. Her sister, who resided in London, died 
at the age of ninety-one years, and her aunt at the age of 
105 years. Such remarkable instances of longevity are rare 
at the antipodes. Mrs. Solomon was of cheerful disposition 
and very witty and original in conversation. 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 277 

John Sheridan, M.D., 

fOKMEKLY editor of the London Morning Advertiser 
arrived in the colony in December 1849. His name, 
with those of Messrs. 0. K. Eichardson, M. Moorhouse, and 
others, appears on the provisional committee for the establish- 
ment of the North Adelaide Mechanics' Institute in 1851, 
which afterwards developed into the S. A. Institute in 1855. 
His pen was for some time employed on the various topics 
of the day, until at last succumbing to long failing health 
he passed away in April 1858. By the testimony of his 
contemporaries he was " a man of a high order of ability and 
•character." 




Frances Keith Sheridan, 

'IDOW of the above, was a daughter of the Rev, Daniel 
Keith, D.D. Her motto was : — " To work is to 
prayJ* Having established a school at Mackinnon-parade, 
she continued her labours there, and for a period of seven- 
and- twenty years encountered many difficulties and hardships 
— common, it is true, to most early colonists, but more 
particularly trying to one of her tastes and attainments, whose 
•experience had been of refined literary circles in England — 
by an invincible spirit, energy, and brightness of dispositioii 
which neither years nor suffering could wholly subdue. Her 
contributions to the press were chiefly on political subjects, 
and these, with school duties, her devotion to her children, 
and a variety of literary pursuits, completely filled every 
interval of an unceasingly active life. To her pupils, while 
seeking to encourage talent, she strove to communicate an 
elevated tone of thought and feeling. Her reward (small 
indeed pecuniarily, self-seeking being one of those elements 
most foreign to her noble nature) was rather in the esteem 
and affection of those with whom she was brought in contact 



278 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



Having seen her children occupying honourable positions in 
the colony (her son, Mr. J. B. Sheridan the eminent jurist* 
consult, and the late lamented Mr. Reginald Sheridan), she 
died in January 1882. Of her it may be said — 

''*Tis not to die, 
To live in hearts we leave behind.*' 




William Rounsevell, J. P., 

^NE of the early colonists, and a member of the staff of 
the South Australian Company. He was a native of Corn- 
wall, and bom on April 30, 1816. Arrived in South Aus- 
Ijralia by the ship "City of Adelaide" in 1839. He held 
several offices in the Police Force, but resigned in 1852 to go- 
to Victoria. He returned to the colony in the same year, and 
commenced operations in the livery and coaching line, whiclL 
eventually assumed gigantic proportions, as he for many' 
years contracted for carrying nearly all the mails dispatched 
in the colony. Subsequently he sold the business to the- 
firm known as Cobb & Co., and retired upon the considerable- 
property he had realized. He was an enthusiastic sportsman, and 
a crack shot, both here and in England, and the interest he- 
took in field pastimes led him to stock Corryton Park with 
various kinds of English game, which he was successful in 
acclimatizing. Mr. Kounsevell revisited England in 1869-71, 
and on his return resided chiefly at Glenelg. He was a most 
successful colonist, and gained the respect of all with whom 
he came in contact. On his death, which took place- 
at Glenelg, oh October 5, 1874, in his fifty-eighth year, he 
left a widow and two sons — ^the elder, Mr. John BounseveU,. 
formerly a member of the House of Assembly, and largely 
engaged in Government contracts, now Town Councillor, and 
Mr. W. B. Kounsevell, M.P., at present a leading member <rf 
the South Australian Parliament. 




OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 279 

' ■ ■ ■ -■^^^— ■■■■■■ 111 ■■ I ■ ^»^»^ I . , [■^^■^^^^^^^■^^^■^M ■ I I ■■ I ■ IW^ 

J. F. Schramm, J. P., 

N old and well-respected resident of Kapunda, in which 
town he carried on an extensive business for a number 
of years. He took an active interest in all public matters, 
and for a term represented East Ward in the Town Council, 
and also held the position of Town Auditor. Subsequently, 
with his family, Mr. Schramm removed to Carrieton, where 
his interest in public affairs was still maintained, and here, 
as at Kapunda, he soon won and retained the esteem of all 
who knew him, and his name was added to the Commission 
of the Peace. Mr. Schramm was a native of Germany, 
where he was born in 1822. His death occurred at his 
daughter's residence, New Parkside, near Adelaide, on Sept. 
11, 1885, in his sixty-third year. 

Rev. James Daniel, 

N earnest, unobtrusive preacher, and an old colonist 
He was for many years the pastor of the Clarendon 
Baptist Church, in which capacity he was highly esteemed* 
He died at Morphett Vale, June 24, 1874, aged seventy-one 
years. 

William Spletschka, 

yNE of the most talented of musicians and teachers who 
have ever been associated with South Australia. He 
was bom at Liebenau, Bohemia, in 1841, and by the death 
of his father, the owner of extensive glass works in that 
country, inherited a large fortune. He was educated at 
Leipsic, and afterwards held a commission in the Bohemian 
army, in which he saw much active service. He arrived in 
this colony in 1862, and soon established himself as a teacher 
of music, whilst as leader of the Grerman Liedertafel he was 
very popular. His death occurred from accident on January 
22, 1867, at the early age of twenty-six years. 






^0 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

William John Cunningham 
.RRIVED in Adelaide in 1857. Joined the public service 
of this colony as an operator in the telegraph office in 
1858, and from that period till his death from apoplexy on 
August 26, 1875, was employed in various capacities in con- 
nection with the telegraph department, all of which he 
carried out to general satisfaction. He was considered by 
Mr. Todd '* a most accomplished officer and valued coadjutor," 
whilst as Assistant-Superintendent of telegraphs by his 
assiduous care he did much to bring the department over 
which he presided to a state of efficiency. 



William Hanson, M.I.C.E., 

BEOTHER of the late Sir R. D. Hanson, arrived in the 
colony in 1855, and was shortly after appointed Engineer 
to the Adelaide and Gawler Railway Commissions. Whilst 
occupying this office he superintended the construction of the 
}ine to Gawler, and subsequently its extension to Kapunda. 
In December 1860 Mr. Hanson entered upon the duties of 
Engineer, Colonial Architect and Inspector of Railways, and 
in June 1865 he was made Acting-Manager of Railways. 
Hi-health led to his retirement from the Government service 
in 1867, and his death took place at Glenelg on Jidy 14, 
1875, in his sixty-fifth year. 




OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 281 



% §i0grap§^kal Itotje 



ON 



GEORGE E. LOYAU. 

By ATHA. 

TOED BACON has left it on recoi-d, that the most 

^P> humble author takes precedence of all crafts, callings, 

•or professions, be they civil, military, or tribunal. It is by 

our writings that foreigners have been taught most to esteem 

us, and this fact is the more noticeable in the expression of 

•<3emelli, the great Italian traveller, who told all Europe in 

i;he year 1700, that he could find nothing amongst the 

Anglo-Saxons, but their writings, to distinguish them from 

the worst of barbarians. To be an author is to be allied with 

poverty, and to form one of a grotesque race of famished 

buffoons, whose calamities cannot, or will not, be understood 

in these commercial times of money- getting. Australian 

authors especially, or the best of them — are either unknown 

or neglected. One or two there are who have made money, 

but these loved not their art, and only wore the literary 

mask, for the advancement of literature was not the first 

object of their designs. Dr. Johnson had a notion that there 

'existed no motive for writing but money, and though crowned 

heads have sighed with the ambition of authorship, this great 

master of the human mind supposed that on this subject 

anen were not actuated either by love or glory. These are 

commercial times at the antipodes, and the hope of profit has 

^dways a stimulating influence even if it is a trifle degrading. 

Habit and prejudice wiU reconcile even genius to the task of 

.money-making. And why not 1 In a country composed for 

'the most part of seekers after wealth, where there is no public 

provision for men of genius save the Destitute Betreat, an 

-author need not be a more disinterested patriot than others. 

If his livelihood lies in his pen — why not use it 1 He is no 



282 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

worse knave than he who uses his tongue for the same 
purpose. But is there a livelihood in the pen 1 Perchance 
the subject of this notice can answer that question more fully 
than any man on this side of the Equator. If drudging on 
in patient obscurity, and suffering the slights and " stings of 
outrageous fortune/' may be worth the designation of a 
"livelihood," then has the author of "Australian Wild 
Flowers '' indeed lived. Far from me is the desire to degrade 
literature by the inquiry — ^is there not some stone-breaking* 
to be had in the place of a profession of letters 1 Perhaps the 
question may be useful to many a youth of promising talentr 
who is impatient to abandon a lucrative post for the author's- 
quill. Let such consider that the press is the only opening 
for their productions, and even here they may be ousted by 
the army of English scribes who invade the columns of 
colonial newspapers year by year. Nevertheless, if we are to- 
have an Australian literature pure and simple, someone must 
make a beginning. A man may labour with his pen like a 
horse in a mill till he becomes as blind and as wretched, but 
his work is not forgotten, and if he has but laid one small 
stone in the foundation of the noble edifice, he has accom- 
plished more than Dives with a million at his bankers. 

Amongst those who have toiled long and honorably in< 
the cause of Australian literature, Geo. E. Loyau may take- 
first rank. For thirty years he has been connected with the 
colonial press, in the capacity of editor, leader-writer, and 
general contributor ; whilst in poetry, essays, and fiction, he- 
has produced more than any other living Australian* 
author. Twenty-three years ago he published his first poenv 
" The Australian Seasons,'' in book form. It was reprinted 
by several of the English newspapers, and received mo$t 
favourable notices in the colonial press. In quick successioxL 
followed '* The Pleasures of Friendship," " Australian Wild 
Flowers," " Colonial Lyrics," " Tales in Verse," and many* 
more of a less ambitious order. To a man with suck 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 283' 

" — ■— _ _ _ I ■ ■ ■ - ■■ ■ I I ■ ■ I , ■ - - - 

Bohemian tastes as he evidently possessed at that time, one 
is at fault to guess how his mind found play to work out the 
airy images of the brain in song. Bushmen and bullock 
drivers some thirty years ago were certainly not famed for 
refined imagery of thought or expression, yet Loyau was 
more at home with these rough denizens of the bush than in 
the elegant circles of city life, and his most expressive poems 
were written while wandering, Bohemian fashion, the length 
and breadth of Australia. From extensive rambling through 
nearly every town and hamlet in the land, Loyau took to 
himself a wife in 1875. To the influence and judicious 
counsel of his better-half, a far-seeing and amiable lady, the 
author of this volume owes his safe anchorage in the harbour 
of domestic happiness. Doubtless the incidents of his long 
wanderings had furnished him with many of the quaint 
characters depicted in his tales and sketches of colonial 
experiences and adventure. Some of these are weird, 
romantic pictures, but they are none the less true to nature, 
and will be valuable to posterity, as showing what manner of 
people comprised the bush pioneers of New South Wales, 
Queensland, and Victoria. The longest and best of Mr. 
Loyau's stories were written after his marriage : " Leichardt 
the lost Explorer," " The Early Days of New South Wales," 
" Out on the Flinders," " The Castaways," " Aftection's Test," 
** The Bargunyah Records," " Australian Press Experiences," 
"Types of Colonial Life," "A Remarkable Life," 
" Jollimonts' Legacy," "The Lifer," " The Victim of Circum- 
stances," etc., together with "Essays on Fifty Subjects" — 
went through the columns of the press in the various 
colonies. If the whole of these were gathered together for 
publication they would comprise more than twenty volumes 
of 200 pages each. Later on he wrote the " Gawler Hand* 
book," " The Representative Men of South Australia," and 
" Personal Adventures," all of which were published in book 
form in Adelaide. 



284 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS ; 

Apart from his undoubted right to rank as one of the 
founders of Australian literature, Mr. Loyau has been con- 
temporary with the best men in the field of letters that these 
colonies have produced. He was the friend of Charles 
Harpur (the father of Australian poetry), Henry Kendall, 
Rev. Dr. Lang, Rev. W. B. Clarke, R. Hengist Home, Frank 
Fowler, R P. Whitworth, K D. Stenhouse, F. S. Wilson, 
Daniel Henry Denihey, Garnet Walch, and others, some of 
whom have joined the great majority, but whose names will 
live in the annals of Australia as pillars of its infant literature. 
Loyau in one of his many letters to myself complains that he 
foimd the literary life arduous and ill paid. For some years, 
though editing a first-class country newspaper, and con- 
tributing regularly to several magazines, he could only eke 
out a bare existence, and the higher form of poetry was a 
drug in the market. Thatcher, the comedian rhymster, made 
more money out of his local songs in one town in Victoria 
than Henry Kendall with his grand and soaring genius. Time, 
however, is on the wing. Time will revenge the dead poet, 
the sweetest of all Australian singers. The story of ten years 
ago is the story of a bygone age. The recognition of true 
worth must surely come ; and 

" What though thy muBe, whose fount is in thy heart, 
Doth sadly flow beneath a darksome shade ! 
Yet flowerets richly bloom in that deep glade, 
Illumed by rays that from thy genius dart. 
The vulgar come not to that lonely dell 
Whose waters sweetly chime or louder swell. 
Which are a mirror set in emerald case, 
Reflecting fairy forms, and Virtue's face." 

In this brief note friendship cannot show his honest face, 

'«lse could I recount that which were worthy of its name. 

The poor help the poor, not perhaps so much in a pecuniary 

way as in broad sympathy and love. None so poor as the 

scribes of this new land; but they are, as a rule, a com- 



OR, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT 285 

■^— ■ - - ■ ■ T 

passionate brotherhood, ready to assist one another with 
purse and pen. Sic voa non vohis. 

Of Mr. Geo. Loyau's efforts in poetry and prose the Town 
and Country Journal^ one of the oldest and best papers on 
this side of the Atlantic, says : — ** In this hard, prosaic age, 
when dress and show are regarded as the chief end of man- 
kind, it is quite refreshing to iind a man like the author of 
" Wild Flowers" and the " Australian Seasons " wooing the 
muse in the midst of poverty and trial. If Mr. Loyau were 
not both a bold and fearless writer, he would not dare to- 
publish poem after poem, and story after story, amongst a 
population who have never shown much partiality for native- 
talent in letters. Some of his " Wild Flowers *' are fair to 
look upon, and exhale the grateful odour of the blossoms of ~ 
poetry. In all he has written Mr. Loyau is purely Australian. 
In the city, or away in the far bush, he translates what he- 
sees, hears, and feels unaffectedly, but with great vigour and 
expression and graceful ease of language." 

I am no prophet — a man cannot be one in his own country 
— ^but through the vista of time I see the forms of a vast 
throng that wiU surely fill this new land and raise it into one 
of the great nations of the earth. To these shall the pioneers 
of Australian letters look for that due right and recognition 
which is lacking in our day. From these, not Loyau alone, but 
I, together with the few who love their art above all con- 
sideration of place and pay, shall undoubtedly obtain the 
reward due to hard work and patient obscurity. 

Oh, birds that sing such thankful psalms, 

Bebuking human fretting, 
Teach us your secret of content — 

Your science of forgetting. 
For every life must have its ills — 

You, too, have times of sorrow — 
Teach us, like you, to lay them by, 

And sing again to-morrow. 



^86 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS; 



For gems of blackest jet may rest 

Within a golden setting, 
And he is wise who understands 

The science of forgetting. 

Oh, trees that bow before the gale 

Until its pe(|ceful ending, 
Teach ns your yielding, linked with strength, 

Your graceful art of bending ; 
For eyeiy tree must meet the storm, 

Each heart encoimter sorrow : 
Teach us like you to bow, that we 

May stand erect to-morrow. 
For there is strength in humble grace, 

Its wise disciples shielding — 
And he is strong who comprehenda ' 

The happy art of yielding. 

Oh, streams which laugh all night, all day. 

With Yoice of sweet seduction. 
Teach us your art of laughing more 

At every new obstruction ; 
For every life hath eddies deep, 

And rapids fiercely dashing. 
Sometimes through gloomy cavems forced. 

Sometimes in stmlight flashing. 
Tet there is wisdom in your way. 

Tour laughing waves and wimples ; 
Teach us your gospels built of smiles. 

The secret of your dimples. 

Adelaide, S.A., November 1885, 



OB, COLONISTS — PAST AND PRESENT. 287 



APPENDIX. 




OTWITHSTANDING the caxe taken by the author, 
errors have crept into this work, and it is deemed 
:advisable to correct them here, and also add any additional 
particulars really essential to make the biographies as complete 
■as possible. 

Introductory. — For "J. Holden" read "W. Holden," 
and for "S. Skipper'' "S. J. Skipper." 

Page 41. — John Mitchell. — For "Glasgow" read 
" Kincardine," Scotland ; after the word " supporter " read 
^' Trustee." 

Page 75. — William Henry Maturin, C.B., D.A.C.G. — 
Instead of " Mr. Deputy-Commissioner Monk *' it should be 
•** Assistant-Commissary General Monk." 

Page 110. — George Styles. — Instead of "he was bom at 
Amersham," it should be " Little Messenden." He was the 
•originator and one of the founders of the London Master 
Bakers' Pension Society, now an extensive Association. So 
.greatly was he esteemed by that body that his health was 
•drank at every anniversary dinner up to the time of his 
•death, after an absence of thirty-seven years. He was also a 
hard-working member of the Anti-Corn Law League, and was 
thus brought in contact with Cobden, Bright, and other 
members of that organization. 

Page 1 29. — Thomas Greaves Waterhouse, J. P. — The death 
of Mr. Waterhouse occurred at Sunnyfield, Hampstead, 
England, on October 8, 1885, in his 74th year. He left this 
colony for the home country in consequence of failing health 
in 1866, and before going was entertained at a public break- 
fast in Pirie-street Wesleyan Lecture Hall, when he was 



288 NOTABLE SOUTH AUSTRALIANS, BTTC. 

presented with an address expressive of appreciation of hm 
munificent donations to religious and other institutions. 
The kindly acts of Mrs. Waterhouse to the poor and the sick 
were at the same time mentioned in high commendation. 
They both especially interested themselves in the Draper 
Memorial Church, and Mr. Waterhouse has, on many occasions^ 
since his departure for England, given largely to churches and 
benevolent societies all over the colony. 




EPILOGUE. 

JT last ! At last this work is completed, it is hoped, to the 
satisfaction of all interested. For two years the- 
author has been engaged in its compilation, and the difficulties^ 
which have beset his path whilst endeavouring to procure 
information were not trivial. Notwithstanding that the 
biographies of many old colonists figure in its pages, there are 
others equally important of whose history it was impossible 
to obtain any reliable accounts ; hence their omission from 
the book. To render a work of this character complete it iff 
absolutely necessary that each year a similar volume with 
additions or alterations should be issued. It is needless to 
write eulogistic " In Memoriams '* over the dead, yet this is 
what biographers generally are expected to do ; better far to- 
" speak a good word for the living," especially the old colonists, 
many of whom need our sympathies here. The Old Colonists 
Association is never heard of now. Why 1 In Victoria a 
similar institution is a great success, and there is no reason, 
that it should lack support in South Australia. 





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In Fancy Binding, 3/- per Copy, or if posted 6d. extra. The 
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T, P. Welboum received the only Prize Medal for COOPERAGE, 
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Factory .• Wakefield Street, corner of Cypress Street. 

-A. ID E Hi ^ I D E . 

W. L. WARE, 

Corner of King William and Pirie Streets, 

♦sicADSIiAIDBfiN- 



vi^mpi i^mu %t^mi %mi 1pi#l^ 




Money Lent on Mortgage, or Advances made on Shares 

or other Security. 

Transfers of Land, Leases, Mortgages, ^tc, effected under the 

Real Property Act. 

THB BUSINESS OF. PUBLIC COMPANIES CONDUCTED. 



ADVEBT18BUBI 



IMPLEMEHT MMTJFACTUREES, 



bo E 



•4 Jk D K X. Jk X D B . » 

BRANCHES: 
•KAPUiNDA, JAMESTOWN, AND QUORN. 



ADVERTISBMENTB. 



OiD SPOT ttOTEi. 



I 



RICHARD JAMES, 

N returning sincere thanks for the patronage accorded to this old- 
established and well-known Hotel, desires to announce to Travellera 
and the General Public, that the 



''OLD SPOT, 



MURRAY STREET, GAWLER, 

Has been greatly improved to meet the requirements of the times ; 
additions of a first-class order have been made, which will enable him to 
supply every want in accommodation for Visitors. 

The COMMERCIAL and SAMPLE ROOMS are specialities in this 
establishment, and Commercial Travellers and others will find their com- 
fort has been studied in this respect. 

Families can rely on good accommodation, with civility and attention 
to their wants. 

The Liquors are of the best quality, and the character which the 
House has hitherto maintained for these will be strictly adhered to. 

The charges are such as to place them within the reach of everyone, 
and for cheapness and excellence in all its departments the '^ Old Spot " 
will compare favorably with any hotel out of Adelaide or in Gawler. 

The Cuisine and Yictualling Department are under the supervision 
of the host and hostess,'whose extensive experience is sufficient guarantee 
for everything being carried out in firat-class style. 



The Room is Well Lighted, and has one of the best Tables in 

the Colony, 



GOOD STABLING under the supervision of an experienced Ostler. 



ADVERTISBMENTrf. 



CAPT^ SWEETS 



COLLBOTION OF 




^tt^kalian laaisUel |ltotopfit3 

ARE THE 

FINEST IN THE COLONY, 

SEE AND JUDGE FOR YOURSELVES. 

99 KING WILLIAM STREET, 

ADELAIDE. 

EDITHBURGH. EDITHBURGH. 

Seeond to none as a l¥aterins-Place la t^ontli Anstralla^ 

THIS Fashionable BOAKDING HOUtiE, the largest establishment 'of 
its kind in the Colony, containing about Fifty Rooms, IS NOW 
OPENED to the Public. 

No trouble nor expense has been spared to make " Sultana House " 
a pleasant seaside resort ; and as the health-inspiriug air of the Peninsula 
is well known, the public ought to make arrangements to visit Edithburgh 
daring the season. 

Traps always on hire. Splendid Bathing, Good Fishing and Boatinff. 
Moderate Terms^ and strict attention to the wishes of visitors, wiU 
enable the Proprietor to merit the satisfaction of the public. 

A conveyance will be at the jetty on arrival of steamer. 

Telegrams and letters promptly attended to. 

J. GOTTSCHALCK, Proprietor. 

The new and fast steamer Warooka sails twice per week from Largs 
Bay to Edithburgh, Saturday and Wednesday, at 9 a.m. Fares 7s. 6d. 



ADVEBTISEHBHIS 



ASHANTEE AND CANVAS HAMMOCKS. 



JOSEPH ALLEN, 

Tent, Tarpaulin, and Flag Manufacturer, 

40 lUiVTUt ST., AOEMIOC. 



TENTS, TARPAVLINS, 

FISHINQ TACKLE, DUCK, CANVAS, DRILL. 
VERANDAH BLIND MATERIAL, 
OUNS, REVOLVERS, and 

GENERAL IRONMONGERY, 

BEST MANILLA ROPE, Ao. 

TKNirS, TARPAtCLIHS. AMES pyiQS ON HDftC, 

PEACOCK AND BUCHAH'S PAIHTS IN ALL COLORS. 
SAUFLB CABDS OK KEVUGiSXOS. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



The Best and Newest Remedy for 

mmm, lurnQo, imu, tic solouuz, 

And all INFLAMMATOBT A0HB8 and PAINS, is 




SOUTH AUSTRAIIAN 




Testimonials from resideiits of Adelaide and Suborbe as to the Efficacy and Curative- 
Properties of this Valuable Remedy:-— 

COUNCILLOR ELATTBR, Hindley-street, Adelaide, a snfterer from Lumbago for 
some time, and after trying many remedies. Carpenter's South Australian Oils 
gave him so much relief, Vb&t he desires to recommend it to his friends. 

MR. C0T7LTAS, Tailor, King William-fltreet» suffered from Rheumatics ; he used 
Caipenter's South Australian Oils, and was so much beaiefitted that he considers - 
they surpass all other remedies. 

MR. JNO. ANDERSON, Wheelwright, Halifax-street— Broken leg, from which after 
being set suffered great weakness for years. Found more real benefit from 
Carpenter's Oils than all other remedies, as it strengthened the limb. 

MRS. STEWARD, Gkmger-street.— Neuralgia for some time. Found immediate - 
relief by use of the Oils. 

MR. ALDRIDG-B, Freemasons HoteL— Rheumatics, Wonderful benefit. 

MRS. MILLER, Wright-street— Neuralgia. Great relief. 

MR. O. SAMPSON, Unley.— Rheumatics. Oreat benefit 

MR. MASS, Butcher, Angas-street— Rheumatics. Wonderful relief after being - 
laid up for a long period. 

MRS. & TREEBEY, Central Market— Neuralgia. Failed to obtain rest until she- 
applied the Oils. Will now hare no other remedy. 

MR. WARE, Exchange Hotel, Hindley-street— Suffered for many years with an 
injured leg. Bxperieneei wonderful relief from its use. 

MR. MURRAY, Terminus Hotel, North Terrace.— Rheumatics and gout Found 
great benefit. 

&(R. WIEDEMANN, Mount Barker.— Rheumatic Qont, Receired immediate relief. 

MR. DRURY, Plumber, Hilton.— Rheumatic Gk>ut Says Carpenter's Oils are a 
wonderful remedy. 

MRS. STEVENS, Baker, Angas-street— Unable to move without pain. Tried all 
other remedies for Rheumatics, and after using Carpenter's Oils was able to- 
walk with ease in two or three days. 

MR. CHAS. BROOKS, London Hotel, Flinders-street— Sprained knee. Immediate- 
relief Btter one or two applications. 

Other Testimonials if Space Would Admit. 
Sold lS¥erjrwher«9 or by th« Proprietory 





COLBY PLACE, 
HALIFAX STREET, ADELAIDE- 



ADVBBTISKMBNTS. 



ESTABLISHED 1838. 



J.S. BAGSHAW&SON, 

MiKBBS OF 




Blevators with Double Bag: Jumpere, 

2 and. 4 Horse-Power Works, 
Steel-Mouth Three-Knife Chaffcutters, Nob. 4 to 7, 
Nob. 1 and 2 Ckim Cruahers, and Qrinders, 
Obafi Ulll B«quisltea and Knives 
Alwi^m on Hand. 



HAYIHO' HO AOBtrrp, FLBASB AUSItBES 

ELIZABETH STREET, ADELAIDE. 



-/^VBRTISEMBNTS. 



EARL OF ZETLAND HOTEL, 

Corner of FLINDERS & FREEMAN STREETS. 

ADELAIDE. 

JOSEPH JENE, Proprietor. 

(li^7E 6R ¥PE F6WEL Eai(6PE.) 

This Hotel is Centrally Situated. 

A Conveyance from the Hotel will meet every North Train. 

Visitors and Travellers will be conveyed from and to the Eailway 
Station Free of charge. 

BEST BRANDS ONLY KEPT OF WINES, SPIRITS, ALES, PORTER, AND LAGER BEER. 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. 

First-class Stables and Yard. 

HENRY 8EWELL, 






SOLICITS TOUR PATRONAGE FOR ALL KINDS OP 

FRUIT TREES, FLOWERING PLANTS, 

ORNAMENTAL TREES, 
GARDEN SEEDS, FLOWER SEEDS, 

And everything connected with Gardening. Write for Catalogues. 

Special Quotation for Quantities. 



•v>^>-s>-^^<.> 



HENRY 8EWELL. 

PAYNEHAM jS^URSERY, and at 

77 BUNDLE STREET, ADELAIDE. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



k the JUBILEE EXHIBITION is approaching, 

Money can be saved by patronising the 
Taihring Establishment and Photographic Gallery of 








"9- 



164 Bundle Street^ Adelaide. 



WELL, here is friend HARRIS once more to the fore, 
He's still at the head of the trade ! 
He sells just as cheaply as he's done before, 

His suits are the best that are made. 
He envies no tradesman his share of good luck, 

Though he scorns petty tricks in the trade, 
He never ** sells off, but ju8t keeps *^ selling on,'* 
Good clothing that's faithfully made. 

If e'er vou should drop into his neat shop. 

Delighted you will be, I'm sure. 
The stock that is there is both choice and rare. 

And suited for rich or for poor. 
The prices are low, so don't further go. 

Try HARRIS'S Trousers and Vest; 
For years they will wear, without patch or tear, 

His Lobethal Tweed is the best. 

He a fit guarantees, and you'll feel quite at ease 

In a suit that by HARRIS is made, 
Unlike the rough slops, now sold at some shops 

Where they cut down and ruin the trade. 
If an article's good, it must be understood 

That it cannot be sold under cost; 
He's no shoddy and sham, no humbug or flam, 

HARRIS makes it his pride and his boast, 

ThiU €UtIiatigh he does not sell trousers at S/S, 
he can nevertheless give a good pair of 
them, for 12/6, which will give satisf€iction and 
comfort to the wearer* 

HARRIS'S TAILORING ESTABLISHMENT & PHOTOGRAPHIC GALLERY 

▲BB AT 

164 Rundle Street, Adelaide. 



ADVBBTISBMENTS. 



CAiTOWIE ttOTEt, 

CALTOWIE. 

arth1jr^w7carlier, 

Haying taken this well-known Hotel, offers Superior Accommodation 

to Commercial TraTellers and Visitors. 

CMOJCE8T BRANDS W1NE8 jLNI> SBIMITS. 

Good StablinfiT- 

For PTJBK and FIRST-CLASS 




GO TO 



STEVENS & AMBROSE, 

4 Hindley Street & Pitt Street, off Franklin Street 



ADBIiAIOi:. 



To Patrons of Literature in South Australia. 

AUTHOR of "The Representative Men of South Australia," "Gawler 
Handbook," "Tales of the Early Days of Settlement in New 
South "Wales," "Notable South Australians," "Diamonds and Paste," 
" Types of Colonial Life," " The Secret Organizations of Pennsylvania," 
""Victim of Circumstances," "Jollimont's Legfacy,** "Ormonde the 
Reformer" "Leichhardt the Lost Explorer/' "Pounds, Shilling^, and 
Pence," "Colonial Press Experiencse," "The Sargnnyah Records," 
"Tales in Terse," Poems, and Essays on various subjects, dkc.,dkc., here- 
with announces his intention of PUBLISHING QUARTERLY a 
Volume of 

Onginal Talis and Sketches of Life and Chraeter in Autralia. 

Four yolumes will be issued ATirnially, and bound at the end of the year. 
130 JPages. Colored Covers. JPriee Two ShiUings per Copy. 

No. 1.— To be issued in March next. "Australian Tales and 
Reminiscences." 



No. 2. — ^" The Barganyah Records," or the Fortunes and Misfortunes 

Propi 
No. 3.— "The Lifer," and other Tales of Early Days in New South 



of a Colonial Newspaper Proprietor. 



Wales. 

No. 4.—" Tales in Verse," " The Australian Seasons," "The Pleasures 
of Friendship," and other Poems. 

Intending Subaoilbers willjilease Horwaid their names early to the Author, 
&E0. E. LOTAIT, at the General Post Office, Adelaide. 

W 



ADYERTISEHENTB. 



That it wiU CUBE IXDI^BSTIOK there is not 

the sUgrhtest doubt. 

GROSS'S Indigestion drops, 

A CERTAIN CURB 

For Indigestion^ Flatulence^ Spasms^ Wind in the 

Stomeichf Colic Fains^ Sich^ Nervous and Bilious 

HeadachCt Liver Complaint^ £c. 

It glyee nrSTAITT BELIEF, and gnickly CUBES the vorst forms of USTDiaESTIOS' and 

evils aitsing thenfronu 



His Excbllency Sib W. 0. F. Eobinsok, writing of Cross's 
Indigestion Drops, sajs *' that the preparation is highly spoken of." 

Kbv. J. NioHOLBON, Wesleyan Minister, writes:-^'' Several times 
when hftTing occasion to use them [Gross's Indigestion Drops] I 
obtained distinct and "Sensible relief. I have also met nomerout 
persons in the district who have acknowledged being benefited." 

T. FoTHBBiNGHAM, EsQ., J.P., Gkwier, sajs : — " Your Indigestion 
Drops have effected a remarkable change for good. I have eaffeFed 
with Indigestion for years, and sm very pleased to testify, to the grest 
benefit that I have derirechfrom their use." 

Bey. J. FOSTBB, Bible Obristiftn Minister, writes!-;-''! am 
grateful for the relief! have obtained from the use of your invaluable 
Drops, which have done me more permanent good than all other 
medicines I have had for the same complaint." 

Gbobs*0 Inpigbstiok Dbofs have been awarded at Exhibitions 
Silver Medals and Certificates of Merit (which I shall be extremely 
pleased to show to any person who may favour me with a visit). At 
New Zealand, Western Australia, Mount Gam bier, Adelaide, Ghvwler, 
and Calcutta, the commissioners recognised this cure for Indigestion, 
and awarded the proprietor accordingly. It is pleasant to the taste, 
and guaranteed not to contain anything injurious to the most delioate 
constitution of either sex. 

« 

Can he obtained from aU respectable Colonial and Foreign AgenU, 
Sold Ererywhere, in Bottles 2b. 61, 4& 6d., 7& 6d., 12s. 61 

SOLB fbofbibtob, mantjpactubbb, and fatentbb : 

Life Member Pharmaceutical Sodetgr <rf Australasia ; 
Member Hom(S(q;»tfaie Pfaarmsceotie Society, Great Britain ; 

SOUTH AUSTRALIA. 



ADVBRTISSMBNTS. 



E. 8AWTELU 

TEB OLDEST AMP HOST KXPEBIBNOBD 

ITITatcliinalsor and Opticiiaii 

IN ADELAIDE. 

I 

Knowledge of the trade gained from seven years' appmnticeship io 
England, and fifty years' experience in either actual working at the 
board or superintending others doing so. 

Inventor of Several Mechanical Kovelties. 

High-class Watches, Clocks and Physical Apparatus in Stock, 
And repaired, under E. Sawtill's personal supervision, by skiUvl- 
workmen who have faithfully served their apprenticeship in England. 

Spberico-cylindrical Lenses actually ground on the premises to the 
Adelaide Oculists* Orders. 

Spectacles fitted on the Dioptric System. 

Patronised by Koyalty, the South and West AustraUan G-OT^m* 
ments, and specially appointed to their Excellencies the Governors of 
both these Provinces. 

3 R U I^TdTe^^STR E E T. 




Professor of Draw^ing, 

ALIX HOUSE, SOUTH TERRACK, 

ADELAIDE; 
Or Victoria Chambers, Flinders Street. 

Iniounli S]iun Siw Ul ul Ibbn Tad. 

W. EHMCKE & GAETJENS. 

A Large and WelUAssvrtei Stock of Building. Material, Corru- 
gated and Plain Galvanized Iron, Cement, Zine, 
Nails, Screws, Gutters, &e,, always on hand, 

TUMBRT, SPOKES, SHAFTS, NATES, FELLOEa 

Jtoady-made Doors and Windows, Country Orders executed with Despatch. 

w 2 



ADVEBTISEHENTS. 



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ADVERTISEMENTS . 



THE 




tingip 





#afokr Cim^s, 



AND 



►>3|e^^ Stantrartr, 

ARE NOW INCORPORATED. 

WILLIAM BARNET, Proprietor, 

Gh J^ "VT- Xi E E, - 

Is the Oldest and Best Provincial Paper in 

South Australia. 

LARGE CIRCULATION IN TOWN AND COUNTRY. 



Scale of Charges for Adyertisements. 

TWO Lines, One Shilling ; Three Lines, One Shilling 
and Sixpence ; Four Lines, Two Shillings ; Five 
Lines, Two Shillings and Sixpence ; Six Lines, Three 
Shillings ; and every additional line, Fourpence. Liberal 
Discount on repeated insertions. 

Subscription. 

Single Copy, Id.; per Quarter (in advance). Is.; ditto 
(booked). Is. 6d.; per Annum (in advance), 4s. Postage 
extra. 

Advertisers. 

All orders should be legibly written on the face or 
back of Advertisements; and where no order is given, 
Advertisements will be continued until countermanded or 
out ' of date. Orders for discontinuance cannot be 
attended to after Thursday morning. 

X 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



ADVERTISBM BNTS. 



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ADVBRTISEMBNTS. 



TO NEWSPAPER PROPRIETOR!; and PUBLISHERS, 

IN THE 

COLONIES, AMERICA, or ENGLAND. 



AS ALL MY FEOSHCTXOMS. 

WHETHER IN 

PROSE OR VERSE, , 



ARE 



THOSE desiring to REPRODUCE them in News- 
papers or Book Form, are requested first to 
communicate with the Author, to prevent infringement 
of the 

COPYRIGHT ACT. 

A LARGE NUMBER OF 

Christmas and Uew Tear Stories, 

Australasian Tales and Sketches, &c, 

FOB DISPOSAL AT CHEAP BATKS. 

I 

Faithful pictures from real life, and founded on the 
remarkable experiences of the Author. 

Letters Addressed — 

GEO. E. LOTAir, 

General Post Office, Adelaide, 

will have immediate attention. 

f 

Carey, Page & Co., Printers, Wayiuouth Street, Adelnlde. 



1